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UK BORDERS ACT 2007

UK Public General Acts

Version 01/06/2015

2007 CHAPTER 30

Default Geographical Extent: E+W+S+N.I.


  • Detention at ports (E+W+N.I.)
  • Biometric registration
  • Treatment of claimants
  • Enforcement
  • Deportation of criminals
  • Information
  • Border and Immigration Inspectorate
  • General
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  • Version 30/10/2007

Introductory Text

UK Borders Act 2007

2007 CHAPTER 30

An Act to make provision about immigration and asylum; and for connected purposes.

[30th October 2007]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1 Act applied (with modifications) by SI 1994/1405 art. 7 Sch. 4 (as inserted (16.4.2015) by The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 6)


Detention at ports (E+W+N.I.)


1 Designated immigration officers (E+W+N.I.)

(1) The Secretary of State may designate immigration officers for the purposes of section 2.

(2) The Secretary of State may designate only officers who the Secretary of State thinks are—

(a) fit and proper for the purpose, and
(b) suitably trained.
(3) A designation—

(a) may be permanent or for a specified period, and
(b) may (in either case) be revoked.
Annotations:

Commencement Information

I1 S. 1 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(a)


2 Detention (E+W+N.I.)

(1) A designated immigration officer at a port in F1 ... may detain an individual if the immigration officer thinks that the individual—

(a) may be liable to arrest by a constable under section 24(1) , (2) or (3) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60) or F2 ...) , or
[F3 (aa) might be liable to arrest by a constable under section 24(1) , (2) or (3) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 if the act or omission had taken place in England, or; ]
(b) is subject to a warrant for arrest.
F4 (1A ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2) A designated immigration officer who detains an individual—

(a) must arrange for a constable [F5 , an officer belonging to the French Republic or an officer belonging to the Kingdom of Belgium ] to attend as soon as is reasonably practicable,
(b) may search the individual for, and retain, anything that might be used to assist escape or to cause physical injury to the individual or another person,
(c) must retain anything found on a search which the immigration officer thinks may be evidence of the commission of an offence, and
(d) must, when the constable [F6 , the officer belonging to the French Republic or the officer belonging to the Kingdom of Belgium ] arrives, deliver to the constable [F6 , the officer belonging to the French Republic or the officer belonging to the Kingdom of Belgium ] the individual and anything retained on a search.
(3) An individual may not be detained under this section for longer than three hours.

(4) A designated immigration officer may use reasonable force for the purpose of exercising a power under this section.

F7 (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6) Detention under this section shall be treated as detention under the Immigration Act 1971 (c. 77) for the purposes of Part 8 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (c. 33) (detained persons).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1 Words in s. 2(1) omitted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(1)(a)(i) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by virtue of The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

F2 Words in s. 2(1) omitted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(1)(a)(ii) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by virtue of The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

F3 S. 2(1)(aa) inserted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(1)(a)(iii) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

F4 S. 2(1A) omitted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(1)(b) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by virtue of The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

F5 Words in s. 2(2)(a) inserted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(1)(c) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

F6 Words in s. 2(2)(d) inserted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(1)(d) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

F7 S. 2(5) omitted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(1)(e) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by virtue of The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

Commencement Information

I2 S. 2 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(a)


3 Enforcement (E+W+N.I.)

(1) An offence is committed by a person who—

(a) absconds from detention under section 2,
(b) assaults an immigration officer exercising a power under section 2, or
(c) obstructs an immigration officer in the exercise of a power under section 2.
(2) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) (a) or (b) shall be liable on summary conviction to—

(a) imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51 weeks,
(b) a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or
(c) both.
(3) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) (c) shall be liable on summary conviction to—

(a) imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51 weeks,
(b) a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale, or
(c) both.
(4) In the application of this section to Northern Ireland—

(a) the reference in subsection (2) (a) to 51 weeks shall be treated as a reference to six months, and
(b) the reference in subsection (3) (a) to 51 weeks shall be treated as a reference to one month.
[F8 (4A) In the application of this section to Scotland, the references in subsections (2) (a) and (3) (a) to 51 weeks shall be treated as references to 12 months.]

(5) In relation to an offence committed before the commencement of section 281(5) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44) (51 week maximum term of sentences) —

(a) the reference in subsection (2) (a) to 51 weeks shall be treated as a reference to six months, and
(b) the reference in subsection (3) (a) to 51 weeks shall be treated as a reference to one month.
Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F8 S. 3(4A) inserted (27.10.2014) by Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (c. 11), ss. 52(2), 58(3)(b); S.I. 2014/2634, art. 2(b)

Commencement Information

I3 S. 3 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(a)


4 Interpretation: “port” (E+W+N.I.)

[F9 (1) In section 2 “port” means a terminal control point or an international station. ]

(2) A place shall be treated for the purposes of that section as a port in relation to an individual if a designated immigration officer believes that the individual—

(a) has gone there for the purpose of embarking on a [F10 train ] , or
(b) has arrived there on disembarking from a [F10 train ] .
Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F9 Words in s. 4(1) substituted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(2)(a) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

F10 Words in s. 4(2) substituted by SI 1993/1813 Sch. 4 para. 6(2)(b) (as inserted) (16.4.2015) by The Channel Tunnel (International Arrangements) and Channel Tunnel (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/856), arts. 1, 4

Commencement Information

I4 S. 4 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(a)


Biometric registration


5 Registration regulations

(1) The Secretary of State may make regulations—

(a) requiring a person subject to immigration control to apply for the issue of a document recording biometric information (a “biometric immigration document”) ;
(b) requiring a biometric immigration document to be used—
(i) for specified immigration purposes,
(ii) in connection with specified immigration procedures, or
(iii) in specified circumstances, where a question arises about a person's status in relation to nationality or immigration;
(c) requiring a person who produces a biometric immigration document by virtue of paragraph (b) to provide information for comparison with information provided in connection with the application for the document.
(2) Regulations under subsection (1) (a) may, in particular—

(a) apply generally or only to a specified class of persons subject to immigration control (for example, persons making or seeking to make a specified kind of application for immigration purposes) ;
(b) specify the period within which an application for a biometric immigration document must be made;
(c) make provision about the issue of biometric immigration documents;
(d) make provision about the content of biometric immigration documents (which may include non-biometric information) ;
(e) make provision permitting a biometric immigration document to be combined with another document;
(f) make provision for biometric immigration documents to begin to have effect, and cease to have effect, in accordance with the regulations;
(g) require a person who acquires a biometric immigration document, without the consent of the person to whom it relates or of the Secretary of State, to surrender it to the Secretary of State as soon as is reasonably practicable;
(h) permit the Secretary of State to require the surrender of a biometric immigration document in other specified circumstances;
(i) permit the Secretary of State on issuing a biometric immigration document to require the surrender of other documents connected with immigration or nationality.
(3) Regulations under subsection (1) (a) may permit the Secretary of State to cancel a biometric immigration document—

(a) if the Secretary of State thinks that information provided in connection with the document was or has become false, misleading or incomplete,
(b) if the Secretary of State thinks that the document has been lost or stolen,
(c) if the Secretary of State thinks that the document (including any information recorded in it) has been altered, damaged or destroyed (whether deliberately or not) ,
(d) if the Secretary of State thinks that an attempt has been made (whether successfully or not) to copy the document or to do anything to enable it to be copied,
(e) if the Secretary of State thinks that a person has failed to surrender the document in accordance with subsection (2) (g) or (h) ,
(f) if the Secretary of State thinks that the document should be re-issued (whether because the information recorded in it requires alteration or for any other reason) ,
(g) if the Secretary of State thinks that the holder is to be given leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom,
(h) if the Secretary of State thinks that the holder's leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom is to be varied, cancelled or invalidated or to lapse,
(i) if the Secretary of State thinks that the holder has died,
(j) if the Secretary of State thinks that the holder has been removed from the United Kingdom (whether by deportation or otherwise) ,
(k) if the Secretary of State thinks that the holder has left the United Kingdom without retaining leave to enter or remain, and
(l) in such other circumstances as the regulations may specify.
(4) Regulations under subsection (1) (a) may require notification to be given to the Secretary of State by the holder of a biometric immigration document—

(a) who knows or suspects that the document has been lost or stolen,
(b) who knows or suspects that the document has been altered or damaged (whether deliberately or not) ,
(c) who knows or suspects that information provided in connection with the document was or has become false, misleading or incomplete,
(d) who was given leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom in accordance with a provision of rules under section 3 of the Immigration Act 1971 (c. 77) (immigration rules) and knows or suspects that owing to a change of the holder's circumstances the holder would no longer qualify for leave under that provision, or
(e) in such other circumstances as the regulations may specify.
(5) Regulations under subsection (1) (a) may require a person applying for the issue of a biometric immigration document to provide information (which may include biographical or other non-biometric information) to be recorded in it or retained by the Secretary of State; and, in particular, the regulations may—

(a) require, or permit an authorised person to require, the provision of information in a specified form;
(b) require an individual to submit, or permit an authorised person to require an individual to submit, to a specified process by means of which biometric information is obtained or recorded;
(c) confer a function (which may include the exercise of a discretion) on an authorised person;
(d) permit the Secretary of State, instead of requiring the provision of information, to use or retain information which is (for whatever reason) already in the Secretary of State's possession.
(6) Regulations under subsection (1) (b) may, in particular, require the production or other use of a biometric immigration document that is combined with another documentF11 ...

(7) Regulations under subsection (1) (b) may not make provision the effect of which would be to require a person to carry a biometric immigration document at all times.

(8) Regulations under subsection (1) (c) may, in particular, make provision of a kind specified in subsection (5) (a) or (b).

(9) Rules under section 3 of the Immigration Act 1971 (c. 77) may require a person applying for the issue of a biometric immigration document to provide non-biometric information to be recorded in it or retained by the Secretary of State.

(10) Subsections (5) to (9) are without prejudice to the generality of section 50 of the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006 (c. 13) (procedure).

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F11 Words in s. 5(6) omitted (21.1.2011) by virtue of Identity Documents Act 2010 (c. 40), s. 14(2), Sch. para. 19

Commencement Information

I5 S. 5 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(b)


6 Regulations: supplemental

(1) This section applies to regulations under section 5(1).

(2) Regulations amending or replacing earlier regulations may require a person who holds a biometric immigration document issued under the earlier regulations to apply under the new regulations.

(3) In so far as regulations require an individual under the age of 16 to submit to a process for the recording of biometric information, or permit an authorised person to require an individual under the age of 16 to submit to a process of that kind, the regulations must make provision similar to section 141(3) to (5) and (13) of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (c. 33) (fingerprints: children).

(4) Rules under section 3 of the Immigration Act 1971 (immigration rules) may make provision by reference to compliance or non-compliance with regulations.

(5) Information in the Secretary of State's possession which is used or retained in accordance with regulations under section 5(5) (d) shall be treated, for the purpose of requirements about treatment and destruction, as having been provided in accordance with the regulations at the time at which it is used or retained in accordance with them.

(6) Regulations—

(a) may make provision having effect generally or only in specified cases or circumstances,
(b) may make different provision for different cases or circumstances,
(c) may include incidental, consequential or transitional provision,
(d) shall be made by statutory instrument, and
(e) may not be made unless a draft has been laid before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.
Annotations:

Commencement Information

I6 S. 6 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(b)


7 Effect of non-compliance

(1) Regulations under section 5(1) must include provision about the effect of failure to comply with a requirement of the regulations.

(2) In particular, the regulations may—

(a) require or permit an application for a biometric immigration document to be refused;
(b) require or permit an application or claim in connection with immigration to be disregarded or refused;
(c) require or permit the cancellation or variation of leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom;
(d) require the Secretary of State to consider giving a notice under section 9;
(e) provide for the consequence of a failure to be at the discretion of the Secretary of State.
[F12 (2A) If the regulations require a biometric immigration document to be used in connection with an application or claim, they may require or permit the application or claim to be disregarded or refused if that requirement is not complied with. ]

(3) The regulations may also permit the Secretary of State to designate an adult as the person responsible for ensuring that a child complies with requirements of the regulations; and for that purpose—

(a) “adult” means an individual who has attained the age of 18,
(b) “child” means an individual who has not attained the age of 18, and
(c) sections 9 to 13 shall apply (with any necessary modifications) to a designated adult's failure to ensure compliance by a child with a requirement of regulations as they apply to a person's own failure to comply with a requirement.
Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F12 S. 7(2A) inserted (28.7.2014) by Immigration Act 2014 (c. 22), ss. 11, 75(3); S.I. 2014/1820, art. 3(j)

Commencement Information

I7 S. 7 in force at 31.1.2008 by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(b)


[F13 8 Use and retention of biometric information

(1) The Secretary of State must by regulations make provision about the use and retention by the Secretary of State of biometric information provided in accordance with regulations under section 5(1).

(2) The regulations must provide that biometric information may be retained only if the Secretary of State thinks that it is necessary to retain it for use in connection with—

(a) the exercise of a function by virtue of the Immigration Acts, or
(b) the exercise of a function in relation to nationality.
(3) The regulations may include provision permitting biometric information retained by virtue of subsection (2) also to be used—

(a) in connection with the prevention, investigation or prosecution of an offence,
(b) for a purpose which appears to the Secretary of State to be required in order to protect national security,
(c) in connection with identifying persons who have died, or are suffering from illness or injury,
(d) for the purpose of ascertaining whether a person has acted unlawfully, or has obtained or sought anything to which the person is not legally entitled, and
(e) for such other purposes (whether in accordance with functions under an enactment or otherwise) as the regulations may specify.
(4) The regulations must include provision about the destruction of biometric information.

(5) In particular the regulations must require the Secretary of State to take all reasonable steps to ensure that biometric information is destroyed if the Secretary of State—

(a) no longer thinks that it is necessary to retain the information for use as mentioned in subsection (2) , or
(b) is satisfied that the person to whom the information relates is a British citizen, or a Commonwealth citizen who has a right of abode in the United Kingdom as a result of section 2(1) (b) of the Immigration Act 1971.
(6) The regulations must also—

(a) require that any requirement to destroy biometric information by virtue of the regulations also applies to copies of the information, and
(b) require the Secretary of State to take all reasonable steps to ensure—
(i) that data held in electronic form which relates to biometric information which has to be destroyed by virtue of the regulations is destroyed or erased, or
(ii) that access to such data is blocked.
(7) But a requirement to destroy biometric information or data is not to apply if and in so far as the information or data is retained in accordance with and for the purposes of another power.

(8) The regulations must include provision—

(a) entitling a person whose biometric information has to be destroyed by virtue of the regulations, on request, to a certificate issued by the Secretary of State to the effect that the Secretary of State has taken the steps required by virtue of subsection (6) (b) , and
(b) requiring such a certificate to be issued within the period of 3 months beginning with the date on which the request for it is received by the Secretary of State.
(9) Section 6(6) applies to regulations under this section as it applies to regulations under section 5(1).]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F13 S. 8 substituted (28.7.2014) by Immigration Act 2014 (c. 22), ss. 14(1), 75(3); S.I. 2014/1820, art. 3(m)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2 S. 8 applied by 1981 c. 61, s. 41(IZC) (as inserted (28.7.2014) by Immigration Act 2014 (c. 22), ss. 10(3), 75(3); S.I. 2014/1820, art. 3(i))

C3 S. 8 applied by 1999 c. 33, s. 144A (as inserted (28.7.2014) by Immigration Act 2014 (c. 22), ss. 14(2), 75(3); S.I. 2014/1820, art. 3(m))

C4 S. 8 applied by 2002 c. 41, s. 126(8A) (as inserted (28.7.2014) by Immigration Act 2014 (c. 22), ss. 14(3), 75(3); S.I. 2014/1820, art. 3(m))


9 Penalty

(1) The Secretary of State may by notice require a person to pay a penalty for failing to comply with a requirement of regulations under section 5(1).

(2) The notice must—

(a) specify the amount of the penalty,
(b) specify a date before which the penalty must be paid to the Secretary of State,
(c) specify methods by which the penalty may be paid,
(d) explain the grounds on which the Secretary of State thinks the person has failed to comply with a requirement of the regulations, and
(e) explain the effect of sections 10 to 12.
(3) The amount specified under subsection (2) (a) may not exceed £1,000.

(4) The date specified under subsection (2) (b) must be not less than 14 days after the date on which the notice is given.

(5) A person who has been given a notice under subsection (1) for failing to comply with regulations may be given further notices in the case of continued failure; but a person may not be given a new notice—

(a) during the time available for objection or appeal against an earlier notice, or
(b) while an objection or appeal against an earlier notice has been instituted and is neither withdrawn nor determined.
(6) The Secretary of State may by order amend subsection (3) to reflect a change in the value of money.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I8 S. 9 in force at 25.11.2008 by S.I. 2008/2822, art. 2(a)


10 Penalty: objection

(1) A person (P) who is given a penalty notice under section 9(1) may by notice to the Secretary of State object on the grounds—

(a) that P has not failed to comply with a requirement of regulations under section 5(1) ,
(b) that it is unreasonable to require P to pay a penalty, or
(c) that the amount of the penalty is excessive.
(2) A notice of objection must—

(a) specify the grounds of objection and P's reasons,
(b) comply with any prescribed requirements as to form and content, and
(c) be given within the prescribed period.
(3) The Secretary of State shall consider a notice of objection and—

(a) cancel the penalty notice,
(b) reduce the penalty by varying the penalty notice,
(c) increase the penalty by issuing a new penalty notice, or
(d) confirm the penalty notice.
(4) The Secretary of State shall act under subsection (3) and notify P—

(a) in accordance with any prescribed requirements, and
(b) within the prescribed period or such longer period as the Secretary of State and P may agree.
Annotations:

Commencement Information

I9 S. 10 in force at 31.1.2008 for specified purposes by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(c)

I10 S. 10 in force at 25.11.2008 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/2822, art. 2(b)


11 Penalty: appeal

(1) A person (P) who is given a penalty notice under section 9(1) may appeal to—

(a) [F14 the county court in England and Wales or a county court in ] Northern Ireland, or
(b) the sheriff, in Scotland.
(2) An appeal may be brought on the grounds—

(a) that P has not failed to comply with a requirement of regulations under section 5(1) ,
(b) that it is unreasonable to require P to pay a penalty, or
(c) that the amount of the penalty is excessive.
(3) The court or sheriff may—

(a) cancel the penalty notice,
(b) reduce the penalty by varying the penalty notice,
(c) increase the penalty by varying the penalty notice (whether because the court or sheriff thinks the original amount insufficient or because the court or sheriff thinks that the appeal should not have been brought) , or
(d) confirm the penalty notice.
(4) An appeal may be brought—

(a) whether or not P has given a notice of objection, and
(b) irrespective of the Secretary of State's decision on any notice of objection.
(5) The court or sheriff may consider matters of which the Secretary of State was not and could not have been aware before giving the penalty notice.

(6) Rules of court may make provision about the timing of an appeal under this section.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F14 Words in s. 11(1)(a) substituted (22.4.2014) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(3), Sch. 9 para. 138; S.I. 2014/954, art. 2(c) (with art. 3) (with transitional provisions and savings in S.I. 2014/956, arts. 3-11)

Commencement Information

I11 S. 11 in force at 31.1.2008 for specified purposes by S.I. 2008/99, art. 2(d)

I12 S. 11 in force at 25.11.2008 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2008/2822, art. 2(c)


12 Penalty: enforcement

(1) Where a penalty has not been paid before the date specified in the penalty notice in accordance with section 9(2) (b) , it may be recovered as a debt due to the Secretary of State.

(2) Where a notice of objection is given in respect of a penalty notice, the Secretary of State may not take steps to enforce the penalty notice before—

(a) deciding what to do in response to the notice of objection, and
(b) informing the objector.
(3) The Secretary of State may not take steps to enforce a penalty notice while an appeal under section 11—

(a) could be brought (disregarding any possibility of an appeal out of time with permission) , or
(b) has been brought and has not been determined or abandoned.
(4) In proceedings for the recovery of a penalty no question may be raised as to the matters specified in sections 10 and 11 as grounds for objection or appeal.

(5) Money received by the Secretary of State in respect of a penalty shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I13 S. 12 in force at 25.11.2008 by S.I. 2008/2822, art. 2(d)