THE INSURANCE REGULATORY AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY ACT, 1999
[Act, No. 41 of 1999]
[29th December, 1999]
An Act to provide for the establishment of an Authority to protect the interests of holders of insurance policies, to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of the insurance industry and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto and further to amend the Insurance Act, 1938, the Life Insurance Corporation Act, 1956 and the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972.
be it enacted by Parliament in the Fiftieth Year of the Republic of India as follows:--
Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement
Section 1 - Short title, extent and commencement(1) This Act may be called the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 .
(2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3) It shall come into force on such date1as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint:
Provided that different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision.
|1. Came into force on 19th April, 2000 vide S.O. 397 (E), dated 19th April 2000 published in the Gazette of India, Extra., Pt. II, Section 3 (ii), dated 19th April, 2000.|
Section 2. Definitions
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--
(a) "appointed day" means the date on which the Authority is established under sub-section (1) of section 3;
(b) "Authority" means the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority established under sub-section (7) of section 3;
(c) "Chairperson" means the Chairperson of the Authority;
(d) "Fund" means the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Fund constituted under sub-section (1) of section 16;
(e) "Interim Insurance Regulatory Authority" means the Insurance Regulatory Authority set up by the Central Government through Resolution No. 17(2)/94-Ins.-V, dated the 23rd January, 1996;
(f) "intermediary or insurance intermediary" includes insurance brokers, reinsurance brokers, insurance consultants, surveyors and less assessors;
(g) "member" means a whole-time or a part-time member of the Authority and includes the Chairperson;
(h) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
(i) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(j) "regulations" means the regulations made by the Authority.
(2) Words and expressions used and not defined in this Act but defined in the Insurance Act, 1938 (4 of 1938) or the Life Insurance Corporation Act, 1956 (31 of 1956) or the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972 (57 of 1972) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in those Acts.
Section 3. Establishment and incorporation of Authority
(1) With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint, there shall be established, for the purposes of this Act, an Authority to be called "the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority".
(2) The Authority shall be a body corporate by the name aforesaid having perpetual succession and a common seal with power, subject to the provisions of this Act. to acquire, hold and dispose of property, both movable and immovable, and to contract and shall, by the said name, sue 6r be sued.
(3) The head office of the Authority shall be at such place as the Central Government may decide from time to time.
(4) The Authority may establish offices at other places in India.
Section 4. Composition of Authority
The Authority shall consist of the following members, namely:--
(a) a Chairperson;
(b) not more than five whole-time members;
(c) not more than four part-time members,
to be appointed by the Central Government from amongst persons of ability, integrity and standing who have knowledge or experience in life insurance, general insurance, actuarial science, finance, economics, law, accountancy, administration or any other discipline which would, in the opinion of the Central Government, be useful to the Authority:
Provided that the Central Government shall, while appointing the Chairperson and the whole-time members, ensure that at least one person each is a person having knowledge or experience in life insurance, general insurance or actuarial science, respectively.
Section 5. Tenure of office of Chairperson and other members
(1) The Chairperson and every other whole-time member shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office and shall be eligible for reappointment:
Provided that no person shall hold office as a Chairperson after he has attained the age of sixty-five years:
Provided further that no person shall hold office as a whole-time member after he has attained the age of sixty-two years.
(2) A part-time member shall hold office for a term not exceeding five years from the date on which he enters upon his office.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), a member may--
(a) relinquish his office by giving in writing to the Central Government notice of not less than three months; or
(b) be removed from his office in accordance with the provisions of section 6.
Section 6. Removal from office
(1) The Central Government may remove from office any member who--
(a) is, or at any time has been, adjudged as an insolvent; or
(b) has become physically or mentally incapable of acting as a member; or
(c) has been convicted of any offence which, in the opinion of the Central Government, involves moral turpitude; or
(d) has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect prejudicially his functions as a member; or
(e) has so abused his position as to render his continuation in office detrimental to the public interest.
(2) No such member shall be removed under clause (d) or clause (e) of subsection (1) unless he has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in the matter.
Section 7. Salary and allowances of Chairperson and members
(1) The salary and allowances payable to, and other terms and conditions of service of, the members other than part-time members shall be such as may be prescribed.
(2) The part-time members shall receive such allowances as may be prescribed.
(3) The salary, allowances and other conditions of service of a member shall not be varied to his disadvantage after appointment.
Section 8. Bar on future employment of members
The Chairperson and the whole-time members shall not, for a period of two years from the date on which they cease to hold office as such, except with the previous approval of the Central Government, accept--
(a) any employment either under the Central Government or under any State Government; or
(b) any appointment in any company in the insurance sector.
Section 9. Administrative powers of Chairperson
The Chairperson shall have the powers of general superintendence and direction in respect of all administrative matters of the Authority.
Section 10. Meetings of Authority
(1) The Authority shall meet at such time and places and shall observe such rules and procedures in regard to transaction of business at its meetings (including quorum at such meetings) as may be determined by the regulations.
(2) The Chairperson, or if for any reason he is unable to attend a meeting of the Authority, any other member chosen by the members present from amongst themselves at the meeting shall preside at the meeting.
(3) All questions which come up before any meeting of the Authority shall be decided by a majority of votes by the members present arid voting, and in the event of an equality of votes, the Chairperson, or in his absence, the person presiding shall have a second or casting vote.
(4) The Authority may make regulations for the transaction of business at its meetings.
Section 11. Vacancies, etc., not to invalidate proceedings of Authority
No Act or proceeding of the Authority shall be invalid merely by reason of -
(a) any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the Authority; or
(b) any defect in the appointment of a person actiong as a member of the Authority; or
(c) any irregularity in the procedure of the Authority not affecting the merits of the case.
Section 12. Officers and employees of Authority
(1) The, Authority may appoint officers and such other employees as it considers necessary for the efficient discharge of its functions under this Act.
(2) The terms and other conditions of service of officers and other employees of the Authority appointed under sub-section (1) shall be governed by the regulations made under this Act.