14.01 - Governor; residence; office; authority to protect life, liberty, and property
The Governor shall reside at the head of government, and the Governor’s office shall be in the capitol. The Governor may have such other offices within the state as he or she may deem necessary. The Governor may employ as many persons as he or she, in his or her discretion, may deem necessary to procure and secure protection to life, liberty, and property of the inhabitants of the state, also to protect the property of the state.
History.- ch. 1660, 1868; RS 68; GS 69; RGS 83; CGL 104; s. 1, ch. 65-54; s. 32, ch. 95-147.
14.02 - Governor may preserve peace and order by military force
The Governor may, in cases of insurrection or rebellion, violence, disorder or insecurity of life, liberty and property, support and preserve the public peace and order by the military force of the state.
History.- s. 1, ch. 1745, 1870; RS 69; GS 70; RGS 84; CGL 105.
14.021 - Governor; promulgation and enforcement of emergency rules and regulations
History.- ss. 1-4, 6, ch. 31389, 1956; s. 1, ch. 61-239; s. 1, ch. 65-95; ss. 10, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 18, ch. 78-95; s. 33, ch. 95-147.
- (1) The Governor of Florida is hereby authorized and empowered to promulgate and enforce such emergency rules and regulations as are necessary to prevent, control, or quell violence, threatened or actual, during any emergency lawfully declared by the Governor to exist. In order to protect the public welfare, persons and property of citizens against violence, public property damage, overt threats of violence, and to maintain peace, tranquillity, and good order in the state, these rules and regulations may control public parks, public buildings, or any other public facility in Florida and shall regulate the manner of use, the time of use, and persons using the facility during any emergency. These rules and regulations shall have the same force and effect as law during any emergency and shall affect such persons, public buildings, and public facilities as in the judgment of the Governor shall best provide a safeguard for protection of persons and property where danger, violence, and threats exist or are threatened among the citizens of Florida.
- (2) Whenever the Governor shall promulgate emergency rules and regulations, such rules and regulations shall be published and posted during the emergency in the area affected, in addition to any other notice required by law.
- (3) The Governor shall have emergency power to call upon the military forces of the state or any other law enforcement agency, state or county, to enforce the rules and regulations authorized by this law.
- (4) The powers herein granted are supplemental to and in aid of powers now vested in the Governor of this state under the constitution, statutory laws, and police powers of said state.
- (5) The provisions of this section shall continue in full force and effect until otherwise amended.
14.022 - Governor; emergency powers to quell violence
History.- ss. 1-6, ch. 31390, 1956; s. 2, ch. 61-239; s. 2, ch. 65-95; ss. 10, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 18, ch. 78-95; s. 2, ch. 91-95; s. 34, ch. 95-147.
- (1) The Governor of Florida is hereby authorized and empowered to take such measures and to do all and every act and thing which she or he may deem necessary in order to prevent overt threats of violence or violence, to the person or property of citizens of the state and to maintain peace, tranquillity, and good order in the state, and in any political subdivision thereof, and in any area of the state designated by the Governor.
- (2) The Governor when, in her or his opinion, the facts warrant, shall, by proclamation, declare that, because of unlawful assemblage, violence, overt threats of violence, or otherwise, a danger exists to the person or property of any citizen or citizens of the state and that the peace and tranquillity of the state, or any political subdivision thereof, or any area of the state designated by the Governor, is threatened, and because thereof an emergency, with reference to said threats and danger, exists. In all such cases when the Governor shall issue a proclamation as herein provided she or he shall be and is hereby further authorized and empowered, to cope with said threats and danger, to order and direct any individual person, corporation, association, or group of persons to do any act which would in the Governor’s opinion prevent danger to life, limb, or property, prevent a breach of the peace or the Governor may order such individual person, corporation, association, or group of persons to refrain from doing any act or thing which would, in the Governor’s opinion, endanger life, limb, or property, or cause, or tend to cause, a breach of the peace, or endanger the peace and good order of society, and shall have full power by appropriate means to enforce such order or proclamation.
- (3) The Governor, upon the issuance of a proclamation as provided for in subsection (2), is hereby authorized and empowered to take and exercise any, either, or all of the following actions, powers, and prerogatives:
- (a) Call out the military forces of the state (state militia) and order and direct said forces to take such action as in the Governor’s judgment may be necessary to avert the threatened danger and to maintain peace and good order in the particular circumstances.
- (b) Order any sheriff or sheriffs of this state, pursuant to a proclamation as herein provided, to exercise fully the powers granted them, and each of them, under s. 30.15(1)(f) (suppress tumults, riots, and unlawful assemblies in their counties with force and strong hand when necessary) and to do all things necessary to maintain peace and good order.
- (c) Order and direct the State Highway Patrol, and each and every officer thereof, to do and perform such acts and services as the Governor may direct and in the Governor’s judgment are necessary in the circumstances to maintain peace and good order.
- (d) Authorize, order or direct any state, county, or city official to enforce the provisions of such proclamation in each and every and all of the courts in the state by injunction, mandamus, or other appropriate legal action.
- (4) The Governor is hereby authorized and empowered to intervene in any situation where there exists violence, overt threats of violence to persons or property and take complete control thereof to prevent violence, or to quell violence or any disturbance or disorder which threatens the peace and good order of society.
- (5) The powers herein granted are supplemental to and in aid of powers now vested in the Governor under the constitution, statutory laws and police powers of said state.
- (6) The provisions of this section shall continue in full force and effect until otherwise amended.
14.03 - Governor’s private secretary
The Governor of this state may appoint and commission a fit and proper person to hold office during the pleasure of the Governor, as private secretary of the Governor, and as clerk for the executive department, and who shall attend daily, during office hours, at the capitol, and perform such duties in the office of the Governor as she or he may be directed by the Governor to perform.
History.- s. 3, ch. 3, 1845; RS 71; GS 72; RGS 86; CGL 107; s. 35, ch. 95-147.
14.055 - Succession to office of Governor
Upon vacancy in the office of Governor, the Lieutenant Governor shall become Governor. Upon vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor, the Governor shall appoint a successor who shall serve for the remainder of the term, provided that if after the appointment a vacancy occurs in the office of Governor with more than 28 months remaining in the term, at the next statewide general election the electors shall choose a Governor and Lieutenant Governor to fill the remainder of the term in the manner provided in s. 5, Art. IV of the State Constitution. Upon vacancy in the office of Governor and in the office of Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General shall become Governor; if the office of Attorney General is vacant, the Chief Financial Officer shall become Governor; or if the office of Chief Financial Officer is vacant, the Commissioner of Agriculture shall become Governor. Except as otherwise provided in this section with respect to an appointed successor to the office of Lieutenant Governor, a successor under this section shall serve for the remainder of the term and shall receive all the rights, privileges, and emoluments of the Governor. In case a vacancy occurs in the office of Governor and provision is not made in this section for filling the vacancy, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate shall convene the Legislature by joint proclamation within 15 days for the purpose of choosing a person to serve as Governor for the remainder of the term. A successor shall be elected by a majority vote in a joint session of both houses.
History.- s. 1, ch. 70-171; s. 1, ch. 2003-171; s. 1, ch. 2006-53.
14.056 - Succession as Acting Governor
Upon impeachment of the Governor and until completion of trial thereof, or during the Governor’s physical or mental incapacity, the Lieutenant Governor shall become Acting Governor. Upon impeachment or physical or mental incapacity of an Acting Governor, or upon vacancy in the office of the person serving as Acting Governor, the powers and duties of Acting Governor shall devolve upon the same officer as in the case of vacancy in the office of Governor. A successor shall serve until the disability of either the Lieutenant Governor or Governor ceases. Incapacity and restoration of capacity to serve as Acting Governor shall be determined in the same manner as in making such determinations for Governor. In any case in which succession as Acting Governor is not provided herein, the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate shall convene the Legislature by joint proclamation within 15 days for the purpose of choosing a person to serve as Acting Governor. Such person shall be elected by a majority vote in a joint session of both houses.
History.- s. 2, ch. 70-171; s. 36, ch. 95-147.
14.057 - Governor-elect; establishment of operating fund
History.- ss. 1, 2, 3, ch. 70-1006; s. 59, ch. 79-190; s. 137, ch. 92-279; s. 55, ch. 92-326; s. 37, ch. 95-147; s. 7, ch. 2003-261.
- (1) There is established an operating fund for the use of the Governor-elect during the period dating from the certification of his or her election by the Elections Canvassing Commission to his or her inauguration as Governor. The Governor-elect during this period may allocate the fund to travel, expenses, his or her salary, and the salaries of the Governor-elect’s staff as he or she determines. Such staff may include, but not be limited to, a chief administrative assistant, a legal adviser, a fiscal expert, and a public relations and information adviser. The salary of the Governor-elect and each member of the Governor-elect’s staff during this period shall be determined by the Governor-elect, except that the total expenditures chargeable to the state under this section, including salaries, shall not exceed the amount appropriated to the operating fund. The Executive Office of the Governor shall supply to the Governor-elect suitable forms to provide for the expenditure of the fund and suitable forms to provide for the reporting of all expenditures therefrom. The Chief Financial Officer shall release moneys from this fund upon the request of the Governor-elect properly filed.
- (2) The Department of Management Services shall provide for the Governor-elect, the Governor-elect’s staff, and the inauguration staff temporary office facilities in the capitol center for the period extending from the day of the certification of the Governor-elect’s election by the Elections Canvassing Commission to the day of his or her inauguration.
- (3) In the event an incumbent Governor is reelected for a second consecutive term the moneys appropriated hereby to the operating fund for the Governor-elect shall revert to the general revenue fund. An incumbent Governor reelected for a second consecutive term shall not be considered a Governor-elect for the purposes of expending the operating fund established in subsection (1).
14.058 - Inauguration expense fund
There is established an inauguration expense fund for the use of the Governor-elect in planning and conducting the inauguration ceremonies. The Governor-elect shall appoint an inauguration coordinator and such staff as necessary to plan and conduct the inauguration. Salaries for the inauguration coordinator and the inauguration coordinator’s staff shall be determined by the Governor-elect and shall be paid from the inauguration expense fund. The Executive Office of the Governor shall supply to the inauguration coordinator suitable forms to provide for the expenditure of the fund and suitable forms to provide for the reporting of all expenditures therefrom. The Chief Financial Officer shall release moneys from this fund upon the request of the inauguration coordinator properly filed.
History.- s. 4, ch. 70-1006; s. 60, ch. 79-190; s. 38, ch. 95-147; s. 8, ch. 2003-261.
14.06 - Governor authorized to employ clerical assistance for departments of state
The Governor of the state may employ clerical aid to work in any department of the state under the supervision and direction of the head of such department whenever in the judgment of the Governor such additional help is necessary for the proper conduct of the business and affairs of such department, and when the same has become necessary by reason of the increase in the business of such department and was not foreseen and adequately provided for in the general appropriations bill. The Governor is further authorized to employ such persons as may be required from time to time to make such investigations as may, in the judgment of the Governor, be necessary or expedient to efficiently conduct the affairs of the state government, especially to make investigation and report of matters concerning taxation and finance throughout the state.
History.- s. 1, ch. 11369, 1925; CGL 109.
14.2001 - Votes by Governor and Cabinet
Unless otherwise provided by law, in the event of a tie vote of the Governor and Cabinet acting in any capacity, the side on which the Governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. For purposes of any vote of the Governor and Cabinet acting in any capacity, action taken pursuant to that side of a tie vote on which the Governor voted satisfies the requirement that action be taken by a “majority” vote or a “simple majority” vote.
History.- s. 2, ch. 2003-6.
14.201 - Executive Office of the Governor
There is created the Executive Office of the Governor. The head of the Executive Office of the Governor is the Governor.
History.- s. 1, ch. 79-190.
14.2016 - Division of Emergency Management
The Division of Emergency Management is established within the Executive Office of the Governor. The division shall be a separate budget entity, as provided in the General Appropriations Act and shall prepare and submit a budget request in accordance with chapter 216. The division shall be responsible for all professional, technical, and administrative support functions necessary to carry out its responsibilities under part I of chapter 252. The director of the division shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor and shall be the head of the division for all purposes. The division shall administer programs to rapidly apply all available aid to communities stricken by an emergency as defined in s. 252.34 and, for this purpose, shall provide liaison with federal agencies and other public and private agencies.
History.- s. 11, ch. 2011-142.
14.2019 - Statewide Office for Suicide Prevention
History.- s. 1, ch. 2007-46; s. 1, ch. 2011-51.
- (1) The Statewide Office for Suicide Prevention is created within the Department of Children and Family Services.
- (2) The statewide office shall, within available resources:
- (a) Develop a network of community-based programs to improve suicide prevention initiatives. The network shall identify and work to eliminate barriers to providing suicide prevention services to individuals who are at risk of suicide. The network shall consist of stakeholders advocating suicide prevention, including, but not limited to, not-for-profit suicide prevention organizations, faith-based suicide prevention organizations, law enforcement agencies, first responders to emergency calls, suicide prevention community coalitions, schools and universities, mental health agencies, substance abuse treatment agencies, health care providers, and school personnel.
- (b) Prepare and implement the statewide plan with the advice of the Suicide Prevention Coordinating Council.
- (c) Increase public awareness concerning topics relating to suicide prevention.
- (d) Coordinate education and training curricula in suicide prevention efforts for law enforcement personnel, first responders to emergency calls, health care providers, school employees, and other persons who may have contact with persons at risk of suicide.
- (3) The Statewide Office for Suicide Prevention may seek and accept grants or funds from any federal, state, or local source to support the operation and defray the authorized expenses of the office and the Suicide Prevention Coordinating Council. Revenues from grants shall be deposited in the Grants and Donations Trust Fund within the Department of Children and Family Services. In accordance with s. 216.181(11), the Executive Office of the Governor may request changes to the approved operating budget to allow the expenditure of any additional grant funds collected pursuant to this subsection.
- (4) Agencies under the control of the Governor or the Governor and Cabinet are directed, and all others are encouraged, to provide information and support to the Statewide Office for Suicide Prevention as requested.