THE PONDICHERRY (ADMINISTRATION) ACT, 1962
[Act No. 49 of 1962]
[5th December, 1962]
An Act to provide for the administration of Pondicherry and for matters connected therewith.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Thirteenth Year of the Republic of India as follows :
Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement
(1) This Act may be called The Pondicherry (Administration) Act, 1962.
(2) It extends to the whole of Pondicherry.
(3) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 16th day of August, 1962.
Section 2. Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,
(a) "Administrator" means the Administrator of Pondicherry appointed by the President under Article 239 of the Constitution;
(b) "appointed day" means the 16th day of August, 1962, being the date of entry into force of the Treaty of Cession;
(c) "former French Establishments" means the territories which immediately before the appointed day were comprised in the French Establishments in India known as Pondicherry, Karikal, Mane and Yanam;
(d) "High Court" means the High Court at Madras;
(e) "law" means any Act, Ordinance, Regulation, rule, order, bye-law, decree or other provision (by whatever name called) having the force of law;
(f) "Pondicherry" means the Union Territory comprising the territories of the former French Establishments;
(g) "Treaty of Cession" means the treaty concluded between France and India on the 28th day of May, 1956 establishing the cession of the French Establishments by France to India in full sovereignty.
Section 3. Officers and functionaries in relation to Pondicherry
Without prejudice to the powers of the Central Government to appoint from time to time such officers and authorities as may be necessary for the administration of Pondicherry all courts, tribunals, authorities and officers, whether in India or in the former French Establishments, who, immediately before the appointed day, were exercising lawful functions in connection with the administration of those Establishments or any part thereof, including the Council of Government and Representative Assembly, shall, unless otherwise directed at any time by the Central Government or the Administrator in relation to any such court, tribunal, authority or officer, or until other provision is made by law, continue to exercise in connection with the administration of Pondicherry their respective powers and jurisdiction and perform their respective duties and functions in the same manner and to the same extent as before the appointed day with such altered designation, if any, as that Government may determine.
Section 4. Continuance of existing laws and their adaptation
(1) All laws in force immediately before the appointed day in the former French Establishments or any part thereof shall continue to be in force in Pondicherry until amended or repealed by a competent Legislature or other competent authority :
Provided that reference in such law to the President or Government of the French Republic shall be construed as references to the Central Government, references to the Governor of the French Establishments in India, to the Commissioner of the Republic for the French Establishments in India, to the Chief Commissioner for the French Establishments, to the Chief Commissioner of the State of Pondicherry or to the Chief Commissioner, Pondicherry, shall be construed as references to the Administrator of Pondicherry and references to the State of Pondicherry shall be construed as references to Pondicherry.
(2) For the purpose of facilitating the application of any such law in relation to the administration of Pondicherry and for the purpose of bringing the provisions of any such law into accord with the provisions of the Constitution, the Central Government may, within three years from the appointed day, by order, make such adaptations and modifications, whether by way of repeal or amendment, as may be necessary or expedient and thereupon every such law shall have effect subject to the adaptations and modifications so made.
Section 5. Property and assets
For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that all property and assets within Pondicherry which, immediately before the appointed day, vested in the Government of the French Republic shall, save as otherwise expressly provided in the Treaty of Cession, vest in the Union.
Section 6. Rights and obligations
Subject to the provisions of the Treaty of Cession, all rights, liabilities and obligations of the Government of the French Republic in relation to or arising out of the administration of the former French Establishments shall, as from the appointed day, be the rights, liabilities and obligations of the Central Government.
Section 7. Continuance of existing taxes
All taxes, duties, cesses and fees which, immediately before the appointed day, were being lawfully levied in the former French Establishments or any part thereof shall continue to be levied in Pondicherry and to be applied to the same purposes, until other provision is made by a competent Legislature or other competent authority.
Section 8. Power to extend enactments to Pondicherry
The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, extend with such restrictions and modifications as it thinks fit, to Pondicherry and enactment which is in force in a State at the date of the notification.
Section 9. Extension of the jurisdiction of Madras High Court to Pondicherry
As from the 6th day of November, 1962, the jurisdiction of the High Court shall extend to Pondicherry.
Section 10. Jurisdiction of High Court
(1) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of section 9, the High Court shall have, in respect of Pondicherry, all such jurisdiction as under the law in force immediately before the appointed day was exercisable in respect of the former French Establishments by the Cour de Cassation, the Cour Superieurd' Arbitrage and the Counseil d' Etat of France.
Provided that while determining appeals from decisions of courts and tribunals in Pondicherry, the High Court shall, as far as may be, follow the same procedure and have the same power to pass any judgment, decree or order thereon, as it follows and has while determining appeals from decisions of courts in the State of 1 [Tamil Nadu].
(2) All appeals and other proceedings from or in respect of any judgment, decree or order of any court or tribunal in the former French Establishments pending immediately before the appointed day before the Cour de Cassation or the Cour Superieur d' Arbitrage or the Counseil d' Etat of France and all original proceedings in relation to those Establishments pending immediately before the appointed day before the Counseil d' Etat shall, by virtue of this Act, stand transferred to the High Court and shall be disposed of by the High Court in the exercise of jurisdiction conferred on it by this Act, as if such appeals and other proceedings had been filed before the High Court.
Explanation.-All appeals and other proceedings filed before the appointed day but not transmitted to the Cour de Cassation or the Cour Superieur d' Arbitrage or the Counseil d' Etat shall be deemed to be appeals or proceedings, as the case may be, pending before the court for the purposes of this sub-section.
|1. Substituted for 'Madras' by Madras State (Alteration of Name) A.L.O; 1970 (G.S.R. 112 of 1970).|
Section 11. Advocates entitled to practice before High Court
Notwithstanding anything contained in the Advocates Act, 1961, but subject to such rules as may be framed by the High Court, any person who is entitled to practice before the Tribunal Superieur d' Appeal at Pondicherry shall be recognised as an advocate entitled to practice in the High Court in relation to cases coming before the High Court from Pondicherry.
Section 12. Power of High Court to make rules
The High Court may, from time to time, make rules, consistent with this Act, to provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:
(a) the translation of any papers filed in the High Court and the preparation of paper-books for hearing all appeals and the copying, typing or printing of any such papers or translation and the recovery from the persons at whose instance or on whose behalf papers are filed of the expenses thereby incurred.
(b) the court-fees payable for instituting proceedings in the High Court, the fees to be charged for processes issued by the High Court or by any officer of the court and the amount payable in any proceeding in the High Court in respect of fees of the advocate of any party to such proceedings;
(c) the procedure to be followed in the High Court;
(d) the approval, admission, enrolment, removal and suspension of advocates from Pondicherry.
Section 13. Validation of certain orders and decrees
(1) Every order or decree purported to have been made by the Cour de Cassation, the Cour Superieur d' Arbitrage or the Counseil d' Etat of France during the period commencing on the first day of November, 1954 and ending on the appointed day, in any appeal or other proceeding from, or in respect of any judgment, decree or order of any court, tribunal or other authority in the former French Establishments shall be deemed to have been validly made, in accordance with law; and shall for all purposes have effect as if it were an order or a decree made by the High Court in the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred by this Act.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where any decision has been rendered after the 17th March, 1960, by any court in France in any case in which the respondent had no opportunity to appear for want of service of summons transmitted through the Administration of the former French Establishments, such decision shall be deemed never to have been rendered and shall be deemed to be pending before the court by which such decision was rendered and accordingly stand transferred to the High Court or, as the case may be, to the court in Pondicherry corresponding to the court in France in which the case shall be deemed to be pending.
(3) As soon as may be after the 6th day of November, 1962, the Administrator shall transmit to the High Court or, as the case may be, to the corresponding court, the record of every such case as is referred to in sub-section (2), together with a certificate that the summons in that case was not served on the respondent.
Section 14. Limitation for appeals
(1) The period of limitation for appeals to the High Court shall be as set out below :
Description of appeal.
Period of Limitation.
Time from which period begins to run.
Civil Appeal against any judgment or order.
The date of the judgment or order.
Criminal Appeal against a sentence of death.
The date of sentence.
Criminal Appeal against any sentence or order other than a sentence of death.
The date of the sentence or order.
Criminal Appeal against an order of acquittal.
The date of the order of acquittal.
Labour Appeal under section 207 of the French Labour Code, 1952.
The date of the judgment or order.
Labour Appeal under section 216 of the French Labour Code, 1952.
The date on which the report and the recommendation of the expert are communicated to the party appealing.
Appeal against a judgment or order of the Administrative Tribunal at Pondicherry.
The date of the judgment or order.
(2) Except in the case of a Criminal Appeal against a sentence of death, in computing the period of limitation, the time taken for obtaining a certified copy of the judgment, order, report and recommendation, appealed against, as the case may be, shall be excluded.
(3) In the case of an appeal preferred by an accused person under sentence and in custody, the date on which he lodges the memorandum of appeal with the Superintendent of the Jail in which he is detained shall be deemed to be the date of presentation of the appeal in the High Court.
(4) Any appeal may be admitted after the period of limitation prescribed therefor when the appellant satisfies the Court that he had sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal within such period.