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SOCIAL SECURITY FRAUD ACT 2001

UK Public General Acts

Version 06/04/2017

2001 CHAPTER 11

Default Geographical Extent: E+W+S+N.I.


  • Obtaining and sharing information
  • Loss of benefit provisions
  • Penalties as an alternative to prosecution
  • Offences (E+W+S)
  • Supplemental
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  • Version 11/05/2001

Introductory Text

Social Security Fraud Act 2001

2001 CHAPTER 11

An Act to make provision, for the purposes of the law relating to social security, about the obtaining and disclosure of information; and to make provision for restricting the payment of social security benefits and war pensions in the case of persons convicted of offences relating to such benefits or pensions and about the institution of proceedings for such offences; and for connected purposes.

[11th May 2001]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1 Act applied (with modifications) (1.10.2010) by The Employment and Support Allowance (Transitional Provisions, Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit) (Existing Awards) (No. 2) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/1907), reg. 16(2)(c), Sch. 2 (as amended by SI 2010/2430 regs. 15, 17)

C2 Act applied (with modifications) (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010) by The Employment and Support Allowance (Transitional Provisions, Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit) (Existing Awards) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/875), regs. 1(2), 16, Sch. 2 (which amending S.I. was revoked (27.8.2010) by SI 2010/1906, reg. 2)


Obtaining and sharing information


1 Additional powers to obtain information (E+W+S)

(1) The Administration Act shall be amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (1) (a) of section 109B (power to require information) , after “subsection (2) ” there shall be inserted “ or (2A) ”; and after subsection (2) (persons from whom information may be obtained) there shall be inserted—

“(2A) The persons who fall within this subsection are—
(a) any bank;
(b) any person carrying on a business the whole or a significant part of which consists in the provision of credit (whether secured or unsecured) to members of the public;
(c) any insurance company (within the meaning of the Insurance Companies Act 1982 (c. 50) ) ;
(d) any credit reference agency (within the meaning given by section 145(8) of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 (c. 39) ) ;
(e) any body the principal activity of which is to facilitate the exchange of information for the purpose of preventing or detecting fraud;
(f) any person carrying on a business the whole or a significant part of which consists in the provision to members of the public of a service for transferring money from place to place;
(g) any water undertaker or sewerage undertaker, any water and sewerage authority constituted under section 62 of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (c. 39) or any authority which is a collecting authority for the purposes of section 79 of that Act;
(h) any person who (within the meaning the Gas Act 1986 (c. 44) ) supplies gas conveyed through pipes;
(i) any person who (within the meaning of the Electricity Act 1989 (c. 29) ) supplies electricity conveyed by distribution systems;
(j) any person who provides a telecommunications service;
(k) any person conducting any educational establishment or institution;
(l) any body the principal activity of which is to provide services in connection with admissions to educational establishments or institutions;
(m) the Student Loans Company;
(n) any servant or agent of any person mentioned in any of the preceding paragraphs.
(2B) Subject to the following provisions of this section, the powers conferred by this section on an authorised officer to require information from any person by virtue of his falling within subsection (2A) above shall be exercisable for the purpose only of obtaining information relating to a particular person identified (by name or description) by the officer.
(2C) An authorised officer shall not, in exercise of those powers, require any information from any person by virtue of his falling within subsection (2A) above unless it appears to that officer that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the identified person to whom it relates is—
(a) a person who has committed, is committing or intends to commit a benefit offence; or
(b) a person who (within the meaning of Part 7 of the Contributions and Benefits Act) is a member of the family of a person falling within paragraph (a) above.
(2D) Nothing in subsection (2B) or (2C) above shall prevent an authorised officer who is an official of a Government department and whose authorisation states that his authorisation applies for the purposes of this subsection from exercising the powers conferred by this section for obtaining from—
(a) a water undertaker or any water and sewerage authority constituted under section 62 of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994,
(b) any person who (within the meaning the Gas Act 1986) supplies gas conveyed through pipes,
(c) any person who (within the meaning of the Electricity Act 1989) supplies electricity conveyed by distribution systems, or
(d) any servant or agent of a person mentioned in any of the preceding paragraphs,
any information which relates exclusively to whether and in what quantities water, gas or electricity are being or have been supplied to residential premises specified or described in the notice by which the information is required.
(2E) The powers conferred by this section shall not be exercisable for obtaining from any person providing a telecommunications service any information other than information which (within the meaning of section 21 of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (c. 23) ) is communications data but not traffic data.
(2F) Nothing in subsection (2B) or (2C) above shall prevent an authorised officer from exercising the powers conferred by this section for requiring information, from a person who provides a telecommunications service, about the identity and postal address of a person identified by the authorised officer solely by reference to a telephone number or electronic address used in connection with the provision of such a service.”
(3) For subsection (5) of that section (protection from self incrimination) there shall be substituted—

“(5)
No one shall be required under this section to provide—
(a) any information that tends to incriminate either himself or, in the case of a person who is married, his spouse; or
(b) any information in respect of which a claim to legal professional privilege or, in Scotland, confidentiality as between client and professional legal adviser, would be successful in any proceedings;
and for the purposes of this subsection it is immaterial whether the information is in documentary form or not.”
(4) After that subsection there shall be inserted—

“(6) Provision may be made by order—
(a) adding any person to the list of persons falling within subsection (2A) above;
(b) removing any person from the list of persons falling within that subsection;
(c) modifying that subsection for the purpose of taking account of any change to the name of any person for the time being falling within that subsection.
(7) In this section— “ bank ” means— (a) any institution for the time being authorised under a provision of the Banking Act 1987 (c. 22) ; (b) any person for the time being specified in any of paragraphs 2 to 10 of Schedule 2 to that Act (exempted persons) ; (c) any person for the time being entitled by virtue of the Banking Co-ordination (Second Council Directive) Regulations 1992 ( S.I. 1992/3218) to accept deposits (within the meaning of that Act) in the United Kingdom; “ credit ” includes a cash loan or any form of financial accommodation, including the cashing of a cheque; “ residential premises ”, in relation to a supply of water, gas or electricity, means any premises which— (a) at the time of the supply were premises occupied wholly or partly for residential purposes, or (b) are premises to which that supply was provided as if they were so occupied; and “ telecommunications service ” has the same meaning as in the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (c. 23).”
F1 (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6) In section 111(1) (a) (offence of obstruction) , for “inspector” there shall be substituted “ authorised officer ”.

(7) In section 121DA(5) (interpretation of Part 6) , for the definition of “benefit offence” there shall be substituted—

““ benefit offence ” means—
(a) any criminal offence in connection with a claim for a relevant social security benefit;
(b) any criminal offence in connection with the receipt or payment of any amount by way of such a benefit;
(c) any criminal offence committed for the purpose of facilitating the commission (whether or not by the same person) of a benefit offence;
(d) any attempt or conspiracy to commit a benefit offence;”.
(8) In section 121DA(7) (definitions for the purposes of section 121DA) , after “section” there shall be inserted—

““ relevant social security benefit ” means a benefit under any provision of the relevant social security legislation; and”.
(9) In section 190(1) (instruments subject to affirmative Parliamentary procedure) , after paragraph (a) there shall be inserted—

“(aza) any order containing provision adding any person to the list of persons falling within section 109B(2A) above;”.
Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1 S. 1(5) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

Commencement Information

I1 S. 1 wholly in force at 30.4.2002; s. 1 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 20; s. 1(4)(9) in force at 26.2.2002 by S.I. 2002/403, art. 2 and s. 1(1)-(3)(5)-(8) in force at 30.4.2002 by S.I. 2002/1222, art. 2


F2 2 Electronic access to information (E+W+S)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F2 S. 2(2) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)


3 Code of practice about use of information powers (E+W+S)

(1) The Secretary of State shall issue a code of practice relating to the exercise of—

(a) the powers that are exercisable by an authorised officer under section 109B of the Administration Act in relation to the persons mentioned in subsection (2A) of that section; and
(b) the powers conferred on an authorised officer by sections 109BA and 110AA of that Act.
(2) The Secretary of State may from time to time—

(a) revise the whole or any part of the code for the time being in force under this section; and
(b) issue a revised code.
(3) Before issuing or revising the code of practice under this section, the Secretary of State shall—

(a) prepare and publish a draft of the code, or of the revised code; and
(b) consider any representations made to him about the draft;
and the Secretary of State may incorporate in the code he issues any modifications made by him to his proposals after their publication.
(4) The Secretary of State shall lay before each House of Parliament the code of practice, and every revised code, issued by him under this section.

(5) The code of practice issued under this section and any revisions of the code shall come into force at the time at which the code or, as the case may be, the revised code is issued by the Secretary of State.

(6) An authorised officer exercising any power in relation to which provision must be made by the code of practice under this section shall have regard, in doing so, to the provisions (so far as they are applicable) of the code for the time being in force under this section.

(7) A failure on the part of any person to comply with any provision of the code of practice for the time being in force under this section shall not of itself render him liable to any civil or criminal proceedings.

(8) The code of practice for the time being in force under this section shall be admissible in evidence in any civil or criminal proceedings.

(9) In this section “authorised officer” has the same meaning as in Part 6 of the Administration Act.

4 Arrangements for payments in respect of information (E+W+S)

(1) It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to ensure that such arrangements (if any) are in force as he thinks appropriate for requiring or authorising, in such cases as he thinks fit, the making of such payments as he considers appropriate in respect of compliance with relevant obligations by any of the following—

(a) a credit reference agency (within the meaning given by section 145(8) of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 (c. 39) ) or any servant or agent of such an agency;
(b) a person providing a telecommunications service (within the meaning of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (c. 23) ) or any servant or agent of such a person;
(c) a water undertaker or [F3 Scottish Water] or any servant or agent of such an undertaker or [F4 that body] ,
(d) any person who (within the meaning the Gas Act 1986 (c. 44) ) supplies gas conveyed through pipes, or any servant or agent of such a person;
(e) any person who (within the meaning of the Electricity Act 1989 (c. 29) ) supplies electricity conveyed by distribution systems, or any servant or agent of such a person;
(f) any person added to the list of persons falling within subsection (2A) of section 109B of the Administration Act by an order under subsection (6) of that section, or any person’s servant or agent who falls within that subsection by virtue of such an order.
(2) In subsection (1) “relevant obligation”—

(a) in relation to a person falling within paragraph (a) , (b) or (f) of that subsection, means—
(i) an obligation to provide information in pursuance of a requirement imposed on that person under section 109B of the Administration Act by virtue only of his falling within subsection (2A) of that section; or
(ii) any obligation to comply, for the purpose of enabling an authorised officer to obtain information which might otherwise be obtained by the imposition of such a requirement, with any requirements imposed on that person under section 109BA or 110AA of that Act;
and
(b) in relation to a person falling within any of paragraphs (c) to (e) of that subsection, means any obligation to provide information in pursuance of a requirement imposed by such an exercise of the powers conferred by section 109B of that Act as is mentioned in subsection (2D) of that section.
(3) For the purpose of complying with his duty under this section, the Secretary of State may make arrangements for payments to be made out of money provided by Parliament.

(4) It shall be the duty of an authority administering housing benefit or council tax benefit to comply with such general or specific directions as to the making of payments as may be given by the Secretary of State in accordance with any arrangements for the time being in force for the purposes of subsection (1).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F3 Words in s. 4(1)(c) substituted (14.7.2004) by Water Industry (Scotland) Act 2002 (Consequential Modifications) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1822), art. 1(1), Sch. para. 19(a)

F4 Words in s. 4(1)(c) substituted (14.7.2004) by Water Industry (Scotland) Act 2002 (Consequential Modifications) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1822), art. 1(1), Sch. para. 19(b)


5 Exchange of information with overseas authorities

(1) In Part 14 of the Administration Act (social security systems outside Great Britain) , after section 179 there shall be inserted the following section—

“179A Exchange of information with overseas authorities
(1) This section applies where it appears to the Secretary of State—
(a) that there are arrangements in force for the exchange of relevant information between him and any authorities in a country outside the United Kingdom (’the overseas country’) ; and
(b) that the arrangements and the law in force in the overseas country are such as to ensure that there are adequate safeguards in place against any improper use of information disclosed by the Secretary of State under this section.
(2) For the purpose of facilitating the carrying out by authorities in the overseas country of any function relating to anything corresponding to, or in the nature of, a social security benefit, the Secretary of State may make any such disclosure of relevant information to authorities in the overseas country as he considers necessary to give effect to the arrangements.
(3) It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to take all such steps as may be reasonable for securing that relevant information disclosed to him in accordance with the arrangements is not used for any purpose for which its use is not expressly or impliedly authorised by or under the arrangements.
(4) This section does not apply where provision is in force under section 179 above for giving effect to the arrangements in question.
(5) The purposes for which information may be required to be disclosed to the Secretary of State under section 122D above or section 116D of the Northern Ireland Administration Act (information required from authorities administering housing benefit or council tax benefit) shall be deemed to include the further disclosure of that information in accordance with this section.
(6) In this section “ relevant information ” means any information held by the Secretary of State or any authorities in a country outside the United Kingdom for the purposes of any functions relating to, or to anything corresponding to or in the nature of, a social security benefit.”
(2) In Part 13 of the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 8) (social security systems outside Northern Ireland) , after section 155 there shall be inserted the following section—

“155A Exchange of information with overseas authorities
(1) This section applies where it appears to the Department—
(a) that there are arrangements in force for the exchange of relevant information between the Department and any authorities in a country outside the United Kingdom (“ the overseas country ”) ; and
(b) that the arrangements and the law in force in the overseas country are such as to ensure that there are adequate safeguards in place against any improper use of information disclosed by the Department under this section.
(2) For the purpose of facilitating the carrying out by authorities in the overseas country of any function relating to anything corresponding to, or in the nature of, a social security benefit, the Department may make any such disclosure of relevant information to authorities in the overseas country as the Department considers necessary to give effect to the arrangements.
(3) It shall be the duty of the Department to take all such steps as may be reasonable for securing that relevant information disclosed to it in accordance with the arrangements is not used for any purpose for which its use is not expressly or impliedly authorised by or under the arrangements.
(4) This section does not apply where provision is in force under section 155 above for giving effect to the arrangements in question.
(5) The purposes for which information may be required to be disclosed to the Department under section 116D above or section 122D of the Great Britain Administration Act (information required from authorities administering housing benefit or council tax benefit) shall be deemed to include the further disclosure of that information in accordance with this section.
(6) In this section “ relevant information ” means any information held by the Department or any authorities in a country outside the United Kingdom for the purposes of any functions relating to, or to anything corresponding to or in the nature of, a social security benefit.”
Annotations:

Extent Information

E1 S. 5(1) extends to Great Britain and s. 5(2) extends to U.K., see s. 21(2)

Commencement Information

I2 S. 5 in force at 14.2.2003 by S.I. 2003/273, art. 2


F5 6 Exchange of information by authorities administering benefit (E+W+S)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F5 S. 6 repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)


Loss of benefit provisions


[F6 6A Meaning of “disqualifying benefit” and “sanctionable benefit” for purposes of sections 6B and 7

(1) In this section and sections 6B and 7— “ disqualifying benefit ” means (subject to any regulations under section 10(1) ) — (za) [F7 any benefit under Part 1 of the Welfare Reform Act 2012 (universal credit) or under any provision having effect in Northern Ireland corresponding to that Part;] (zb) [F8 state pension or a lump sum under Part 1 of the Pensions Act 2014 or under any provision in Northern Ireland which corresponds to that Part;] (a) any benefit under the Jobseekers Act 1995 or the Jobseekers (Northern Ireland) Order 1995; (b) any benefit under the State Pension Credit Act 2002 or the State Pension Credit Act (Northern Ireland) 2002; (c) any benefit under Part 1 of the Welfare Reform Act 2007 or Part 1 of the Welfare Reform Act (Northern Ireland) 2007 (employment and support allowance) ; (ca) [F9 any benefit under Part 4 of the Welfare Reform Act 2012 (personal independence payment) or under any provision in Northern Ireland which corresponds to that Part;] (cb) [F10 bereavement support payment under section 30 of the Pensions Act 2014 or under any provision in Northern Ireland which corresponds to that section;] (d) any benefit under the Social Security Contributions and Benefit Act 1992 or the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 other than— (i) maternity allowance; (ii) statutory sick pay and statutory maternity pay; (e) any war pension (f) [F11 child tax credit; (g) working tax credit] “ sanctionable benefit ” means (subject to subsection (2) and to any regulations under section 10(1) ) any disqualifying benefit other than— (a) joint-claim jobseeker's allowance; (aa) [F12 state pension or a lump sum under Part 1 of the Pensions Act 2014;] (b) any retirement pension; (c) graduated retirement benefit; (ca) [F13 personal independence payment;] (d) disability living allowance (e) attendance allowance; (f) child benefit; (fa) [F14 child tax credit; (fb) working tax credit;] (g) guardian's allowance; (h) a payment out of the social fund in accordance with Part 8 of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992; (i) a payment under Part 10 of that Act (Christmas bonuses).

(2) In their application to Northern Ireland sections 6B and 7 shall have effect as if references to a sanctionable benefit were references only to a war pension.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F6 Ss. 6A-6C inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), ss. 24(1), 61(3); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1) (2)

F7 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 57; S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(d)(ii)

F8 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (6.4.2016 unless brought into force earlier by an order under s. 56(1) of the amending Act) by Pensions Act 2014 (c. 19), s. 56(4), Sch. 12 para. 40(a)

F9 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (8.4.2013 for specified purposes, 10.6.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 9 para. 46(a); S.I. 2013/358, art. 7(1)(2)(k), Sch. 3; S.I. 2013/1250, art. 2

F10 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (6.4.2017) by Pensions Act 2014 (c. 19), s. 56(1), Sch. 16 para. 44; S.I. 2017/297, art. 3(2) (with arts. 4 5)

F11 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 117(2), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(a)

F12 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (6.4.2016 unless brought into force earlier by an order under s. 56(1) of the amending Act) by Pensions Act 2014 (c. 19), s. 56(4), Sch. 12 para. 40(b)

F13 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (8.4.2013 for specified purposes, 10.6.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 9 para. 46(b); S.I. 2013/358, art. 7(1)(2)(k), Sch. 3; S.I. 2013/1250, art. 2

F14 Words in s. 6A(1) inserted (6.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 117(3), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(5)


6B Loss of benefit in case of conviction, penalty or caution for benefit offence

(1) Subsection (4) applies where a person (“the offender”) —

(a) is convicted of one or more benefit offences in any proceedings,
(b) after being given a notice under subsection (2) of the appropriate penalty provision by an appropriate authority, agrees in the manner specified by the appropriate authority to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision to the appropriate authority F15 ..., in a case where [F16 the offence to which the notice relates ] is a benefit offence, or
(c) is cautioned in respect of one or more benefit offences.
(2) In subsection (1) (b) —

(a) “ the appropriate penalty provision ” means section 115A of the Administration Act (penalty as alternative to prosecution) or section 109A of the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) 1992 (the corresponding provision for Northern Ireland) ;
(b) “ appropriate authority ” means—
(i) in relation to section 115A of the Administration Act, the Secretary of State F17 ..., and
(ii) in relation to section 109A of the Social Security Administration (Northern Ireland) Act 1992, the Department (within the meaning of that Act) or the Northern Ireland Housing Executive.
(3) Subsection (4) does not apply by virtue of subsection (1) (a) if, because the proceedings in which the offender was convicted constitute the [F18 current] set of proceedings for the purposes of section 7, the restriction in subsection (2) of that section applies in the offender's case.

(4) If this subsection applies and the offender is a person with respect to whom the conditions for an entitlement to a sanctionable benefit are or become satisfied at any time within the disqualification period, then, even though those conditions are satisfied, the following restrictions shall apply in relation to the payment of that benefit in the offender's case.

(5) Subject to subsections [F19 (5A) ] [F20 and (8) ] , the sanctionable benefit shall not be payable in the offender's case for any period comprised in the disqualification period.

[F21 (5A) The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, where the sanctionable benefit is universal credit, the benefit shall be payable, during the whole or a part of any period comprised in the disqualification period, as if one or more of the following applied—

(a) the amount payable were reduced in such manner as may be prescribed;
(b) the benefit were payable only if there is compliance by the offender with such obligations with respect to the provision of information as may be imposed by the regulations;
(c) the benefit were payable only if the circumstances are otherwise such as may be prescribed;
(d) any amount of the benefit payable in prescribed circumstances were recoverable by the Secretary of State.]
F22 (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F22 (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(a) the rate of the allowance were such reduced rate as may be prescribed;
(b) the allowance were payable only if there is compliance by the offender with such obligations with respect to the provision of information as may be imposed by the regulations;
(c) the allowance were payable only if the circumstances are otherwise such as may be prescribed.
(8) The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, where the sanctionable benefit is state pension credit, the benefit shall be payable in the offender's case for any period comprised in the disqualification period as if the rate of the benefit were reduced in such manner as may be prescribed.

F23 (9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F23 (10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(11) For the purposes of this section the disqualification period, in relation to any disqualifying event, means [F24 the relevant period] beginning with such date, falling after the date of the disqualifying event, as may be determined by or in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State.

[F25 (11A) For the purposes of subsection (11) the relevant period is—

(a) in a case falling within subsection (1) (a) where the benefit offence, or one of them, is a relevant offence, the period of three years,
(b) in a case falling within subsection (1) (a) (but not within paragraph (a) above) ) , the period of 13 weeks, or
(c) in a case falling within subsection (1) (b) or (c) , the period of four weeks.]
(12) This section has effect subject to section 6C.

(13) In this section and section 6C— “ benefit offence ” means— (a) any post-commencement offence in connection with a claim for a disqualifying benefit; (b) any post-commencement offence in connection with the receipt or payment of any amount by way of such a benefit; (c) any post-commencement offence committed for the purpose of facilitating the commission (whether or not by the same person) of a benefit offence; (d) any post-commencement offence consisting in an attempt or conspiracy to commit a benefit offence; “ disqualifying event ” means the conviction falling within subsection (1) (a) , the agreement falling within subsection (1) (b) or the caution falling within subsection (1) (c) ; “ post-commencement offence ” means any criminal offence committed after the commencement of this section.

[F26 (14) In this section and section 7 “ relevant offence ” means—

(a) in England and Wales, the common law offence of conspiracy to defraud, or
(b) a prescribed offence which, in the offender's case, is committed in such circumstances as may be prescribed, and which, on conviction—
(i) is found by the court to relate to an overpayment (as defined in section 115A(8) of the Administration Act) of at least £50,000,
(ii) is punished by a custodial sentence of at least one year (including a suspended sentence as defined in section 189(7) (b) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003) , or
(iii) is found by the court to have been committed over a period of at least two years.]
[F27 (15) The Secretary of State may by order amend subsection (11A) (a) , (b) or (c) , or (14) (b) (i) , (ii) or (iii) to substitute a different period or amount for that for the time being specified there.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F6 Ss. 6A-6C inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), ss. 24(1), 61(3); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1) (2)

F15 Words in s. 6B(1)(b) repealed (8.5.2012) by virtue of Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(a), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

F16 Words in s. 6B(1)(b) substituted (8.5.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(a), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

F17 Words in s. 6B(2)(b)(i) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F18 Word in s. 6B(3) substituted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(2), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F19 Word in s. 6B(5) substituted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 58(2); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(d)(ii)

F20 Words in s. 6B(5) substituted (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 3 para. 16; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(b)

F21 S. 6B(5A) inserted (25.2.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 58(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(1)(2)(a)

F22 S. 6B(6)(7) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F23 S. 6B(9)(10) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F24 Words in s. 6B(11) substituted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 118(3), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(b)

F25 S. 6B(11A) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 118(4), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(b)

F26 S. 6B(14) inserted (25.2.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 118(5), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, arts. 2(1), 6(4)(b), Sch. 1 para. 19

F27 S. 6B(15) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 118(6), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3 S. 6B(5A)(a) excluded (E.W.S.) (29.4.2013) by The Universal Credit (Transitional Provisions) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/386), regs. 1(2), 35(3)(b)


6C Section 6B: supplementary provisions

(1) Where—

(a) the conviction of any person of any offence is taken into account for the purposes of the application of section 6B in relation to that person, and
(b) that conviction is subsequently quashed,
all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under section 6B that could not have been imposed if the conviction had not taken place.
(2) Where, after the agreement of any person (“P”) to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision is taken into account for the purposes of the application of section 6B in relation to that person—

(a) P's agreement to pay the penalty is withdrawn under subsection (5) of the appropriate penalty provision, or
(b) it is decided on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 that [F28 any overpayment made] to which the agreement relates is not recoverable or due,
all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under section 6B that could not have been imposed if P had not agreed to pay the penalty.
(3) Where, after the agreement (“ the old agreement ”) of any person (“P”) to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision is taken into account for the purposes of the application of section 6B in relation to P, the amount of [F29 any overpayment made] to which the penalty relates is revised on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998—

(a) section 6B shall cease to apply by virtue of the old agreement, and
(b) subsection (4) shall apply.
(4) Where this subsection applies—

(a) if there is a new disqualifying event consisting of—
(i) P's agreement to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision in relation to the revised overpayment, or
(ii) P being cautioned in relation to the offence to which the old agreement relates,
the disqualification period relating to the new disqualifying event shall be reduced by the number of days in so much of the disqualification period relating to the old agreement as had expired when section 6B ceased to apply by virtue of the old agreement, and
(b) in any other case, all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under section 6B that could not have been imposed if P had not agreed to pay the penalty.
(5) For the purposes of section 6B—

(a) the date of a person's conviction in any proceedings of a benefit offence shall be taken to be the date on which the person was found guilty of that offence in those proceedings (whenever the person was sentenced) or in the case mentioned in paragraph (b) (ii) the date of the order for absolute discharge; and
(b) references to a conviction include references to—
(i) a conviction in relation to which the court makes an order for absolute or conditional discharge F30 ...,
(ii) an order for absolute discharge made by a court of summary jurisdiction in Scotland under section 246(3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 without proceeding to a conviction, and
(iii) a conviction in Northern Ireland.
(6) In this section “ the appropriate penalty provision ” has the meaning given by section 6B(2) (a). ]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F6 Ss. 6A-6C inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), ss. 24(1), 61(3); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1) (2)

F28 Words in s. 6C(2)(b) substituted (8.5.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(b), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

F29 Words in s. 6C(3) substituted (8.5.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(b), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

F30 Words in s. 6C(5)(b)(i) repealed (S.) (13.12.2010) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), s. 206(1), Sch. 2 para. 45(2); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch. (with art. 3(1))and repealed (E.W.N.I.) (16.9.2011) by The Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (Consequential Provisions and Modifications) Order 2011 (S.I. 2011/2298), art. 1, Sch. para. 13(2)


7 Loss of benefit for [F31 repeated benefit fraud]

(1) If—

[F32 (a) a person (“the offender”) is convicted of one or more benefit offences in a set of proceedings (“the current set of proceedings”) ,
(b) within the period of five years ending on the date on which the benefit offence was, or any of them were, committed, one or more disqualifying events occurred in relation to the offender (the event, or the most recent of them, being referred to in this section as “the earlier disqualifying event”) ,
(c) the current set of proceedings has not been taken into account for the purposes of any previous application of this section or section 8 or 9 in relation to the offender or any person who was then a member of his family,
(d) the earlier disqualifying event has not been taken into account as an earlier disqualifying event for the purposes of any previous application of this section or either of those sections in relation to the offender or any person who was then a member of his family, and
(e) the offender is a person with respect to whom the conditions for an entitlement to a sanctionable benefit are or become satisfied at any time within the disqualification period,]
then, even though those conditions are satisfied, the following restrictions shall apply in relation to the payment of that benefit in the offender’s case.
[F33 (1A) The following restrictions do not apply if the benefit offence referred to in subsection (1) (a) , or any of them, is a relevant offence.]

(2) Subject to subsections [F34 (2A) ] [F35 and (4A) ] , the sanctionable benefit shall not be payable in the offender’s case for any period comprised in the disqualification period.

[F36 (2A) The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, where the sanctionable benefit is universal credit, the benefit shall be payable, during the whole or a part of any period comprised in the disqualification period, as if one or more of the following applied—

(a) the amount payable were reduced in such manner as may be prescribed;
(b) the benefit were payable only if there is compliance by the offender with such obligations with respect to the provision of information as may be imposed by the regulations;
(c) the benefit were payable only if the circumstances are otherwise such as may be prescribed;
(d) any amount of the benefit payable in prescribed circumstances were recoverable by the Secretary of State.]
F37 (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F37 (4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F38 (4A) The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, where the sanctionable benefit is state pension credit, the benefit shall be payable in the offender’s case for any period comprised in the disqualification period as if the rate of the benefit were reduced in such manner as may be prescribed.]

F37 (4B). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F37 (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6) For the purposes of this section the disqualification period, [F39 in an offender's case, means the relevant period beginning with a prescribed date falling after the date of the conviction in the current set of proceedings] .

[F40 (6A) For the purposes of subsection (6) the relevant period is—

(a) in a case where, within the period of five years ending on the date on which the earlier disqualifying event occurred, a previous disqualifying event occurred in relation to the offender, the period of three years;
(b) in any other case, 26 weeks.]
(7) Where—

(a) the conviction of any person of any offence is taken into account for the purposes of the application of this section in relation to that person, and
(b) that conviction is subsequently quashed,
all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under this section that could not have been imposed if the conviction had not taken place.
[F41 (7A) Subsection (7B) applies where, after the agreement of any person (“P”) to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision is taken into account for the purposes of the application of this section in relation to that person—

(a) P's agreement to pay the penalty is withdrawn under subsection (5) of the appropriate penalty provision,
(b) it is decided on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 ( S.I. 1998/1506 (N.I. 10) ) that any overpayment to which the agreement relates is not recoverable or due, or
(c) the amount of any overpayment to which the penalty relates is revised on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 and there is no new agreement by P to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision in relation to the revised overpayment.
(7B) In those circumstances, all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under this section that could not have been imposed if P had not agreed to pay the penalty.]

(8) In this section— [F42 “ appropriate penalty provision ” has the meaning given in section 6B(2) (a) ;” ] “benefit offence” means— (a) any post-commencement offence in connection with a claim for a disqualifying benefit; (b) any post-commencement offence in connection with the receipt or payment of any amount by way of such a benefit; (c) any post-commencement offence committed for the purpose of facilitating the commission (whether or not by the same person) of a benefit offence; (d) any post-commencement offence consisting in an attempt or conspiracy to commit a benefit offence; [F42 “ disqualifying event ” has the meaning given in section 6B(13). ] [F43 “ post-commencement offence ” means an offence committed on or after 1 April 2002 (the day on which this section came into force). ] F44 ...

F44 ...
[F45 (8A) Where a person is convicted of more than one benefit offence in the same set of proceedings, there is to be only one disqualifying event in respect of that set of proceedings for the purposes of this section and—

(a) subsection (1) (b) is satisfied if any of the convictions take place in the five year periods mentioned there;
(b) the event is taken into account for the purposes of subsection (1) (d) if any of the convictions have been taken into account as mentioned there;
(c) in the case of the earlier disqualifying event mentioned in subsection (6A) (a) , the reference there to the date on which the earlier disqualifying event occurred is a reference to the date on which any of the convictions take place;
(d) in the case of the previous disqualifying event mentioned in subsection (6A) (a) , that provision is satisfied if any of the convictions take place in the five year period mentioned there.]
(9) For the purposes of this section—

(a) the date of a person’s conviction in any proceedings of a benefit offence shall be taken to be the date on which he was found guilty of that offence in those proceedings (whenever he was sentenced) [F46 or in the case mentioned in paragraph (b) (ii) the date of the order for absolute discharge] ; and
[F47 (b) references to a conviction include references to—
(i) a conviction in relation to which the court makes an order for absolute or conditional discharge F48 ...,
(ii) an order for absolute discharge made by a court of summary jurisdiction in Scotland under section 246(3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 without proceeding to a conviction, and
(iii) a conviction in Northern Ireland.
(10) In this section references to any previous application of this section or section F49 ... 9—

(a) include references to any previous application of a provision having an effect in Northern Ireland corresponding to provision made by this section, or either of those sections; but
(b) do not include references to any previous application of this section, or of either of those sections, the effect of which was to impose a restriction for a period comprised in the same disqualification period.
[F50 (10A) The Secretary of State may by order amend subsection (6A) to substitute different periods for those for the time being specified there.

(10B) An order under subsection (10A) may provide for different periods to apply according to the type of earlier disqualifying event or events occurring in any case]

F51 ( 11 ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F31 Words in s. 7 heading substituted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(4), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F32 S. 7(1)(a)-(e) substituted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(5), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)]

F33 S. 7(1A) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 118(7), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(b)

F34 Word in s. 7(2) substituted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 59(2); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(d)(ii)

F35 Words in s. 7(2) substituted (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 3 para. 17; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(b)

F36 S. 7(2A) inserted (25.2.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 59(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(1)(2)(b)

F37 S. 7(3)(4)(4B)(5) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F38 S. 7(4A) inserted (2.7.2002 for the purpose of making regulations, 6.10.2003 in so far as not already in force) by 2002 c. 16 , s. 14 , Sch. 2 Pt. 3 para. 45(2) ; S.I. 2002/1691 , art. 2 ; S.I. 2003/1766 , art. 2(a)

F39 Words in s. 7(6) substituted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(6), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F40 S. 7(6A) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(7), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F41 S. 7(7A)(7B) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(8), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F42 Words in s. 7(8) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(9), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F43 Words in s. 7(8) inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24) , s. 61(3) , Sch. 4 para. 2(2)(a) ; S.I. 2010/45 , art. 2(1)

F44 Words in s. 7(8) repealed (12.1.2010 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24) , s. 61(3) , Sch. 4 para. 2(2)(b) , 7 Pt. 4 ; S.I. 2010/45 , art. 2(1)

F45 S. 7(8A) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(10), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F46 Words in s. 7(9)(a) inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24) , s. 61(3) , Sch. 4 para. 2(3)(a) ; S.I. 2010/45 , art. 2(1)

F47 S. 7(9)(b) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24) , s. 61(3) , Sch. 4 para. 2(3)(b) ; S.I. 2010/45 , art. 2(1)

F48 Words in s. 7(9)(b) repealed (S.) (13.12.2010) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), s. 206(1), Sch. 2 para. 45(3); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch. (with art. 3(1)) and repealed (E.W.N.I.) (16.9.2011) by The Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (Consequential Provisions and Modifications) Order 2011 (S.I. 2011/2298), art. 1, Sch. para. 13(3) (with art. 4(4)

F49 Words in s. 7(10) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F50 S. 7(10A)(10B) inserted (1.4.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 119(11), 150(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(4)(c)

F51 S. 7(11) repealed (12.1.2010 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24) , s. 61(3) , Sch. 4 para. 2(4) , 7 Pt. 4 ; S.I. 2010/45 , art. 2(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4 S. 7 restricted (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2001/4022 , reg. 20

C5 S. 7(2) excluded (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2001/4022 , regs. 6(2) , 7(2)

C6 S. 7(2A)(a) excluded (E.W.S.) (29.4.2013) by The Universal Credit (Transitional Provisions) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/386), regs. 1(2), 35(3)(b)

C7 S. 7(9) applied (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2001/4022 , reg. 2(2)

Commencement Information

I3 S. 7 wholly in force at 1.4.2002; s. 7 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 20; s. 7 in force for specified purposes at 17.11.2001 and wholly in force at 1.4.2002 by S.I. 2001/3689 , art. 2(1)(a)(b)


8 Effect of offence on joint-claim jobseeker’s allowance (E+W+S)

(1) Subsections (2) and (3) shall have effect, subject to the other provisions of this section, where—

(a) the conditions for the entitlement of any joint-claim couple to a joint-claim jobseeker’s allowance are or become satisfied at any time; and
(b) [F52 an offence-related restriction] would apply in the case of at least one of the members of the couple if the entitlement were an entitlement of that member to a sanctionable benefit.
[F53 (1A) In this section—

(a) “ an offence-related restriction ” means the restriction in subsection (5) of section 6B or the restriction in subsection (2) of section 7, and
(b) in relation to an offence-related restriction, any reference to the relevant period is a reference to a period which is the disqualification period for the purposes of section 6B or section 7, as the case requires.]
(2) [F54 Except in prescribed circumstances] The allowance shall not be payable in the couple’s case for so much of any period comprised in [F55 the relevant period] as is a period for which—

(a) in the case of each of the members of the couple, [F56 an offence-related restriction] would apply if the entitlement were an entitlement of that member to a sanctionable benefit; or
(b) [F57 an offence-related restriction] would so apply in the case of one of the members of the couple and the other member of the couple—
[F58 (i) is a person whose failure sanctionable under section 19, 19A or 19B of the Jobseekers Act 1995 has given rise to a reduction under that section; or]
F59 (ii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(3) For any part of any period comprised in [F60 the relevant period] for which subsection (2) does not apply, the allowance—

(a) shall be payable in the couple’s case as if the amount of the allowance were reduced to an amount calculated using the method prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; but
(b) shall be payable only to the member of the couple who is not the person by reference to whose [F61 conduct section 6B or 7] would apply.
(4) The Secretary of State may by regulations provide in relation to cases to which subsection (2) would otherwise apply that joint-claim jobseeker’s allowance shall be payable in a couple’s case, during the whole or a part of so much of any period comprised in [F62 the relevant period] as falls within paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection, as if one or more of the following applied—

(a) the rate of the allowance were such reduced rate as may be prescribed;
(b) the allowance were payable only if there is compliance by each of the members of the couple with such obligations with respect to the provision of information as may be imposed by the regulations;
(c) the allowance were payable only if the circumstances are otherwise such as may be prescribed.
F63 (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6) Where—

(a) the conviction of any member of a couple for any offence is taken into account for the purposes of the application of this section in relation to that couple, and
(b) that conviction is subsequently quashed,
all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under this section that could not have been imposed had the conviction not taken place.
[F64 (7) Where, after the agreement of any member of a couple (“M”) to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision is taken into account for the purposes of any restriction imposed by virtue of any regulations under this section—

(a) M's agreement to pay the penalty is withdrawn under subsection (5) of the appropriate penalty provision, or
(b) it is decided on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 that [F65 any overpayment made] to which the agreement relates is not recoverable or due,
all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under this section that could not have been imposed had M not agreed to pay the penalty.
(8) Where, after the agreement (“ the old agreement ”) of any member of a couple (“M”) to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision is taken into account for the purposes of any restriction imposed by virtue of any regulations under this section, the amount of [F66 any overpayment made ] to which the penalty relates is revised on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998—

(a) if there is a new disqualifying event for the purposes of section 6B consisting of M's agreement to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision in relation to the revised overpayment or M being cautioned in relation to the offence to which the old agreement relates, the new disqualification period for the purposes of section 6B falls to be determined in accordance with section 6C(4) (a) , and
(b) in any other case, all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under this section that could not have been imposed had M not agreed to pay the penalty.
(9) In this section “ the appropriate penalty provision ” has the meaning given by section 6B(2) (a). ]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F52 Words in s. 8(1)(b) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(2); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F53 S. 8(1A) inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(3); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F54 Words in s. 8(2) inserted (22.10.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 7 para. 12(2)(a); S.I. 2012/2530, art. 2(2)(f)

F55 Words in s. 8(2) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(4)(a); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F56 Words in s. 8(2)(a) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(4)(b); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F57 Words in s. 8(2)(b) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(4)(c); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F58 S. 8(2)(b)(i) substituted (22.10.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 7 para. 12(2)(b); S.I. 2012/2530, art. 2(2)(f)

F59 S. 8(2)(b)(ii) repealed (22.3.2010) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 7 Pt. 3; S.I. 2010/293, art. 2(3)(b) (with art. 2(4))

F60 Words in s. 8(3) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(5)(a); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F61 Words in s. 8(3)(b) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(5)(b); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F62 Words in s. 8(4) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(6); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F63 S. 8(5) repealed (22.10.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 7 para. 12(5); S.I. 2012/2530, art. 2(2)(f)

F64 S. 8(7)-(9) inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 3(7); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F65 Words in s. 8(7)(b) substituted (8.5.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(b), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

F66 Words in s. 8(8) substituted (8.5.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(b), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8 S. 8 restricted (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2001/4022, reg. 20

C9 S. 8(2)(3) excluded (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2001/4022, regs. 12(2), 13(2)

Commencement Information

I4 S. 8 wholly in force at 1.4.2002; s. 8 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 20; s. 8 in force for specified purposes at 17.11.2001 and wholly in force at 1.4.2002 by S.I. 2001/3689, art. 2(1)(a)(b)


9 Effect of offence on benefits for members of offender’s family (E+W+S)

(1) This section applies to—

[F67 (za) universal credit;]
F68 (a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F68 (b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[F69 (bb) state pension credit;]
F68 (bc). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F68 (c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F68 (d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision in accordance with the following provisions of this section in relation to any case in which—

(a) the conditions for entitlement to any benefit to which this section applies are or become satisfied in the case of any person (“the offender’s family member”) ;
(b) that benefit falls to be paid in that person’s case for the whole or any part of a period comprised in a period (“the relevant period”) which is the disqualification period in relation to restrictions imposed under [F70 section 6B or 7] in the case of a member of that person’s family; [F71 and]
(c) that member of that family (“the offender”) is a person by reference to whom—
(i) the conditions for the entitlement of the offender’s family member to the benefit in question are satisfied; or
(ii) the amount of benefit payable in the case of the offender’s family member would fall (apart from any provision made under this section) to be determined.
[F72 (2A) In relation to cases in which the benefit is universal credit, the provision that may be made by virtue of subsection (2) is provision that, in the case of the offender's family member, any universal credit shall be payable, during the whole or a part of any period comprised in the relevant period, as if one or more of the following applied—

(a) the amount payable were reduced in such manner as may be prescribed;
(b) the benefit were payable only if there is compliance by the offender or the offender's family member, or both of them, with such obligations with respect to the provision of information as may be imposed by the regulations;
(c) the benefit were payable only if the circumstances are otherwise such as may be prescribed;
(d) any amount of the benefit payable in prescribed circumstances were recoverable by the Secretary of State.]
F73 (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F73 (4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F74 (4A) In relation to cases in which the benefit is state pension credit, the provision that may be made by virtue of subsection (2) is provision that, in the case of the offender’s family member, the benefit shall be payable for the whole or any part of any period comprised in the relevant period as if the rate of the benefit were reduced in such manner as may be prescribed.]

F75 (4B). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F76 (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6) Where—

(a) the conviction of any member of a person’s family for any offence is taken into account for the purposes of any restriction imposed by virtue of any regulations under this section, and
(b) that conviction is subsequently quashed,
all such payments and other adjustments shall be made in that person’s case as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed that could not have been imposed had the conviction not taken place.
[F77 (7) Where, after the agreement of any member of a person's family (“M”) to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision is taken into account for the purposes of any restriction imposed by virtue of any regulations under this section—

(a) M's agreement to pay the penalty is withdrawn under subsection (5) of the appropriate penalty provision, or
(b) it is decided on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998 that [F78 any overpayment made] to which the agreement relates is not recoverable or due,
all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed that could not have been imposed had M not agreed to pay the penalty.
(8) Where, after the agreement (“ the old agreement ”) of any member of a person's family (“M”) to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision is taken into account for the purposes of any restriction imposed by virtue of any regulations under this section, the amount of [F79 any overpayment made ] to which the penalty relates is revised on an appeal or in accordance with regulations under the Social Security Act 1998 or the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998—

(a) if there is a new disqualifying event for the purposes of section 6B consisting of M's agreement to pay a penalty under the appropriate penalty provision in relation to the revised overpayment or M being cautioned in relation to the offence to which the old agreement relates, the new disqualification period for the purposes of section 6B falls to be determined in accordance with section 6C(4) (a) , and
(b) in any other case, all such payments and other adjustments shall be made as would be necessary if no restriction had been imposed by or under this section that could not have been imposed had M not agreed to pay the penalty.
(9) In this section “ the appropriate penalty provision ” has the meaning given by section 6B(2) (a). ]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F67 S. 9(1)(za) inserted (25.2.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 61(2); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(1)(2)(c)

F68 S. 9(1)(a)(b)(bc)(c)(d) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F69 S. 9(1)(bb) inserted (2.7.2002 for the purpose of making regulations, 6.10.2003 in so far as not already in force) by 2002 c. 16, s. 14, Sch. 2 Pt. 3 para. 46(2); S.I. 2002/1691, art. 2; S.I. 2003/1766, art. 2(a)

F70 Words in s. 9(2)(b) substituted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 4(2); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F71 Word in s. 9(2)(b) substituted (25.2.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 61(3); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(1)(2)(c)

F72 S. 9(2A) inserted (25.2.2013) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 2 para. 61(4); S.I. 2013/358, art. 6(1)(2)(c)

F73 S. 9(3)(4) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5); S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F74 S. 9(4A) inserted (2.7.2002 for the purpose of making regulations, 6.10.2003 in so far as not already in force) by 2002 c. 16, s. 14, Sch. 2 Pt. 3 para. 46(3); S.I. 2002/1961, art. 2; S.I. 2003/1766, art. 2(a)

F75 S. 9(4B) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F76 S. 9(5) repealed (1.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), s. 150(3), Sch. 14 Pt. 1; S.I. 2013/358, art. 8(c), Sch. 4 (with arts. 9 10 Sch. 5)

F77 S. 9(7)-(9) inserted (12.1.2010 for specified purposes, 1.4.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Welfare Reform Act 2009 (c. 24), s. 61(3), Sch. 4 para. 4(3); S.I. 2010/45, art. 2(1)(2)

F78 Words in s. 9(7)(b) substituted (8.5.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(b), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

F79 Words in s. 9(8) substituted (8.5.2012) by Welfare Reform Act 2012 (c. 5), ss. 113(8)(b), 150(3); S.I. 2012/863, art. 2(3)(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10 S. 9 excluded (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2001/4022, regs. 6(2), 7(2)

S. 9 restricted (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2001/4022, reg. 20

Commencement Information

I5 S. 9 wholly in force at 1.4.2002; s. 9 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 20; s. 9 in force for specified purposes at 17.11.2001 and wholly in force at 1.4.2002 by S.I. 2001/3689, art. 2(1)(a)(b)