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CALIFORNIA PROBATE CODE

Last update: 2011-07-20


  • DIVISION 1. Preliminary Provisions and Definitions
    • PART 1. Preliminary Provisions. 1-13
    • PART 2. Definitions. 20-88
  • DIVISION 2. General Provisions
    • PART 1. Effect of Death of Married Person on Community and Quasi-community Property. 100-105
    • PART 2. Surviving Spouse's Right in California Real Property of Nondomiciliary Decedent. 120
    • PART 3. Contractual Arrangements Relating to Rights at Death
      • CHAPTER 1. Surviving Spouse's Waiver of Rights. 140-147
    • PART 4. Establishing and Reporting Fact of Death
      • CHAPTER 1. Proceedings to Establish Death. 200-204
      • CHAPTER 2. Recording Evidence of Death. 210-212
      • CHAPTER 3. Reporting Fact of Death. 215-217
    • PART 5. Simultaneous Death
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 220-226
      • CHAPTER 2. Proceedings to Determine Survival. 230-234
    • PART 6. Distribution Among Heirs or Beneficiaries
      • CHAPTER 1. Intestate Distribution System. 240-241
      • CHAPTER 2. Distribution Under a Will, Trust, or other Instrument 245-247
      • CHAPTER 3. Identity of Heirs. 248-249.8
    • PART 7. Effect of Homicide or Abuse of an Elder or Dependent Adult 250-259
    • PART 8. Disclaimer of Testamentary and other Interests
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 260-267
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 275-288
      • CHAPTER 3. Disclaimers Effective Under Federal Law. 295
    • PART 9. Trust Company as Fiduciary. 300-301
    • PART 10. Immediate Steps Concerning Decedent's Tangible Personal Property and Safe Deposit Box. 330-331
    • PART 11. Fiduciaries' Wartime Substitution Law
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions
        • Article 1. Short Title and Definitions. 350-356
        • Article 2. Scope of Part. 360-361
        • Article 3. Procedural Provisions. 365-366
      • CHAPTER 2. Appointment of Substitute Fiduciary. 370-374
      • CHAPTER 3. Delegation of Powers
        • Article 1. Delegation by Fiduciary. 380-383
        • Article 2. Delegation by Consultant. 385-388
    • PART 12. Probate Referees
      • CHAPTER 1. Appointment and Revocation. 400-408
      • CHAPTER 2. Powers of Probate Referee. 450-453
    • PART 13. Litigation Involving Decedent
      • CHAPTER 1. Liability of Decedent Covered Byinsurance. 550-555
    • PART 14. Powers of Appointment
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 600-601
      • CHAPTER 2. Definitions; Classification of Powers of Appointment 610-613
      • CHAPTER 3. Creation of Powers of Appointment. 620
      • CHAPTER 4. Exercise of Powers of Appointment
        • Article 1. Donee's Capacity. 625
        • Article 2. Scope of Donee's Authority. 630-635
        • Article 3. Donee's Required Intent. 640-642
        • Article 4. Types of Appointments. 650-652
        • Article 5. Contracts to Appoint; Releases. 660-662
      • CHAPTER 5. Effect of Failure to Make Effective Appointment. 670-674
      • CHAPTER 6. Rights of Creditors. 680-684
      • CHAPTER 7. Rule Against Perpetuities. 690
      • CHAPTER 8. Revocability of Creation, Exercise, or Release of Power of Appointment. 695
    • PART 15. Deposit of Estate Planning Documents With Attorney
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 700-704
      • CHAPTER 2. Duties and Liabilities of Attorney. 710-716
      • CHAPTER 3. Termination of Deposit
        • Article 1. Termination by Depositor. 720
        • Article 2. Termination by Attorney. 730-735
    • PART 16. Jurisdiction. 800-801
    • PART 17. Legal Mental Capacity. 810-813
    • PART 18. Right to Trial. 825
    • PART 19. Conveyance or Transfer of Property Claimed to Belong to Decedent or other Person. 850-859
  • DIVISION 3. General Provisions of a Procedural Nature
    • PART 1. General Provisions
      • CHAPTER 1. Rules of Practice. 1000-1004
      • CHAPTER 2. Petitions and other Papers. 1020-1023
      • CHAPTER 3. Hearings and Orders. 1040-1051
      • CHAPTER 4. Accounts. 1060-1064
    • PART 2. Notices and Citations
      • CHAPTER 1. General Notice Provisions. 1200-1214
      • CHAPTER 2. Mailing in General. 1215-1217
      • CHAPTER 3. Mailing Notice of Hearing. 1220-1221
      • CHAPTER 4. Posting Notice of Hearing. 1230
      • CHAPTER 5. Citations. 1240-1242
      • CHAPTER 6. Request for Special Notice. 1250-1252
      • CHAPTER 7. Proof of Giving Notice. 1260-1265
    • PART 3. Appeals
      • CHAPTER 1. General. 1300-1304
      • CHAPTER 2. Effect of an Appeal. 1310-1312
  • DIVISION 4. Guardianship, Conservatorship, and other Protective Proceedings
    • PART 1. Definitions and General Provisions
      • CHAPTER 1. Short Title and Definitions. 1400-1449
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 1452-1459.5
      • CHAPTER 3. Notices. 1460-1469
      • CHAPTER 4. Appointment of Legal Counsel. 1470-1474
      • CHAPTER 5. Transitional Provisions. 1488-1490
    • PART 2. Guardianship
      • CHAPTER 1. Establishment of Guardianship
        • Article 1. Nomination of Guardian. 1500-1502
        • Article 2. Appointment of Guardian Generally. 1510-1517
        • Article 3. Nonrelative Guardianships. 1540-1543
      • CHAPTER 2. Termination. 1600-1602
      • CHAPTER 3. Permanent and Stable Home. 1610-1611
    • PART 3. Conservatorship
      • CHAPTER 1. Establishment of Conservatorship
        • Article 1. Persons for Whom Conservator May Be Appointed. 1800-1804
        • Article 2. Order of Preference for Appointment of Conservator. 1810-1813.1
        • Article 3. Establishment of Conservatorship. 1820-1835
        • Article 4. Special Provisions Applicable Where Proposed Conservatee Is an Absentee. 1840-1844
        • Article 5. Special Provisions Applicable Where Proposed Conservatee Is a Missing Person. 1845-1849.5
      • CHAPTER 2. Periodic Review of Conservatorship. 1850-1853
      • CHAPTER 3. Termination. 1860-1865
      • CHAPTER 4. Legal Capacity of Conservatee
        • Article 1. Capacity to Bind or Obligate Conservatorship Estate 1870-1876
        • Article 2. Capacity to Give Informed Consent for Medical Treatment. 1880-1898
        • Article 3. Capacity of Conservatee to Marry. 1900-1901
      • CHAPTER 5. Disqualification From Voting. 1910
      • CHAPTER 6. Sterilization. 1950-1969
      • CHAPTER 7. Unwarranted Petitions. 1970
    • PART 4. Provisions Common to Guardianship and Conservatorship
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 2100-2113
      • CHAPTER 2. Jurisdiction and Venue
        • Article 1. Jurisdiction and Venue. 2200-2203
        • Article 2. Change of Venue. 2210-2217
      • CHAPTER 3. Temporary Guardians and Conservators. 2250-2258
      • CHAPTER 4. Oath, Letters, and Bond
        • Article 1. Requirement of Oath and Bond. 2300
        • Article 2. Letters. 2310-2313
        • Article 3. Bonds of Guardians and Conservators. 2320-2335
        • Article 4. Professional Fiduciaries. 2340-2341
      • CHAPTER 5. Powers and Duties of Guardian or Conservator of the Person. 2350-2360
      • CHAPTER 6. Powers and Duties of Guardian or Conservator of the Estate
        • Article 1. Definitions and General Provisions. 2400-2410
        • Article 2. Support and Maintenance of Ward or Conservatee and Dependents. 2420-2423
        • Article 3. Payment of Debts and Expenses. 2430-2431
        • Article 4. Estate Management Powers Generally. 2450-2468
        • Article 5. Compromise of Claims and Actions; Extension, Renewal, or Modification of Obligations. 2500-2507
        • Article 7. Sales. 2540-2548
        • Article 8. Notes, Mortgages, Leases, Conveyances, and Exchanges. 2550-2557
        • Article 9. Investments and Purchase of Property. 2570-2574
        • Article 10. Substituted Judgment. 2580-2586
        • Article 11. Independent Exercise of Powers. 2590-2595
      • CHAPTER 7. Inventory and Accounts
        • Article 1. Definitions and General Provisions. 2600-2601
        • Article 2. Inventory and Appraisal of Estate. 2610-2615
        • Article 2.5. Examination Concerning Assets of Estate. 2616-2619
        • Article 3. Accounts. 2620-2628
        • Article 4. Accounts on Termination of Relationship. 2630-2633
      • CHAPTER 8. Compensation of Guardian, Conservator, and Attorney 2640-2647
      • CHAPTER 9. Removal or Resignation
        • Article 1. Removal of Guardian or Conservator. 2650-2655
        • Article 2. Resignation of Guardian or Conservator. 2660-2662
      • CHAPTER 9.5. Appointment of Successor Guardian or Conservator
        • Article 1. Appointment of Successor Guardian. 2670
        • Article 2. Appointment of Successor Conservator. 2680-2689
      • CHAPTER 10. Requests for Special Notice. 2700-2702
      • CHAPTER 12. Transfer of Personal Property Out of State. 2800-2808
      • CHAPTER 14. Notification to Court by Institutions. 2890-2893
    • PART 5. Public Guardian
      • CHAPTER 1. Taking Temporary Possession or Control of Property 2900-2903
      • CHAPTER 2. Prefiling Investigation by Public Guardian. 2910-2911
      • CHAPTER 3. Appointment of Public Guardian. 2920-2923
      • CHAPTER 4. Administration by Public Guardian. 2940-2944
      • CHAPTER 5. Financial Abuse of Mentally Impaired Elders
        • Article 1. General. 2950-2951
        • Article 2. Estate Protection. 2952-2955
    • PART 6. Management or Disposition of Community Property Where Spouse Lacks Legal Capacity
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions and General Provisions
        • Article 1. Definitions. 3000-3012
        • Article 2. General Provisions. 3020-3023
      • CHAPTER 2. Management, Control, and Disposition
        • Article 1. Management, Control, and Disposition Generally. 3051-3057
        • Article 2. Substitute for Joinder or Consent Requirements. 3070-3074
        • Article 3. Enforcement of Support of Spouse Who Has Conservator. 3080-3092
      • CHAPTER 3. Proceeding for Particular Transaction
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 3100-3102
        • Article 2. Commencement of Proceeding. 3110-3113
        • Article 3. Petition. 3120-3123
        • Article 4. Citation and Notice of Hearing. 3130-3131
        • Article 5. Hearing and Order. 3140-3145
        • Article 6. Consummation of Transaction. 3150-3154
    • PART 7. Capacity Determinations and Health Care Decisions for Adult Without Conservator. 3200-3212
    • PART 8. Other Protective Proceedings
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 3300-3303
      • CHAPTER 2. Money or Property Belonging to Minor
        • Article 1. Total Estate Not in Excess of $5,000. 3400-3402
        • Article 2. Property in the Form of Money. 3410-3413
      • CHAPTER 3. Compromise by Parent of Minor's Disputed Claim. 3500
      • CHAPTER 4. Money or Property Paid or Delivered Pursuant to Compromise or Judgment for Minor or Incompetent Person
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 3600-3605
        • Article 2. Disposition of Money or other Property Where No Guardianship or Conservatorship. 3610-3613
      • CHAPTER 5. Property of Absent Federal Personnel
        • Article 1. Definitions. 3700
        • Article 2. Court Proceeding to Set Aside Personal Property of Absentee. 3701-3708
        • Article 3. Management and Disposition of Personal Property of Absentee Without Court Proceeding. 3710-3712
        • Article 4. Absentee's Power of Attorney. 3720-3722
      • CHAPTER 6. Removal of Property of Nonresident. 3800-3803
    • PART 9. California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act. 3900-3925
  • DIVISION 4.5. Powers of Attorney
    • PART 1. Definitions and General Provisions
      • CHAPTER 1. Short Title and Definitions. 4000-4034
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 4050-4054
    • PART 2. Powers of Attorney Generally
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 4100-4102
      • CHAPTER 2. Creation and Effect of Powers of Attorney. 4120-4130
      • CHAPTER 3. Modification and Revocation of Powers of Attorney. 4150-4155
      • CHAPTER 4. Attorneys-in-fact
        • Article 1. Qualifications and Authority of Attorneys-in-fact 4200-4207
        • Article 2. Duties of Attorneys-in-fact. 4230-4238
        • Article 3. Authority of Attorneys-in-fact. 4260-4266
      • CHAPTER 5. Relations With Third Persons. 4300-4310
    • PART 3. Uniform Statutory Form Power of Attorney
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 4400-4409
      • CHAPTER 2. Construction of Powers. 4450-4465
    • PART 4. Judicial Proceedings Concerning Powers of Attorney
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 4500-4505
      • CHAPTER 2. Jurisdiction and Venue. 4520-4523
      • CHAPTER 3. Petitions, Orders,appeals. 4540-4545
  • DIVISION 4.7. Health Care Decisions
    • PART 1. Definitions and General
      • CHAPTER 1. Short Title and Definitions. 4600-4643
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 4650-4660
      • CHAPTER 3. Transitional Provisions. 4665
    • PART 2. Uniform Health Care Decisions Act
      • CHAPTER 1. Advance Health Care Directives
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 4670-4678
        • Article 2. Powers of Attorney for Health Care. 4680-4690
        • Article 3. Revocation of Advance Directives. 4695-4698
      • CHAPTER 2. Advance Health Care Directive Forms. 4700-4701
      • CHAPTER 3. Health Care Surrogates. 4711-4717
      • CHAPTER 4. Duties of Health Care Providers. 4730-4736
      • CHAPTER 5. Immunities and Liabilities. 4740-4743
    • PART 3. Judicial Proceedings
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 4750-4755
      • CHAPTER 2. Jurisdiction and Venue. 4760-4763
      • CHAPTER 3. Petitions and Orders. 4765-4771
    • PART 4. Request Regarding Resuscitative Measures. 4780-4786
    • PART 5. Advance Health Care Directive Registry. 4800-4806
  • DIVISION 5. Nonprobate Transfers
    • PART 1. Provisions Relating to Effect of Death
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 5000-5003
      • CHAPTER 2. Nonprobate Transfers of Community Property
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 5010-5015
        • Article 2. Consent to Nonprobate Transfer. 5020-5023
        • Article 3. Revocation of Consent. 5030-5032
    • PART 2. Multiple-party Accounts
      • CHAPTER 1. Short Title and Definitions
        • Article 1. Short Title. 5100
        • Article 2. Definitions. 5120-5152
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 5201-5205
      • CHAPTER 3. Ownership Between Parties and Their Creditors and Successors. 5301-5307
      • CHAPTER 4. Protection of Financial Institution. 5401-5407
    • PART 3. Uniform Tod Security Registration Act. 5500-5512
    • PART 4. Nonprobate Transfer to Former Spouse. 5600-5604
    • PART 5. Gifts in View of Impending Death. 5700-5705
  • DIVISION 6. Wills and Intestate Succession
    • PART 1. Wills
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 6100-6105
      • CHAPTER 2. Execution of Wills. 6110-6113
      • CHAPTER 3. Revocation and Revival. 6120-6124
      • CHAPTER 4. Reference to Matters Outside the Will. 6130-6132
      • CHAPTER 6. California Statutory Will
        • Article 1. Definitions and Rules of Construction. 6200-6211
        • Article 2. General Provisions. 6220-6227
        • Article 3. Form and Full Text of Clauses. 6240-6243
      • CHAPTER 7. Uniform Testamentary Additions to Trusts Act. 6300-6303
      • CHAPTER 8. Nonprobate Transfer to Trustee Named in Decedent's Will. 6320-6330
      • CHAPTER 9. Devise Subject to California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act. 6341-6349
      • CHAPTER 11. Uniform International Wills Act. 6380-6390
    • PART 2. Intestate Succession
      • CHAPTER 1. Intestate Succession Generally. 6400-6414
      • CHAPTER 2. Parent and Child Relationship. 6450-6455
    • PART 3. Family Protection
      • CHAPTER 1. Temporary Possession of Family Dwelling and Exempt Property. 6500-6501
      • CHAPTER 2. Setting Aside Exempt Property other than Family Dwelling. 6510-6511
      • CHAPTER 3. Setting Aside Probate Homestead. 6520-6528
      • CHAPTER 4. Family Allowance. 6540-6545
      • CHAPTER 6. Small Estate Set-aside. 6600-6615
    • PART 4. Escheat of Decedent's Property. 6800-6806
  • DIVISION 7. Administration of Estates of Decedents
    • PART 1. General Provisions
      • CHAPTER 1. Passage of Decedent's Property. 7000-7001
      • CHAPTER 2. Jurisdiction and Courts
        • Article 1. Jurisdiction and Venue. 7050-7052
        • Article 2. Disqualification of Judge. 7060
        • Article 3. Transfer of Proceedings. 7070-7072
      • CHAPTER 3. Rules of Procedure
        • Article 2. New Trials. 7220
        • Article 3.5. Judgments and Orders. 7250
        • Article 4. Orders and Transactions Affecting Property. 7260-7263
        • Article 5. United States as Interested Person. 7280
      • CHAPTER 4. Public Administrators
        • Article 1. Taking Temporary Possession or Control of Property 7600-7605
        • Article 2. Appointment as Personal Representative. 7620-7624
        • Article 3. Deposit of Money of Estate. 7640-7644
        • Article 4. Summary Disposition of Small Estates. 7660-7666
    • PART 2. Opening Estate Administration
      • CHAPTER 1. Commencement of Proceedings. 8000-8007
      • CHAPTER 2. Notice of Hearing
        • Article 1. Contents. 8100
        • Article 2. Service of Notice of Hearing. 8110-8113
        • Article 3. Publication. 8120-8125
      • CHAPTER 3. Probate of Will
        • Article 1. Production of Will. 8200-8203
        • Article 2. Proof of Will. 8220-8226
        • Article 3. Contest of Will. 8250-8254
        • Article 4. Revocation of Probate. 8270-8272
      • CHAPTER 4. Appointment of Personal Representative
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 8400-8405
        • Article 2. Executors. 8420-8425
        • Article 3. Administrators With the Will Annexed. 8440-8442
        • Article 4. Administrators. 8460-8469
        • Article 5. Bond. 8480-8488
        • Article 6. Removal From Office. 8500-8505
        • Article 7. Changes in Administration. 8520-8525
        • Article 8. Special Administrators. 8540-8547
        • Article 9. Nonresident Personal Representative. 8570-8577
    • PART 3. Inventory and Appraisal
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 8800-8804
      • CHAPTER 2. Inventory
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 8850-8852
        • Article 2. Discovery of Property of Decedent. 8870-8873
      • CHAPTER 3. Appraisal
        • Article 1. Procedure. 8900-8909
        • Article 2. Designation and Removal of Probate Referee. 8920-8924
        • Article 3. Time for Probate Referee Appraisal. 8940-8941
        • Article 4. Commission and Expenses of Probate Referee. 8960-8964
        • Article 5. Transitional Provision. 8980
    • PART 4. Creditor Claims
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 9000-9004
      • CHAPTER 2. Notice to Creditors. 9050-9054
      • CHAPTER 3. Time for Filing Claims. 9100-9104
      • CHAPTER 4. Filing of Claims. 9150-9154
      • CHAPTER 5. Claims by Public Entities. 9200-9205
      • CHAPTER 6. Allowance and Rejection of Claims. 9250-9256
      • CHAPTER 7. Claims Established by Judgment. 9300-9304
      • CHAPTER 8. Claims in Litigation
        • Article 1. Claim Where No Pending Action or Proceeding. 9350-9354
        • Article 2. Claim Where Action or Proceeding Pending. 9370
        • Article 3. Litigation Where No Claim Required. 9390-9392
        • Article 4. Transitional Provision. 9399
    • PART 5. Estate Management
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions
        • Article 1. Duties and Liabilities of Personal Representative 9600-9606
        • Article 2. Court Supervision. 9610-9614
        • Article 3. Summary Determination of Disputes. 9620-9621
        • Article 4. Joint Personal Representatives. 9630-9631
        • Article 5. Independent Administration. 9640
        • Article 6. Transitional Provision. 9645
      • CHAPTER 2. Estate Management Generally. 9650-9657
      • CHAPTER 3. Deposit of Money and Personal Property With Financial Institutions. 9700-9705
      • CHAPTER 4. Investments and Purchase of Property. 9730-9737
      • CHAPTER 5. Operation of Decedent's Business. 9760-9764
      • CHAPTER 6. Abandonment of Tangible Personal Property. 9780-9788
      • CHAPTER 7. Borrowing, Refinancing, and Encumbering Property. 9800-9807
      • CHAPTER 8. Actions and Proceedings by or Against Personal Representative. 9820-9823
      • CHAPTER 9. Compromise of Claims and Actions; Extension, Renewal, or Modification of Obligations. 9830-9839
      • CHAPTER 10. Acceptance of Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure or Trustee's Sale; Grant of Partial Satisfaction or Partial Reconveyance. 9850-9851
      • CHAPTER 12. Purchase of Claims or Estate Property by Personal Representative or Personal Representative's Attorney. 9880-9885
      • CHAPTER 13. Dedication or Conveyance to Governmental Entity; Easements and Access Rights. 9900-9901
      • CHAPTER 14. Exchange of Property. 9920-9923
      • CHAPTER 15. Leases. 9940-9948
      • CHAPTER 16. Granting Option to Purchase Real Property. 9960-9966
      • CHAPTER 17. Option to Purchase Given in Will. 9980-9983
      • CHAPTER 18. Sales
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 10000-10006
        • Article 2. Contract With Agent, Broker, or Auctioneer. 10150-10151
        • Article 3. Compensation of Agent, Broker, or Auctioneer. 10160-10168
        • Article 4. Special Provisions Applicable to Particular Types of Property. 10200-10207
        • Article 5. Sale of Personal Property. 10250-10264
        • Article 6. Sale of Real Property. 10300-10316
        • Article 7. Vacating Sale for Purchaser's Default; Liability of Defaulting Purchaser for Damages. 10350-10351
        • Article 8. Application of Sale Proceeds of Encumbered Property; Sale to Lienholder. 10360-10363
        • Article 9. Damages and Recovery of Property. 10380-10382
    • PART 6. Independent Administration of Estates
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 10400-10406
      • CHAPTER 2. Granting or Revoking Independent Administration Authority. 10450-10454
      • CHAPTER 3. Administration Under Independent Administration Authority
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 10500-10503
        • Article 2. Powers Exercisable only after Giving Notice of Proposed Action. 10510-10520
        • Article 3. Powers the Exercise of Which Requires Giving of Notice of Proposed Action Under Some Circumstances. 10530-10538
        • Article 4. Powers Exercisable Without Giving Notice of Proposed Action. 10550-10564
      • CHAPTER 4. Notice of Proposed Action Procedure. 10580-10592
    • PART 7. Compensation of Personal Representative and Attorney for the Personal Representative
      • CHAPTER 1. Amount of Compensation
        • Article 1. Compensation of Personal Representative. 10800-10805
        • Article 2. Compensation of Attorney for the Personal Representative. 10810-10814
      • CHAPTER 2. Allowance of Compensation by Court. 10830-10832
      • CHAPTER 3. Application of Part. 10850
    • PART 8. Accounts
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 10900-10902
      • CHAPTER 2. When Account Required. 10950-10954
      • CHAPTER 3. Settlement of Account. 11000-11005
      • CHAPTER 4. Compelling Account. 11050-11052
    • PART 9. Payment of Debts
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions and Preliminary Provisions
        • Article 1. Definitions. 11400-11402
        • Article 2. Proceedings Commenced Before July 1, 1988. 11405
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 11420-11429
      • CHAPTER 3. Allocation of Debts Between Estate and Surviving Spouse. 11440-11446
      • CHAPTER 4. Debts That Are Contingent, Disputed, or Not Due. 11460-11467
    • PART 10. Distribution of Estate
      • CHAPTER 1. Order for Distribution
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 11600-11605
        • Article 2. Preliminary Distribution. 11620-11624
        • Article 3. Final Distribution. 11640-11642
      • CHAPTER 2. Determination of Persons Entitled to Distribution 11700-11705
      • CHAPTER 3. Distribution of Property in Estate. 11750-11754
      • CHAPTER 4. Deceased Distributee. 11801-11802
      • CHAPTER 5. Deposit With County Treasurer. 11850-11854
      • CHAPTER 6. Distribution to State. 11900-11904
      • CHAPTER 7. Partition or Allotment of Property. 11950-11956
      • CHAPTER 8. Interest and Income Accruing During Administration 12000-12007
    • PART 11. Closing Estate Administration
      • CHAPTER 1. Time for Closing Estate. 12200-12206
      • CHAPTER 2. Discharge of Personal Representative. 12250-12252
    • PART 12. Administration of Estates of Missing Persons Presumed Dead. 12400-12408
    • PART 13. Nondomiciliary Decedents
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 12500-12507
      • CHAPTER 2. Ancillary Administration
        • Article 1. Opening Ancillary Administration. 12510-12513
        • Article 2. Probate of Nondomiciliary Decedent's Will Admitted to Probate in Sister State or Foreign Nation. 12520-12524
        • Article 3. Application of General Provisions. 12530
        • Article 4. Distribution of Property to Sister State Personal Representative. 12540-12542
      • CHAPTER 3. Collection of Personal Property of Small Estate by Sister State Personal Representative Without Ancillary Administration. 12570-12573
      • CHAPTER 4. Jurisdiction Over Foreign Personal Representative 12590-12591
  • DIVISION 8. Disposition of Estate Without Administration
    • PART 1. Collection or Transfer of Small Estate Without Administration
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 13000-13007
      • CHAPTER 2. General Provisions. 13050-13054
      • CHAPTER 3. Affidavit Procedure for Collection or Transfer of Personal Property. 13100-13116
      • CHAPTER 4. Court Order Determining Succession to Property. 13150-13158
      • CHAPTER 5. Affidavit Procedure for Real Property of Small Value. 13200-13210
    • PART 2. Passage of Property to Surviving Spouse Without Administration
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 13500-13506
      • CHAPTER 2. Right of Surviving Spouse to Dispose of Property 13540-13545
      • CHAPTER 3. Liability for Debts of Deceased Spouse. 13550-13554
      • CHAPTER 3.5. Liability for Decedent's Property. 13560-13564
      • CHAPTER 4. Collection by Affidavit of Compensation Owed to Deceased Spouse. 13600-13606
      • CHAPTER 5. Determination or Confirmation of Property Passing or Belonging to Surviving Spouse. 13650-13660
  • DIVISION 9. Trust Law
    • PART 1. General Provisions. 15000-15004
    • PART 2. Creation, Validity, Modification, and Termination of Trusts
      • CHAPTER 1. Creation and Validity of Trusts. 15200-15212
      • CHAPTER 2. Restrictions on Voluntary and Involuntary Transfers. 15300-15309
      • CHAPTER 3. Modification and Termination of Trusts. 15400-15414
    • PART 3. Trustees and Beneficiaries
      • CHAPTER 1. Trustees
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 15600-15604
        • Article 2. Cotrustees. 15620-15622
        • Article 3. Resignation and Removal of Trustees. 15640-15645
        • Article 4. Appointment of Trustees. 15660-15660.5
        • Article 5. Compensation and Indemnification of Trustees. 15680-15688
      • CHAPTER 2. Beneficiaries. 15800-15805
    • PART 4. Trust Administration
      • CHAPTER 1. Duties of Trustees
        • Article 1. Trustee's Duties in General. 16000-16015
        • Article 2. Trustee's Standard of Care. 16040-16042
        • Article 2.5. Uniform Prudent Investor Act. 16045-16054
        • Article 3. Trustee's Duty to Report Information and Account to Beneficiaries. 16060-16069
        • Article 4. Duties With Regard to Discretionary Powers. 16080-16082
        • Article 5. Duties of Trustees of Private Foundations, Charitable Trusts, and Split-interest Trusts. 16100-16105
      • CHAPTER 2. Powers of Trustees
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 16200-16203
        • Article 2. Specific Powers of Trustees. 16220-16249
      • CHAPTER 3. Uniform Principal and Income Act
        • Article 1. Short Title and Definitions. 16320-16328
        • Article 2. General Provisions and Fiduciary Duties. 16335-16339
        • Article 3. Decedent's Estate or Terminating Income Interest 16340-16341
        • Article 4. Apportionment at Beginning and End of Income Interest. 16345-16347
        • Article 5.1. Allocation of Receipts During Administration of Trust: Receipts From Entities. 16350-16352
        • Article 5.2. Allocation of Receipts During Administration of Trust: Receipts Not Normally Apportioned. 16355-16358
        • Article 5.3. Allocation of Receipts During Administration of Trust: Receipts Normally Apportioned. 16360-16367
        • Article 6. Allocation of Disbursements During Administration of Trust. 16370-16375
      • CHAPTER 4. Liability of Trustees to Beneficiaries
        • Article 1. Liability for Breach of Trust. 16400-16403
        • Article 2. Remedies for Breach of Trust. 16420-16421
        • Article 3. Measure of Liability for Breach of Trust. 16440-16442
        • Article 4. Limitations and Exculpation. 16460-16465
      • CHAPTER 5. Notice of Proposed Action by Trustee. 16500-16504
    • PART 5. Judicial Proceedings Concerning Trusts
      • CHAPTER 1. Jurisdiction and Venue. 17000-17006
      • CHAPTER 2. Notice. 17100-17105
      • CHAPTER 3. Proceedings Concerning Trusts. 17200-17211
      • CHAPTER 4. Testamentary Trusts Subject to Continuing Court Jurisdiction
        • Article 1. Administration of Testamentary Trusts Subject to Continuing Court Jurisdiction. 17300-17304
        • Article 2. Removal of Trusts From Continuing Court Jurisdiction. 17350-17354
      • CHAPTER 5. Transfer of Trust to Another Jurisdiction. 17400-17405
      • CHAPTER 6. Transfer of Trust From Another Jurisdiction. 17450-17457
    • PART 6. Rights of Third Persons
      • CHAPTER 1. Liability of Trustee to Third Persons. 18000-18005
      • CHAPTER 2. Protection of Third Persons. 18100-18108
      • CHAPTER 3. Rights of Creditors of Settlor. 18200-18201
    • PART 7. Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act 18501-18510
    • PART 8. Payment of Claims, Debts, and Expenses From Revocable Trust of Deceased Settlor
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 19000-19012
      • CHAPTER 2. Petition for Approval and Settlement of Claims Against Deceased Settlor. 19020-19030
      • CHAPTER 3. Publication of Notice. 19040-19041
      • CHAPTER 4. Actual Notice to Creditors. 19050-19054
      • CHAPTER 5. Time for Filing Claims. 19100-19104
      • CHAPTER 6. Filing of Claims. 19150-19154
      • CHAPTER 7. Claims by Public Entities. 19200-19205
      • CHAPTER 8. Allowance and Rejection of Claims. 19250-19255
      • CHAPTER 9. Claims Established by Judgment. 19300-19304
      • CHAPTER 10. Allocation of Debts Between Trust and Surviving Spouse. 19320-19326
      • CHAPTER 11. Liability of Settlor's Surviving Spouse. 19330
      • CHAPTER 12. Distributee Liability. 19400-19403
  • DIVISION 10. Proration of Taxes
    • CHAPTER 1. Proration of Estate Taxes
      • Article 1. General Provisions. 20100-20101
      • Article 2. Proration. 20110-20117
      • Article 3. Judicial Proceedings. 20120-20125
    • CHAPTER 2. Proration of Taxes on Generation-skipping Transfer
      • Article 1. General Provisions. 20200-20201
      • Article 2. Proration. 20210-20215
      • Article 3. Judicial Proceedings. 20220-20225
  • DIVISION 11. Construction of Wills, Trusts, and other Instruments
    • PART 1. Rules for Interpretation of Instruments
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 21101-21118
      • CHAPTER 2. Ascertaining Meaning of Language Used in the Instrument. 21120-21122
      • CHAPTER 3. Exoneration; Ademption. 21131-21139
      • CHAPTER 4. Effective Dates. 21140
    • PART 2. Perpetuities
      • CHAPTER 1. Uniform Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities
        • Article 1. General Provisions. 21200-21202
        • Article 2. Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities. 21205-21209
        • Article 3. Time of Creation of Interest. 21210-21212
        • Article 4. Reformation. 21220
        • Article 5. Exclusions From Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities. 21225
      • CHAPTER 2. Related Provisions. 21230-21231
    • PART 3. No Contest Clause. 21310-21315
    • PART 3.5. Limitations on Transfers to Drafters and Others. 21350-21356
    • PART 3.7. Presumption of Fraud or Undue Influence
      • CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 21360-21374
      • CHAPTER 2. Operation and Effect of Presumption. 21380-21392
    • PART 4. Abatement. 21400-21406
    • PART 5. Compliance With Internal Revenue Code
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 21500-21503
      • CHAPTER 2. Marital Deduction Gifts. 21520-21526
      • CHAPTER 3. Charitable Gifts. 21540-21541
    • PART 6. Family Protection: Omitted Spouses and Children
      • CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 21600-21601
      • CHAPTER 2. Omitted Spouses. 21610-21612
      • CHAPTER 3. Omitted Children. 21620-21623
      • CHAPTER 4. Applicability. 21630
    • PART 7. Contracts Regarding Testamentary or Intestate Succession. 21700
  • Version 2011-07-20

DIVISION 1
Preliminary Provisions and Definitions

PART 1
Preliminary Provisions.

Section 1

This code shall be known as the Probate Code.

Section 2

(a) A provision of this code, insofar as it is substantially the same as a previously existing provision relating to the same subject matter, shall be construed as a restatement and continuation thereof and not as a new enactment.

(b) A provision of this code, insofar as it is the same in substance as a provision of a uniform act, shall be so construed as to effectuate the general purpose to make uniform the law in those states which enact that provision.

Section 3

(a) As used in this section:

(1) "New law" means either of the following, as the case may be:

(A) The act that enacted this code.

(B) The act that makes a change in this code, whether effectuated by amendment, addition, or repeal of any provision of this code.

(2) "Old law" means the applicable law in effect before the operative date of the new law.

(3) "Operative date" means the operative date of the new law.

(b) This section governs the application of a new law except to the extent otherwise expressly provided in the new law.

(c) Subject to the limitations provided in this section, a new law applies on the operative date to all matters governed by the new law, regardless of whether an event occurred or circumstance existed before, on, or after the operative date, including, but not limited to, creation of a fiduciary relationship, death of a person, commencement of a proceeding, making of an order, or taking of an action.

(d) If a petition, account, report, inventory, appraisal, or other document or paper is filed before the operative date, the contents, execution, and notice thereof are governed by the old law and not by the new law; but any subsequent proceedings taken after the operative date concerning the petition, account, report, inventory, appraisal, or other document or paper, including an objection or response, a hearing, an order, or other matter relating thereto is governed by the new law and not by the old law.

(e) If an order is made before the operative date, including an order appointing a personal representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, probate referee, or any other fiduciary or officer, or any action on an order is taken before the operative date, the validity of the order or action is governed by the old law and not by the new law. Nothing in this subdivision precludes proceedings after the operative date to modify an order made, or alter a course of action commenced, before the operative date to the extent proceedings for modification of an order or alteration of a course of action of that type are otherwise provided by statute.

(f) No personal representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, probate referee, or any other fiduciary, officer, or person is liable for any action taken before the operative date that was proper at the time the action was taken, even though the action would be improper if taken on or after the operative date, and such a person has no duty, as a result of the enactment of the new law, to take any step to alter the course of action or its consequences.

(g) If the new law does not apply to a matter that occurred before the operative date, the old law continues to govern the matter notwithstanding its amendment or repeal by the new law.

(h) If a party shows, and the court determines, that application of a particular provision of the new law or of the old law in the manner required by this section or by the new law would substantially interfere with the effective conduct of the proceedings or the rights of the parties or other interested persons in connection with an event that occurred or circumstance that existed before the operative date, the court may, notwithstanding this section or the new law, apply either the new law or the old law to the extent reasonably necessary to mitigate the substantial interference.

Section 4

Division, part, chapter, article, and section headings do not in any manner affect the scope, meaning, or intent of the provisions of this code.

Section 5

If a notice or other communication is required by this code to be mailed by registered mail, the mailing of the notice or other communication by certified mail is deemed to be sufficient compliance with the requirement.

Section 6

Unless the provision or context otherwise requires, the general provisions and rules of construction in this part govern the construction of this code.

Section 7

Whenever a reference is made to any portion of this code or to any other law, the reference applies to all amendments and additions heretofore or hereafter made.

Section 8

Unless otherwise expressly stated:

(a) "Division" means a division of this code.

(b) "Part" means a part of the division in which that term occurs.

(c) "Chapter" means a chapter of the division or part, as the case may be, in which that term occurs.

(d) "Article" means an article of the chapter in which that term occurs.

(e) "Section" means a section of this code.

(f) "Subdivision" means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs.

(g) "Paragraph" means a paragraph of the subdivision in which that term occurs.

(h) "Subparagraph" means a subparagraph of the paragraph in which that term occurs.

Section 9

The present tense includes the past and future tenses, and the future, the present.

Section 10

The singular number includes the plural, and the plural, the singular.

Section 11

If any provision or clause of this code or application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the code which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this code are severable.

Section 12

"Shall" is mandatory and "may" is permissive.

Section 13

(a) The degree of kinship or consanguinity between two persons is determined by counting the number of generations separating those persons, pursuant to subdivision (b) or (c). Each generation is called a degree.

(b) Lineal kinship or consanguinity is the relationship between two persons, one of whom is a direct descendant of the other. The degree of kinship between those persons is determined by counting the generations separating the first person from the second person. In counting the generations, the first person is excluded and the second person is included. For example, parent and child are related in the first degree of lineal kinship or consanguinity, grandchild and grandparent are related in the second degree, and great-grandchild and great-grandparent are related in the third degree.

(c) Collateral kinship or consanguinity is the relationship between two people who spring from a common ancestor, but neither person is the direct descendent of the other. The degree of kinship is determined by counting the generations from the first person up to the common ancestor and from the common ancestor down to the second person. In counting the generations, the first person is excluded, the second person is included, and the common ancestor is counted only once. For example, siblings are related in the second degree of collateral kinship or consanguinity, an aunt or uncle and a niece or nephew are related in the third degree, and first cousins are related in the fourth degree.