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LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT IN HEALTH ACT 2007

UK Public General Acts

Version 30/12/2007

2007 CHAPTER 28

Default Geographical Extent: E+W+S+N.I.


  • Part 1 (E+W). Structural and boundary change in England (P)
    • Chapter 1 (E+W). Structural and boundary change
      • Change from two tiers to single tier of local government (E+W)
      • Boundary change (E+W)
      • Implementation of changes (E+W)
      • Supplementary (E+W)
    • Chapter 2 (E+W). Control of disposals etc
  • Part 2 (E+W). Electoral arrangements
    • Chapter 1 (E+W). Power of district councils in England to change electoral scheme
      • Introductory (E+W)
      • Power of district councils to change to whole-council elections (E+W)
      • Power of district councils to revert to partial-council elections (E+W)
      • Power of district councils to alter years of ordinary elections of parish councillors (E+W)
      • Amendment of existing provisions about schemes for ordinary elections (E+W)
    • Chapter 2 (E+W). Miscellaneous
      • Requests for single-member electoral areas in England (E+W)
      • Electoral Commission and Boundary Committee: reviews and recommendations (E+W)
      • Electoral areas in England (E+W)
      • Election dates (E+W)
    • Chapter 3 (E+W). Consequential amendments
  • Part 3 (E+W). Executive arrangements for England
  • Part 4 (E+W). Parishes (P)
    • Chapter 1 (E+W). Parishes
    • Chapter 2 (E+W). Power to promote well-being
    • Chapter 3 (E+W). Reorganisation
      • Key terms used (E+W)
      • Undertaking community governance reviews (E+W)
      • Reorganisation of community governance (E+W)
      • Recommendations of review (E+W)
      • Duties of council undertaking review (E+W)
      • Publicising outcome of review (E+W)
      • Miscellaneous (E+W)
  • Part 5 (E+W). Co-operation of English authorities with local partners, etc
    • Chapter 1 (E+W). Local area agreements and community strategies
    • Chapter 2 (E+W). Overview and scrutiny committees (P)
  • Part 6 (E+W). Byelaws (P)
  • Part 7 (E+W). Best value
    • Best value authorities (E+W) (P)
    • Duties of best value authorities (E+W) (P)
    • Powers to modify enactments etc (E+W)
    • Other (E+W)
  • Part 8 (E+W). Local services: inspection and audit (P)
    • Chapter 1 (E+W). Constitution of the Audit Commission
    • Chapter 2 (E+W). Audit Commission and auditors: functions and procedure
      • Benefits inspections (E+W)
      • Interaction with other authorities (E+W)
      • Inspections and audit (E+W)
      • Studies and reports etc (E+W)
      • Miscellaneous (E+W)
    • Chapter 3 (E+W). Auditor General for Wales and auditors
  • Part 9 (E+W). The Commission for Local Administration in England (P)
  • Part 10 (E+W). Ethical standards (P)
    • Chapter 1 (E+W). Conduct of local authority members
      • Codes of conduct (E+W)
      • Conduct of members of authorities in England: assessment of allegations (E+W)
      • Conduct of local authority members: miscellaneous amendments (E+W)
    • Chapter 2 (E+W). Employees
  • Part 11 (E+W). Joint Waste Authorities (P)
  • Part 12 (E+W). Entities controlled etc by local authorities
  • Part 13 (E+W). The Valuation Tribunal for England (P)
  • Part 14 (E+W). Patient and public involvement in health and social care (P)
    • Local involvement networks (E+W)
    • Abolition of Patients' Forums etc (E+W)
    • Consultation about health services (E+W)
  • Part 15 (E+W). Powers of National Assembly for Wales
  • Part 16 (E+W). Miscellaneous (P)
    • Exercise of functions by members of local authorities in England (E+W)
    • Accounting (E+W)
    • Contracting out (E+W)
  • Part 17. Final provisions
  • Version 30/12/2007
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  • Version 30/10/2007

Introductory Text

Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007

2007 CHAPTER 28

An Act to make provision with respect to local government and the functions and procedures of local authorities and certain other authorities; to make provision with respect to persons with functions of inspection and audit in relation to local government; to establish the Valuation Tribunal for England; to make provision in connection with local involvement networks; to abolish Patients' Forums and the Commission for Patient and Public Involvement in Health; to make provision with respect to local consultation in connection with health services; and for connected purposes.

[30th October 2007]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part 1 (E+W)
Structural and boundary change in England (PROSPECTIVE)



Chapter 1 (E+W)
Structural and boundary change



Change from two tiers to single tier of local government (E+W)


1 “Principal authority” and “single tier of local government” (E+W)

(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, each of the following is a “principal authority”—

(a) a county council in England;
(b) a district council in England.
(2) For the purposes of this Chapter there is “a single tier of local government” for an area if—

(a) there is a county council and no district councils for that area; or
(b) there is a district council and no county council for that area.
(3) For the purposes of subsection (2) (b) there is a county council “for” an area which is a district if there is a county council which has in relation to that area the functions of a county council.

2 Invitations and directions for proposals for single tier of local government (E+W)

(1) The Secretary of State may invite or direct any principal authority to make one of the following proposals—

(a) a Type A proposal;
(b) a Type B proposal;
(c) a Type C proposal;
(d) a combined proposal.
(2) A Type A proposal is a proposal that there should be a single tier of local government for the area which is the county concerned.

(3) A Type B proposal is a proposal that there should be a single tier of local government for an area which—

(a) is currently a district, or two or more districts, in the county concerned; and
(b) is specified in the proposal.
(4) A Type C proposal is a proposal that there should be a single tier of local government for an area specified in the proposal which currently consists of—

(a) the county concerned or one or more districts in the county concerned; and
(b) one or more relevant adjoining areas.
(5) A combined proposal is a proposal that consists of—

(a) two or more Type B proposals,
(b) two or more Type C proposals, or
(c) one or more Type B proposals and one or more Type C proposals,
but a proposal is not a combined proposal if it includes any Type B or C proposals that are alternatives.
(6) In this section “the county concerned” means—

(a) in relation to a principal authority which is the council for a county, that county;
(b) in relation to a principal authority which is the council for a district, the county in which the district is.
(7) In this section a “relevant adjoining area” means an area which adjoins the county concerned and is currently a county in England, a district in England, or two or more such counties or districts.

(8) An invitation or direction may either—

(a) be such that the authority may choose whether to make a Type A, Type B, Type C or combined proposal; or
(b) specify which one of those kinds of proposal is invited (or, in the case of a direction, required).
(9) Subsection (1) is subject to section 3(1).

3 Invitations, directions and proposals: supplementary (E+W)

(1) A direction under section 2—

(a) may not be given after 25 January 2008; and
(b) may be given on or before that date only where the Secretary of State believes that giving the direction would be in the interests of effective and convenient local government.
(2) A direction under section 2 may specify a date by which a proposal must be made.

(3) An invitation under section 2 may specify a date by which a proposal may be made.

(4) A proposal made by virtue of section 2 may not specify an area as one for which there should be a single tier of local government unless the whole or any part of that area is currently a two-tier area (as defined by section 23(2) ).

(5) In responding to an invitation under section 2, or complying with a direction under that section, an authority must have regard to any guidance from the Secretary of State as to—

(a) what a proposal should seek to achieve;
(b) matters that should be taken into account in formulating a proposal.
(6) Where invitations or directions under section 2 are given to more than one authority, any authority that has received an invitation or direction may respond to the invitation, or comply with the direction, either by—

(a) making its own proposal in accordance with the invitation or direction; or
(b) making a proposal, in accordance with the invitation or direction, jointly with any of the other authorities.
(7) An invitation or direction under section 2 may be varied or revoked.

(8) But a direction under section 2 may not be varied after 25 January 2008 if—

(a) the direction as originally given required the making of a Type A or Type B proposal; and
(b) the direction as varied would require or permit the making of a Type C or combined proposal.

4 Request for Boundary Committee for England's advice (E+W)

(1) This section applies where the Secretary of State receives a proposal in response to an invitation or direction under section 2.

(2) The Secretary of State may request the Boundary Committee to advise, no later than a date specified in the request, on any matter that—

(a) relates to the proposal; and
(b) is specified in the request.
(3) The Secretary of State may at any time substitute a later date for the date specified in a request under subsection (2) (or for any date previously substituted under this subsection).

5 Boundary Committee's powers (E+W)

(1) This section applies where the Boundary Committee receive a request for advice under section 4.

(2) The Boundary Committee may provide the advice requested.

(3) Where they provide that advice, the Boundary Committee may also do any of the following that they think appropriate—

(a) recommend that the Secretary of State implements the proposal without modification;
(b) recommend that he does not implement it;
(c) make an alternative proposal to him.
(4) In subsection (3) (a) “the proposal” means the Type A, Type B, Type C or combined proposal to which the request for advice related.

(5) In subsection (3) (c) “an alternative proposal” means—

(a) a proposal that there should be a single tier of local government for an area that—
(i) is, or includes, the whole or part of the county concerned; and
(ii) is specified in the alternative proposal; or
(b) a proposal consisting of two or more proposals that are within paragraph (a) (and are not alternatives to one another).
(6) In this section “the county concerned” means—

(a) the county that, under section 2(6) , is the county concerned in relation to the authority which made the proposal referred to in subsection (4) above; or
(b) where that proposal was made by more than one authority, any county that (under section 2(6) ) is the county concerned in relation to any of the authorities which made that proposal.
(7) The area specified in an alternative proposal under this section may not extend into any area that is currently outside all local government areas.

6 Boundary Committee's procedure (E+W)

(1) A local authority must if requested by the Boundary Committee to do so provide the Boundary Committee, by such date as the Boundary Committee may specify, with any information that the Boundary Committee may reasonably require in connection with any of their functions under section 5.

(2) In making a recommendation or alternative proposal under section 5 the Boundary Committee must have regard to any guidance from the Secretary of State about the exercise of the Boundary Committee's functions under that section.

(3) Any recommendation or alternative proposal under section 5 must be made no later than the relevant date.

(4) Before making an alternative proposal under section 5(3) (c) the Boundary Committee must—

(a) publish a draft of the proposal; and
(b) take such steps as they consider sufficient to secure that persons who may be interested are informed of—
(i) the draft proposal; and
(ii) the period within which representations about it may be made to the Boundary Committee.
(5) The Boundary Committee—

(a) must take into account any representations made to them within that period; and
(b) if they make any proposal to the Secretary of State, must inform any person who made such representations—
(i) of the proposal made; and
(ii) that representations about the proposal may be made to the Secretary of State until the end of the relevant period.
(6) In subsection (5) (b) “the relevant period” means four weeks beginning with the relevant date.

(7) In this section and section 7 “the relevant date” means the date specified in the request under section 4(2) (or, if a later date is substituted under section 4(3) , the date substituted (or last substituted) under that provision).

7 Implementation of proposals by order (E+W)

(1) Where the Secretary of State has received a proposal in response to an invitation or direction under section 2, he may—

(a) by order implement the proposal, with or without modification;
(b) if he has received an alternative proposal from the Boundary Committee under section 5, by order implement that alternative proposal with or without modification; or
(c) decide to take no action.
(2) But where the Secretary of State has made a request under section 4 in relation to the proposal received in response to the invitation or direction, he may not make an order or decision under this section before the end of six weeks beginning with the relevant date (as defined by section 6(7) ).

(3) The Secretary of State may not in any case make an order under subsection (1) (a) implementing a proposal unless he has consulted the following about the proposal—

(a) every authority affected by the proposal (except the authority or authorities which made it) ; and
(b) such other persons as he considers appropriate.
(4) For the purposes of this section an authority is “affected by” a proposal if it is a principal authority for an area which is, or any part of which is, in an area that the proposal suggests should have a single tier of local government.

(5) Subsection (3) does not apply if the proposal was made jointly by every authority affected by it, and in that case the Secretary of State may before making an order under subsection (1) (a) (or deciding not to) consult such other persons as he considers appropriate.

(6) In any case where he has received an alternative proposal from the Boundary Committee under section 5, the Secretary of State may request the Boundary Committee to provide him with information or advice on any matter relating to the proposal.

(7) Where they receive such a request the Boundary Committee may provide the information or advice requested.

Boundary change (E+W)


8 Review by Boundary Committee of local government areas (E+W)

(1) The Boundary Committee may, either on their own initiative or at the request of the Secretary of State or a local authority, conduct a review of one or more local government areas.

(2) Where they have conducted a review under this section the Boundary Committee may (subject to subsection (4) ) recommend to the Secretary of State such boundary change as in consequence of the review seems to them desirable.

(3) For the purposes of this section “boundary change” means any of the following or any combination of the following—

(a) the alteration of a local government area boundary;
(b) the abolition of a local government area;
(c) the constitution of a new local government area.
(4) None of the following may be recommended under this section—

(a) a change consisting of the alteration of the boundary of a single-tier area and consequent abolition of an area that is currently two-tier;
(b) a change consisting of the alteration of the boundary of a two-tier area and consequent abolition of an area that is currently single-tier;
(c) a change consisting of the constitution of a new local government area and consequent abolition of an existing local government area, where the new local government area would include—
(i) the whole or part of any area that is currently single-tier; and
(ii) the whole or part of any area that is currently two-tier;
(d) a change consisting of the alteration of a local government area, or constitution of a new local government area, where the altered or new area would extend into an area that is currently outside all local government areas;
(e) a change whose effect would be that England (excluding the Isles of Scilly, the City of London, the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple) is no longer divided into areas each of which is—
(i) a county divided into districts, or comprising one district; or
(ii) a London borough.
(5) Where the Boundary Committee have conducted a review under this section and consider that no boundary change is desirable, they may recommend to the Secretary of State that no boundary change should be made.

(6) In considering whether (and, if so, what) boundary change is desirable, the Boundary Committee must have regard to—

(a) the need to secure effective and convenient local government; and
(b) the need to reflect the identities and interests of local communities.
(7) In exercising a function under subsection (1) , (2) , (5) or (6) , a local authority or the Boundary Committee must have regard to any guidance from the Secretary of State about the exercise of that function.

(8) A local authority must if requested by the Boundary Committee to do so provide the Boundary Committee, by such date as the Boundary Committee may specify, with any information that the Boundary Committee may reasonably require in connection with any of their functions under this section.

9 Boundary Committee's review: consultation etc (E+W)

(1) This section applies where the Boundary Committee conduct a review under section 8.

(2) In conducting the review the Committee must consult—

(a) the council of any local government area to which the review relates; and
(b) such other local authorities, parish councils and other persons as appear to them to have an interest.
(3) Before making any recommendation to the Secretary of State the Boundary Committee must—

(a) publish a draft of the recommendation; and
(b) take such steps as they consider sufficient to secure that persons who may be interested are informed of—
(i) the draft recommendation; and
(ii) the period within which representations about it may be made to the Boundary Committee.
(4) The Boundary Committee—

(a) must take into account any representations made to them within that period; and
(b) if they make any recommendation to the Secretary of State, must inform any person who made such representations—
(i) of the recommendation made; and
(ii) that representations about the recommendation may be made to the Secretary of State until the end of four weeks beginning with the recommendation date.
(5) In this section and section 10 “the recommendation date” means the date the recommendation was sent by the Boundary Committee to the Secretary of State.

10 Implementation of recommendations by order (E+W)

(1) Where the Boundary Committee make a recommendation to the Secretary of State under section 8(2) , the Secretary of State may do any of the following—

(a) by order implement the recommendation, with or without modification;
(b) decide to take no action with respect to the recommendation;
(c) make a request under section 8 for a further review.
(2) Where the Boundary Committee make a recommendation to the Secretary of State under section 8(5) the Secretary of State may—

(a) make a request under section 8 for a further review; or
(b) decide not to make such a request.
(3) The Secretary of State may not do as mentioned in paragraph (a) , (b) or (c) of subsection (1) or paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (2) before the end of six weeks beginning with the recommendation date (as defined by section 9(5) ).

(4) Before doing as mentioned in any of those paragraphs the Secretary of State may request the Boundary Committee to provide him with information or advice on any matter relating to the recommendation.

(5) Where they receive such a request the Boundary Committee may provide the information or advice requested.