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CALIFORNIA CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

Last update: 2011-11-07


  • Preliminary Provisions. 2-33
  • PART 1. Of Courts of Justice
    • TITLE 1. Organization and Jurisdiction
      • CHAPTER 1. Courts of Justice in General. 35-38
      • CHAPTER 3. Supreme Court. 41-45
      • CHAPTER 4. Superior Courts. 71-77
      • CHAPTER 5.1. Limited Civil Cases
        • Article 1. Jurisdiction in Limited Civil Cases. 85-89
        • Article 2. Economic Litigation for Limited Civil Cases. 90-100
      • CHAPTER 5.5. Small Claims Court
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 116.110-116.140
        • Article 2. Small Claims Court. 116.210-116.270
        • Article 3. Actions. 116.310-116.390
        • Article 4. Parties. 116.410-116.430
        • Article 5. Hearing. 116.510-116.570
        • Article 6. Judgment. 116.610-116.630
        • Article 7. Motion to Vacate and Appeal. 116.710-116.795
        • Article 8. Satisfaction and Enforcement of Judgment. 116.810-116.880
        • Article 9. Administration. 116.920-116.950
      • CHAPTER 6. General Provisions Respecting Courts of Justice
        • Article 1. Publicity of Proceedings. 124
        • Article 2. Incidental Powers and Duties of Courts. 128-130
        • Article 3. Judicial Holidays. 133-136
        • Article 4. Proceedings in Case of Absence of Judge. 139
        • Article 6. Seals of Courts. 153
    • TITLE 2. Judicial Officers
      • CHAPTER 2. Powers of Judges at Chambers. 165-167
      • CHAPTER 3. Disqualifications of Judges. 170-170.9
      • CHAPTER 4. Incidental Powers and Duties of Judicial Officers. 177-179
      • CHAPTER 5. Miscellaneous Provisions Respecting Courts of Justice 182-187
    • TITLE 3. Persons Specially Invested With Powers of a Judicial Nature
      • CHAPTER 1. Trial Jury Selection and Management Act. 190-237
      • CHAPTER 2. Court Commissioners. 259
    • TITLE 4. Ministerial Officers of Courts of Justice
      • CHAPTER 1. Of Ministerial Officers Generally. 262-262.11
      • CHAPTER 2. Levying Officer Electronic Transactions Act. 263-263.7
      • CHAPTER 3. Phonographic Reporters. 269-274a
    • TITLE 5. Persons Specially Invested With Ministerial Powers Relating to Courts of Justice
      • CHAPTER 1. Attorneys and Counselors at Law. 283-286
  • PART 2. Of Civil Actions
    • TITLE 1. Of the Form of Civil Actions. 307-309
    • TITLE 2. Of the Time of Commencing Civil Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. The Time of Commencing Actions in General. 312-313
      • CHAPTER 2. The Time of Commencing Actions for the Recovery of Real Property. 315-330
      • CHAPTER 3. The Time of Commencing Actions other than for the Recovery of Real Property. 335-349.4
      • CHAPTER 4. General Provisions as to the Time of Commencing Actions. 350-363
      • CHAPTER 5. The Commencement of Actions Based Upon Professional Negligence. 364-365
      • CHAPTER 6. Time of Commencement of Action after Person's Death. 366.1-366.3
    • TITLE 3. Of the Parties to Civil Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 367-369.5
      • CHAPTER 2. Married Person. 370-371
      • CHAPTER 3. Disability of Party. 372-376
      • CHAPTER 4. Effect of Death
        • Article 1. Definitions. 377.10-377.11
        • Article 2. Survival and Continuation. 377.20-377.22
        • Article 3. Decedent's Cause of Action. 377.30-377.35
        • Article 4. Cause of Action Against Decedent. 377.40-377.43
        • Article 5. Insured Claims. 377.50
        • Article 6. Wrongful Death. 377.60-377.62
      • CHAPTER 5. Permissive Joinder. 378-384
      • CHAPTER 6. Interpleader. 386-386.6
      • CHAPTER 7. Intervention. 387-388
      • CHAPTER 8. Compulsory Joinder. 389-389.5
    • TITLE 3A. Vexatious Litigants. 391-391.7
    • TITLE 4. Of the Place of Trial, Reclassification, and Coordination of Civil Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. Place of Trial. 392-403
      • CHAPTER 2. Reclassification of Civil Actions and Proceedings. 403.010-403.090
      • CHAPTER 3. Coordination. 404-404.9
    • TITLE 4.5. Recording Notice of Certain Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions and General Provisions. 405-405.24
        • Article 3. Expungement and other Relief. 405.30-405.39
        • Article 4. Withdrawal. 405.50
        • Article 5. Effect of Withdrawal or Expungement of Notice 405.60-405.61
    • TITLE 5. Jurisdiction and Service of Process
      • CHAPTER 1. Jurisdiction and Forum
        • Article 1. Jurisdiction. 410.10
        • Article 2. Forum. 410.30-410.42
        • Article 3. Jurisdiction in Action. 410.50-410.70
      • CHAPTER 2. Commencing Civil Actions. 411.10-411.35
      • CHAPTER 3. Summons. 412.10-412.30
      • CHAPTER 4. Service of Summons
        • Article 1. General. 413.10-413.40
        • Article 2. Persons Who May Serve Summons. 414.10
        • Article 3. Manner of Service of Summons. 415.10-415.95
        • Article 4. Persons Upon Whom Summons May Be Served. 416.10-416.90
        • Article 5. Proof of Service. 417.10-417.40
      • CHAPTER 5. Objection to Jurisdiction. 418.10-418.11
    • TITLE 6. Of the Pleadings in Civil Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. The Pleadings in General. 420-422.40
      • CHAPTER 2. Pleadings Demanding Relief
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 425.10-425.18
        • Article 2. Compulsory Cross-complaints. 426.10-426.70
        • Article 3. Permissive Joinder of Causes of Action. 427.10
        • Article 4. Cross-complaints. 428.10-428.80
        • Article 5. Contents of Documents in Particular Actions or Proceedings. 429.30
      • CHAPTER 3. Objections to Pleadings; Denials and Defenses
        • Article 1. Objections to Pleadings. 430.10-430.90
        • Article 2. Denials and Defenses. 431.10-431.70
        • Article 3. Time to Respond to Cross-complaint. 432.10
      • CHAPTER 4. Motion to Strike. 435-437
      • CHAPTER 5. Summary Judgments and Motions for Judgment on the Pleadings. 437c-438
      • CHAPTER 6. Verification of Pleadings. 446
      • CHAPTER 7. General Rules of Pleading. 452-465
      • CHAPTER 8. Variance--mistakes in Pleadings and Amendments. 469-475
    • TITLE 6.5. Attachment
      • CHAPTER 1. Words and Phrases Defined. 481.010-481.225
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 482.010-482.120
      • CHAPTER 3. Actions in Which Attachment Authorized. 483.010-483.020
      • CHAPTER 4. Noticed Hearing Procedure for Obtaining Writ of Attachment
        • Article 1. Right to Attach Order; Issuance of Writ of Attachment. 484.010-484.110
        • Article 2. Noticed Hearing Procedure for Obtaining Additional Writs. 484.310-484.370
        • Article 3. Ex Parte Procedure for Obtaining Additional Writs. 484.510-484.530
      • CHAPTER 5. Ex Parte Hearing Procedure for Obtaining Writ of Attachment
        • Article 1. Great or Irreparable Injury Requirement. 485.010
        • Article 2. Order Determining Right to Attach; Issuance of Writ of Attachment. 485.210-485.240
        • Article 3. Procedure for Obtaining Additional Writs. 485.510-485.540
        • Article 4. Claim of Exemption. 485.610
      • CHAPTER 6. Temporary Protective Order. 486.010-486.110
      • CHAPTER 7. Property Subject to Attachment. 487.010-487.030
      • CHAPTER 8. Levy Procedures; Lien of Attachment; Management and Disposition of Attached Property
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 488.010-488.140
        • Article 2. Methods of Levy. 488.300-488.485
        • Article 3. Lien of Attachment. 488.500-488.510
        • Article 4. Duties and Liabilities of Third Persons after Levy. 488.600-488.620
        • Article 5. Management and Disposition of Attached Property. 488.700-488.740
      • CHAPTER 9. Undertakings
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 489.010-489.130
        • Article 2. Undertakings to Obtain Writ of Attachment or Protective Order. 489.210-489.230
        • Article 3. Undertaking to Obtain Release of Attachment or Protective Order. 489.310-489.320
        • Article 4. Undertaking on Appeal. 489.410-489.420
      • CHAPTER 10. Liability for Wrongful Attachment. 490.010-490.060
      • CHAPTER 11. Attaching Plaintiff's Miscellaneous Remedies
        • Article 1. Examination of Third Person. 491.110-491.200
        • Article 2. Creditor's Suit. 491.310-491.370
        • Article 3. Lien in Pending Action or Proceeding. 491.410-491.470
      • CHAPTER 12. Nonresident Attachment. 492.010-492.090
      • CHAPTER 13. Effect of Bankruptcy Proceedings and General Assignments for the Benefit of Creditors. 493.010-493.060
    • TITLE 7. Other Provisional Remedies in Civil Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 501
      • CHAPTER 2. Claim and Delivery of Personal Property
        • Article 1. Words and Phrases Defined. 511.010-511.100
        • Article 2. Writ of Possession. 512.010-512.120
        • Article 3. Temporary Restraining Order. 513.010-513.020
        • Article 4. Levy and Custody. 514.010-514.050
        • Article 5. Undertakings. 515.010-515.030
        • Article 6. Miscellaneous Provisions. 516.010-516.050
      • CHAPTER 3. Injunction. 525-534
      • CHAPTER 5. Receivers. 564-570
        • CHAPTER 5A. Undertaking of Persons Handling Private Property or Funds. 571
      • CHAPTER 6. Deposit in Court. 572-574
    • TITLE 7a. Pretrial Conferences. 575-576
    • TITLE 8. Of the Trial and Judgment in Civil Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. Judgment in General. 577-582.5
      • CHAPTER 1.5. Dismissal for Delay in Prosecution
        • Article 1. Definitions and General Provisions. 583.110-583.161
        • Article 2. Mandatory Time for Service of Summons. 583.210-583.250
        • Article 3. Mandatory Time for Bringing Action to Trial or New Trial. 583.310-583.360
        • Article 4. Discretionary Dismissal for Delay. 583.410-583.430
      • CHAPTER 2. Judgment Upon Failure to Answer. 585-587.5
      • CHAPTER 3. Issues--the Mode of Trial and Postponements. 588-598
      • CHAPTER 4. Trial by Jury
        • Article 2. Conduct of the Trial. 607-619
        • Article 3. The Verdict. 624-630
      • CHAPTER 4.5. Expedited Jury Trials. 630.01-630.12
      • CHAPTER 5. Trial by the Court. 631-636
      • CHAPTER 6. Of References and Trials by Referees. 638-645.2
      • CHAPTER 7. Provisions Relating to Trials in General
        • Article 1. Exceptions. 646-647
        • Article 1.5. View by Trier of Fact. 651
        • Article 2. New Trials. 656-663.2
      • CHAPTER 8. The Manner of Giving and Entering Judgment. 664-674
    • TITLE 8.5. Uniform Foreign-money Claims Act. 676-676.16
    • TITLE 9. Enforcement of Judgments
      • DIVISION 1. Definitions and General Provisions
        • CHAPTER 1. Short Title and Definitions. 680.010-680.380
        • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 681.010-681.050
        • CHAPTER 3. Period for Enforcement and Renewal of Judgments
          • Article 1. Period for Enforcement of Judgments. 683.010-683.050
          • Article 2. Renewal of Judgments. 683.110-683.220
          • Article 3. Application of Chapter. 683.310-683.320
        • CHAPTER 4. Manner of Service of Writs, Notices, and other Papers
          • Article 1. Service on Attorney of Creditor or Debtor. 684.010-684.050
          • Article 2. Manner of Service Generally. 684.110-684.140
          • Article 3. Proof of Service. 684.210-684.220
          • Article 4. Application of Chapter. 684.310
        • CHAPTER 5. Interest and Costs. 685.010-685.110
        • CHAPTER 6. Enforcement after Death of Judgment Creditor or Judgment Debtor. 686.010-686.020
        • CHAPTER 7. Levying Officers. 687.010-687.050
        • CHAPTER 8. Enforcement of State Tax Liability
          • Article 1. Enforcement Pursuant to Warrant or Notice of Levy. 688.010-688.050
          • Article 2. Enforcement of Judgment for Taxes. 688.110
        • CHAPTER 9. Enforcement of Support Judgments. 689.010-689.050
        • CHAPTER 20. Transitional Provisions. 694.010-694.090
      • DIVISION 2. Enforcement of Money Judgments
        • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions
          • Article 1. Property Subject to Enforcement of Money Judgment. 695.010-695.070
          • Article 2. Amount to Satisfy Money Judgment. 695.210-695.221
        • CHAPTER 2. Liens
          • Article 1. General Provisions. 697.010-697.060
          • Article 2. Judgment Lien on Real Property. 697.310-697.410
          • Article 3. Judgment Lien on Personal Property. 697.510-697.670
          • Article 4. Execution Lien. 697.710-697.750
          • Article 5. Other Liens Created by Enforcement Process 697.910-697.920
        • CHAPTER 3. Execution
          • Article 1. General Provisions. 699.010-699.090
          • Article 2. Writ of Execution and Notice of Levy. 699.510-699.560
          • Article 3. Property Subject to Execution. 699.710-699.720
          • Article 4. Methods of Levy. 700.010-700.200
          • Article 5. Duties and Liabilities of Third Persons after Levy. 701.010-701.070
          • Article 6. Sale and Collection. 701.510-701.680
          • Article 7. Distribution of Proceeds of Sale or Collection. 701.810-701.830
        • CHAPTER 4. Exemptions
          • Article 1. General Provisions. 703.010-703.150
          • Article 2. Procedure for Claiming Exemptions after Levy 703.510-703.610
          • Article 3. Exempt Property. 704.010-704.210
          • Article 4. Homestead Exemption. 704.710-704.850
          • Article 5. Declared Homesteads. 704.910-704.995
        • CHAPTER 5. Wage Garnishment
          • Article 1. Short Title; Definitions. 706.010-706.011
          • Article 2. General Provisions. 706.020-706.034
          • Article 3. Restrictions on Earnings Withholding. 706.050-706.052
          • Article 4. Earnings Withholding Order for Taxes. 706.070-706.084
          • Article 5. Procedure for Earnings Withholding Orders and Exemption Claims. 706.100-706.109
          • Article 6. Forms; Employer's Instructions. 706.120-706.129
          • Article 7. Administration and Enforcement. 706.151-706.154
        • CHAPTER 6. Miscellaneous Creditors' Remedies
          • Article 1. Written Interrogatories to Judgment Debtor 708.010-708.030
          • Article 2. Examination Proceedings. 708.110-708.205
          • Article 3. Creditor's Suit. 708.210-708.290
          • Article 4. Charging Orders. 708.310-708.320
          • Article 5. Lien in Pending Action or Proceeding. 708.410-708.480
          • Article 6. Assignment Order. 708.510-708.560
          • Article 7. Receiver to Enforce Judgment. 708.610-708.630
          • Article 8. Collection of Judgment Where Judgment Debtor Is Creditor of Public Entity. 708.710-708.795
          • Article 9. Enforcement Against Franchise. 708.910-708.930
          • Article 10. Other Enforcement Procedures. 709.010-709.030
      • DIVISION 3. Enforcement of Nonmoney Judgments
        • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 712.010-712.070
        • CHAPTER 2. Judgment for Possession of Personal Property 714.010-714.030
        • CHAPTER 3. Judgment for Possession of Real Property. 715.010-715.050
        • CHAPTER 4. Judgment for Sale of Property. 716.010-716.030
        • CHAPTER 5. Other Judgments. 717.010
      • DIVISION 4. Third-party Claims and Related Procedures
        • CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 720.010-720.030
        • CHAPTER 2. Third-party Claims of Ownership and Possession. 720.110-720.170
        • CHAPTER 3. Third-party Claim of Security Interest or Lien. 720.210-720.290
        • CHAPTER 4. Hearing on Third-party Claim. 720.310-720.430
        • CHAPTER 5. Creditor's Demand for Third-party Claim by Secured Party or Lienholder. 720.510-720.550
        • CHAPTER 6. Third-party Undertaking to Release Property 720.610-720.660
        • CHAPTER 7. Undertakings. 720.710-720.800
      • DIVISION 5. Satisfaction of Judgment
        • CHAPTER 1. Satisfaction of Judgment. 724.010-724.100
        • CHAPTER 2. Acknowledgment of Partial Satisfaction of Judgment. 724.110-724.120
        • CHAPTER 3. Acknowledgment of Satisfaction of Matured Installments Under Installment Judgment. 724.210-724.260
    • TITLE 10. Actions in Particular Cases
      • CHAPTER 1. Actions for the Foreclosure of Mortgages. 725a-730.5
      • CHAPTER 2. Actions for Nuisance, Waste,and Willful Trespass, in Certain Cases,on Real Property. 731-736
      • CHAPTER 3. Actions for the Recovery of Real Property, and other Provisions Relating to Actions Concerning Real Property. 740-749.5
      • CHAPTER 3.5. Actions to Re-establish Destroyed Land Records 751.01-751.28
      • CHAPTER 3.6. Cullen Earthquake Act. 751.50-751.65
      • CHAPTER 4. Quiet Title
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 760.010-760.060
        • Article 2. Commencement of Action. 761.010-761.040
        • Article 3. Defendants. 762.010-762.090
        • Article 4. Service of Process. 763.010-763.040
        • Article 5. Judgment. 764.010-764.080
        • Article 6. Liens and Encumbrances. 765.010-765.060
      • CHAPTER 4.5. Special Actions and Proceedings to Clear Title
        • Article 1. Identity of Person in Chain of Title. 770.010-770.080
        • Article 2. Land Dedicated for Public Improvement. 771.010-771.020
        • Article 3. Right of Entry or Occupation of Surface Lands Under Oil or Gas Lease. 772.010-772.060
      • CHAPTER 4.6. Actions Concerning Real Property Titles Affected by Public Improvement Assessments. 801.1-801.15
      • CHAPTER 5. Actions for the Usurpation of an Office or Franchise 802-811
      • CHAPTER 8. Actions Against Co-owners of Mines. 850-856
      • CHAPTER 9. Validating Proceedings. 860-870.5
      • CHAPTER 10. Good Faith Improver of Property Owned by Another 871.1-871.7
    • TITLE 10.5. Partition of Real and Personal Property
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions
        • Article 1. Preliminary Provisions. 872.010-872.040
        • Article 2. Powers of Court. 872.110-872.140
      • CHAPTER 2. Commencement of Action
        • Article 1. Complaint and Lis Pendens. 872.210-872.250
        • Article 2. Summons. 872.310-872.330
        • Article 3. Answer. 872.410-872.430
        • Article 4. Parties. 872.510-872.550
      • CHAPTER 3. Trial
        • Article 1. Determination of Interests of Parties. 872.610-872.640
        • Article 2. Determination of Right to Partition. 872.710-872.730
        • Article 3. Determination of Manner of Partition. 872.810-872.840
      • CHAPTER 4. Referees
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 873.010-873.080
        • Article 2. Contracts of Referee. 873.110-873.160
      • CHAPTER 5. Division of the Property. 873.210-873.290
      • CHAPTER 6. Sale of the Property
        • Article 1. Manner of Sale. 873.510-873.530
        • Article 2. Sales Procedures. 873.600-873.690
        • Article 3. Consummation of Sale. 873.710-873.790
        • Article 4. Disposition of Proceeds of Sale. 873.810-873.850
      • CHAPTER 7. Partition by Appraisal. 873.910-873.980
      • CHAPTER 8. Costs of Partition
        • Article 1. Allowance and Apportionment of Costs of Partition. 874.010-874.050
        • Article 2. Payment of Costs of Partition. 874.110-874.140
      • CHAPTER 9. Judgment. 874.210-874.240
    • TITLE 11. Contribution Among Joint Judgment Debtors
      • CHAPTER 1. Releases From and Contribution Among Joint Tortfeasors 875-880
      • CHAPTER 2. Contribution Among other Judgment Debtors. 881-883
    • TITLE 13. Appeals in Civil Actions
      • CHAPTER 1. Appeals in General. 901-914
      • CHAPTER 2. Stay of Enforcement and other Proceedings. 916-936.1
    • TITLE 14. Of Miscellaneous Provisions
      • CHAPTER 1. Proceedings Against Joint Debtors. 989-994
      • CHAPTER 2. Bonds and Undertakings
        • Article 1. Preliminary Provisions and Definitions. 995.010-995.190
        • Article 2. General Provisions. 995.210-995.260
        • Article 3. Execution and Filing. 995.310-995.380
        • Article 4. Approval and Effect. 995.410-995.440
        • Article 5. Personal Sureties. 995.510-995.520
        • Article 6. Admitted Surety Insurers. 995.610-995.675
        • Article 7. Deposit in Lieu of Bond. 995.710-995.770
        • Article 8. Bonds to the State of California. 995.810-995.850
        • Article 9. Objections to Bonds. 995.910-995.960
        • Article 10. Insufficient and Excessive Bonds. 996.010-996.030
        • Article 11. Release or Substitution of Sureties on Bond Given in Action or Proceeding. 996.110-996.150
        • Article 12. New, Additional, and Supplemental Bonds. 996.210-996.250
        • Article 13. Cancellation of Bond or Withdrawal of Sureties. 996.310-996.360
        • Article 14. Liability of Principal and Sureties. 996.410-996.495
        • Article 15. Enforcement Lien. 996.510-996.560
      • CHAPTER 3. Offers by a Party to Compromise. 998
      • CHAPTER 3.5. Confidential Settlement Agreements. 1002
      • CHAPTER 4. Motions and Orders. 1003-1008
      • CHAPTER 5. Notices, and Filing and Service of Papers. 1010-1020
      • CHAPTER 6. Of Costs. 1021-1038
      • CHAPTER 7. General Provisions. 1045-1055
      • CHAPTER 8. Declaratory Relief. 1060-1062.5
      • CHAPTER 9. Actions to Enforce Real Property and Mobilehome Sales Agreements. 1062.10
      • CHAPTER 10. Computer Assistance. 1062.20
  • PART 3. Of Special Proceedings of a Civil Nature
    • Preliminary Provisions. 1063-1064
    • TITLE 1. Of Writs of Review, Mandate, and Prohibition
      • CHAPTER 1. Writ of Review. 1067-1077
      • CHAPTER 2. Writ of Mandate. 1084-1097
      • CHAPTER 3. Writ of Prohibition. 1102-1105
      • CHAPTER 4. Writs of Review, Mandate, and Prohibition May Issue and Be Heard at Chambers. 1107-1108
      • CHAPTER 5. Rules of Practice and Appeals. 1109-1110b
    • TITLE 3. Of Summary Proceedings
      • CHAPTER 1. Confession of Judgment Without Action. 1132-1134
      • CHAPTER 2. Submitting a Controversy Without Action. 1138-1140
      • CHAPTER 2.5. Judicial Arbitration. 1141.10-1141.31
      • CHAPTER 4. Summary Proceedings for Obtaining Possession of Real Property in Certain Cases. 1159-1179a
    • TITLE 4. Of the Enforcement of Liens
      • CHAPTER 1. Liens in General. 1180
      • CHAPTER 2.5. Oil and Gas Liens. 1203.50-1203.66
      • CHAPTER 3. Certain Liens and Priorities for Salaries, Wages and Consumer Debts. 1204-1208
      • CHAPTER 4. Certain Liens Upon Animals. 1208.5
      • CHAPTER 5. Liens on Aircraft. 1208.61-1208.70
    • TITLE 5. Of Contempts. 1209-1222
    • TITLE 7. Eminent Domain Law
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 1230.010-1230.070
      • CHAPTER 2. Principles of Construction; Definitions
        • Article 1. Construction. 1235.010-1235.070
        • Article 2. Words and Phrases Defined. 1235.110-1235.210
      • CHAPTER 3. The Right to Take
        • Article 1. General Limitations on Exercise of Power of Eminent Domain. 1240.010-1240.050
        • Article 2. Rights Included in Grant of Eminent Domain Authority. 1240.110-1240.160
        • Article 3. Future Use. 1240.210-1240.250
        • Article 4. Substitute Condemnation. 1240.310-1240.350
        • Article 5. Excess Condemnation. 1240.410-1240.430
        • Article 6. Condemnation for Compatible Use. 1240.510-1240.530
        • Article 7. Condemnation for More Necessary Public Use 1240.610-1240.700
      • CHAPTER 4. Precondemnation Activities
        • Article 1. Preliminary Location, Survey, and Tests. 1245.010-1245.060
        • Article 2. Resolution of Necessity. 1245.210-1245.270
        • Article 3. Resolution Consenting to Eminent Domain Proceeding by Quasi-public Entity. 1245.310-1245.390
      • CHAPTER 5. Commencement of Proceeding
        • Article 1. Jurisdiction and Venue. 1250.010-1250.040
        • Article 2. Commencement of Proceeding Generally. 1250.110-1250.150
        • Article 3. Parties; Joinder of Property. 1250.210-1250.250
        • Article 4. Pleadings. 1250.310-1250.345
        • Article 5. Objections to Right to Take. 1250.350-1250.370
        • Article 6. Settlement Offers and Alternative Dispute Resolution. 1250.410-1250.430
      • CHAPTER 6. Deposit and Withdrawal of Probable Compensation; Possession Prior to Judgment
        • Article 1. Deposit of Probable Compensation. 1255.010-1255.080
        • Article 2. Withdrawal of Deposit. 1255.210-1255.280
        • Article 3. Possession Prior to Judgment. 1255.410-1255.480
      • CHAPTER 7. Discovery; Exchange of Valuation Data
        • Article 1. Discovery. 1258.010-1258.030
        • Article 2. Exchange of Valuation Data. 1258.210-1258.300
      • CHAPTER 8. Procedures for Determining Right to Take and Compensation
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 1260.010-1260.040
        • Article 2. Contesting Right to Take. 1260.110-1260.120
        • Article 3. Procedures Relating to Determination of Compensation. 1260.210-1260.250
      • CHAPTER 9. Compensation
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 1263.010-1263.025
        • Article 2. Date of Valuation. 1263.110-1263.150
        • Article 3. Compensation for Improvements. 1263.205-1263.270
        • Article 4. Measure of Compensation for Property Taken 1263.310-1263.330
        • Article 5. Compensation for Injury to Remainder. 1263.410-1263.450
        • Article 6. Compensation for Loss of Goodwill. 1263.510-1263.530
        • Article 7. Miscellaneous Provisions. 1263.610-1263.620
        • Article 8. Remediation of Hazardous Materials on Property to Be Acquired by School Districts. 1263.710-1263.770
      • CHAPTER 10. Divided Interests
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 1265.010
        • Article 2. Leases. 1265.110-1265.160
        • Article 3. Encumbrances. 1265.210-1265.250
        • Article 4. Future Interests. 1265.410-1265.420
      • CHAPTER 11. Postjudgment Procedure
        • Article 1. Payment of Judgment; Final Order of Condemnation. 1268.010-1268.030
        • Article 2. Deposit and Withdrawal of Award. 1268.110-1268.170
        • Article 3. Possession after Judgment. 1268.210-1268.240
        • Article 4. Interest. 1268.310-1268.360
        • Article 5. Proration of Property Taxes. 1268.410-1268.450
        • Article 6. Abandonment. 1268.510
        • Article 7. Litigation Expenses and Damages Upon Dismissal or Defeat of Right to Take. 1268.610-1268.620
        • Article 8. Costs. 1268.710-1268.720
      • CHAPTER 12. Arbitration of Compensation in Acquisitions of Property for Public Use. 1273.010-1273.050
    • TITLE 8. Change of Names. 1275-1279.6
    • TITLE 9. Arbitration
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 1280-1280.2
      • CHAPTER 2. Enforcement of Arbitration Agreements. 1281-1281.96
      • CHAPTER 3. Conduct of Arbitration Proceedings. 1282-1284.3
      • CHAPTER 4. Enforcement of the Award
        • Article 1. Confirmation, Correction or Vacation of the Award 1285-1287.6
        • Article 2. Limitations of Time. 1288-1288.8
      • CHAPTER 5. General Provisions Relating Tojudicial Proceedings
        • Article 1. Petitions and Responses. 1290-1291.2
        • Article 2. Venue, Jurisdiction and Costs. 1292-1293.2
        • Article 3. Appeals. 1294-1294.2
    • TITLE 9.1. Arbitration of Medical Malpractice. 1295
    • TITLE 9.2. Public Construction Contract Arbitration. 1296
    • TITLE 9.3. Arbitration and Conciliation of International Commercial Disputes
      • CHAPTER 1. Application and Interpretation
        • Article 1. Scope of Application. 1297.11-1297.17
        • Article 2. Interpretation. 1297.21-1297.24
        • Article 3. Receipt of Written Communications. 1297.31-1297.33
        • Article 4. Waiver of Right to Object. 1297.41-1297.42
        • Article 5. Extent of Judicial Intervention. 1297.51
        • Article 6. Functions. 1297.61
      • CHAPTER 2. Arbitration Agreements and Judicial Measures in Aid of Arbitration
        • Article 1. Definition and Form of Arbitration Agreements 1297.71-1297.72
        • Article 2. Stay of Proceedings. 1297.81-1297.82
        • Article 3. Interim Measures. 1297.91-1297.95
      • CHAPTER 3. Composition of Arbitral Tribunals
        • Article 1. Number of Arbitrators. 1297.101
        • Article 2. Appointment of Arbitrators. 1297.111-1297.119
        • Article 3. Grounds for Challenge. 1297.121-1297.125
        • Article 4. Challenge Procedure. 1297.131-1297.136
        • Article 5. Failure or Impossibility to Act. 1297.141-1297.144
        • Article 6. Termination of Mandate and Substitution of Arbitrators. 1297.151-1297.154
      • CHAPTER 4. Jurisdiction of Arbitral Tribunals
        • Article 1. Competence of an Arbitral Tribunal to Rule on Its Jurisdiction. 1297.161-1297.167
        • Article 2. Interim Measures Ordered by Arbitral Tribunals. 1297.171-1297.172
      • CHAPTER 5. Manner and Conduct of Arbitration
        • Article 1. Equal Treatment of Parties. 1297.181
        • Article 2. Determination of Rules of Procedure. 1297.191-1297.193
        • Article 3. Place of Arbitration. 1297.201-1297.203
        • Article 4. Commencement of Arbitral Proceedings. 1297.211
        • Article 5. Language. 1297.221-1297.224
        • Article 6. Statements of Claim and Defense. 1297.231-1297.233
        • Article 7. Hearings and Written Proceedings. 1297.241-1297.245
        • Article 8. Default of a Party. 1297.251-1297.253
        • Article 9. Expert Appointed by Arbitral Tribunal. 1297.261-1297.262
        • Article 10. Court Assistance in Taking Evidence and Consolidating Arbitrations. 1297.271-1297.273
      • CHAPTER 6. Making of Arbitral Award and Termination of Proceedings
        • Article 1. Rules Applicable to Substance of Dispute. 1297.281-1297.285
        • Article 2. Decisionmaking by Panel of Arbitrators. 1297.291
        • Article 3. Settlement. 1297.301-1297.304
        • Article 4. Form and Content of Arbitral Award. 1297.311-1297.318
        • Article 5. Termination of Proceedings. 1297.321-1297.323
        • Article 6. Correction and Interpretation of Awards and Additional Awards. 1297.331-1297.337
      • CHAPTER 7. Conciliation
        • Article 1. Appointment of Conciliators. 1297.341-1297.343
        • Article 2. Representation and Assistance. 1297.351
        • Article 3. Report of Conciliators. 1297.361-1297.362
        • Article 4. Confidentiality. 1297.371
        • Article 5. Stay of Arbitration and Resort to other Proceedings. 1297.381-1297.382
        • Article 6. Termination. 1297.391-1297.394
        • Article 7. Enforceability of Decree. 1297.401
        • Article 8. Costs. 1297.411-1297.412
        • Article 9. Effect on Jurisdiction. 1297.421
        • Article 10. Immunity of Conciliators and Parties. 1297.431-1297.432
    • TITLE 9.4. Real Estate Contract Arbitration. 1298-1298.8
    • TITLE 9.5. Arbitration of Firefighter and Law Enforcement Officer Labor Disputes. 1299-1299.9
    • TITLE 10. Unclaimed Property
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions
        • Article 1. Definitions. 1300-1301
        • Article 2. Purpose and Scope. 1305-1306
      • CHAPTER 2. Receipt and Expenditure of Funds
        • Article 1. Deposit of Unclaimed Property. 1310-1321
        • Article 2. Appropriation. 1325
      • CHAPTER 3. Payment of Claims
        • Article 1. General. 1335
        • Article 2. Refund of Erroneous Receipts. 1345-1347
        • Article 3. Claims. 1350-1355
      • CHAPTER 4. Management of Unclaimed Property
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 1360-1361
        • Article 2. Powers of the Controller. 1365
        • Article 3. Sale or Disposal of Property. 1370-1382
        • Article 4. Disposal of Proceeds of Sale or Lease. 1390-1394
      • CHAPTER 5. Escheat Proceedings
        • Article 1. Escheat Proceedings on Unclaimed Property. 1410
        • Article 2. Escheat by Notice and Publication. 1415
        • Article 3. Escheat Proceedings in Decedents' Estates. 1420-1424
        • Article 4. Permanent Escheat. 1430-1431
      • CHAPTER 6. Disposition of Unclaimed Property
        • Article 1. Estates of Deceased Persons. 1440-1449
        • Article 2. Abandoned Property. 1476
      • CHAPTER 7. Unclaimed Property Law
        • Article 1. Short Title; Definitions; Application. 1500-1506
        • Article 2. Escheat of Unclaimed Personal Property. 1510-1528
        • Article 3. Identification of Escheated Property. 1530-1533
        • Article 4. Payment of Claims. 1540-1542
        • Article 5. Administration of Unclaimed Property. 1560-1567
        • Article 6. Compliance and Enforcement. 1570-1577.5
        • Article 7. Miscellaneous. 1580-1582
      • CHAPTER 8. Property in Custody of Federal Officers, Agencies, and Departments. 1600-1615
    • TITLE 11. Sister State and Foreign Money--judgments
      • CHAPTER 1. Sister State Money--judgments. 1710.10-1710.65
      • CHAPTER 2. Foreign-country Money Judgments. 1713-1724
    • TITLE 11.6. Civil Action Mediation. 1775-1775.15
    • TITLE 11.7. Recovery of Preferences and Exempt Property in an Assignment for the Benefit of Creditors. 1800-1802
    • TITLE 12. Tribal Injunctions. 1811
    • TITLE 13. Inspection Warrants. 1822.50-1822.60
  • PART 4. Miscellaneous Provisions
    • TITLE 1. Of the General Principles of Evidence. 1855-1866
    • TITLE 2. Of the Kinds and Degrees of Evidence
      • CHAPTER 2. Witnesses. 1878
      • CHAPTER 3. Writings
        • Article 2. Public Writings. 1895-1917
        • Article 3. Private Writings. 1929-1952.3
        • Article 4. Records Destroyed in Fire or Calamity. 1953-1953.06
        • Article 4.5. Private Records Destroyed in Disaster or Calamity. 1953.10-1953.13
      • CHAPTER 6. Indispensable Evidence. 1971-1974
    • TITLE 3. Of the Production of Evidence
      • CHAPTER 2. Means of Production. 1985-1997
      • CHAPTER 3. Manner of Production
        • Article 1. Mode of Taking the Testimony of Witnesses. 2002-2005
        • Article 2. Affidavits. 2009-2015.6
    • TITLE 4. Civil Discovery Act
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 2016.010-2016.070
      • CHAPTER 2. Scope of Discovery
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 2017.010-2017.020
        • Article 2. Scope of Discovery in Specific Contexts. 2017.210-2017.220
        • Article 3. Violation of the Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act. 2017.310-2017.320
      • CHAPTER 3. Use of Technology in Conducting Discovery in a Complex Case. 2017.710-2017.740
      • CHAPTER 4. Attorney Work Product. 2018.010-2018.080
      • CHAPTER 5. Methods and Sequence of Discovery
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 2019.010-2019.030
        • Article 2. Methods and Sequence of Discovery in Specific Contexts. 2019.210
      • CHAPTER 6. Nonparty Discovery
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 2020.010-2020.030
        • Article 2. Procedures Applicable to All Types of Deposition Subpoenas. 2020.210-2020.240
        • Article 3. Subpoena Commanding only Attendance and Testimony of the Deponent. 2020.310
        • Article 4. Subpoena Commanding only Production of Business Records for Copying. 2020.410-2020.440
        • Article 5. Subpoena Commanding Both Production of Business Records and Attendance and Testimony of the Deponent. 2020.510
      • CHAPTER 7. Sanctions. 2023.010-2023.040
      • CHAPTER 8. Time for Completion of Discovery. 2024.010-2024.060
      • CHAPTER 9. Oral Deposition Inside California
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 2025.010
        • Article 2. Deposition Notice. 2025.210-2025.280
        • Article 3. Conduct of Deposition. 2025.310-2025.340
        • Article 4. Objections, Sanctions, Protective Orders, Motions to Compel, and Suspension of Depositions. 2025.410-2025.480
        • Article 5. Transcript or Recording. 2025.510-2025.570
        • Article 6. Post-deposition Procedures. 2025.610-2025.620
      • CHAPTER 10. Oral Deposition Outside California. 2026.010-2027.010
      • CHAPTER 11. Deposition by Written Questions. 2028.010-2028.080
      • CHAPTER 12. Discovery in Action Pending Outside California
        • Article 1. Interstate and International Depositions and Discovery Act. 2029.100-2029.900
      • CHAPTER 13. Written Interrogatories
        • Article 1. Propounding Interrogatories. 2030.010-2030.090
        • Article 2. Response to Interrogatories. 2030.210-2030.310
        • Article 3. Use of Interrogatory Answer. 2030.410
      • CHAPTER 14. Inspection and Production of Documents, Tangible Things, Land, and other Property
        • Article 1. Inspection Demand. 2031.010-2031.060
        • Article 2. Response to Inspection Demand. 2031.210-2031.320
        • Article 3. Inspection and Production of Documents and other Property in Specific Contexts. 2031.510
      • CHAPTER 15. Physical or Mental Examination
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 2032.010-2032.020
        • Article 2. Physical Examination of Personal Injury Plaintiff. 2032.210-2032.260
        • Article 3. Motion for Physical or Mental Examination 2032.310-2032.320
        • Article 4. Failure to Submit to or Produce Another for Physical or Mental Examination. 2032.410-2032.420
        • Article 5. Conduct of Examination. 2032.510-2032.530
        • Article 6. Reports of Examination. 2032.610-2032.650
      • CHAPTER 16. Requests for Admission
        • Article 1. Requests for Admission. 2033.010-2033.080
        • Article 2. Response to Requests for Admission. 2033.210-2033.300
        • Article 3. Effect of Admission. 2033.410-2033.420
      • CHAPTER 17. Form Interrogatories and Requests for Admission. 2033.710-2033.740
      • CHAPTER 18. Simultaneous Exchange of Expert Witness Information
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 2034.010
        • Article 2. Demand for Exchange of Expert Witness Information. 2034.210-2034.310
        • Article 3. Deposition of Expert Witness. 2034.410-2034.470
        • Article 4. Motion to Augment or Amend Expert Witness List or Declaration. 2034.610-2034.630
        • Article 5. Motion to Submit Tardy Expert Witness Information. 2034.710-2034.730
      • CHAPTER 19. Perpetuation of Testimony or Preservation of Evidence Before Filing Action. 2035.010-2035.060
      • CHAPTER 20. Perpetuation of Testimony or Preservation of Information Pending Appeal. 2036.010-2036.050
    • TITLE 5. Of the Rights and Duties of Witnesses. 2064-2065
    • TITLE 6. Of Evidence in Particular Cases, and Miscellaneous and General Provisions
      • CHAPTER 1. Evidence in Particular Cases. 2074-2077
      • CHAPTER 3. Administration of Oaths and Affirmations. 2093-2094
    • TITLE 7. Uniform Federal Lien Registration Act. 2100-2107

Preliminary Provisions.

Section 2

This Code takes effect at twelve o'clock noon, on the first day of January, eighteen hundred and seventy-three.

Section 3

No part of it is retroactive, unless expressly so declared.

Section 4

The rule of the common law, that statutes in derogation thereof are to be strictly construed, has no application to this Code. The Code establishes the law of this State respecting the subjects to which it relates, and its provisions and all proceedings under it are to be liberally construed, with a view to effect its objects and to promote justice.

Section 5

The provisions of this Code, so far as they are substantially the same as existing statutes, must be construed as continuations thereof, and not as new enactments.

Section 6

All persons who at the time this Code takes effect hold office under any of the Acts repealed, continue to hold the same according to the tenure thereof, except those offices which are not continued by one of the Codes adopted at this session of the Legislature.

Section 7

When any office is abolished by the repeal of any Act, and such Act is not in substance reënacted or continued in either of the Codes, such office ceases at the time the Codes take effect.

Section 8

No action or proceeding commenced before this Code takes effect, and no right accrued, is affected by its provisions, but the proceedings therein must conform to the requirements of this Code as far as applicable.

Section 9

Section Nine. When a limitation or period of time prescribed in any existing statute for acquiring a right or barring a remedy, or for any other purpose, has begun to run before this Code goes into effect, and the same or any limitation is prescribed in this Code, the time which has already run shall be deemed part of the time prescribed as such limitation by this Code.

Section 10

Holidays within the meaning of this code are every Sunday and any other days that are specified or provided for as judicial holidays in Section 135.

Section 11

Wherever any notice or other communication is required by this code to be mailed by registered mail by or to any person or corporation, the mailing of such notice or other communication by certified mail shall be deemed to be a sufficient compliance with the requirements of law.

Section 12

The time in which any act provided by law is to be done is computed by excluding the first day, and including the last, unless the last day is a holiday, and then it is also excluded.

Section 12a

(a) If the last day for the performance of any act provided or required by law to be performed within a specified period of time is a holiday, then that period is hereby extended to and including the next day that is not a holiday. For purposes of this section, "holiday" means all day on Saturdays, all holidays specified in Section 135 and, to the extent provided in Section 12b, all days that by terms of Section 12b are required to be considered as holidays.

(b) This section applies to Sections 659, 659a, and 921, and to all other provisions of law providing or requiring an act to be performed on a particular day or within a specified period of time, whether expressed in this or any other code or statute, ordinance, rule, or regulation.

Section 12b

If any city, county, state, or public office, other than a branch office, is closed for the whole of any day, insofar as the business of that office is concerned, that day shall be considered as a holiday for the purposes of computing time under Sections 12 and 12a.

Section 12c

(a) Where any law requires an act to be performed no later than a specified number of days before a hearing date, the last day to perform that act shall be determined by counting backward from the hearing date, excluding the day of the hearing as provided by Section 12.

(b) Any additional days added to the specified number of days because of a particular method of service shall be computed by counting backward from the day determined in accordance with subdivision (a).