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FINANCE ACT, 2003

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 32 of 2003


  • Chapter I
  • Chapter II
  • Chapter III
  • Chapter IV
  • Chapter V
  • Chapter VI
  • Chapter VII
  • Schedules
  • Act nº 32 of 2003

Preamble

THE FINANCE ACT, 2003

[Act, No. 32 of 2003]

[14th May, 2003]

PREAMBLE An Act to give effect to the financial proposals of the Central Government for the financial year 2003-2004.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:--

Chapter I

Section 1. Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be called the Finance Act, 2003.

(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, sections 2 to 103 [except clause (b) of section 92] shall be deemed to have come into force on the 1st day of April, 2003.

Chapter II

Section 2. Income-tax

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (2) and (3), for the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2003, income-tax shall be charged at the rates specified in Part I of the First Schedule and such tax as reduced by the rebate of income-tax calculated under Chapter VIII-A of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) (hereinafter referred to as the Income-tax Act) shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union calculated in each case in the manner provided therein.

(2) In the cases to which Paragraph A of Part I of the First Schedule applies, where the assessee has, in the previous year, any net agricultural income exceeding five thousand rupees, in addition to total income, and the total income exceeds fifty thousand rupees, then,--

(a) the net agricultural income shall be taken into account, in the manner provided in clause (b) [that is to say, as if the net agricultural income were comprised in the total income after the first fifty thousand rupees of the total income but without being liable to tax], only for the purpose of charging income-tax in respect of the total income; and

(b) the income-tax chargeable shall be calculated as follows:--

(i) the total income and the net agricultural income shall be aggregated and the amount of income-tax shall be determined in respect of the aggregate income at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if such aggregate income were the total income;

(ii) the net agricultural income shall be increased by a sum of fifty thousand rupees, and the amount of income-tax shall be determined in respect of the net agricultural income as so increased at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if the net agricultural income as so increased were the total income;

(iii) the amount of income-tax determined in accordance with sub-clause (i) shall be reduced by the amount of income-tax determined in accordance with sub-clause (ii) and the sum so arrived at shall be the income-tax in respect of the total income:

Provided that the amount of income Tax so arrived at, as reduced by the amount of rebate of income-tax calculated under Chapter VIII-A, shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union calculated in each case in the manner provided in that Paragraph and the sum so arrived at shall be the income-tax in respect of the total income.

(3) In cases to which the provisions of Chapter XII or Chapter XII-A or section 115 JB or sub-section (1A) of section 161 or section 164 or section 164A or section 167B of the Income-tax Act apply, the tax chargeable shall be determined as provided in that Chapter or that section, and with reference to the rates imposed by sub-section (1) or the rates as specified in that Chapter or section, as the case may be:

Provided that the amount of income-tax computed in accordance with the provisions of section 112 shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union as provided in Paragraph A, B, C, D or E, as the case may be, of Part I of the First Schedule:

Provided further that the amount of income-tax computed in accordance with the provisions of section 113 shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union as provided in Paragraph A, B, C, D or E, as the case may be, of Part III of the First Schedule of the Finance Act of the year in which the search is initiated under section 132 or requisition is made under section 132A of the Income-tax Act:

Provided also that in respect of any income chargeable to tax under sections 115A, 115AB, 115AC, 115ACA, 115AD, 115B, 115BB, 115BBA, 115BBB, 115E and 115JB of the Income-tax Act, the amount of income-tax computed under this sub-section shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated at the rate of five per cent. of such income-tax.

(4) In cases in which tax has to be charged and paid under-section 115-O or sub-section (2) of section 115R of the Income-tax Act, the tax shall be charged and paid at the rate as specified in those sections and shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such tax.

(5) In cases in which tax has to be deducted under sections 193, 194, 194A, 194B, 194BB, 194D and 195 of the Income-tax Act, at the rates in force, the deductions shall be made at the rates specified in Part II of the First Schedule and shall be increased, by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated in each case, in the manner provided therein.

(6) In cases in which tax has to be deducted under sections 194C, 194E, 194EE, 194F, 194G, 194H, 194I, 194J, 196B, 196C and 196D of the Income-tax Act, the deductions shall be made at the rates specified in those sections and shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated,--

(a) in the case of every individual, Hindu undivided family, association of persons and body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, at the rate of ten per cent. of such tax where the income or the aggregate of such incomes paid or likely to be paid and subject to the deduction exceeds rupees eight hundred and fifty thousand rupees;

(b) in the case of every co-operative society, firm, local authority and company, at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such tax;

(c) in the case of every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act, at the rate of ten per cent. of such tax.

(7) In cases in which tax has to be collected under the proviso to section 194B of the Income-tax Act, the collection shall be made at the rates specified in Part II of the First Schedule, and shall be increased, by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated in the manner provided therein.

(8) In cases in which tax has to be collected under section 206C of the Income-tax Act, the collection shall be made at the rates specified in that section and shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated,--

(a) in the case of every individual, Hindu undivided family, association of persons and body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, at the rate of ten per cent. of such tax where the amount or the aggregate of such amounts collected and subject to the collection exceeds rupees eight hundred and fifty thousand rupees;

(b) in the case of every co-operative society, firm, local authority and company, at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such tax;

(c) in the case of every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act, at the rate of ten per cent. of such tax.

(9) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (10), in cases in which income-tax has to be charged under sub-section (4) of section 172 or sub-section (2) of section 174 or section 174A or section 175 or sub-section (2) of section 176 of the Income-tax Act or deducted from, or paid on, income chargeable under the head "Salaries" under section 192 of the said Act or in which the "advance tax" payable under Chapter XVII-C of the said Act has to be computed at the rate or rates in force, such income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" shall be so charged, deducted or computed at the rate or rates specified in Part III of the First Schedule and such tax as reduced by the rebate of income-tax calculated under Chapter VIII-A of the said Act shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated in each case in the manner provided therein:

Provided that in cases to which the provisions of Chapter XII or Chapter XII-A or section 115JB or sub-section (1A) of section 161 or section 164 or section 164A or section 167B of the Income-tax Act apply, "advance tax" shall be computed with reference to the rates imposed by this sub-section or the rates as specified in that Chapter or section, as the case may be:

Provided further that the amount of "advance tax" computed in accordance with the provisions of section 112 of the Income-tax Act shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union as provided in Paragraph A, B, C, D or E, as the case may be, of Part III of the First Schedule:

Provided also that in respect of any income chargeable to tax under sections 115A, 115AB, 115 AC, 115ACA, 115AD, 115B, 115BB, 115BBA, 115E and 115JB of the Income-tax Act, "advance tax" computed under the first proviso shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union, calculated,--

(a) in the case of every individual, Hindu undivided family, association of persons and body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, at the rate of ten per cent. of "advance tax" where the total income exceeds eight hundred and fifty thousand rupees;

(b) in the case of every co-operative society, firm, local authority and company, at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such "advance tax";

(c) in the case of every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act, at the rate of ten per cent. of such "advance tax".

(10) In cases to which, Paragraph A of Part III of the First Schedule applies, where the assessee has, in the previous year or, if by virtue of any provision of the Income-tax Act, income-tax is to be charged in respect of the income of a period other than the previous year, in such other period, any net agricultural income exceeding five thousand rupees, in addition to total income and the total income exceeds fifty thousand rupees, then, in charging income-tax under sub-section (2) of section 174 or section 174A or section 175 or sub-section (2) of section 176 of the said Act or in computing the "advance tax" payable under Chapter XVII-C of the said Act, at the rate or rates in force,--

(a) the net agricultural income shall be taken into account, in the manner provided in clause (b) [that is to say, as if the net agricultural income were comprised in the total income after the first fifty thousand rupees of the total income but without being liable to tax], only for the purpose of charging or computing such income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" in respect of the total income; and

(b) such income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" shall be so charged or computed as follows:--

(i) the total income and the net agricultural income shall be aggregated and the amount of income-tax or "advance tax" shall be determined in respect of the aggregate income at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if such aggregate income were the total income;

(ii) the net agricultural income shall be increased by a sum of fifty thousand rupees, and the amount of income-tax or "advance tax" shall be determined in respect of the net agricultural income as so increased at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if the net agricultural income were the total income;

(iii) the amount of income-tax or ''advance tax" determined in accordance with sub-clause (i) shall be reduced by the amount of income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" determined in accordance with sub-clause (ii) and the sum so arrived at shall be the income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" in respect of the total income:

Provided that the amount of income-tax or "advance tax" so arrived at, as reduced by the rebate of income-tax calculated under Chapter VIII-A of the said Act, shall be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union calculated in each case, in the manner provided therein.

(11) For the purposes of this section and the First Schedule,--

(a) "domestic company" means an Indian company or any other company which, in respect of its income liable to income-tax under the Income-tax Act for the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2003, has made the prescribed arrangements for the declaration and payment within India of the dividends (including dividends on preference shares) payable out of such income;

(b) "insurance commission" means any remuneration or reward, whether by way of commission or otherwise, for soliciting or procuring insurance business (including business relating to the continuance, renewal or revival of policies of insurance);

(c) "net agricultural income", in relation to a person, means the total amount of agricultural income, from whatever source derived, of that person computed in accordance with the rules contained in Part IV of the First Schedule;

(d) all other words and expressions used in this section and the First Schedule but not defined in this sub-section and defined in the Income-tax Act shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Act.

Chapter III

Section 3. Amendment of section 2

In section 2 of the Income-tax Act,--

(a) in clause (24), in sub-clause (xii), for the word, brackets and figures "clause (vii)", the word, brackets, figure and letter "clause (va)" shall be substituted;

(b) in clause (42A), in Explanation 1, in clause (i), after sub-clause (g), the following sub-clauses shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

"(h) in the case of a capital asset, being trading or clearing rights of a recognised stock exchange in India acquired by a person pursuant to demutualisation or corporatisation of the recognised stock exchange in India as referred to in clause (xiii) of section 47, there shall be included the period for which the person was a member of the recognised stock exchange in India immediately prior to such demutualisation or corporatisation;

(ha) in the case of a capital asset, being equity share or shares in a company allotted pursuant to demutualisation or corporatisation of a recognised stock exchange in India as referred to in clause (xiii) of section 47, there shall be included the period for which the person was a member of the recognised stock exchange in India immediately prior to such demutualisation or corporatisation;".

Section 4. Amendment of section 6

In section 6 of the Income-tax Act, for clause (6), the following clause shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'(6) A person is said to be "not ordinarily resident" in India in any previous year if such person is--

(a) an individual who has been a non-resident in India in nine out of the ten previous years preceding that year, or has during the seven previous years preceding that year been in India for a period of, or periods amounting in all to, seven hundred and twenty-nine days or less; or

(b) a Hindu undivided family whose manager has been a non-resident in India in nine out of the ten previous years preceding that year, or has during the seven previous years preceding that year been in India for a period of, or periods amounting in all to, seven hundred and twenty-nine days or less.'.

Section 5. Amendment of section 9

In section 9 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), in clause (i), the existing Explanation shall be numbered as Explanation I thereof and after Explanation I as so numbered, the following Explanations shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'Explanation 2.--For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that "business connection" shall include any business activity carried out through a person who, acting on behalf of the non-resident,--

(a) has and habitually exercises in India, an authority to conclude contracts on behalf of the non-resident, unless his activities are limited to the purchase of goods or merchandise for the non-resident; or

(b) has no such authority, but habitually maintains in India a stock of goods or merchandise from which he regularly delivers goods or merchandise on behalf of the non-resident; or

(c) habitually secures orders in India, mainly or wholly for the non-resident or for that non-resident and other non-residents controlling, controlled by, or subject to the same common control, as that non-resident:

Provided that such business connection shall not include any business activity carried out through a broker, general commission agent or any other agent having an independent status, if such broker, general commission agent or any other agent having an independent status is acting in the ordinary course of his business:

Provided further that where such broker, general commission agent or any other agent works mainly or wholly on behalf of a non-resident (hereafter in this proviso referred to as the principal non-resident) or on behalf of such non-resident and other non-residents which are controlled by the principal non-resident or have a controlling interest in the principal non-resident or are subject to the same common control as the principal non-resident, he shall not be deemed to be a broker, general commission agent or an agent of an independent status.

Explanation 3.--Where a business is carried on in India through a person referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c) of Explanation 2, only so much of income as is attributable to the operations carried out in India shall be deemed to accrue or arise in India.'.

Section 6. Amendment of section 10

In section 10 of the Income-tax Act,--

(a) in clause (6C), for the words "by way of fees", the words "by way of royalty or fees" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(b) in clause (10C), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004,--

(i) in the opening portion, for the words "any amount received by an employee of, the words "any amount received or receivable by an employee of shall be substituted;

(ii) for the words "at the time of his voluntary retirement", the words "on his voluntary retirement" shall be substituted;

(c) for clause (10D), the following shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'(10D) any sum received under a life insurance policy, including the sum allocated by way of bonus on such policy, other than--

(a) any sum received under sub-section (3) of section 80DD or sub-section (3) of section 80DDA; or

(b) any sum received under a Keyman insurance policy; or

(c) any sum received under an insurance policy issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2003 in respect of which the premium payable for any of the years during the term of the policy exceeds twenty per cent. of the actual capital sum assured:

Provided that the provisions of this sub-clause shall not apply to any sum received on the death of a person:

Provided further that for the purpose of calculating the actual capital sum assured under this sub-clause, effect shall be given to the Explanation to sub-section (2A) of section 88.

Explanation.--For the purposes of this clause, "Keyman insurance policy" means a life insurance policy taken by a person on the life of another person who is or was the employee of the first- mentioned person or is or was connected in any manner whatsoever with the business of the first-mentioned person;';

(d) in clause (15), in sub-clause (iv), in item (g), for the words "a loan agreement approved by the Central Government", the words, figures and letters "a loan agreement approved by the Central Government before the 1st day of June, 2003" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(e) in clause (23BBD), for the words, figures and letters "three previous years relevant to the assessment years beginning on the 1st day of April, 2001 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2004", the words, figures and letters "seven previous years relevant to the assessment years beginning on the 1st day of April, 2001 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2008" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(f) in clause (23C), in the ninth proviso, for the figures "2003", the figures "2004" shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 3rd day of February, 2001;

(g) in clause (23D), in the opening portion, for the words "any income of'" the words, figures and letter "subject to the provisions of Chapter XII-E, any income of" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(h) in clause (23EB), for the words "Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Small Scale Industries", the words "Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Small Industries" shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2002;

(i) in clause (23FA), for the word "dividends", the words, figures and letter "dividends, other than dividends referred to in section 115-O" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(j) in clause (23G),--

(i) for the word "dividends", the words, figures and letter "dividends, other than dividends referred to in section 115-O" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(ii) after the words, brackets, figures and letters "housing project referred to in sub-section (10) of section 80-IB", the words "or a hotel project or a hospital project" shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(iii) in Explanation I,--

(A) in clause (a), for the portion beginning with the words "in the business of and ending with the words "any infrastructure facility", the words "in the business referred to in this clause" shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2002;

(B) in clause (b), for the portion beginning with the words "in the business of and ending with the words "any infrastructure facility", the words "in the business referred to in this clause" shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2002;

(C) after clause (f), the following clauses shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'(g) "hotel project" means a project for constructing a hotel of not less than three-star category as classified by the Central Government;

(h) "hospital project" means a project for constructing a hospital with at least one hundred beds for patients.';

(k) after clause (26BB), the following shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'(26BBB) any income of a corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act for the welfare and economic upliftment of ex-servicemen being the citizens of India.

Explanation.--For the purposes of this clause, "ex-serviceman" means a person who has served in any rank, whether as combatant or non-combatant, in the armed forces of the Union or armed forces of the Indian States before the commencement of the Constitution (but excluding the Assam Rifles, Defence Security Corps, General Reserve Engineering Force, Lok Sahayak Sena, Jammu and Kashmir Militia and Territorial Army) for a continuous period of not less than six months after attestation and has been released, otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, and in the case of a deceased or incapacitated ex-serviceman includes his wife, children, father, mother, minor brother, widowed daughter and widowed sister, wholly dependant upon such ex-serviceman immediately before his death or incapacitation;';

(l) after clause (32), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:--

"(33) any income arising from the transfer of a capital asset, being a unit of the Unit Scheme, 1964 referred to in Schedule I to the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002(58 of 2002) and where the transfer of such asset takes place on or after the 1st day of April, 2002;";

(m) after clause (33) as so inserted, the following clauses shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'(34) any income by way of dividends referred to in section 115-O;

(35) any income by way of,--

(a) income received in respect of the units of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D); or

(b) income received in respect of units from the Administrator of the specified undertaking; or

(c) income received in respect of units from the specified company:

Provided that this clause shall not apply to any income arising from transfer of units of the Administrator of the specified undertaking or of the specified company or of a mutual fund, as the case may be.

Explanation.--For the purposes of this clause,--

(a) "Administrator" means the Administrator as referred to in clause (a) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002(58 of 2002);

(b) "specified company" means a company as referred to in clause (h) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002(58 of 2002);

(36) any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being an eligible equity share in a company purchased on or after the 1st day of March, 2003 and before the 1st day of March, 2004 and held for a period of twelve months or more.

Explanation.--For the purposes of this clause, "eligible equity share" means,--

(i) any equity share in a company being a constituent of BSE-500 Index of the Stock Exchange, Mumbai as on the 1st day of March, 2003 and the transactions of purchase and sale of such equity share are entered into on a recognised stock exchange in India;

(ii) any equity share in a company allotted through a public issue on or after the 1st day of March, 2003 and listed in a recognised stock exchange in India before the 1st day of March, 2004 and the transaction of sale of such share is entered into on a recognised stock exchange in India.'.

Section 7. Amendment of section 10A

In section 10A of the Income-tax Act,--

(a) for sub-section (1A), the following sub-sections shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

"(1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the deduction, in computing the total income of an undertaking, which begins to manufacture or produce articles or things or computer software during the previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2003, in any special economic zone, shall be,--

(i) hundred per cent. of profits and gains derived from the export of such articles or things or computer software for a period of five consecutive assessment years beginning with the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which the undertaking begins to manufacture or produce such articles or things or computer software, as the case may be, and thereafter, fifty per cent. of such profits and gains for further two consecutive assessment years, and thereafter;

(ii) for the next three consecutive assessment years, so much of the amount not exceeding fifty per cent. of the profits as is debited to the profit and loss account of the previous year in respect of which the deduction is to be allowed and credited to a reserve account (to be called the "Special Economic Zone Re-investment Allowance Reserve Account") to be created and utilised for the purposes of the business of the assessee in the manner laid down in sub-section (1B).

(1B) The deduction under clause (ii) of sub-section (1A) shall be allowed only if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:--

(a) the amount credited to the Special Economic Zone Re-investment Allowance Reserve Account is to be utilised--

(i) for the purposes of acquiring new machinery or plant which is first put to use before the expiry of a period of three years next following the previous year in which the reserve was created; and

(ii) until the acquisition of new machinery or plant as aforesaid, for the purposes of the business of the undertaking other than for distribution by way of dividends or profits or for remittance outside India as profits or for the creation of any asset outside India;

(b) the particulars, as may be prescribed in this behalf, have been furnished by the assessee in respect of new machinery or plant along with the return of income for the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such plant or machinery was first put to use.

(1C) Where any amount credited to the Special Economic Zone Reinvestment Allowance Reserve Account under clause (ii) of sub-section (1A),--

(a) has been utilised for any purpose other than those referred to in sub-section (1B) ,the amount so utilised; or

(b) has not been utilised before the expiry of the period specified in sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section (1B), the amount not so utilised, shall be deemed to be the profits,--

(i) in a case referred to in clause (a), in the year in which the amount was so utilised; or

(ii) in a case referred to in clause (b), in the year immediately following the period of three years specified in sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section (1B),

and shall be charged to tax accordingly,";

(b) in sub-section (4), for the word, brackets and figure "sub-section (1)", the words, brackets, figures and letter "sub-sections (1) and (1A)" shall be substituted;

(c) in sub-section (5), for the word, brackets and figure "sub-section (1)", the words "this section" shall be substituted;

(d) in sub-section (6),--

(A) in clause (i), after the words "relevant assessment years", the words, figures and letters "ending before the 1st day of April, 2001" shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2001;

(B) in clause (ii), after the words "relevant assessment years", the words, figures and letters "ending before the 1st day of April, 2001" shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2001;

(e) after sub-section (7), the following sub-section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

"(7A) Where any undertaking of an Indian company which is entitled to the deduction under this section is transferred, before the expiry of the period specified in this section, to another Indian company in a scheme of amalgamation or demerger,--

(a) no deduction shall be admissible under this section to the amalgamating or the demerged company for the previous year in which the amalgamation or the demerger takes place; and

(b) the provisions of this section shall, as far as may be, apply to the amalgamated or the resulting company as they would have applied to the amalgamating or the demerged company if the amalgamation or demerger had not taken place.";

(f) sub-sections (9) and (9A) shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(g) Explanation 1 shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(h) after Explanation 3, the following Explanation shall be inserted at the end with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'Explanation 4.--For the purposes of this section, "manufacture or produce" shall include the cutting and polishing of precious and semi-precious stones.'.

Section 8. Amendment of section 10B

In section 10B of the Income-tax Act,--

(a) in sub-section (6), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2001,--

(A) in clause (i), after the words "relevant assessment years", the words, figures and letters "ending before the 1st day of April, 2001" shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted;

(B) in clause (ii), after the words "relevant assessment years", the words, figures and letters "ending before the 1st day of April, 2001" shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted;

(b) after sub-section (7), the following sub-section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

"(7A) Where any undertaking of an Indian company which is entitled to the deduction under this section is transferred, before the expiry of the period specified in this section, to another Indian company in a scheme of amalgamation or demerger--

(a) no deduction shall be admissible under this section to the amalgamating or the demerged company for the previous year in which the amalgamation or the demerger takes place; and

(b) the provisions of this section shall, as far as may be, apply to the amalgamated or resulting company as they would have applied to the amalgamating or the demerged company if the amalgamation or the demerger had not taken place.";

(c) sub-sections (9) and (9A) shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(d) Explanation 1 shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004;

(e) after Explanation 3, the following Explanation shall be inserted at the end, with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

'Explanation 4.--For the purposes of this section, "manufacture or produce" shall include the cutting and polishing of precious and semi-precious stones.'.

Section 9. Amendment of section 10C

In section 10C of the Income-tax Act, after sub-section (6) and before the Explanation, the following proviso shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2004, namely:--

"Provided that no deduction under this section shall be allowed to any undertaking for the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2004 and subsequent years.".

Section 10. Amendment of section 11

In section 11 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (3A) after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:--

"Provided further that in case the trust or institution, which has invested or deposited its income in accordance with the provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (2), is dissolved, the Assessing Officer may allow application of such income for the purposes referred to in clause (d) of sub-section (3) in the year in which such trust or institution was dissolved.".

Section 11. Amendment of section 12

In section 12 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (3), for the figures "2003", the figures "2004", shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 3rd day of February, 2001.