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CRIME AND DISORDER ACT 1998

UK Public General Acts

Version 02/12/2002

1998 CHAPTER 37

Default Geographical Extent: E+W+S+N.I.


  • Part I (E+W+S). Prevention of crime and disorder
    • Chapter I (E+W). England and Wales
      • Crime and disorder: general (E+W)
      • Crime and disorder strategies (E+W)
      • Youth crime and disorder (E+W)
      • Miscellaneous and supplemental (E+W)
    • Chapter II (S). Scotland
    • Chapter III (E+W+S). Great Britain
  • Part II. Criminal law
    • Racially or religiously aggravated] offences: England and Wales (E+W)
    • Racially-aggravated offences: Scotland (S)
    • Miscellaneous
  • Part III. Criminal justice system
    • Youth justice (E+W)
    • Time limits etc. (E+W)
    • Functions of courts etc.
    • Miscellaneous (E+W)
  • Part IV. Dealing with offenders
    • Chapter I. England and Wales
      • Sexual or violent offenders (E+W)
      • Offenders dependent etc. on drugs
      • Young offenders: reprimands and warnings (E+W+S)
      • Young offenders: non-custodial orders
      • Young offenders: detention and training orders (E+W)
      • Sentencing: general
      • Miscellaneous and supplemental (E+W)
    • Chapter II (S). Scotland
      • Sexual or violent offenders (S)
      • Offenders dependent etc. on drugs (S)
      • Racial aggravation (S)
  • Part V. Miscellaneous and supplemental
    • Remands and committals
    • Release and recall of prisoners (E+W)
    • Miscellaneous (E+W+S)
    • Supplemental
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  • Version 31/07/1998

Introductory Text

Crime and Disorder Act 1998

1998 CHAPTER 37

An Act to make provision for preventing crime and disorder; to create certain racially-aggravated offences; to abolish the rebuttable presumption that a child is doli incapax and to make provision as to the effect of a child’s failure to give evidence at his trial; to abolish the death penalty for treason and piracy; to make changes to the criminal justice system; to make further provision for dealing with offenders; to make further provision with respect to remands and committals for trial and the release and recall of prisoners; to amend Chapter I of Part II of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 and to repeal Chapter I of Part III of the Crime and Punishment (Scotland) Act 1997; to make amendments designed to facilitate, or otherwise desirable in connection with, the consolidation of certain enactments; and for connected purposes.

[31st July 1998]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part I (E+W+S)
Prevention of crime and disorder



Chapter I (E+W)
England and Wales



Crime and disorder: general (E+W)


1 Anti-social behaviour orders. (E+W)

(1) An application for an order under this section may be made by a relevant authority if it appears to the authority that the following conditions are fulfilled with respect to any person aged 10 or over, namely—

(a) that the person has acted, since the commencement date, in an anti-social manner, that is to say, in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as himself; and
[F1 (b) that such an order is necessary to protect relevant persons from further anti-social acts by him.
F2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]
[F3 (1A) In this section and sections 1B and 1E “relevant authority” means—

(a) the council for a local government area;
(b) the chief officer of police of any police force maintained for a police area;
(c) the chief constable of the British Transport Police Force; or
(d) any person registered under section 1 of the Housing Act 1996 (c. 52) as a social landlord who provides or manages any houses or hostel in a local government area.]
[F4 (1B) In this section “relevant persons” means—

(a) in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (a) of subsection (1A) , persons within the local government area of that council;
(b) in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (b) of that subsection, persons within the police area;
(c) in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (c) of that subsection—
(i) persons who are on or likely to be on policed premises in a local government area; or
(ii) persons who are in the vicinity of or likely to be in the vicinity of such premises;
(d) in relation to a relevant authority falling within paragraph (d) of that subsection—
(i) persons who are residing in or who are otherwise on or likely to be on premises provided or managed by that authority; or
(ii) persons who are in the vicinity of or likely to be in the vicinity of such premises.]
(2) F5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3) Such an application shall be made by complaint to the magistrates’ court whose commission area includes [F6 the local government area or police area concerned]

(4) If, on such an application, it is proved that the conditions mentioned in subsection (1) above are fulfilled, the magistrates’ court may make an order under this section (an “anti-social behaviour order”) which prohibits the defendant from doing anything described in the order.

(5) For the purpose of determining whether the condition mentioned in subsection (1) (a) above is fulfilled, the court shall disregard any act of the defendant which he shows was reasonable in the circumstances.

[F7 (6) The prohibitions that may be imposed by an anti-social behaviour order are those necessary for the purpose of protecting persons (whether relevant persons or persons elsewhere in England and Wales) from further anti-social acts by the defendant.]

(7) An anti-social behaviour order shall have effect for a period (not less than two years) specified in the order or until further order.

(8) Subject to subsection (9) below, the applicant or the defendant may apply by complaint to the court which made an anti-social behaviour order for it to be varied or discharged by a further order.

(9) Except with the consent of both parties, no anti-social behaviour order shall be discharged before the end of the period of two years beginning with the date of service of the order.

(10) If without reasonable excuse a person does anything which he is prohibited from doing by an anti-social behaviour order, he [F8 is guilty of an offence and] liable—

(a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or
(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.
(11) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (10) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is so convicted to make an order under subsection (1) (b) (conditional discharge) of [F9 section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000] in respect of the offence.

(12) In this section— [F10 “British Transport Police Force” means the force of constables appointed under section 53 of the British Transport Commission Act 1949 (c. xxix) ;] “the commencement date” means the date of the commencement of this section; “local government area” means— (a) in relation to England, a district or London borough, the City of London, the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly; (b) in relation to Wales, a county or county borough. [F11 “policed premises” has the meaning given by section 53(3) of the British Transport Commission Act 1949.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1 S. 1(1)(b) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(2) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F2 Words in s. 1(1) repealed (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 61(3), 107(2), Sch. 8 (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)(b)(iii)

F3 S. 1(1A) inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(4) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F4 S. 1(1B) inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(4) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F5 S. 1(2) repealed (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 61(5), 107(2), Sch. 8 (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)(b)(iii)(c)

F6 Words in s. 1(3) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(6) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F7 S. 1(6) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(7) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F8 Words in s. 1(10) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(8) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750 {art. 2(a)(vii)}

F9 Words in s. 1(11) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165, 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 192

F10 S. 1(12): definition of "British Transport Police Force" inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(9) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F11 S. 1(12): definition of "policed premises" inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 61(9) (with s. 61(10)); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1 S. 1(11) modified (30.9.1998) by 1991 c. 53, Sch. 2 para. 8A(10) (as inserted (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 106, Sch. 7 para. 46(11); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(w) (with savings in arts. 5-8))


[F12 1A Power of Secretary of State to add to relevant authorities (E+W)

The Secretary of State may by order provide that the chief officer of a body of constables maintained otherwise than by a police authority is, in such cases and circumstances as may be prescribed by the order, to be a relevant authority for the purposes of section 1 above.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F12 S. 1A inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 62(1); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)


[F13 1C Orders on conviction in criminal proceedings (E+W)

(1) This section applies where a person (the “offender”) is convicted of a relevant offence.

(2) If the court considers—

(a) that the offender has acted, at any time since the commencement date, in an anti-social manner, that is to say in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as himself, and
(b) that an order under this section is necessary to protect persons in any place in England and Wales from further anti-social acts by him,
it may make an order which prohibits the offender from doing anything described in the order.
(3) The court may make an order under this section whether or not an application has been made for such an order.

(4) An order under this section shall not be made except—

(a) in addition to a sentence imposed in respect of the relevant offence; or
(b) in addition to an order discharging him conditionally.
(5) An order under this section takes effect on the day on which it is made, but the court may provide in any such order that such requirements of the order as it may specify shall, during any period when the offender is detained in legal custody, be suspended until his release from that custody.

(6) An offender subject to an order under this section may apply to the court which made it for it to be varied or discharged.

(7) In the case of an order under this section made by a magistrates’ court, the reference in subsection (6) to the court by which the order was made includes a reference to any magistrates’ court acting for the same petty sessions area as that court.

(8) No application may be made under subsection (6) for the discharge of an order before the end of the period of two years beginning with the day on which the order takes effect.

(9) Subsections (7) , (10) and (11) of section 1 apply for the purposes of the making and effect of orders made by virtue of this section as they apply for the purposes of the making and effect of anti-social behaviour orders.

(10) In this section— “the commencement date” has the same meaning as in section 1 above; “the court” in relation to an offender means— (a) the court by or before which he is convicted of the relevant offence; or (b) if he is committed to the Crown Court to be dealt with for that offence, the Crown Court; and “relevant offence” means an offence committed after the coming into force of section 64 of the Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30).]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F13 S. 1C inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 64; S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)


[F14 1D Interim orders (E+W)

(1) The applications to which this section applies are—

(a) an application for an anti-social behaviour order; and
(b) an application for an order under section 1B.
(2) If, before determining an application to which this section applies, the court considers that it is just to make an order under this section pending the determination of that application (“the main application”) , it may make such an order.

(3) An order under this section is an order which prohibits the defendant from doing anything described in the order.

(4) An order under this section—

(a) shall be for a fixed period;
(b) may be varied, renewed or discharged;
(c) shall, if it has not previously ceased to have effect, cease to have effect on the determination of the main application.
(5) Subsections (6) , (8) and (10) to (12) of section 1 apply for the purposes of the making and effect of orders under this section as they apply for the purposes of the making and effect of anti-social behaviour orders.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F14 S. 1D inserted (2.12.2002 for s. 1D(1)(a)(2)-(5) otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 65(1), 108(2); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)


[F15 1E Consultation requirements (E+W)

(1) This section applies to—

(a) applications for an anti-social behaviour order; and
(b) applications for an order under section 1B.
(2) Before making an application to which this section applies, the council for a local government area shall consult the chief officer of police of the police force maintained for the police area within which that local government area lies.

(3) Before making an application to which this section applies, a chief officer of police shall consult the council for the local government area in which the person in relation to whom the application is to be made resides or appears to reside.

(4) Before making an application to which this section applies, a relevant authority other than a council for a local government area or a chief officer of police shall consult—

(a) the council for the local government area in which the person in relation to whom the application is to be made resides or appears to reside; and
(b) the chief officer of police of the police force maintained for the police area within which that local government area lies.]
Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F15 S. 1E inserted (2.12.2002 for s. 1E(1)(a)(2)-(5) otherwise prosp.) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 66; S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)


2 Sex offender orders. (E+W)

(1) If it appears to a chief officer of police that the following conditions are fulfilled with respect to any person [F16 who he believes is in, or is intending to come to, his police area] , namely—

(a) that the person is a sex offender; and
(b) that the person has acted, since the relevant date, in such a way as to give reasonable cause to believe that an order under this section is necessary to protect [F17 the public in the United Kingdom, or any particular members of that public,] from serious harm from him,
the chief officer may apply for an order under this section to be made in respect of the person.
(2) Such an application shall be made by complaint to F18

[F19 (a) any magistrates’ court]
[F20 ; or]
[F21 (b) any magistrates’ court whose commission area includes any part of the applicant’s police area.]
whose commission area includes any place where it is alleged that the defendant acted in such a way as is mentioned in subsection (1) (b) above.
(3) If, on such an application, it is proved that the conditions mentioned in subsection (1) above are fulfilled, the magistrates’ court may make an order under this section (a “sex offender order”) which prohibits the defendant from doing anything described in the order.

(4) The prohibitions that may be imposed by a sex offender order are those necessary for the purpose of protecting [F22 the public in the United Kingdom, or any particular members of that public,] from serious harm from the defendant.

(5) A sex offender order shall have effect for a period (not less than five years) specified in the order or until further order; and while such an order has effect, Part I of the M1 Sex Offenders Act 1997 shall have effect as if—

(a) the defendant were subject to the notification requirements of that Part; and
(b) in relation to the defendant, the relevant date (within the meaning of that Part) were the date of service of the order.
(6) Subject to subsection (7) below, the applicant [F23 , any other relevant chief officer of police] or the defendant may apply by complaint to [F24 the appropriate court for the sex offender order] to be varied or discharged by a further order.

[F25 (6A) In subsection (6) above— “the appropriate court” means— (a) the court which made the sex offender order; or (b) any magistrates’ court whose commission area includes any part of the police area of the applicant or of any other relevant chief officer of police; “relevant chief officer of police” means a chief officer of police who believes that the defendant is in, or is intending to come to, his police area.]

(7) Except with the consent of both parties [F26 and subject to subsection (7A) below] , no sex offender order shall be discharged before the end of the period of five years beginning with the date of service of the order.

[F27 (7A) Where any magistrates’ court makes a sex offender order in relation to a person who is already subject to such an order (whether made by that court or another) , the earlier order is discharged by the making of the subsequent one.]

(8) If without reasonable excuse a person does anything which he is prohibited from doing by a sex offender order, he [F28 is guilty of an offence and] liable—

(a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or
(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.
(9) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (8) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is so convicted to make an order under subsection (1) (b) (conditional discharge) of [F29 section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000] in respect of the offence.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F16 Words in s. 2(1) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(2)(a); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F17 Words in s. 2(1) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(2)(b); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F18 S. 2(2)(a) and preceding word substituted (2.12.2002) for words in s. 2(2) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(3)(a); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F19 S. 2(2)(a) and preceding word substituted (2.12.2002) for words in s. 2(2) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(3)(a); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F20 S. 2(2)(b) and preceding word inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(3)(b); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F21 S. 2(2)(b) and preceding word inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(3)(b); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F22 Words in s. 2(4) substituted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(4)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F23 Words in s. 2(6) inserted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(5)(a)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F24 Words in s. 2(6) substituted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(5)(b)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F25 S. 2(6A) inserted (2.12.2002 with application as mentioned in s. 67(10) of the amending Act) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(6)(10); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F26 Words in s. 2(7) inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(7); S.I. 2002/2750, art 2(a)(viii)

F27 S. 2(7A) inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(8); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F28 Words in s. 2(8) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 67(9); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

F29 Words in s. 2(9) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165, 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 193

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2 S. 2(9) modified (30.9.1998) by 1991 c. 53, Sch. 2 para. 8A(10) (as added (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 106, Sch. 7 para. 46(11); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(w)(with savings in arts. 5-8))

Marginal Citations

M1 1997 c.51.


[F30 2A Interim orders: sex offenders (E+W)

(1) This section applies where an application for a sex offender order (“the main application”) to a magistrates’ court has not been determined.

(2) The applicant may apply by complaint to the court for an interim order, pending the determination of the main application.

(3) The court may make an interim order prohibiting the defendant from doing anything described in the order if it considers that it is appropriate to do so.

(4) An interim order—

(a) shall have effect for the period specified in the order;
(b) shall (if still in force) cease to have effect on the determination of the main application.
(5) While an interim order is in force, Part 1 of the Sex Offenders Act 1997 (c. 51) shall have effect as if—

(a) the defendant were subject to the notification requirements of that Part; and
(b) in relation to him, the relevant date (within the meaning of that Part) were the date of service of the order.
(6) The applicant or the defendant may apply by complaint to the court which made the interim order for it to be varied or discharged by a further order.

(7) If without reasonable excuse a person does anything which he is prohibited from doing by an interim order, he is guilty of an offence.

(8) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (7) above shall be liable—

(a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or
(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.
(9) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (7) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is convicted to make an order under subsection (1) (b) (conditional discharge) of section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (c. 6) in respect of the offence.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F30 S. 2A inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 68(1); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)


[F31 2B Sex offender orders made in Scotland or Northern Ireland (E+W)

(1) If without reasonable excuse a person does anything in England and Wales which he is prohibited from doing there by—

(a) an order under section 20(4) below; or
(b) an order under Article 6 or 6A of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 (S.I. 1998/ 2839 (N.I. 20) ) ,
he is guilty of an offence.
(2) A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) above shall be liable—

(a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both; or
(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine, or to both.
(3) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) above, it shall not be open to the court by or before which he is convicted to make an order under subsection (1) (b) (conditional discharge) of section 12 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 in respect of the offence.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F31 S. 2B inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 69; S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)


3 Sex offender orders: supplemental. (E+W)

(1) In section 2 above and this section “sex offender” means a person who—

(a) has been convicted of a sexual offence to which Part I of the M2 Sex Offenders Act 1997 applies;
(b) has been found not guilty of such an offence by reason of insanity, or found to be under a disability and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence;
(c) has been cautioned by a constable, in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, in respect of such an offence which, at the time when the caution was given, he had admitted; or
(d) has been punished under the law in force in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom for an act which—
(i) constituted an offence under that law; and
(ii) would have constituted a sexual offence to which that Part applies if it had been done in any part of the United Kingdom.
(2) In subsection (1) of section 2 above “the relevant date”, in relation to a sex offender, means—

(a) the date or, as the case may be, the latest date on which he has been convicted, found, cautioned or punished as mentioned in subsection (1) above; or
(b) if later, the date of the commencement of that section.
(3) Subsections (2) and (3) of section 6 of the M3 Sex Offenders Act 1997 apply for the construction of references in subsections (1) and (2) above as they apply for the construction of references in Part I of that Act.

(4) In subsections (1) and (2) above, any reference to a person having been cautioned shall be construed as including a reference to his having been reprimanded or warned (under section 65 below) as a child or young person.

(5) An act punishable under the law in force in any country or territory outside the United Kingdom constitutes an offence under that law for the purposes of subsection (1) above, however it is described in that law.

(6) Subject to subsection (7) below, the condition in subsection (1) (d) (i) above shall be taken to be satisfied unless, not later than rules of court may provide, the defendant serves on the applicant a notice—

(a) stating that, on the facts as alleged with respect to the act in question, the condition is not in his opinion satisfied;
(b) showing his grounds for that opinion; and
(c) requiring the applicant to show that it is satisfied.
(7) The court, if it thinks fit, may permit the defendant to require the applicant to show that the condition is satisfied without the prior service of a notice under subsection (6) above.

Annotations:

Marginal Citations

M2 1997 c.51.

M3 1997 c.51.


4 Appeals against orders. (E+W)

(1) An appeal shall lie to the Crown Court against the making by a magistrates’ court of an anti-social behaviour order [F32 , an order under section 1D above,] [F33 , a sex offender order or an order under section 2A above] .

(2) On such an appeal the Crown Court—

(a) may make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to its determination of the appeal; and
(b) may also make such incidental or consequential orders as appear to it to be just.
(3) Any order of the Crown Court made on an appeal under this section (other than one directing that an application be re-heard by a magistrates’ court) shall, for the purposes of section 1(8) or 2(6) above, be treated as if it were an order of the magistrates’ court from which the appeal was brought and not an order of the Crown Court.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F32 Words in s. 4(1) inserted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 65(2); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(vii)

F33 Words in s. 4(1) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 68(2); S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(a)(viii)

Commencement Information

I1 S. 4 wholly in force at 1.4.1999; S. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 121; s. 4 in force so far as relating to a sex offender order by S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1); S. 4 in force at 1.4.1999 to the extent that it is not already in force by S.I. 1998/3263, art. 5


Crime and disorder strategies (E+W)