THE INDIAN WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY ACT, 1933
[Act, No. 17 of 1933]
[11th September, 1933]
An Act to regulate the possession of wireless telegraphy apparatus.
whereas it is expedient to regulate the possession of wireless telegraphy apparatus in 1[India]: It is hereby enacted as follows:--
|1. Substituted by Act 31 of 1949, Section 2, for "the Provinces" (w.e.f. 22-10-1949).|
Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933.
1[(2) It extends to the whole of India]2[***].
(3) It shall come into force on such date3 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
|1. Substituted by Act 31 of 1949, Section 3 for sub-section (2) (w.e.f. 22-10-1949).|
2. The words "except the State of Hyderabad" which had been added by the A.0.1950, omitted by Act 3 of 1951, Section 3 and Schedule (w.e.f. 1-4-1951).
3. Came into force on 1-1-1934, see Gazette of India, 1933, Pt. I, p. 1131.
Section 2. Definitions
In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,--
1[(1) "wireless communication" means any transmission, omission or reception of signs, signals, writing, images and sounds, or intelligence of any nature by means of electricity, magnetism, or Radio waves or Hertzian waves, without the use of wires or other continuous electrical conductors between the transmitting and the receiving apparatus.
Explanation:--"Radio waves" or "Hertzian waves" means electromagnetic waves of frequencies lower than 3,000 gigacycles per second propagated in space without artificial guide;]
(2) "wireless telegraphy apparatus" means any apparatus, appliance, instrument or material used or capable of use in wireless communication, and includes any article determined by rule made under section 10 to be wireless telegraphy apparatus, but does not include any such apparatus, appliance, instrument or material commonly used for other electrical purposes, unless it has been specially designed or adapted for wireless communication or forms part of some apparatus, appliance, instrument or material specially so designed or adapted, nor any article determined by rule made under section 10 not to be wireless telegraphy apparatus;2[***]
3[2A] "wireless transmitter" means any apparatus, appliance, instrument or material used or capable of use for transmission or emission of wireless communication;]
(3) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under section 10.
|1. Substituted by Act 15 of 1961, Section 4, for clause (1) (w.e.f. 2-5-1961).|
2. The word "and" omitted by Act 31 of 1949, Section 4 (w.e.f. 22-10-1949).
3. Substituted by Act 15 of 1961, Section 4, for clause (2A) which was Inserted by Act 31 of 1949, Section 4 (w.e.f. 2-5-1961).
Section 3. Prohibition of possession of wireless telegraphy apparatus without license
Save as provided by section 4, no person shall possess wireless telegraphy apparatus except under and in accordance with a license issued under this Act.
Section 4. Power of Central Government to exempt persons from provisions of the Act
The Central Government may by rules made under this Act exempt any person or any class of persons from the provisions of this Act either generally or subject to prescribed conditions, or in respect of specified wireless telegraphy apparatus.
Section 5. Licenses
The telegraph authority constituted under the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885), shall be the authority competent to issue licenses to possess wireless telegraphy apparatus under this Act, and may issue licenses in such manner, on such conditions and subject to such payments as may be prescribed.
Section 6. Offence and penalty
(1) Whoever possesses any1[wireless telegraphy apparatus, other than a wireless transmitter,] in contravention of the provisions of section 3 shall be punished, in the case of the first offence, with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees, and, in the case of a second or subsequent offence, with fine which may extend to two hundred and fifty rupees.
2[(1A) Whoever possesses any wireless transmitter in contravention of the provisions of section 3 shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.]
(2) For the purposes of this section a Court may presume that a person possesses wireless telegraphy apparatus if such apparatus is under his ostensible charge, or is located in any premises or place over which he has effective control.
(3) If in the trial of an offence under this section the accused is convicted the Court shall decide whether any apparatus in respect of which an offence has been committed should be confiscated, and, if it so decides, may order confiscation accordingly.
|1. Substitute by Act 31 of 1949, Section 5, for "wireless telegraphy apparatus" (w.e.f 22-10-1949).|
2. Inserted by Act 31 of 1949, Section 5 (w.e.f. 22-10-1949).
Section 7. Power of search
1[7. Power of search
Any officer specially empowered2by the Central Government in this behalf may search any building, vessel or place in which he has reason to believe that any wireless telegraphy apparatus, in respect of which an offence punishable under section 6 has been committed, is kept or concealed, and take possession thereof.]
|1.Substituted by Act 31 of 1949, Section 6.|
2. For such notification see Gazette of India, 1951, Pt. II, Section 3, p. 1910.
Section 8. Apparatus confiscated or having no owner to be property of Central Government
All wireless telegraphy apparatus confiscated under the provisions of sub-section (3) of section 6, and all wireless telegraphy apparatus having no ostensible owner shall be the property of the Central Government.
Section 9. Power of Court to direct payment of fines to prescribed authority
[Ceased to have effect by the A.0.1937 and rep. by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1940 (32 of 1940), Section 2 and Schedule I].
Section 10. Power of Central Government to make rules
(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules1for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for--
(i) determining that any article or class of article shall be or shall not be wireless telegraphy apparatus for the purposes of this Act;
(ii) the exemption of persons or classes of persons under section 4 from the provisions of this Act;
(iii) the manner of and the conditions governing the issue, renewal, suspension and cancellation of licenses, the form of licenses and the payments to be made for the issue and renewal of licenses; (iv) the maintenance of records containing details of the acquisition and disposal by sale or otherwise of wireless telegraphy apparatus possessed by dealers in wireless telegraphy apparatus;
(v) the conditions governing the sale of wireless telegraphy apparatus by dealers in and manufacturers of such apparatus.2[***]
(3) In making a rule under this section the Central Government may direct that a breach of it shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.
3[(4) Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or4[in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid], both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
|1. For the Indian Wireless Telegraphy (Possession) Rules, 1938, made under this section, see Gazette of India, 1933, Pt. I, p. 1131.|
2. The word "and" and clause (vi) rep. by Act 32 of 1940, Section 2 and Schedule I (w.e.f. 27-11-1940).
3. Inserted by Act 15 of 1961, Section 5 (w.e.f. 2-5-1961).
4. Substituted by Act 4 of 1986, Section 2 and Schedule (w.e.f. 15-5-1986).
Section 11. Saving of Indian Telegraph Act, 1885
Nothing in this Act contained shall authorise the doing of anything prohibited under the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885), and no license issued under this Act shall authorise any person to do anything for the doing of which a license or permission under the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885), is necessary.