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Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 12 of 1880

  • Act nº 12 of 1880



[Act, NO.12 of 1880]

[AS ON 1957]

[9th July, 1880]


An Act for the appointment of persons to the Office of Kazi.

WHEREAS by the preamble to Act No.XI of 1864 {1.Rep.by Act 8 of 1868.} (An Act of repeal the law relating to the offices of Hindu and Muhammandan Law officers and to the offices of Kazi-ul-Kuzaat and of Kazi, and to abolish the former offices) it was (among other things) declared that it was (among other things) declared that it was inexpedient that the appointment of Kazi-ul-Kuzaat, or of City, Town or Pargana Kazis should be made by the Government, and by the same Act the enactments relating to the appointment by the Government of the said officers were repealed; and whereas by the usage of the Muhammadan community in some parts of {2.Subs.by the A.O.1950, for "the Provinces".} (India) the presence of Kazis appointed by the government of the said officers were repealed; and whereas by the usage of the Muhammadan community in some parts of (India) the presence of Kazis appointed by the Government is required at the celebration of marriages and the performance of certain other rites and ceremonies, and it is therefore expedient that the Government should again be empowered to appoint persons to the office of Kazi; It is hereby enacted as follows:--

Section 1. Short title

This Act may be called the Kazis Act, 1880 ;

{The words "and it shall come into force at once" rep. by Act 10 of 1914, s.3.and Sch. II}

Local extent.--

It extends, in the first instance, only to the territories administered by the Governor of Fort Saint George in Council.{ Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s.3 and Sch., for "But the Government of any other Part A State or the Government of a Part C State".} (But the Government of any other State) may, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette, extend it to the whole or any part of the territories under its administration { The Act has been extended to certain places in the Bombay Presidency, West Bengal, The U.P., The Punjab, The C.P. and Assam.}.

Section 2. Power to appoint Kazis for any local area

Wherever it appears to the State Government that any considerable number of the Muhammadans resident in any local area desire that one or more Kazis should be appointed for such local area, the State Government may, if it thinks fit, after consulting the principal Muhammadan residents of such local area, select one or more fit persons and appoint him or them to be Kazis for such local area.

If any question arises whether any person has been rightly appointed Kazi under this section, the decision thereof by the State Government shall be conclusive.

The State Government may, if it thinks fit, suspend or remove any Kazi appointed under this section who is guilty of any misconduct in the execution of his office, or who is for a continuous period of six months absent from the local area for which he is appointed, or leaves such local area for the purpose of residing elsewhere, or is declared an insolvent, or desires to be discharged from the office, r who refuses or becomes in the opinion of the State Government unfit, or personally incapable, to discharge the duties of the office.

Section 3. Naib Kazis

Any Kazi appointed under this Act may appoint one or more persons as his Naib or Naibs to act in his place in all or any of the matters appertaining to his office throughout the whole or in any portion of the local area for which he is appointed, any may suspend or remove any naib so appointed.

When any Kazi is suspended or removed under section 2, his naib or naibs (if any) shall be deemed to be suspended or removed, as the case may be.

Section 4. Nothing in Act to confer judicial or administrative powers; or to render the presence of Kazis necessary; or to prevent any one acting as Kazi

Nothing herein contained, and no appointment made hereunder, shall be deemed--

(a) to confer any judicial or administrative powers on any Kazi or Naib Kazi appointed hereunder; or

(b) to render the presence of a Kazi or Naib Kazi necessary at the celebration of any marriage or the performance of any rite or ceremony ; or

(c) to prevent any person discharging any of the functions of a Kazi.