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UK Public General Acts

Version 27/11/2003

1987 CHAPTER 26

Default Geographical Extent: S

    • Duties and powers of local authorities
    • Acquisition and disposal of land
    • Management and allocation of local authority’s houses
    • Standards and performance in housing management]
    • Housing co-operatives
    • Powers of Scottish Special Housing Association
    • Main definitions
    • Duties of local authorities with respect to homelessness and threatened homelessness
    • Administrative provisions
    • Assistance for voluntary organisations
    • Supplementary provisions
    • Security of tenure
    • Succession
    • Leases
    • Subletting
    • Repairs and improvements
    • Right to buy
    • Procedure
    • Houses provided for special purposes
    • Houses liable to demolition
    • Lands Tribunal
    • Recoverability of discount
    • Rent to loan scheme]
    • Powers of Secretary of State
    • Preservation of right to buy on disposal to private sector landlord]
    • Consultation before disposal to private sector landlord]
    • General
    • The tolerable standard
    • Improvement order
    • Housing action areas
    • Powers of Secretary of State
    • Powers of local authority
    • Landlords and tenants in housing action areas
    • Miscellaneous
    • Repair notices
    • Appeals etc.
    • Landlord and tenant
    • Powers of local authority
    • Offences
    • Powers of local authority following demolition order
    • Demolition of obstructive buildings
    • Possession
    • Appeals and date of operation of certain notices, etc.
    • Charging orders
    • Supplementary
    • Saving
    • Definition of overcrowding
    • Powers of Secretary of State
    • Responsibility of occupier
    • Powers and duties of landlord
    • Powers and duties of local authority
    • Registration schemes
    • Management code
    • Powers of local authority to require works to be done
    • Overcrowding
    • Supplementary
    • Control orders
    • Appeals
    • Expiration and revocation of control order, etc
    • Housing support grants to local authorities
    • Grants to the Scottish Special Housing Association and other bodies
    • Payment of grants
    • Payment of subsidies
    • Secretary of State’s power to vary Exchequer contributions
    • House loans: general
    • House loans: special cases
    • Rates of interest on home loans
    • Assistance for first-time buyers
    • Other assistance
    • Contributions to assistance for elderly, etc.
    • Improvement grants
    • Repairs grants.
    • Grants for fire escapes
    • Grants for houses in housing action areas
    • Improvement of energy efficiency and safety
    • Improvement of amenity grants
    • Grants for thermal insulation
    • Agricultural tenants, etc.
    • Eligibility for assistance
    • Determination of entitlement
    • Assistance by way of reinstatement grant
    • Assistance by way of repurchase
    • Effect of repurchase on occupier
    • Local schemes
    • Miscellaneous
    • Supplementary provisions
    • Payments for well-maintained houses.
    • Repayment of certain payments
    • Payments for houses not meeting tolerable standard
    • Payments to other local authorities
    • Byelaws
    • Entry
    • Offences
    • Powers of sheriff for housing purposes
    • Service
    • Landlord’s identity
    • Powers of Secretary of State
    • Miscellaneous

Introductory Text

Housing (Scotland) Act 1987

1987 CHAPTER 26

An Act to consolidate with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the Scottish Law Commission, certain enactments relating to housing in Scotland.

15th May 1987]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—


Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1 Act (right to buy provisions) modified (13.3.1992) by S.I. 1992/325, regs.3, 5, 7, Sch. 1.

Act (right to buy provisions) excluded (27.9.1993) by S.I. 1993/2164, reg. 5.

Act (right to buy provisions) extended (27.9.1993) by S.I. 1993/2164, reg. 7.

C2 A table showing the derivation of the provisions of this consolidation Bill will be found at the end of the Bill. The table has no official status.

C3 Act: definition of "local authority" applied (30.11.1991) by Coal Mining Subsidence Act 1991 (c. 45, SIF 86), ss. 14(1)(b), 23(1), Sch. 5 para.1; S.I. 1991/2508, art.2

C4 Act applied (with modifications) (temp. from 30.9.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/318, art. 4(1)(2)



Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5 Pt. I (ss. 1-23) restricted (19.8.1996) by 1996 c. 49, s. 9; S.I. 1996/2127, art. 2, Sch. Pt. I

Duties and powers of local authorities

1 Duty of local authority to consider needs of their area for further housing accommodation.

(1) Every local authority shall consider the housing conditions in their area and the needs of the area for further housing accommodation.

(2) For that purpose they shall review any information which has been brought to their notice, including in particular information brought to their notice as a result of a survey or inspections made under section (3).

(3) If the Secretary of State gives them notice to do so, they shall, within 3 months after such notice, prepare and submit to him proposals for the provision of housing accommodation.

(4) In considering the needs of their area for further housing accommodation under subsection (1) , every local authority shall have regard to the special needs of chronically sick or disabled persons; and any proposals prepared and submitted to the Secretary of State under subsection (3) shall distinguish any houses which they propose to provide which make special provision for the needs of such persons.

2 Powers of local authority to provide housing accommodation.

(1) A local authority may provide housing accommodation—

(a) by the erection of houses on any land acquired or appropriated by them;
(b) by the conversion of any buildings into houses;
(c) by acquiring houses;
(d) by altering, enlarging, repairing or improving any houses or other buildings which have, or a right or interest in which has, been acquired by the local authority.
(2) For the purpose of supplying the needs for housing accommodation in its area, a local authority may exercise any of its powers under subsection (1) outside that area.

(3) A local authority may alter, enlarge, repair or improve any house provided by them under subsection (1).

(4) For the purposes of this Part the provision of housing accommodation includes the provision of—

(a) a cottage with a garden of not more than one acre;
(b) a hostel.
(5) In this section “hostel” means—

(a) in relation to a building provided or converted before 3 July 1962, a building in which is provided, for persons generally or for any class or classes of persons, residential accommodation (otherwise than in separate and self-contained dwellings) and board;
(b) in relation to a building provided or converted on or after 3 July 1962, a building in which is provided, for persons generally or for any class or classes of persons, residential accommodation (otherwise than in houses) and either board or common facilities for the preparation of food adequate to the needs of those persons or both.
[F1 (6) Nothing in this Act shall be taken to require (or to have at any time required) a local authority itself to acquire or hold any houses or other land for the purposes of this Part.]


Amendments (Textual)

F1 S. 2(6) added by Local Government and Housing Act 1989 (c. 42, SIF 61), s. 161(2)

3 Power of local authority to provide shops, etc., in connection with housing accommodation.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a local authority may provide and maintain—

(a) any building adapted for use as a shop;
(b) any recreation grounds;
(c) such other buildings or land as are referred to in subsection (2) ,
in connection with housing accommodation provided by them under this Part.
(2) The buildings or land referred to in subsection (1) (c) are buildings or land which in the opinion of the Secretary of State will serve a beneficial purpose in connection with the requirements of the persons for whom the housing accommodation is provided.

(3) The provision and maintenance of any building or land under this section—

(a) requires the consent of the Secretary of State;
(b) may be undertaken jointly with any other person.
(4) The Secretary of State may, in giving his consent to the provision of any building or land under this section, by order apply, with any necessary modifications, to that building or land any statutory provisions which would have been applicable to it if the building or land had been provided under any enactment giving any local authority powers for that purpose.

4 Power of local authority to provide furniture, etc.

(1) A local authority—

(a) may fit out, furnish and supply any house erected, converted or acquired by them under section 2 with all requisite furniture, fittings and conveniences;
(b) shall have power to sell, or to supply under a hire-purchase agreement, furniture to the occupants of houses provided by the local authority and, for that purpose, to buy furniture.
(2) In this section “hire-purchase agreement” means a hire-purchase or conditional sale agreement within the meaning of the M1 Consumer Credit Act 1974.


Marginal Citations

M1 1974 c. 39.

5 Power of local authority to provide board and laundry facilities.

(1) The power of a local authority under this Part to provide housing accommodation shall include power to provide, in connection with the provision of such accommodation for any persons, such facilities for obtaining meals and such laundry facilities and services as accord with the needs of those persons.

(2) A local authority may make such reasonable charges for meals provided by them by virtue of this section, and such reasonable charges to persons availing themselves of laundry facilities or services so provided, as the authority may determine.

(3) This section shall not authorise the grant of a licence under the M2 Licensing (Scotland) Act 1976 for the sale of alcoholic liquor in connection with the provision under this section of facilities for obtaining meals.


Marginal Citations

M2 1976 c. 66.

[F2 5A Power of local authority to provide welfare services.

(1) A local authority may provide in connection with housing accommodation provided by them (whether or not under this Part) such welfare services, that is to say services for promoting the welfare of the persons for whom the accommodation is so provided, as accord with the needs of those persons.

(2) The local authority may make reasonable charges for welfare services provided by virtue of this section.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 203, a local authority may attribute the income from and the expenditure on the welfare services provided under subsection (1) to a revenue account other than their housing revenue account.

(4) In this section “welfare services” does not include the repair, maintenance, supervision or management of houses or other property.

(5) The powers conferred by this section shall not be regarded as restricting those conferred by section 83 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (power to incur expenditure for purposes not otherwise authorised) and accordingly the reference in subsection (1) of that section to any other enactment shall not include a reference to this section.]


Amendments (Textual)

F2 S. 5A inserted (retrospectively) by 1993 c. 28, ss. 149, 188(2)(b).

[F3 5B Power to repeal provisions relating to welfare services.

(1) The Secretary of State may at any time by order made by statutory instrument provide that, on such day or in relation to such periods as may be appointed by the order, section 5A, this section and paragraph 4A of Schedule 15 shall—

(a) cease to have effect; or
(b) cease to apply for such purposes as may be specified in the order.
(2) An order under this section may—

(a) appoint different days or periods for different provisions or purposes or for different authorities or descriptions of authority; and
(b) contain such incidental, supplementary or transitional provisions as appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient.]

Amendments (Textual)

F3 S. 5B inserted (20.7.1993) by 1993 c. 28, ss. 151, 188(2)(b).

6 Duty of local authority to have regard to amenities of locality, etc.

(1) A local authority, in preparing any proposals for the provision of houses or in taking any action under this Act, shall have regard to artistic quality in the lay-out, planning and treatment of the houses to be provided, the beauty of the landscape or countryside and the other amenities of the locality, and the desirability of preserving existing works of architectural, historic or artistic interest.

(2) For their better advice in carrying out the requirements of subsection (1) , a local authority may appoint a local advisory committee including representatives of architectural and other artistic interests.

7 Execution of works by local authority in connection with housing operations outside their area.

Where any housing operations under this Part are being carried out by a local authority outside their own area, that authority shall have power to execute any works which are necessary for the purposes, or are incidental to the carrying out, of the operations, subject to entering into an agreement with the local authority of the area in which the operations are being carried out as to the terms and conditions on which any such works are to be executed.

8 Adjustment of differences between local authorities as to carrying out of proposals for provision of housing accommodation.

Where a local authority are providing houses in the area of another local authority, any difference arising between those authorities with respect to the carrying out of the proposals may be referred by either authority to the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of State’s decision shall be final and binding on the authorities.

Acquisition and disposal of land

9 Power of local authority to acquire land for, or in connection with, provision of housing accommodation.

(1) A local authority may acquire—

(a) any land as a site for the erection of houses;
(b) land proposed to be used for any purpose authorised by section 3 or section 5;
(c) subject to subsection (2) ,
(i) houses, and
(ii) buildings other than houses, being buildings which may be made suitable as houses,
together with any lands occupied with the houses or buildings, or any right or interest in the houses or buildings;
(d) land for the purposes of—
(i) selling or leasing the land under the powers conferred by this Act, with a view to the erection on the land of houses by persons other than the local authority;
(ii) selling or leasing, under the powers conferred by this Act, any part of the land acquired, with a view to the use of that land for purposes which in the opinion of the local authority are necessary or desirable for, or incidental to, the development of the land as a building estate;
(iii) carrying out on the land works for the purpose of, or connected with, the alteration, enlargement, repair or improvement of an adjoining house;
(iv) selling or leasing the land under the powers conferred by this Act, with a view to the carrying out on the land by a person other than the local authority of such works as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (iii).
(2) Nothing in subsection (1) (c) shall authorise a local authority to acquire otherwise than by agreement any house or other building which is situated on land used for agriculture, and which is required in connection with that use of that land.