THE NAVY ACT, 1957
[Act, No. 62 of 1957]
[27th December, 1957]
An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the Government of the Indian Navy.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Eighth Year of the Republic of India as follows :
Section 1. Short title and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Navy Act, 1957.
(2) It shall come into force on such date1as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
|1. The act came into force on 1-1-1958. |
Section 2. Persons subject to naval law
(1) The following persons shall be subject to naval law wherever they may be, namely :
(a) every person belonging to the Indian Navy during the time that he is liable for service under this Act;
(b) every person belonging to the Indian Naval Reserve Forces when he is--
(i) on active service; or
(ii) in or on any property of the naval service including naval establishments, ships and other vessels, aircraft, vehicles and armouries; or
(iii) called up for training or undergoing training in pursuance of regulations made under this Act, until he is duly released from his training; or
(iv) called up into actual service in the Indian Navy in pursuance of regulations made under this Act, until he is duly released therefrom; or
(v) in uniform;
(c) members of the regular Army and the Air Force when embarked on board any ship or aircraft of the Indian Navy, to such extent and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed;
(d) every person not otherwise subject to naval law, who enters into an engagement with the Central Government under section 6;
(e) every person belonging to any auxiliary forces raised under this Act, to such extent and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed; and
(f) every person who, although he would not otherwise be subject to naval law, is by any other Act or during active service by regulations made under this Act in this behalf made subject to naval law, to such extent and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.
(2) The following persons shall be deemed to be persons subject to naval law, namely :
(a) every person ordered to be received, or being a passenger, on board any ship or aircraft of the Indian Navy, to such extent and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed;
(b) every person sentenced under this Act to imprisonment or detention, during the term of his sentence, notwithstanding that he is discharged or dismissed with or without disgrace from naval service or would otherwise but for this provision cease to be subject to naval law.
Section 3. Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(1) "active service" means service or duty-
(a) during the period of operation of a Proclamation of Emergency issued under clause (1) of article 352 of the Constitution; or
(b) during any period declared by the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette as a period of active service with reference to any area in which any person or class of persons subject to naval law may be serving;
(2) "Chief of the Naval Staff means the flag officer appointed by the President as Chief of the Naval Staff or in his absence on leave or otherwise an officer appointed by the Central Government to officiate as such or in the absence of such officiating appointment the officer on whom the command devolves in accordance with regulations made under this Act;
(3) "civil offence" means an offence triable by a Court of ordinary criminal jurisdiction in India;
(4) "civil prison" means any jail or place used for the detention of any criminal prisoner under the Prisons Act, 1894, or under any other law for the time being in force;
(5) "commissioned officer" means a person holding a commission from the President in Indian Navy or the Indian Naval Reserve Forces;
(6) "Court-martial" means a Court-martial constituted under this Act;
(7) "enemy" includes all armed rebels, armed mutineers, armed rioters and pirates and any person in arms against whom it is the duty of any person subject to naval law to act;
(8) "flag officer" means an officer of the rank of Admiral of the Fleet, Admiral, Vice-Admiral or Rear-Admiral;
(9) "Indian Naval Reserve Forces" means the naval reserve forces raised and maintained by the Central Government;
(10) "Indian Navy" means the regular naval forces raised and maintained by the Central Government;
(11) "Indian waters," for the purposes of sections 31, 97 and 99, means the seas extending from the shores of India to such limits as may be prescribed;
(12) "naval custody" means the arrest or confinement of a person in the prescribed manner or in accordance with the usages of the naval service, and includes military or air force custody;
1 [(12A) "naval establishment" means an establishment belonging to, or under the control of, the Indian Navy whether within or without India;]
(13) "naval offence" means any of the offences under sections 34 to 76;
(14) "naval service" means the naval organisation of India;
(15) "naval tribunal" means a Court-martial constituted under section 97 and includes a disciplinary Court constituted under section 96, a commanding officer or other officer or authority exercising powers of punishment under this Act;
2 (16) "Officer" means a commissioned officer and includes--
(a) a subordinate officer other than a petty officer;
(b) a commissioned officer re-employed as such;'.
3 [(17) "petty officer" means a sailor rated as such and includes a chief petty officer and a master chief petty officer;]
(18) "prescribed" means prescribed by regulations made under this Act;
(19) "provost-marshal" means a person appointed as such under section 89 and includes any of his deputies or assistants or any other person lawfully exercising authority under him or on his behalf;
(20) 4 ["sailor"] means a person in the naval service other than an officer;
(21) "ship," except in the expression "on board a ship," includes an establishment of the Indian Navy commissioned as a ship in accordance with the custom of the navy;
(22) "subject to naval law" means liable to be arrested and tried under this Act for any offence;
(23) "subordinate officer" means a person appointed as an acting sub-lieutenant, a midshipman or a cadet in any branch of the Indian Navy or the Indian Naval Reserve Forces, but does not include a cadet whilst under training in a joint service institution;
(24) "superior officer," when used in relation to a person subject to naval law, means any officer or petty officer who is senior to that person under regulations made under this Act and any officer or petty officer, who though not so senior to that person, is entitled under this Act or the regulations made thereunder to give a command to that person, and includes, when such person is serving under prescribed conditions, an officer, junior commissioned officer, warrant officer, noncommissioned officer of the regular Army or the Air Force of higher relative rank to that person or entitled under this Act or the regulations made thereunder to give a command to that person;
(25) all words and expressions used but not defined in this Act but defined in the Indian Penal Code, shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Code.
|1. Inserted by the Navy (Amendment) Act, 1974 (53 of 1974), Section 3(a) (16-12-1974).|
2. Amended vide the Navy (Amendment) Act, 2005. Previous text was "officer" means a commissioned officer and includes a subordinate officer but does not include a petty officer;
3. Substituted by the Navy (Amendment) Act, 1974 (53 of 1974), Section 3(b) (16-12-1974).
4. Substituted for the word "seaman" by the Navy (Amendment) Act, 1974 (53 of 1974), Section 2 (16-12-1974).
Section 4. Fundamental rights to apply to persons subject to naval law with modifications
The rights conferred by Part III of the Constitution in their application to persons subject to naval law shall be restricted or abrogated to the extent provided in that Act.
Section 5. Power of Central Government to raise and maintain naval forces
The Central Government may raise and maintain a regular naval force and also reserve and auxiliary naval forces.
Section 6. Provision respecting discipline of persons under engagement to serve Central Government
(1) If any person not otherwise subject to naval law enters into an engagement with the Central Government to serve,-
(a) in a particular ship; or
(b) in such particular ship or in such ships as the Central Government, the Chief of the Naval Staff, or the prescribed officer may, from time to time, determine;
and agrees to become subject to naval law upon entering into the engagement, that person shall, so long as the engagement remains in force and notwithstanding that for the time being he may hot be serving in any ship, be subject to naval law.
(2) The Central Government may, by order, direct that, subject to such exceptions as may in particular cases be made by or on behalf of the Chief of the Naval Staff, persons of any such class as may be specified in the order shall, while being subject to naval law by virtue of this section, be deemed to be officers, petty officers or other1[sailors], as the case may be, for the purposes of this Act or of such provisions of this Act as may be so specified.
|1. Substituted for the words "seamen" by the Navy (Amdt.) Act. 1974 (53 of 1974), Section 2 (16-12-1974). |
Section 7. Relations between the members of the Navy, Army and Air Force acting together
(1) When members of the regular Army and the Air Force or of either of these forces are serving with members of the Indian Navy or Indian Naval Reserve Forces under prescribed conditions, then those members of the regular Army or the Air Force shall exercise such command, if any, and be subject to such discipline as may be prescribed.
(2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall be deemed to authorise the exercise of powers of punishment by members of the regular Army or the Air Force over members of the Indian Navy or the Indian Naval Reserve Forces, except as provided in clause (e) of sub-section (3) of section 931[or in such cases and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed].
|1. Inserted by the Navy (Amdt.) Act, 1974 (53 of 1974), Section 4 (16-12-1974). |
Section 8. Provision respecting discipline of master of merchant vessel under convoy
(1) Every master or other person for the time being in command of any merchant or other vessel comprised in a convoy under the command of an officer of the Indian Navy shall obey, in all matters relating to the navigation or security of the convoy, any directions which may be given by such officer, and shall take such precautions for avoiding the enemy as may be required by any such directions.
(2) If any such directions are not obeyed, any such officer or any person acting under his orders may compel obedience by force of arms without being liable for any injury or loss of life or any danger to or loss of property resulting therefrom,
Section 9. Eligibility for appointment or enrolment
(1) No person who is not a citizen of India shall be eligible for appointment or enrolment in the Indian Navy or the Indian Naval Reserve Forces except with the consent of the Central Government Provided that nothing in this section shall render a person ineligible for appointment or enrolment in the Indian Navy or the Indian Naval Reserve Forces on the ground that he is a subject of Nepal.
(2) No woman shall be eligible for appointment or enrolment in the Indian Navy or the Indian Naval Reserve Forces except in such department, branch or other body forming part thereof or attached thereto and subject to such conditions as the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.
Section 10. Commissions and appointments
(1) Officers other than subordinate officers shall be appointed by commission granted by the President.
(2) The grant of the commission shall be notified in the Official Gazette and such notification snail be conclusive proof of the grant of such commission.
(3) Subordinate officers shall be appointed in such manner and shall hold such rank as may be prescribed.