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REGULATORY ENFORCEMENT AND SANCTIONS ACT 2008

UK Public General Acts

Version 31/03/2017

2008 CHAPTER 13

Default Geographical Extent: E+W+S+N.I.


  • Part 1. The Local Better Regulation Office
    • Establishment of LBRO
    • Definitions
    • General functions of LBRO
    • Function relating to enforcement priorities
    • Matters relating to exercise of LBRO's functions
    • Ministerial powers in relation to LBRO
    • Supplementary and general
  • Part 2. Co-ordination of regulatory enforcement
    • Introductory
    • Primary authorities
    • Functions of primary authorities
    • Primary authorities: supplementary
    • General
  • [F88 PART 2. Regulatory Enforcement
    • Introductory
    • Primary authorities
    • Advice and guidance
    • Enforcement action
    • Inspection plans
    • Primary authority's costs
    • Other regulators
    • Cases with more than one primary authority
    • General
  • Part 3. Civil sanctions
    • Orders under Part 3: introductory
    • Fixed monetary penalties
    • Discretionary requirements
    • Stop notices
    • Enforcement undertakings
    • Orders under Part 3: supplementary provision
    • Orders under Part 3: exclusions
    • Orders under Part 3: procedure
    • Extension of powers to make subordinate legislation
    • Guidance
    • Exercise of powers: general
    • Supplementary and general
  • Part 4. Regulatory burdens
  • Part 5. General
  • Version 31/03/2017
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  • Version 21/07/2008

Introductory Text

Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008

2008 CHAPTER 13

An Act to make provision for the establishment of the Local Better Regulation Office; for the co-ordination of regulatory enforcement by local authorities; for the creation of civil sanctions in relation to regulatory offences; for the reduction and removal of regulatory burdens; and for connected purposes. 9

[21st July 2008]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part 1
The Local Better Regulation Office



Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1 Pt. 1: transfer of functions (1.4.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 2, 4(1)(a), Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2)


Establishment of LBRO


1 LBRO

F1 (1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F1 (2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3) Schedule 1 (which makes further provision about LBRO) has effect.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1 S. 1(1)(2) repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(a) (with Sch. 2)


F2 2 Dissolution of the LBRO company

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F2 S. 2 repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(b) (with Sch. 2)


Definitions


3 “Local authority”

(1) In this Part references to a local authority in England are to any of the following—

(a) a county or district council in England;
(b) a London borough council;
(c) the Common Council of the City of London;
(d) the Sub-Treasurer of the Inner Temple and the Under-Treasurer of the Middle Temple;
(e) the Council of the Isles of Scilly;
(f) a fire and rescue authority in England (not being an authority referred to in paragraphs (a) to (e) ) ;
(g) a port health authority in England (not being an authority referred to in paragraphs (a) to (e) ) ;
(h) an authority established under section 10 of the Local Government Act 1985 (c. 51) (waste disposal authorities for Greater London and metropolitan counties).
(2) In this Part references to a local authority in Wales are to any of the following—

(a) a county or county borough council in Wales;
(b) a fire and rescue authority in Wales (not being a county or county borough council) ;
(c) a port health authority in Wales (not being a county or county borough council).

4 “Relevant function”

(1) In this Part “relevant function”, in relation to a local authority in England or Wales, means—

(a) a function under a relevant enactment of imposing requirements, restrictions or conditions, or setting standards or giving guidance, in relation to any activity, or
(b) a function which relates to the securing of compliance with, or the enforcement of, requirements, restrictions, conditions, standards or guidance which under or by virtue of a relevant enactment relate to any activity.
(2) In subsection (1) “relevant enactment” means—

(a) an enactment specified in Schedule 3 or an enactment made under such an enactment;
(b) an enactment to which subsection (3) applies.
(3) This subsection applies to any enactment made under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 (c. 68) with respect to any of the following matters—

(a) agricultural produce (quality standards and labelling) ;
(b) animal health and welfare;
(c) animal feed;
(d) consumer protection;
(e) environmental protection;
(f) food hygiene and standards;
(g) public health and safety;
(h) weights and measures (including measuring instruments).
(4) The Secretary of State may by order—

(a) amend Schedule 3 so as to add any enactment to it or to remove any enactment from it;
(b) amend subsection (3) so as to add any matter to it or remove any matter from it.
(5) An order under subsection (4) may make different provision for different purposes (including different provision in relation to local authorities in England and Wales respectively).

(6) An order under subsection (4) requires the consent of the Welsh Ministers to make provision, in relation to local authorities in Wales, in respect of a [F3 devolved Welsh] matter.

(7) The Secretary of State may by order determine whether, for the purposes of subsection (3) , an enactment made under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 is made with respect to any of the matters specified in that subsection.

(8) An order under subsection (7) requires the consent of the Welsh Ministers where—

(a) the determination affects the application of this Part in relation to local authorities in Wales, and
(b) the enactment made under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 relates to a [F4 devolved Welsh] matter.
(9) In subsection (1) —

(a) references to a function do not include a function of conducting criminal or civil proceedings;
(b) references to an activity include providing goods and services and employing or offering employment to any person.
Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F3 Words in s. 4(6) substituted (1.10.2016) by Enterprise Act 2016 (c. 12), ss. 21(2)(a), 44(5); S.I. 2016/695, art. 3(c)

F4 Words in s. 4(8)(b) substituted (1.10.2016) by Enterprise Act 2016 (c. 12), ss. 21(2)(a), 44(5); S.I. 2016/695, art. 3(c)


General functions of LBRO


5 Objective relating to general functions

(1) [F5 In exercising their functions under sections 6 to 10 the Secretary of State and the Welsh Ministers have] the objective of securing that local authorities in England and Wales exercise their relevant functions—

(a) effectively,
(b) in a way which does not give rise to unnecessary burdens, and
(c) in a way which conforms with the principles in subsection (2).
(2) Those principles are that—

(a) regulatory activities should be carried out in a way which is transparent, accountable, proportionate and consistent;
(b) regulatory activities should be targeted only at cases in which action is needed.
Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F5 Words in s. 5(1) substituted (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 3 (with Sch. 2)


6 Guidance to local authorities

[F6 (1) It is a function of the Secretary of State to give guidance to—

(a) one or more local authorities in England,
(b) one or more local authorities in Wales, or
(c) local authorities in England and Wales
as to how to exercise their relevant functions (other than functions relating to [F7 devolved Welsh] matters).
(1A) It is a function of the Welsh Ministers to give guidance to one or more local authorities in Wales as to how to exercise their relevant functions which relate to [F7 devolved Welsh] matters.]

(2) Guidance under subsection (1) [F8 or (1A) ]

F9 (a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(b) may relate to any one or more relevant functions;
(c) may relate to the exercise of one or more relevant functions in a particular case.
(3) A local authority in England or Wales must have regard to any guidance given to it under this section.

(4) Before giving guidance under this section in relation to any relevant function [F10 the person giving the guidance] must consult—

(a) the persons whose activities are regulated by the exercise of the function, or persons representative of such persons,
(b) such local authorities in England and Wales, or such persons representative of local authorities in England and Wales, as [F10 the person giving the guidance] considers appropriate, and
(c) such other persons as [F10 the person giving the guidance] considers appropriate.
[F11 (5) The person giving guidance under this section must publish it in such manner as that person considers appropriate.]

(6) [F12 The person giving the guidance] may vary or revoke any guidance given F13 ... under this section by further guidance under this section.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F6 S. 6(1)(1A) substituted for s. 6(1) (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 4(a) (with Sch. 2)

F7 Words in s. 6(1)(1A) substituted (1.10.2016) by Enterprise Act 2016 (c. 12), ss. 21(2)(b), 44(5); S.I. 2016/695, art. 3(c)

F8 Words in s. 6(2) inserted (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 4(b) (with Sch. 2)

F9 S. 6(2)(a) repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(c) (with Sch. 2)

F10 Words in s. 6(4) substituted (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 4(c) (with Sch. 2)

F11 S. 6(5) substituted (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 4(d) (with Sch. 2)

F12 Words in s. 6(6) substituted (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 4(e) (with Sch. 2)

F13 Words in s. 6(6) repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(d) (with Sch. 2)


F14 7 Guidance to local authorities: enforcement

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F14 S. 7 repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(e) (with Sch. 2)


F15 8 Financial support and assistance to local authorities

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F15 S. 8 repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(f) (with Sch. 2)


F16 9 Advice to Ministers of the Crown

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F16 S. 9 repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(g) (with Sch. 2)


10 Advice to Welsh Ministers

(1) [F17 The Secretary of State] may at any time give advice or make proposals to the Welsh Ministers on—

(a) the way in which any one or more local authorities in Wales exercise any of their relevant functions in relation to any [F18 devolved Welsh] matter;
(b) the effectiveness of legislation (or proposed legislation) relating to the exercise by local authorities in Wales of their relevant functions in relation to any such matter;
(c) whether any other regulatory functions could appropriately be exercised by local authorities in Wales in relation to any such matter;
(d) anything else relating to the exercise by local authorities in Wales of their relevant functions in relation to any such matter.
F19 (2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F17 Words in s. 10(1) substituted (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 5 (with Sch. 2)

F18 Words in s. 10(1)(a) substituted (1.10.2016) by Enterprise Act 2016 (c. 12), ss. 21(2)(c), 44(5); S.I. 2016/695, art. 3(c)

F19 S. 10(2) repealed (2.2.2012) by The Local Better Regulation Office (Dissolution and Transfer of Functions, Etc.) Order 2012 (S.I. 2012/246), arts. 1(2), 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 1(h) (with Sch. 2)