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INTER-STATE MIGRANT WORKMEN (REGULATION OF EMPLOYMENT AND CONDITIONS OF SERVICE) ACT

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 30 of 1979


  • Chapter I
  • Chapter II
  • Chapter III
  • Chapter IV
  • Chapter V
  • Chapter VI
  • Chapter VII
  • Schedules
  • Act nº 30 of 1979

Preamble

THE INTER-STATE MIGRANT WORKMEN (REGULATION OF AND CONDITIONS OF SERVICE) ACT, 1979

[Act, No.30 of 1979]

[11th June, 1979]

PREAMBLE

An Act to regulate the employment of inter-State migrant workmen and to provide for their conditions of service and for matters connected therewith.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Thirteenth Year of the Republic of India as follows:--

Chapter I

Section 1. Short title, extent, commencement and application

(1) This Act may be called the Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979.

(2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint;

Provided that if the Central Government considers it necessary or expedient so to do in the public interest, it may postpone or relax, to such extent as may be specified in such notification, the operation of all or any of the provisions of this Act in any State or States for such period not extending beyond one year from the date on which this Act comes into force.

(4) It applies--

(a) to every establishment in which five or more inter-State migrant workmen (whether or not in addition to other workmen) are employed or who were employed on any day of the preceding twelve months;

(b) to every contractor who employs or who employed five or more inter-State migrant workmen (whether or not in addition to other workmen) on any clay of the preceding twelvemonths.

Section 2. Definitions

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--

(a) "appropriate Government" means,--

(i) in relation to--

(1) any establishment pertaining to any industry carried on by or under the authority of the Central Government or pertaining to any such controlled industry as may be specified in this behalf by the Central Government; or

(2) any establishment of any railway. Cantonment Board, major port, mine or oil-field; or

(3) any establishment of a banking or insurance company the Central Government;

(ii) in relation to any other establishment, the Government of the State in which that other establishment is situated;

(b) "contractor", in relation to an establishment, means a person who undertakes (whether as an independent contractor, agent, employee or otherwise) to produce a given result for the establishment, other than amere supply of goods or articles of manufacture to such establishment, by the employment of workmen or to supply workmen to the establishment, and includes a sub-contractor, Khatadar, Sardar, agent or any other person, by whatever name called, who recruits or employs workmen;

(c) "controlled industry" means any industry the control of which by the Union has been declared by any Central Act to be expedient in the public interest;

(d) "establishment" means--

(i) any office or department of the Government or a local authority; or

(ii) any place where any industry, trade, business, manufacture or occupation is carried on ;

(e) "inter-State migrant workman" means any person who is recruited by or through a contractor in one State under an agreement or other arrangement for employment in an establishment in another State, whether with or without the knowledge of the principal employer in relation to such establishment;

(f) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(g) "principal employer means,--

(i) in relation to any office or department of the Government or a local authority, the head of that office, department or authority or such other officer as the Government or the local authority, as the case may be, may specify in this behalf;

(ii) in relation to a factory, the owner or occupier of the factory and where a person has been named as the manager of the factory under the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948), the person so named;

(iii) in relation to amine, the owner or agent of the mine and where a person has been named as the manager of the mine, the person so named;

(iv) in relation to any other establishment, any person responsible for the supervision and control of the establishment.

Explanation.--For the purposes of sub-clause (iii) of this clause, the expressions "mine", "owner" and "agent" shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in clause (j), clause (e) and clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Mines Act,1952 (35 of 1952);

(h) "recruitment" includes entering into any agreement or other arrangement for recruitment and all its grammatical variations and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;

(i) "wages" shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (vi) of section 2 of the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936);

(j) "workman" means any person employed in or in connection with the work of any establishment to do any skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled, manual, supervisory, technical or clerical work for hire or reward, whether the terms of employment be express or implied, but does not include any such person--

(i) who is employed mainly in a managerial or administration capacity; or

(ii) who, being employed in a supervisory capacity, draws wages exceeding five hundred rupees per mensem, or exercises, either by the nature of the duties attached to the office or by reason of the powers vested in him, functions mainly of a managerial nature.

(2) Any reference in this Act to any law which is not in force in any area shall, in relation to that area, be construed as a reference to the corresponding law, if any, in force in that area.

Chapter II

Section 3. Appointment of registering officers

The appropriate Government may, by order notified in the Official Gazette,--

(a) appoint such persons, being officers of Government, as it thinks fit to be registering officers for the purposes of this Chapter; and

(b) define the limits, within which a registering officer shall exercise the powers conferred on him by or under this Act.

Section 4. Registration of certain establishments

(1) Every principal employer of an establishment to which this Act applies shall, within such period as the appropriate Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, fix in this behalf with respect to establishments generally or with respect to any class of them, make an application to the registering officer, in such form and manner and on payment of such fees as may be prescribed, for the registration of the establishment:

Provided that the registering officer may entertain any such application for registration after the expiry of the period fixed in that behalf, if the registering officer is satisfied that the applicant was prevented by sufficient cause from making the application in time.

(2) Within one month after the receipt of an application for registration under sub-section(1), the registering officer shall,--

(a) if the application is complete in all respects, register the establishment and issue to the principal employer of the establishment a certificate of registration in the prescribed form; and

(b) if the application is not so complete, return the application to the principal employer of the establishment.

(3) Where within a period of one month after the receipt of an application for registration of an establishment under sub-section(1), the registering officer does not gram under clause(a) of sub-section(2) the certificate of registration applied for and does not return the application under clause(b) of that sub-section, the registering officer shall, within fifteen days of the receipt of an application in this behalf, from the principal employer, register the establishment and issue to the principal employer a certificate of registration in the prescribed form.

Section 5. Revocation of registration in certain cases

If the registering officer is satisfied, either on a reference made to him in this behalf or otherwise, that the registration of any establishment has been obtained by misrepresentation or suppression of any material factor that for any other reason, the registration has become useless or ineffective and, therefore, requires to be revoked, the registering officer may after giving an opportunity to the principal employer of the establishment to be heard and with the previous approval of the appropriate Government, revoke by order in writing the registratioon and communicate the order to the principal employer:

Provided that where the registering officer considers it necessary so to do for any special reasons, he may, pending such revocation, by order suspend the operation of the certificate of registration for such period as may be specified in the order and serve, by registered post, such order along with a statement of the reasons on the principal employer and such order shall take effect on the date on which such service is effected.

Section 6. Prohibition against employment of inter State migrant workmen without registration

No principal employer of an establishment to which this Act applies shall employ inter-State migrant workmen in the establishment unless a certificate of registration in respect of such establishment issued under this Act is in force:

Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to any establishment in respect of which an application for registration made within the period fixed, whether originally or on extension under sub-section(1) of section 4 is pending before a registering officer and for the purposes of this proviso, an application to which the provisions of sub-section(3) of section 4 apply shall be deemed to be pending before the registering officer concerned till the certificate of registration is issued in accordance with the provisions of that sub-section.

Chapter III

Section 7. Appointment of licensing officers

The appropriate Government, by order notified in the Official Gazette,--

(a) appoint such persons, being officers of Government, as it thinks fit to be licensing officers for the purposes of this Chapter; and

(b) define the limits., within which a licensing officer shall exercise the jurisdiction and powers conferred on licensing officers by or under this Act:

Section 8. Licensing of contractors

(1) With effect from such date as the appropriate Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, no contractor to whom this Act applies shall,--

(a) recruit any person in a State for the purpose of employing him in any establishment situated in another State, except under and in accordance with a licence issued in that behalf--

(i) if such establishment is an establishment referred to in sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 2, by the licensing officer appointed by the Central Government who has jurisdiction in relation to the area wherein the recruitment is made;

(ii) if such establishment is an establishment referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 2, by the licensing officer appointed by the State Government who has jurisdiction in relation to the area wherein the recruitment is made;

(b) employ as workmen for the execution of any work in any establishment in any State, persons from another State (whether or not in addition to other workmen) except under and in accordance with a licence issued in that behalf,--

(i) if such establishment is an establishment referred to in sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 2, by the licensing officer appointed by the Central Government who has jurisdiction in relation to the area wherein the establishment is sitauted;

(ii) if such establishment is an establishment referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 2,bythelicensingofficer appointed by the Stale Government who has jurisdiction in relation to the area wherein the establishment is situated.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, a licence under sub-section (1) may contain such conditions including, in particular, the terms and conditions of the agreement or other arrangement under which the workmen will be recruited, the remuneration payable, hours of work, fixation of wages and other essential amenities in respect of the inter-State migrant workmen, as the appropriate Government may deem fit to impose in accordance with the rules, if any made under section 35 and shall be issued on payment of such fees as may be prescribed:

Provided that if for any special reasons, the licensing officer is satisfied that it is necessary to require any person who has applied for, or who has been issued, a licence to furnish any, security for the due performance of the conditions of the licence, he may, after communicating such reasons to such person and giving him an opportunity to represent his case, determine in accordance with the rules made in this behalf the security which shall be furnished by such person for obtaining or, as the case may be, for continuing to hold the licence.

(3) The security which may be required to be furnished under the proviso to sub-section (2) shall be reasonable and the rules for the purposes of the said proviso shall, on the basis of the number of workmen employed, the wages payable to them, the facilities which shall be afforded to them and other relevant factors provide for the norms with reference to which such security may be determined.

Section 9. Grant of licences

(1) Every application for the grant of a licence under sub-section (1) of section 8 shall be made in the prescribed form and shall contain the particulars regarding the location of the establishment, the nature of process, operation or work for which inter-State migrant workmen are to be employed and such other particulars as may be prescribed.

(2) The licensing officer may make such investigation in respect of the application received under sub-section (1) and in making any such investigation, the licensing officer shall follow such procedure as may be prescribed.

(3) A licence granted under section 8, shall be valid for the period specified therein and may be renewed from time to time for such period and on payment of such fees and on such conditions as may be prescribed.

Section 10. Revocation, suspension and amendment of licences

(1) If the licensing officer is satisfied, either on a reference made to him in this behalf or otherwise, that--

(a) a licence granted under section 8 has been obtained by misrepresentation or suppression of any material fact, or

(b) the holder of a licence has, without reasonable cause, failed to comply with the conditions subject to which the licence has been granted or has contravened any of the provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder,

then, without prejudice to any other penalty to which the holder of the licence may be liable under this Act, the licensing officer may, after giving the holder of the licence an opportunity to be heard, by order in writing, revoke the licence or forfeit the security furnished by him under the proviso to sub-section (2) of section 8 or any part thereof and communicate the order to the holder of the licence:

Provided that where the licensing officer considers it necessary so to do for any special reasons, he may, pending such revocation or forfeiture, by order, suspend the operation of the licence for such period as may be specified in the order and serve, by registered post, such order along with a statement of the reasons on the holder of the licence and such order shall take effect on the date on which such service is effected.

(2) Subject to any rules that may be made in this behalf, the licensing officer may vary or amend a licence granted under section 8.

Section 11. Appeal

(1) Any person aggrieved by an order made under section 4, section 5, section 8 or section 10 may, within thirty days from the date on which the order is communicated to him, prefer an appeal to an appellate officer who shall be a person nominated in this behalf by the appropriate Government :

Provided that the appellate officer may entertain the appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days, if he is satisfied that the appellate was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal in time.

(2) On receipt of an appeal under sub-section (1), the appellate officer shall, after giving the appellate an opportunity of being heard, dispose of the appeal as expeditiously as possible.