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Acts of the Old Scottish Parliament

Version 01/02/1991

1690 c. 7

Default Geographical Extent: S

  • Chap. i. Of the Holy Scripture
  • Chap. ii. Of God and the Holy Trinity
  • Chap. iii. Of Gods Eternal Decree
  • Chap. iv. Of Creation
  • Chap. v. Of Providence
  • Chap. vi. Of the fall of man of sin and of the punishment thereof
  • Chap. vii. Of Gods covenant with man
  • Chap. viii. Of Christ the Mediator
  • Chap. ix. Of free will
  • Chap. x. Of Effectuall calling
  • Chap. xi. Of Justification
  • Chap. xii. Of Adoption
  • Chap. xiii. Of Sanctification
  • Chap. xiv. Of saving Faith
  • Chap. xv. Of Repentance unto Life
  • Chap. xvi. Of good works
  • Chap. xvii. Of the perserverance of the Saints
  • Chap. xviii. Of the assurance of grace and salvation
  • Chap. xix. Of the Law of God
  • Chap. xx. Of Christian Liberty and Liberty of Conscience
  • Chap. xxi. Of Religious worship and the Sabbath day
  • Chap. xxii. Of lawfull Oaths and Vows
  • Chap. xxiii. Of the Civil Magistrate
  • Chap. xxiv. Of Marriage and Divorce
  • Chap. xxv. Of the Church
  • Chap. xxvi. Of the Communion of Saints
  • Chap. xxvii. Of the Sacraments
  • Chap. xxviii. Of Baptism
  • Chap. xxix. Of the Lords Supper
  • Chap. xxx. Of Church Censures
  • Chap. xxxi. Of Synods and Councills
  • Chap. xxxii. Of the state of men after death and of the Resurrection of the dead
  • Chap. xxxiii. Of the last Judgement
  • Version 01/02/1991

Introductory Text

Confession of Faith Ratification Act 1690

1690 c. 7

Act Ratifying the Confession of Faith and settleing Presbyterian Church Government.X1X2


Amendments (Textual)

F1 Words repealed by Statute Law Revision (Scotland) Act 1906 (c. 38)

THE CONFESSION OF FAITH under written was this day produced read and considered word by word in presence of their Majesties High Commissioner and the Estates of Parliament and being voted and approven was ordained to be recorded in the bookes of Parliament off the which CONFESSION OF FAITH the Tenor followes

Chap. i. Of the Holy Scripture


UNDER the name of the Holy Scripture or the word of God written are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament which are these Of The Old Testament Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth I Samuel II Samuel I Kings II Kings I Chronicles II Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes The Song of Songs Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habbakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Of The New Testament The Gospels according to Matthew Mark Luke John The Acts of the Apostles Pauls Epistles to the Romans I Corinthians II Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians I Thessalonians II Thessalonians I to Timothy II to Timothy to Titus to Philemon The Epistle to the Hebrews The Epistle of James The first and second Epistles of Peter The first second and third Epistles of John The Epistle of Jude The Revelation of John All which are given by inspiration of God to be the rule of faith and life


THE Books commonly called Apocrypha not being of divine inspiration are no part of the Canon of the Scripture and therefore are of no authority in the Church of God nor to be any otherwise approved or made use of than other human writings


THE authority of the Holy Scripture for which it ought to be believed and obeyed dependeth not upon the testimony of any man or Church but wholly upon God (who is truth it self) the author thereof and therefore it is to be received because it is the Word of God


We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the Church to an high and reverent esteem of the Holy Scripture And the heavenliness of the matter the efficacy of the doctrine the majesty of the style the consent of all the parts the scope of the whole (which is to give all glory to God) the full discovery it makes of the only way of mans salvation the many other incomparable excellencies and the entire perfection thereof are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence it self to be the Word of God yet notwithstanding our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth and divine authority thereof is from the inward work of the Holy Spirit bearing witness by and with the Word in our hearts


The whole counsell of God concerning all things necessary for his own glory mans salvation faith and life is either expresly set down in Scripture or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture unto which nothing at any time is to be added whether by new revelations of the Spirit or traditions of men nevertheless we acknowledge the inward illumination of the Spirit of God to be necessary for the saving understanding of such things as are revealed in the word and that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God and government of the Church common to human actions and societies which are to be ordered by the light of nature and Christian prudence according to the generall rules of the word which are always to be observed


ALL things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves nor alike clear unto all yet those things which are necessary to be known believed and observed for salvation are so clearly propounded and opened in some place of Scripture or other that not only the learned but the unlearned in a due use of the ordinary means may attain to a sufficient understanding of them


THE OLD Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old) and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of the writing of it was most generally known to the nations) being immediatly inspired by God and by his singular care and providence kept pure in all ages are therefore authenticall so as in all controversies of Religion the Church is finally to appeal unto them but because these originall tongues are not known to all the people of God who have right unto and interest in the Scriptures and are commanded in the fear of God to read and search them therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come that the word of God dwelling plentifully in all they may worship him in an acceptable manner and through patience and comfort of the Scriptures may have hope


THE infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture it self and therefore when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture (which is not manifold but one) it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly


THE supreme judge by which all controversies of Religion are to be determined and all decrees of Councills opinions of ancient writers doctrines of men and private spirits are to be examined and in whose sentence we are to rest can be no other but the holy Spirit speaking in the Scripture

Chap. ii. Of God and the Holy Trinity


THERE is but one only living and true God who is infinite in being and perfection a most pure spirit invisible without body parts or passions immutable immense eternall incomprehensible almighty most wise most holy most free most absolute working all things according to the councill of his own immutable and most righteous will for his own glory most loving gracious mercifull long suffering abundant in goodness and truth forgiving iniquity transgression and sin the rewarder of them that diligently seek him and withall most just and terrible in his judgements hating all sin and who will by no means clear the guilty


GOD hath all life glory goodness blessedness in and of himself and is alone in and unto himself all sufficient not standing in need of any creatures which he hath made nor deriving any glory from them but only manifesting his own glory in by unto and upon them He is the alone fountain of all being of whom through whom and to whom are all things and hath most soveraign dominion over them to do by them for them or upon them whatsoever himself pleaseth In his sight all things are open and manifest his knowledge is infinite infallible and independent upon the creature so as to him nothing is contingent or uncertain He is most holy in all his councills in all his works and in all his commands To him is due from angels and men and every other creature whatsoever worship service or obedience he is pleased to require of them


IN the unity of the Godhead there be three persons of one substance power and eternity God the Father God the Son and God the Holy Ghost The Father is of none neither begotten nor proceeding the Son is eternally begotten of the Father the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son