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NORTH-EASTERN AREA (REORGANISATION) ACT

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 81 of 1971


  • Part I
  • Part II
  • Part III
  • Part IV
  • Part V
  • Part VI
  • Part VII
  • Part VIII
  • Part IX
  • Schedules
  • Act nº 81 of 1971

Preamble

THE NORTH-EASTERN AREAS (REORGANISATION) ACT, 1971

[Act, No. 81 of 1971]

[30th December, 1971]

PREAMBLE

An Act to provide for the establishment of the States of Manipur and Tripura and to provide for the formation of the State of Meghalaya and of the Union Territories of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh by reorganisation of the existing State of Assam and for matters connected therewith.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-second Year of the Republic of India as follows:--

Part I

Section 1. Short title

This Act may be called The North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.

Section 2. Definitions

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--

(a) "Administrator" means the administrator of a Union territory appointed by the President under Article 239 of the Constitution;

(b) "appointed day" means the day which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint;1

(c) "article" means an article of the Constitution;

(d) "common High Court" means the Gauhati High Court (the High Court of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura) referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 28;

(e) "Election Commission" means the Election Commission appointed by the President under Article 324;

(f) "existing State of Assam" means the State of Assam as existing immediately before the appointed day;

(g) "law" includes any enactment, ordinance, regulation, order, bye-law, rule, scheme, notification or other instrument having, immediately before the appointed day, the force of law in the whole or any part of the existing State of Assam or the autonomous State of Meghalaya or the Union territory of Manipur or the Union territory of Tripura, as the case may be;

(h) "sitting member", in relation to either House of Parliament or the Legislative Assembly of the existing State of Assam, means a person who, immediately before the appointed day, is a member of that House or that Assembly;

(i) "successor State", in relation to the existing State of Assam, means the State of Assam or Meghalaya, and includes also the Union in relation to the Union territory of Mizoram;

(j) "treasury" includes a sub-treasury.

1. That is 21-1-1972


Part II

Section 3. Establishment of the State of Manipur

On and from the appointed day1there shall be established a new State, to be known as the State of Manipur, comprising the territories which immediately before that day were comprised in the Union territory of Manipur.

1. i.e. 21-1-1972.


Section 4. Establishment of the State of Tripura

On and from the appointed day1there shall be established a new State, to be known as the State of Tripura, comprising the territories which immediately before that day were comprised in the Union territory of Tripura.

1. i.e. 21-1-1972.


Section 5. Formation of the State of Meghalaya

On and from the appointed day1there shall be formed a new State, to be known as the State of Meghalaya, comprising--

(a) the territories which immediately before that day were comprised in the autonomous State of Meghalaya formed under section 3 of the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969; and

(b) so much of the territories comprised within the cantonment and municipality of Shillong as did not form part of that autonomous State, and thereupon the said territories shall cease to form part of the existing State of Assam.

1. i.e. 21-1-1972.


Section 6. Formation of the Union territory of Mizoram

On and from the appointed day1there shall be formed a new Union territory, to be known as the Union territory of Mizoram, comprising the territories which immediately before that day were comprised in the Mizo District in the existing State of Assam and thereupon the said territories shall cease to form part of the existing State of Assam.

1. i.e. 21-1-1972.


Section 7. Formation of the Union territory of Arunachal Pradesh

On and from the appointed day1there shall be formed a new Union territory, to be known as the Union territory of Arunachal Pradesh, comprising the territories which immediately before that day were comprised in the tribal areas specified in Part Bof the table appended to paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution (but excluding the areas covered by notification No. TAD/R/35/50/109, dated the 23rd February, 1951 issued by the Governor of Assam under the proviso to sub-paragraph (3) of the said paragraph 20) and known as the North-East Frontier Agency and thereupon the said territories shall cease to form part of the existing State of Assam.

1. i.e. 21-1-1972.


Section 8. Territories of the State of Assam

On and from the appointed day1the State of Assam shall comprise the territories of the existing State of Assam other than those specified in sections 5, 6 and 7.

1. i.e. 21-1-1972.


Section 9. Amendment of First Schedule to the Constitution

On and from the appointed day, in the First Schedule to the Constitution,--

(a) under the heading "I. THE STATES",--

(i) in the paragraph relating to the territories of the State of Assam, the following shall be added at the end, namely:--

"and the territories specified in sections 5, 6 and 7 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971";

(ii) after entry 18, the following entries shall be inserted, namely:--

"19. Manipur -- The territory which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution was being administered as if it were a Chief Commissioner's Province under the name of Manipur.

20. Tripura -- The territory which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution was being administered as if it were a Chief Commissioner's Province under the name of Tripura.

21. Meghalaya -- The territories specified in section 5 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.";

(b) under the heading "II. THE UNION TERRITORIES",--

(i) entries 2 and 3 shall be omitted and entries 4 to 9 shall be re-numbered as entries 2 to 7 respectively;

(iii) after entry 7 as so re-numbered, the following entries shall be inserted, namely:--

8. Mizoram -- The territories specified in section 6 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971

9. Arunachal Pradesh -- The territories specified in section 7 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.".

Part III

Section 10. Amendment of Fourth Schedule to the Constitution

On and from the appointed day1in the Fourth Schedule to the Constitution, in the Table,--

(a) entries 19 to 22, the following shall be substituted, namely:--"

19. Manipur

...1

20. Tripura

...1

21. Meghalaya

...1

22. Delhi

...3

23. Pondicherry

...1

24. Mizoram

...1

25. Arunachal Pradesh

...1";

(b) for the figures "228", figures "231" shall be substituted.

1. i.e. 21-1-1972


Section 11. Allocation of sitting members representing the existing Union territories of Manipur and Tripura

On and from the appointed day the sitting members of the Council of States representing the existing Union territories of Manipur and Tripura shall be deemed to have been duly elected under clause (4) of article 80 to fill the seat allotted to each of the States of Manipur and Tripura respectively in that Council and the term of office of such sitting members shall remain, unaltered.