THE CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (AMENDMENT) Act, 2005
[Act, No. 25 of 2005]
AS PASSED BY THE RAJYA SABHA
[23rd June, 2005]
An Act further to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:--
Section 1. Short title and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2005.
(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, it shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint1[and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act".
|1. Inserted vide The Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Amending Act, 2006 (25 of 2006).|
Section 2. Amendment of section 20
In section 20 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973(2 of 1974) (herein referred to as the principal Act), after sub-section (4), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:--
"(4A) The State Government may, by general or special order and subject to such control and directions as it may deem fit to impose, delegate its powers under sub-section (4) to the District Magistrate.".
Section 3. Amendment of section 24
In section 24 of the principal Act, in sub-section (6), after the proviso, the following Explanation shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 18th day of December, 1978, namely:--
'Explanation.--For the purposes of this sub-section,--
(a) "regular Cadre of Prosecuting Officers" means a Cadre of Prosecuting Officers which includes therein the post of a Public Prosecutor, by whatever name called, and which provides for promotion of Assistant Public Prosecutors, by whatever name called, to that post;
(b) "Prosecuting Officer" means a person, by whatever name called, appointed to perform the functions of a Public Prosecutor, an Additional Public Prosecutor or an Assistant Public Prosecutor under this Code.'.
Section 4. Insertion of new section 25A
In Chapter II of the principal Act, after section 25, the following section shall be inserted, namely:--
"25A. Directorate of Prosecution.--(1) The State Government may establish a Directorate of Prosecution consisting of a Director of Prosecution and as many Deputy Directors of Prosecution as it thinks fit.
(2) A person shall be eligible to be appointed as a Director of Prosecution or a Deputy Director of Prosecution, only if he has been in practice as an advocate for not less than ten years and such appointment shall be made with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of the High Court.
(3) The Head of the Directorate of Prosecution shall be the Director of Prosecution, who shall function under the administrative control of the Head of the Home Department in the State.
(4) Every Deputy Director of Prosecution shall be subordinate to the Director of Prosecution.
(5) Every Public Prosecutor, Additional Public Prosecutor and Special Public Prosecutor appointed by the State Government under sub-section (1), or as the case may be, sub-section (8), of section 24 to conduct cases in the High Court shall be subordinate to the Director of Prosecution.
(6) Every Public Prosecutor, Additional Public Prosecutor and Special Public Prosecutor appointed by the State Government under sub-section (3), or as the case may be, sub-section (8), of section 24 to conduct cases in District Courts and every Assistant Public Prosecutor appointed under sub-section (1) of section 25 shall be subordinate to the Deputy Director of Prosecution.
(7) The powers and functions of the Director of Prosecution and the Deputy Directors of Prosecution and the areas for which each of the Deputy Directors of Prosecution have been appointed shall be such as the State Government may, by notification, specify.
(8) The provisions of this section shall not apply to the Advocate General for the State while performing the functions of a Public Prosecutor.".
Section 5. Amendment of section 29
In section 29 of the principal Act,--
(a) in sub-section (2), for the words "five thousand rupees", the words "ten thousand rupees" shall be substituted;
(b) in sub-section (3) for the words "one thousand rupees", the words "five thousand rupees" shall be substituted.
Section 6. Amendment of section 46
In section 46 of the principal Act, after sub-section (3), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:--
"(4) Save in exceptional circumstances, no women shall be arrested after sunset and before sunrise, and where such exceptional circumstances exist, the woman police officer shall, by making a written report, obtain the prior permission of the Judicial Magistrate of the first class within whose local jurisdiction the offence is committed or the arrest is to be made.".
Section 7. Insertion of new section 50A
After section 50 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:--
"50A. Obligation of person making arrest to inform about the arrest to inform about the arrest, etc., to a nominated person.--(1) Every police officer or other person making any arrest under this Code shall forthwith give the information regarding such arrest and place where the arrested person is being held to any of his friends, relatives or such other persons as may be disclosed or nominated by the arrested person for the purpose of giving such information.
(2) The police officer shall inform the arrested person of his rights under subsection (1) as soon as he is brought to the police station.
(3) An entry of the fact as to who has been informed of the arrest of such person shall be made in a book to be kept in the police station in such form as may be prescribed in this behalf by the State Government.
(4) It shall be the duty of the Magistrate before whom such arrested person is produced, to satisfy himself that the requirements of sub-section (2) and sub-section (3) have been complied with in respect of such arrested person.".
Section 8. Amendment of section 53
In section 53 of the principal Act, for the Explanation, the following Explanation shall be substituted, namely:--
'Explanation.--In this section and in sections 53A and 54,--
(a) "examination" shall include the examination of blood, blood stains, semen, swabs in case of sexual offences, sputum and sweat, hair samples and finger nail clippings by the use of modern and scientific techniques including DNA profiling and such other tests which the registered medical practitioner thinks necessary in a particular case;
(b) "registered medical practitioner" means a medical practitioner who possess any medical qualification as defined in clause (h) of section 2 of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956(102 of 1956) and whose name has been entered in a State Medical Register.'.
Section 9. Insertion of new section 53A
After section 53 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:--
"53A. Examination of person accused of rape by medical practitioner.--(1) When a person is arrested on a charge of committing an offence of rape or an attempt to commit rape and there are reasonable grounds for believing that an examination of his person will afford evidence as to the commission of such offence, it shall be lawful for a registered medical practitioner employed in a hospital run by the Government or by a local authority and in the absence of such a practitioner within the radius of sixteen kilometers from the place where the offence has been committed, by any other registered medical practitioner, acting at the request of a police officer not below the rank of a sub-inspector, and for any person acting in good faith in his aid and under his direction, to make such an examination of the arrested person and to use such force as is reasonably necessary for that purpose.
(2) The registered medical practitioner conducting such examination shall, without delay, examine such person and prepare a report of his examination giving the following particulars, namely:--
(i) the name and address of the accused and of the person by whom he was brought,
(ii) the age of the accused,
(iii) marks of injury, if any, on the person of the accused,
(iv) the description of material taken from the person of the accused for DNA profiling, and
(v) other material particulars in reasonable detail.
(3) The report shall state precisely the reasons for each conclusion arrived at.
(4) The exact time of commencement and completion of the examination shall also be noted in the report.
(5) The registered medical practitioner shall, without delay, forward the report of the investigating officer, who shall forward it to the Magistrate referred to in section 173 as part of the documents referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (5) of that section.".
Section 10. Amendment of section 54
Section 54 of the principal Act shall be renumbered as sub-section (1) thereof, and after sub-section (1) as so renumbered, the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:--
"(2) Where an examination is made under sub-section (1), a copy of the report of such examination shall be furnished by the registered medical practitioner to the arrested person or the person nominated by such arrested person.".
Section 11. Insertion of new section 54A
After section 54 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:--
"54A. Identification of person arrested.--Where a person is arrested on a charge of committing an offence and his identification by any other person or persons is considered necessary for the purpose of investigation of such offence, the Court, having jurisdiction may, on the request of the officer in charge of a police station, direct the person so arrested to subject himself to identification by any person or persons in such manner as the Court may deem fit."
Section 12. Amendment of section 82
In section 82 of the principal Act, after sub-section (3), the following sub-sections shall be inserted, namely:--
"(4) Where a proclamation published under sub-section (1) is in respect of a person accused of an offence punishable under section 302, 304, 364, 367, 382, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 402, 436, 449, 459 or 460 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860), and such person fails to appear at the specified place and time required by the proclamation, the Court may, after making such inquiry as it thinks fit, pronounce him a proclaimed offender and make a declaration to that effect.
(5) The provisions of sub-sections (2) and (3) shall apply to a declaration made by the Court under sub-section (4) as they apply to the proclamation published under sub-section (1).".
Section 13. Amendment of section 102
In section 102 of the principal Act,--
(a) in sub-section (3), after the words "transported to the Court", the words "or where there is difficulty in securing proper accommodation for the custody of such property, or where the continued retention of the property in police custody may not be considered necessary for the purpose of investigation" shall be inserted;
(b) after sub-section (3), the following proviso shall be added at the end, namely:--
"Provided that where the property seized under sub-section (1) is subject to speedy and natural decay and if the person entitled to the possession of such property is unknown or absent and the value of such property is less than five hundred rupees, it may forthwith be sold by auction under the orders of the Superintendent of Police and the provisions of sections 457 and 458 shall, as nearly as may be practicable, apply to the net proceeds of such sale.".
Section 14. Amendment of section 110
In section 110 of the principal Act, in clause (f), in sub-clause (i),--(i) in item (g) the word "or" shall be omitted; (ii) after item (g) the following item shall be inserted, namely:--"(h) the Foreigners Act, 1946(31 of 1946); or".