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TITLE XLVI

CRIMES

Last update: 2013-11-01


  • Definitions; General Penalties; Registration Of Criminals
  • Justifiable Use Of Force
  • Principal; Accessory; Attempt; Solicitation; Conspiracy
  • Homicide
  • Assault; Battery; Culpable Negligence
  • Kidnapping; False Imprisonment; Luring Or Enticing a Child; Custody Offenses
  • Weapons And Firearms
  • Sale Of Fireworks
  • Sexual Battery
  • Prostitution
  • Abortion
  • Adultery; Cohabitation
  • Lewdness; Indecent Exposure
  • Arson And Criminal Mischief
  • Burglary And Trespass
  • Theft, Robbery, And Related Crimes
  • Computer-Related Crimes
  • Fraudulent Practices
    • False Pretenses And Frauds, Generally (ss. 817.02-817.569)
    • Credit Card Crimes (ss. 817.57-817.685)
    • Credit Service Organizations (ss. 817.7001-817.706)
    • Credit Counseling Services (ss. 817.801-817.806)
  • Sale Of Mortgaged Personal Property; Similar Offenses
  • Public Nuisances
  • Abuse, Neglect, And Exploitation Of Elderly Persons And Disabled Adults
  • Bigamy; Incest
  • Abuse Of Children
  • Animals: Cruelty; Sales; Animal Enterprise Protection
  • Forgery And Counterfeiting
  • Violations Involving Checks And Drafts
  • Defamation; Libel; Threatening Letters And Similar Offenses
  • Perjury
  • Bribery; Misuse Of Public Office
  • Offenses By Public Officers And Employees
  • Obstructing Justice
  • Obscenity
  • Gambling
  • Drunkenness; Open House Parties; Loitering; Prowling; Desertion
  • Poisons; Adulterated Drugs
  • Offenses Concerning Aircraft, Motor Vehicles, Vessels, And Railroads
  • Offenses Related To Public Roads, Transport, And Waters
  • Violations Of Certain Commercial Restrictions
  • Affrays; Riots; Routs; Unlawful Assemblies
  • Disturbing Religious And Other Assemblies
  • Offenses Concerning Dead Bodies And Graves
  • Sale Of Anatomical Matter
  • Criminal Gang Enforcement And Prevention
  • Criminal Anarchy, Treason, And Other Crimes Against Public Order
  • Miscellaneous Crimes
  • Drug Abuse Prevention And Control
  • Offenses Concerning Racketeering And Illegal Debts
  • Offenses Related To Financial Transactions
  • Version 2013-11-01
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  • Version 2011-11-08
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  • Version 2011-04-19

Chapter 775

DEFINITIONS; GENERAL PENALTIES; REGISTRATION OF CRIMINALS

775.01 - Common law of England

The common law of England in relation to crimes, except so far as the same relates to the modes and degrees of punishment, shall be of full force in this state where there is no existing provision by statute on the subject.


History.- s. 1, Nov. 6, 1829; s. 1, Feb. 10, 1832; RS 2369; GS 3194; RGS 5024; CGL 7126.

775.011 - Short title; applicability to antecedent offenses

  • (1) This act shall be known and may be cited as the “Florida Criminal Code.”

  • (2) Except as provided in subsection (3), the code does not apply to offenses committed prior to October 1, 1975, and prosecutions for such offenses shall be governed by the prior law. For the purposes of this section, an offense was committed prior to October 1, 1975, if any of the material elements of the offense occurred prior thereto.

  • (3) In any case pending on or after October 1, 1975, involving an offense committed prior to such date, the provisions of the code involving any quasi-procedural matter shall govern, insofar as they are justly applicable, and the provisions of the code according a defense or mitigation or establishing a penalty shall apply only with the consent of the defendant.

History.- s. 1, ch. 74-383; s. 43, ch. 75-298; s. 484, ch. 81-259.

775.012 - General purposes

The general purposes of the provisions of the code are:
  • (1) To proscribe conduct that improperly causes or threatens substantial harm to individual or public interest.

  • (2) To give fair warning to the people of the state in understandable language of the nature of the conduct proscribed and of the sentences authorized upon conviction.

  • (3) To define clearly the material elements constituting an offense and the accompanying state of mind or criminal intent required for that offense.

  • (4) To differentiate on reasonable grounds between serious and minor offenses and to establish appropriate disposition for each.

  • (5) To safeguard conduct that is without fault or legitimate state interest from being condemned as criminal.

  • (6) To ensure the public safety by deterring the commission of offenses and providing for the opportunity for rehabilitation of those convicted and for their confinement when required in the interests of public protection.

History.- s. 2, ch. 74-383; s. 1, ch. 77-174.

775.02 - Punishment of common-law offenses

When there exists no such provision by statute, the court shall proceed to punish such offense by fine or imprisonment, but the fine shall not exceed $500, nor the imprisonment 12 months.


History.- s. 1, Nov. 6, 1829; RS 2370; GS 3195; RGS 5025; CGL 7127.

775.021 - Rules of construction

  • (1) The provisions of this code and offenses defined by other statutes shall be strictly construed; when the language is susceptible of differing constructions, it shall be construed most favorably to the accused.

  • (2) The provisions of this chapter are applicable to offenses defined by other statutes, unless the code otherwise provides.

  • (3) This section does not affect the power of a court to punish for contempt or to employ any sanction authorized by law for the enforcement of an order or a civil judgment or decree.

  • (4)(a) Whoever, in the course of one criminal transaction or episode, commits an act or acts which constitute one or more separate criminal offenses, upon conviction and adjudication of guilt, shall be sentenced separately for each criminal offense; and the sentencing judge may order the sentences to be served concurrently or consecutively. For the purposes of this subsection, offenses are separate if each offense requires proof of an element that the other does not, without regard to the accusatory pleading or the proof adduced at trial.

    • (b) The intent of the Legislature is to convict and sentence for each criminal offense committed in the course of one criminal episode or transaction and not to allow the principle of lenity as set forth in subsection (1) to determine legislative intent. Exceptions to this rule of construction are:

      • 1. Offenses which require identical elements of proof.

      • 2. Offenses which are degrees of the same offense as provided by statute.

      • 3. Offenses which are lesser offenses the statutory elements of which are subsumed by the greater offense.

History.- s. 3, ch. 74-383; s. 1, ch. 76-66; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 83-156; s. 7, ch. 88-131.

775.027 - Insanity defense

  • (1) AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE.- All persons are presumed to be sane. It is an affirmative defense to a criminal prosecution that, at the time of the commission of the acts constituting the offense, the defendant was insane. Insanity is established when:

    • (a) The defendant had a mental infirmity, disease, or defect; and

    • (b) Because of this condition, the defendant:

      • 1. Did not know what he or she was doing or its consequences; or

      • 2. Although the defendant knew what he or she was doing and its consequences, the defendant did not know that what he or she was doing was wrong.

      Mental infirmity, disease, or defect does not constitute a defense of insanity except as provided in this subsection.

  • (2) BURDEN OF PROOF.- The defendant has the burden of proving the defense of insanity by clear and convincing evidence.

History.- s. 1, ch. 2000-315.

775.03 - Benefit of clergy

The doctrine of benefit of clergy shall have no operation in this state.


History.- s. 75, Feb. 10, 1832; RS 2371; GS 3196; RGS 5026; CGL 7128.

775.04 - What penal acts or omissions not public offenses

Acts or omissions to which a pecuniary penalty is attached, recoverable by action by a person for his or her own use or for the use, in whole or in part, of the state or of a county or a public body, or of a corporation, are not public offenses within the meaning of these statutes.


History.- RS 2349; GS 3173; RGS 5002; CGL 7101; s. 1184, ch. 97-102.

775.051 - Voluntary intoxication; not a defense; evidence not admissible for certain purposes; exception

Voluntary intoxication resulting from the consumption, injection, or other use of alcohol or other controlled substance as described in chapter 893 is not a defense to any offense proscribed by law. Evidence of a defendant’s voluntary intoxication is not admissible to show that the defendant lacked the specific intent to commit an offense and is not admissible to show that the defendant was insane at the time of the offense, except when the consumption, injection, or use of a controlled substance under chapter 893 was pursuant to a lawful prescription issued to the defendant by a practitioner as defined in s. 893.02.


History.- s. 1, ch. 99-174.

775.08 - Classes and definitions of offenses

When used in the laws of this state:
  • (1) The term “felony” shall mean any criminal offense that is punishable under the laws of this state, or that would be punishable if committed in this state, by death or imprisonment in a state penitentiary. “State penitentiary” shall include state correctional facilities. A person shall be imprisoned in the state penitentiary for each sentence which, except an extended term, exceeds 1 year.

  • (2) The term “misdemeanor” shall mean any criminal offense that is punishable under the laws of this state, or that would be punishable if committed in this state, by a term of imprisonment in a county correctional facility, except an extended term, not in excess of 1 year. The term “misdemeanor” shall not mean a conviction for any noncriminal traffic violation of any provision of chapter 316 or any municipal or county ordinance.

  • (3) The term “noncriminal violation” shall mean any offense that is punishable under the laws of this state, or that would be punishable if committed in this state, by no other penalty than a fine, forfeiture, or other civil penalty. A noncriminal violation does not constitute a crime, and conviction for a noncriminal violation shall not give rise to any legal disability based on a criminal offense. The term “noncriminal violation” shall not mean any conviction for any violation of any municipal or county ordinance. Nothing contained in this code shall repeal or change the penalty for a violation of any municipal or county ordinance.

  • (4) The term “crime” shall mean a felony or misdemeanor.

History.- s. 1(11), ch. 1637, 1868; RS 2352; GS 3176; RGS 5006; CGL 7105; s. 1, ch. 71-136; s. 4, ch. 74-383; s. 1, ch. 75-298; s. 1, ch. 88-196.

775.081 - Classifications of felonies and misdemeanors

  • (1) Felonies are classified, for the purpose of sentence and for any other purpose specifically provided by statute, into the following categories:

    • (a) Capital felony;

    • (b) Life felony;

    • (c) Felony of the first degree;

    • (d) Felony of the second degree; and

    • (e) Felony of the third degree.

    A capital felony and a life felony must be so designated by statute. Other felonies are of the particular degree designated by statute. Any crime declared by statute to be a felony without specification of degree is of the third degree, except that this provision shall not affect felonies punishable by life imprisonment for the first offense.

  • (2) Misdemeanors are classified, for the purpose of sentence and for any other purpose specifically provided by statute, into the following categories:

    • (a) Misdemeanor of the first degree; and

    • (b) Misdemeanor of the second degree.

    A misdemeanor is of the particular degree designated by statute. Any crime declared by statute to be a misdemeanor without specification of degree is of the second degree.

  • (3) This section is supplemental to, and is not to be construed to alter, the law of this state establishing and governing criminal offenses that are divided into degrees by virtue of distinctive elements comprising such offenses, regardless of whether such law is established by constitutional provision, statute, court rule, or court decision.

History.- s. 2, ch. 71-136; s. 1, ch. 72-724.

775.082 - Penalties; applicability of sentencing structures; mandatory minimum sentences for certain reoffenders previously released from prison

  • (1) A person who has been convicted of a capital felony shall be punished by death if the proceeding held to determine sentence according to the procedure set forth in s. 921.141 results in findings by the court that such person shall be punished by death, otherwise such person shall be punished by life imprisonment and shall be ineligible for parole.

  • (2) In the event the death penalty in a capital felony is held to be unconstitutional by the Florida Supreme Court or the United States Supreme Court, the court having jurisdiction over a person previously sentenced to death for a capital felony shall cause such person to be brought before the court, and the court shall sentence such person to life imprisonment as provided in subsection (1). No sentence of death shall be reduced as a result of a determination that a method of execution is held to be unconstitutional under the State Constitution or the Constitution of the United States.

  • (3) A person who has been convicted of any other designated felony may be punished as follows:

    • (a)1. For a life felony committed prior to October 1, 1983, by a term of imprisonment for life or for a term of years not less than 30.

      • 2. For a life felony committed on or after October 1, 1983, by a term of imprisonment for life or by a term of imprisonment not exceeding 40 years.

      • 3. Except as provided in subparagraph 4., for a life felony committed on or after July 1, 1995, by a term of imprisonment for life or by imprisonment for a term of years not exceeding life imprisonment.


      • 4.a. Except as provided in sub-subparagraph b., for a life felony committed on or after September 1, 2005, which is a violation of s. 800.04(5)(b), by:

          • (I) A term of imprisonment for life; or

          • (II) A split sentence that is a term of not less than 25 years’ imprisonment and not exceeding life imprisonment, followed by probation or community control for the remainder of the person’s natural life, as provided in s. 948.012(4).

        • b. For a life felony committed on or after July 1, 2008, which is a person’s second or subsequent violation of s. 800.04(5)(b), by a term of imprisonment for life.

    • (b) For a felony of the first degree, by a term of imprisonment not exceeding 30 years or, when specifically provided by statute, by imprisonment for a term of years not exceeding life imprisonment.

    • (c) For a felony of the second degree, by a term of imprisonment not exceeding 15 years.

    • (d) For a felony of the third degree, by a term of imprisonment not exceeding 5 years.

  • (4) A person who has been convicted of a designated misdemeanor may be sentenced as follows:

    • (a) For a misdemeanor of the first degree, by a definite term of imprisonment not exceeding 1 year;

    • (b) For a misdemeanor of the second degree, by a definite term of imprisonment not exceeding 60 days.

  • (5) Any person who has been convicted of a noncriminal violation may not be sentenced to a term of imprisonment nor to any other punishment more severe than a fine, forfeiture, or other civil penalty, except as provided in chapter 316 or by ordinance of any city or county.

  • (6) Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter the operation of any statute of this state authorizing a trial court, in its discretion, to impose a sentence of imprisonment for an indeterminate period within minimum and maximum limits as provided by law, except as provided in subsection (1).

  • (7) This section does not deprive the court of any authority conferred by law to decree a forfeiture of property, suspend or cancel a license, remove a person from office, or impose any other civil penalty. Such a judgment or order may be included in the sentence.

  • (8)(a) The sentencing guidelines that were effective October 1, 1983, and any revisions thereto, apply to all felonies, except capital felonies, committed on or after October 1, 1983, and before January 1, 1994, and to all felonies, except capital felonies and life felonies, committed before October 1, 1983, when the defendant affirmatively selects to be sentenced pursuant to such provisions.

    • (b) The 1994 sentencing guidelines, that were effective January 1, 1994, and any revisions thereto, apply to all felonies, except capital felonies, committed on or after January 1, 1994, and before October 1, 1995.

    • (c) The 1995 sentencing guidelines that were effective October 1, 1995, and any revisions thereto, apply to all felonies, except capital felonies, committed on or after October 1, 1995, and before October 1, 1998.

    • (d) The Criminal Punishment Code applies to all felonies, except capital felonies, committed on or after October 1, 1998. Any revision to the Criminal Punishment Code applies to sentencing for all felonies, except capital felonies, committed on or after the effective date of the revision.

    • (e) Felonies, except capital felonies, with continuing dates of enterprise shall be sentenced under the sentencing guidelines or the Criminal Punishment Code in effect on the beginning date of the criminal activity.



      • (9)(a)1. “Prison releasee reoffender” means any defendant who commits, or attempts to commit:

        • a. Treason;

        • b. Murder;

        • c. Manslaughter;

        • d. Sexual battery;

        • e. Carjacking;

        • f. Home-invasion robbery;

        • g. Robbery;

        • h. Arson;

        • i. Kidnapping;

        • j. Aggravated assault with a deadly weapon;

        • k. Aggravated battery;

        • l. Aggravated stalking;

        • m. Aircraft piracy;

        • n. Unlawful throwing, placing, or discharging of a destructive device or bomb;

        • o. Any felony that involves the use or threat of physical force or violence against an individual;

        • p. Armed burglary;

        • q. Burglary of a dwelling or burglary of an occupied structure; or

        • r. Any felony violation of s. 790.07, s. 800.04, s. 827.03, s. 827.071, or s. 847.0135(5);

        within 3 years after being released from a state correctional facility operated by the Department of Corrections or a private vendor or within 3 years after being released from a correctional institution of another state, the District of Columbia, the United States, any possession or territory of the United States, or any foreign jurisdiction, following incarceration for an offense for which the sentence is punishable by more than 1 year in this state.

      • 2. “Prison releasee reoffender” also means any defendant who commits or attempts to commit any offense listed in sub-subparagraphs (a)1.a.-r. while the defendant was serving a prison sentence or on escape status from a state correctional facility operated by the Department of Corrections or a private vendor or while the defendant was on escape status from a correctional institution of another state, the District of Columbia, the United States, any possession or territory of the United States, or any foreign jurisdiction, following incarceration for an offense for which the sentence is punishable by more than 1 year in this state.

      • 3. If the state attorney determines that a defendant is a prison releasee reoffender as defined in subparagraph 1., the state attorney may seek to have the court sentence the defendant as a prison releasee reoffender. Upon proof from the state attorney that establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that a defendant is a prison releasee reoffender as defined in this section, such defendant is not eligible for sentencing under the sentencing guidelines and must be sentenced as follows:

        • a. For a felony punishable by life, by a term of imprisonment for life;

        • b. For a felony of the first degree, by a term of imprisonment of 30 years;

        • c. For a felony of the second degree, by a term of imprisonment of 15 years; and

        • d. For a felony of the third degree, by a term of imprisonment of 5 years.

    • (b) A person sentenced under paragraph (a) shall be released only by expiration of sentence and shall not be eligible for parole, control release, or any form of early release. Any person sentenced under paragraph (a) must serve 100 percent of the court-imposed sentence.

    • (c) Nothing in this subsection shall prevent a court from imposing a greater sentence of incarceration as authorized by law, pursuant to s. 775.084 or any other provision of law.


    • (d)1. It is the intent of the Legislature that offenders previously released from prison who meet the criteria in paragraph (a) be punished to the fullest extent of the law and as provided in this subsection, unless the state attorney determines that extenuating circumstances exist which preclude the just prosecution of the offender, including whether the victim recommends that the offender not be sentenced as provided in this subsection.

      • 2. For every case in which the offender meets the criteria in paragraph (a) and does not receive the mandatory minimum prison sentence, the state attorney must explain the sentencing deviation in writing and place such explanation in the case file maintained by the state attorney.

  • (10) If a defendant is sentenced for an offense committed on or after July 1, 2009, which is a third degree felony but not a forcible felony as defined in s. 776.08, and excluding any third degree felony violation under chapter 810, and if the total sentence points pursuant to s. 921.0024 are 22 points or fewer, the court must sentence the offender to a nonstate prison sanction. However, if the court makes written findings that a nonstate prison sanction could present a danger to the public, the court may sentence the offender to a state correctional facility pursuant to this section.

  • (11) The purpose of this section is to provide uniform punishment for those crimes made punishable under this section and, to this end, a reference to this section constitutes a general reference under the doctrine of incorporation by reference.

History.- s. 3, ch. 71-136; ss. 1, 2, ch. 72-118; s. 2, ch. 72-724; s. 5, ch. 74-383; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 83-87; s. 1, ch. 94-228; s. 16, ch. 95-184; s. 4, ch. 95-294; s. 2, ch. 97-239; s. 2, ch. 98-3; s. 10, ch. 98-204; s. 2, ch. 99-188; s. 3, ch. 2000-246; s. 1, ch. 2001-239; s. 2, ch. 2002-70; ss. 1, 2, ch. 2002-211; s. 4, ch. 2005-28; s. 13, ch. 2008-172; s. 1, ch. 2008-182; s. 1, ch. 2009-63; s. 2, ch. 2011-200.

775.0823 - Violent offenses committed against law enforcement officers, correctional officers, state attorneys, assistant state attorneys, justices, or judges

The Legislature does hereby provide for an increase and certainty of penalty for any person convicted of a violent offense against any law enforcement or correctional officer, as defined in s. 943.10(1), (2), (3), (6), (7), (8), or (9); against any state attorney elected pursuant to s. 27.01 or assistant state attorney appointed under s. 27.181; or against any justice or judge of a court described in Art. V of the State Constitution, which offense arises out of or in the scope of the officer’s duty as a law enforcement or correctional officer, the state attorney’s or assistant state attorney’s duty as a prosecutor or investigator, or the justice’s or judge’s duty as a judicial officer, as follows:
  • (1) For murder in the first degree as described in s. 782.04(1), if the death sentence is not imposed, a sentence of imprisonment for life without eligibility for release.

  • (2) For attempted murder in the first degree as described in s. 782.04(1), a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (3) For attempted felony murder as described in s. 782.051, a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (4) For murder in the second degree as described in s. 782.04(2) and (3), a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (5) For attempted murder in the second degree as described in s. 782.04(2) and (3), a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (6) For murder in the third degree as described in s. 782.04(4), a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (7) For attempted murder in the third degree as described in s. 782.04(4), a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (8) For manslaughter as described in s. 782.07 during the commission of a crime, a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (9) For kidnapping as described in s. 787.01, a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (10) For aggravated battery as described in s. 784.045, a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

  • (11) For aggravated assault as described in s. 784.021, a sentence pursuant to s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.

Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 948.01, with respect to any person who is found to have violated this section, adjudication of guilt or imposition of sentence shall not be suspended, deferred, or withheld.


History.- s. 3, ch. 89-100; s. 1, ch. 90-77; s. 16, ch. 93-406; s. 17, ch. 95-184; s. 11, ch. 97-194; s. 5, ch. 98-417; s. 3, ch. 2001-236; s. 1, ch. 2007-212; s. 2, ch. 2010-121; s. 5, ch. 2012-21.

775.083 - Fines

  • (1) A person who has been convicted of an offense other than a capital felony may be sentenced to pay a fine in addition to any punishment described in s. 775.082; when specifically authorized by statute, he or she may be sentenced to pay a fine in lieu of any punishment described in s. 775.082. A person who has been convicted of a noncriminal violation may be sentenced to pay a fine. Fines for designated crimes and for noncriminal violations shall not exceed:

    • (a) $15,000, when the conviction is of a life felony.

    • (b) $10,000, when the conviction is of a felony of the first or second degree.

    • (c) $5,000, when the conviction is of a felony of the third degree.

    • (d) $1,000, when the conviction is of a misdemeanor of the first degree.

    • (e) $500, when the conviction is of a misdemeanor of the second degree or a noncriminal violation.

    • (f) Any higher amount equal to double the pecuniary gain derived from the offense by the offender or double the pecuniary loss suffered by the victim.

    • (g) Any higher amount specifically authorized by statute.

    Fines imposed in this subsection shall be deposited by the clerk of the court in the fine and forfeiture fund established pursuant to s. 142.01, except that the clerk shall remit fines imposed when adjudication is withheld to the Department of Revenue for deposit in the General Revenue Fund. If a defendant is unable to pay a fine, the court may defer payment of the fine to a date certain. As used in this subsection, the term “convicted” or “conviction” means a determination of guilt which is the result of a trial or the entry of a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, regardless of whether adjudication is withheld.

  • (2) In addition to the fines set forth in subsection (1), court costs shall be assessed and collected in each instance a defendant pleads nolo contendere to, or is convicted of, or adjudicated delinquent for, a felony, a misdemeanor, or a criminal traffic offense under state law, or a violation of any municipal or county ordinance if the violation constitutes a misdemeanor under state law. The court costs imposed by this section shall be $50 for a felony and $20 for any other offense and shall be deposited by the clerk of the court into an appropriate county account for disbursement for the purposes provided in this subsection. A county shall account for the funds separately from other county funds as crime prevention funds. The county, in consultation with the sheriff, must expend such funds for crime prevention programs in the county, including safe neighborhood programs under ss. 163.501-163.523.

  • (3) The purpose of this section is to provide uniform penalty authorization for criminal offenses and, to this end, a reference to this section constitutes a general reference under the doctrine of incorporation by reference.

History.- s. 4, ch. 71-136; s. 6, ch. 74-383; s. 1, ch. 77-97; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 96-408; s. 1810, ch. 97-102; s. 117, ch. 2003-402; s. 5, ch. 2009-6; s. 29, ch. 2010-162.