THE HANDLOOMS ( RESERVATION OF ARTICLES FOR PRODUCTION) ACT ,1985
[Act, No. 22 of 1985]
[29th March, 1985]
An Act to provide for reservation of certain articles for exclusive production by handlooms and for matters connected therewith.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Thirty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follow:
Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Handlooms (Reservation and Articles for Production) Act, 1985.
(2) It extends to the whole of India
(3) It shall come into force on such date [31.3.1986 Vide Notification No. G.S.C. 505 (E), dated 10.3.1986] as the Central Government may, be notification in the Official Gazette, appoint,
Section 2. Definitions
(a) "Advisory Committee" means the Advisory Committee constituted under section 4;
(b) "handlooms" means any loom, other than powerloom;
(c) " manufacture" includes the producer and processor, and the expression "manufacture" shall be construed accordingly;
(d) "powerloom" means a loom which is worked by power as defined in clause (g) of section 2 of Factories Act, 1948; (63 of 1948)
(e) "processor" means a person engaged in any ancillary process subsequent to the production of cloth, such as dyeing, bleaching, mercerising, calendering, embroidering, printing, raising, cloth embossing or any other finishing process, but does not include a producer, and the expression "process' shall a construed accordingly;
(f) "producer" means a person engaged in the production of cloth on any loom, other than handloom, and shall include a person who owns, works or operate on, a loom for the production of cloth, and the expression " produce" shall be construed accordingly.
Section 3. Power to specify articles for exclusive production by handlooms
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951 (65 of 1951), Central Government may, if it is satisfied, after considering the recommendations made to it by the Advisory Committee, that it is necessary so to do for the protection and development of the handloom industry, by order published in the Official Gazette, direct, from time to time, that any article or class of articles shall, on and from such date as may be specified in the order (hereinafter referred to as the date of reservation), be reserved for exclusive production by handlooms.
(2) Every order published under sub-section (1) shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the order or both Houses agree that the order should not be made, the order shall thereafter have effect only in such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that order.
Section 4. Constitution of Advisory Committee
(1) The Central Government shall, with a view to determining the nature of any article or class of articles that may be reserved for exclusive production by handlooms, constitute an Advisory Committee consisting of such persons as have, in the opinion of that Government, the necessary expertise to give advice on the matter.
(2) The Advisory Committee shall, after considering the following matters, communicate its recommendations to the Central Government, namely:_
(a) the articles or class of articles which is being produced by handlooms for mass consumption;
(b) the articles or class of articles which is being produced traditionally by handlooms;
(c) the level of employment likely to be generated by the production of the article or class or articles or class of articles referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) exclusively by handlooms;
(d) the protection of interests of persons engaged in the handloom industry and the need for the continued maintenance of the industry; and
(e) such other matters as the Advisory Committee may think fit.
Section 5. Prohibition of production of articles exclusively reserved for handlooms
Where an order had been made under section 3 reserving any article or class or articles for exclusive production by handlooms, such article or class or articles shall not, on and from the date or reservation, be produced by any loom, other than handlooms.--
Provided that any person who, immediately before the date of reservation of any article or class of articles, was engaged in the production of such article or class of articles in any loom, other than handloom may continue to be so engaged till the expiry of three months from the date of such reservation.
Section 6. Power to call for information or to furnish samples
(1) The Central Government may, by order, require any manufacturer to furnish for the purposes of this Act,-
(a) such information in his possession with respect of any manufacturing activity or business carried on by him or by any other person to any officer or authority specified by it in such form and within such period as may be specified by it in such form and within such period as may be specified by that Government in the order;
(b) such samples of say articles manufactured by him or by any other person for inspection by such offer or authority, at such places and within such period as may be specified by it in the order.
(2) Where any order has been issued to any manufacturer under sub-section (1), he shall comply with such order.
Section 7. Power to enter and impact
Any officer authorised by the Central Government (hereinafter referred to as the authorised officer) may enter, at all reasonable times, any place or premises of any manufacture in which any textile articles are stored kept or exposed for sale and may require the production for inspection of any books of account, registers, records or other documents kept therein and ask for such information relating to the manufacture, storage or keeping for sale of any such articles or to any powerlooms that may be found in such place as he may think fit for the purposes of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.
Section 8. Power to search and seize
(1) If the authorised officer has any reason to believe that,-
(a) any article or class of articles specified in any order made under section 3 is being produced in any place in contravention of such order; or
(b) any article or class of articles produced in contravention of such order are secreted in any place; or
(c) any article or class of articles is liable to forfeiture under this Act,
he may enter into and search such place or premises for such article, or class or articles or any powerloom which in the opinion of the authorised officer may have been used for the production of such article or class or articles.
(2) Where, as a result of any search made under sub-section (1) any article or class of articles or any powerloom has been found and the authorised officer has reason to believe that such article or class of articles has been produced, or such powerloom has been used for the production of any article or class of articles, in contravention of any order made under section 3, he may seize such article, class of articles or powerloom, together with the package, covering or receptacle, if any, in which such article or class of articles is found;-
Provided that where it is not practicable to seize any article or powerloom, the authorised officer may serve on the owner of the article or the powerloom, as the case may be an order that he shall not remove, part with, or otherwise deal with, the article or powerloom except with the previous permission of such authorised officer.
(3) Where any article or powerloom is seized under sub-section (2) and no prosecution has been launched within six months of such seizure, it shall be returned to the person from whose possession it was seized.
(4) The authorised officer may also seize any documents or things which, in his opinion, will be useful for, or relevant to, any proceeding under this Act.
(5) The person from whose custody any documents are seized under sub-section (4) shall be entitled to make copies thereof or takes extracts therefrom in the presence of the authorised officer.
(6) If any person legally entitled to the documents or things seized under sub-section (4) objects, for any reason, to the retention by the authorised officer of the documents or things, he may make an application to the Central Government stating therein the reasons for such objection and requesting for the return of the documents or things.
(7) On receipt of an application under sub-section (6), the Central Government may, after giving the applicant an opportunity of being heard, pass such order as it may think fit.
Section 9. Search and seizure to be made in accordance with the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, relating to searches and seizures shall, so far as may be, apply to every search or seizure made under this Act.
Section 10. Penalty for contravention of orders made under section 3
Whoever produces any article or class of articles in contravention of an order made under section 3,-
(a) shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees per loom by which the said article or class of articles is produced, or with both, and in the case of a continuing contravention, with an additional fine which may extend to five hundred rupees per loom for every day during which such contravention continues after conviction for the first such contravention; and
(b) the article or class of articles in respect of which the order has been contravened or any powerloom by the use of which such order is contravened, including any package, covering or receptacle in which the article or class of articles is found, shall be forfeited to the Central Government:
Provided that if the court is of opinion that it is not necessary to direct forfeiture in respect of any of the articles, powerloom or any package, covering or receptacle, it may, for reasons to be recorded, refrain from doing so.
Section 11. False statement
If any person,-
(a) when required by any order made under section 6 to furnish any information or sample, makes any statement or furnishes any information which is false in any material particular and which he knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, to be false or does not believe it to be true, or fails to furnish such sample or damages or destroys any articles from which such sample was required; or
(b) when required by the authorised officer under section 7 to produce any books of account, registers, records or other documents, fails to produce, or damages or destroys any such books, registers or other documents,
he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both.
Section 12. Attempts and abetment
Any person who attempts to contravene or abets the contravention of any order made under section 3 shall be deemed to have contravened that order.
Section 13. Offences by companies
(1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act, if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and its provided that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manger, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section,-
(a) "company" means any body corporate and includes a co-operative society registered or deemed to be registered under any law for the time being in force, a firm or other association of individuals; and
(b) "director", in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.
Section 14. Offences to be cognizable
Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, ( 2 of 1974 ) every offence punishable under this Act shall be cognizable.