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PENSIONS ACT 2014

UK Public General Acts

Version 06/04/2016

2014 CHAPTER 19

Default Geographical Extent: E+W+S+N.I.


  • Part 1 (E+W+S). State pension
    • Introduction (E+W+S)
    • State pension at the full or reduced rate (E+W+S)
    • State pension at the transitional rate (E+W+S)
    • Transitional entitlement based on contributions of others (E+W+S)
    • Transition: women who have had a reduced rate election (E+W+S)
    • Transition: pension sharing on divorce etc (E+W+S)
    • Postponing or suspending state pension (E+W+S)
    • Prisoners and overseas residents (E+W+S)
    • Definitions (E+W+S)
    • Consequential and other amendments (E+W+S)
  • Part 2 (E+W+S). Option to boost old retirement pensions (P)
  • Part 3 (E+W+S). Pensionable age
  • Part 4 (E+W+S). State pension credit
  • Part 5 (E+W+S). Bereavement support payment (P)
  • Part 6 (E+W+S). Private pensions
    • Transfer of pension benefits (E+W+S)
    • Automatic enrolment (E+W+S)
    • Other (E+W+S)
  • Part 7. Final provisions
  • Version 06/04/2016
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  • Version 14/07/2014
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  • Version as enacted

Introductory Text

Pensions Act 2014

2014 CHAPTER 19

An Act to make provision about pensions and about benefits payable to people in connection with bereavement; and for connected purposes.

[14th May 2014]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part 1 (E+W+S)
State pension



Introduction (E+W+S)


1 State pension (E+W+S)

(1) This Part creates a benefit called state pension.

(2) A person who reaches pensionable age before 6 April 2016 is not entitled to benefits under this Part (but may be entitled to similar benefits under Part 2 of the Contributions and Benefits Act).

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I1 S. 1 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 1 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


State pension at the full or reduced rate (E+W+S)


2 Entitlement to state pension at full or reduced rate (E+W+S)

(1) A person is entitled to a state pension payable at the full rate if—

(a) the person has reached pensionable age, and
(b) the person has 35 or more qualifying years.
(2) A person is entitled to a state pension payable at the reduced rate if—

(a) the person has reached pensionable age, and
(b) the person has at least the minimum number of qualifying years but fewer than 35 qualifying years.
(3) The minimum number of qualifying years for a state pension payable at the reduced rate is to be specified in regulations and may not be more than 10.

(4) In this Part “qualifying year” means a tax year, during a person's working life, in which the person's earnings factor (or the sum of the person's earnings factors) is equal to or greater than the qualifying earnings factor for the year.

(5) For earnings factors, see sections 22 and 23 of the Contributions and Benefits Act.

(6) For transitional cases in which a person may be entitled to a different state pension (instead of a state pension under this section) , see sections 4 and 12.

(7) There are provisions elsewhere that affect a person's entitlement to a state pension under this section or the rate at which it is payable.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I2 S. 2 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 2 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


3 Full and reduced rates of state pension (E+W+S)

(1) The full rate of the state pension is the weekly rate for the time being specified in regulations.

(2) The reduced rate of the state pension for a person is the following proportion of the full rate—



(3) Once the full rate has been specified, the power to make regulations under subsection (1) may not be re-exercised so as to reduce the rate.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I3 S. 3 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 3 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


State pension at the transitional rate (E+W+S)


4 Entitlement to state pension at transitional rate (E+W+S)

(1) A person is entitled to a state pension payable at the transitional rate if—

(a) the person has reached pensionable age,
(b) the person has at least the minimum number of qualifying years, and
(c) the person has at least one pre-commencement qualifying year.
(2) The minimum number of qualifying years for a state pension payable at the transitional rate is to be specified in regulations and may not be more than 10.

(3) A person entitled to a state pension payable at the transitional rate is not entitled to a state pension under section 2.

(4) In this Part— “post-commencement qualifying year” means a qualifying year beginning on or after 6 April 2016; “pre-commencement qualifying year” means— (a) a qualifying year beginning on or after 6 April 1978 and ending before 6 April 2016, or (b) a reckonable year that would have been treated under regulation 13(1) of the Social Security (Widow's Benefit, Retirement Pensions and Other Benefits) (Transitional) Regulations 1979 (S.I. 1979/643) as a qualifying year for the purposes of determining the person's entitlement to an old state pension that is a Category A retirement pension.

(5) A reckonable year mentioned in paragraph (b) of the definition of “pre-commencement qualifying year” counts towards the minimum number of qualifying years required by subsection (1) (b) (even though it does not come within the definition of “qualifying year” for the purposes of this Part).

(6) For earnings factors, see sections 22 and 23 of the Contributions and Benefits Act.

(7) There are provisions elsewhere that affect a person's entitlement to a state pension under this section or the rate at which it is payable.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I4 S. 4 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 4 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


5 Transitional rate of state pension (E+W+S)

(1) The transitional rate of the state pension for a person is a weekly rate equal to—

(a) the sum of the amounts calculated under Schedule 1 for the person's pre-commencement and post-commencement qualifying years capped at the full rate of the state pension on the day on which the person reaches pensionable age, or
(b) if higher, the amount for the person's pre-commencement qualifying years alone.
(2) The transitional rate of the state pension for a person is to be increased from time to time in accordance with the applicable paragraph of Schedule 2.

(3) Section 6 requires the transitional rate of the state pension for a person to be recalculated in certain circumstances.

(4) There are special rules about the transitional rate for certain women: see section 11 (reduced rate elections).

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I5 S. 5 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 5 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


6 Recalculation and backdating of transitional rate in special cases (E+W+S)

(1) This section modifies the transitional rate of the state pension for a person if, after the person has reached pensionable age, a determination is made under section 48A(2) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (contracting-out: reinstatement in state scheme following payment of contributions equivalent premium).

(2) The person's transitional rate is to be recalculated (taking the determination into account under paragraph 3(8) of Schedule 1).

(3) The recalculated rate has effect as from the day on which the person reached pensionable age (and the other provisions of this Part apply accordingly).

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I6 S. 6 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 6 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


Transitional entitlement based on contributions of others (E+W+S)


7 Survivor's pension based on inheritance of additional old state pension (E+W+S)

(1) A person is entitled to a state pension under this section if—

(a) the person has reached pensionable age,
(b) the person's spouse died while they were married or the person's civil partner died while they were civil partners of each other, and
(c) the person is entitled to an inherited amount under Schedule 3.
(2) A state pension under this section is payable at a weekly rate equal to the inherited amount.

(3) The rate of the state pension for a person under this section is to be increased from time to time in accordance with the applicable paragraph of Schedule 4.

(4) Regulations may provide that if at any time the sum of the relevant state pensions for a person exceeds an amount provided for by regulations, the rate of any state pension payable to the person under this section is to be reduced by the amount of the excess.

(5) The “sum of the relevant state pensions” for a person is the sum of—

(a) the rate of any state pension payable to the person under this section (ignoring any reduction under subsection (4) ) , and
(b) the rate of any state pension payable to the person under section 2, 4 or 12.
(6) In subsections (4) and (5) a reference to the rate of a person's state pension is to the rate—

(a) taking into account any reduction under section 14 (in the case of a state pension under section 4) , but
(b) ignoring any increase under section 17.
(7) There are provisions elsewhere that affect a person's entitlement to a state pension under this section or the rate at which it is payable.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I7 S. 7 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 7 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


8 Choice of lump sum or survivor's pension under section 9 in certain cases (E+W+S)

(1) A person is entitled to a choice under this section if—

(a) the person has reached pensionable age,
(b) the person's spouse died while they were married or the person's civil partner died while they were civil partners of each other,
(c) the spouse or civil partner's entitlement to an old state pension was deferred at the time of death and throughout the period of 12 months ending with the day before the death,
(d) either: (i) the person was under pensionable age when the spouse or civil partner died and did not marry or form a civil partnership after the death and before reaching pensionable age, or (ii) the person was over pensionable age when the spouse or civil partner died, and
(e) the person would, on reaching pensionable age or on the death of the spouse or civil partner, have been entitled to an old state pension if in the relevant provisions of the Contributions and Benefits Act: (i) the words “before 6 April 2016” were omitted, and (ii) any reference to a bereavement allowance included a reference to bereavement support payment under section 30 of this Act.
(2) The person may choose—

(a) to be paid a lump sum under this section, or
(b) to be paid a state pension under section 9.
(3) Regulations are to set out the manner in which, and the period within which, that choice is to be made.

(4) A person who chooses to be paid a lump sum under this section, or who fails to choose within that period, is entitled to a “widowed person's or surviving civil partner's lump sum” calculated under paragraph 7B of Schedule 5 to the Contributions and Benefits Act.

(5) In that paragraph as it applies for the purposes of this section—

(a) read the references to “W” as references to the person,
(b) read sub-paragraph (5) as if it required increases under paragraph 4 of the Schedule to be excluded, and
(c) read the reference in sub-paragraph (7) (a) to the date on which W becomes entitled to a Category A or Category B retirement pension as a reference to the date on which the person becomes entitled to make a choice under this section.
(6) There are provisions elsewhere that affect a person's entitlement to a lump sum under this section.

(7) Regulations may allow a person, in specified circumstances—

(a) to alter his or her choice under this section;
(b) to make a late choice.
(8) Regulations under subsection (7) may, for the purpose of avoiding the duplication of payment—

(a) enable recovery of an amount paid to the person, or
(b) reduce the amount of a lump sum to be paid to the person.
(9) For the purposes of this section—

(a) “deferred” has the meaning given by section 55(3) of the Contributions and Benefits Act,
(b) “the relevant provisions” of the Contributions and Benefits Act are— section 44(1) (a) ; section 48(1) ; section 48A(1) and (3) ; section 48B(1) , (1A) , (4) and (4A) ; section 48BB(1) and (3) , and
(c) in determining whether a person would have been entitled to an old state pension as mentioned in subsection (1) (e) ignore any requirement to make a claim.
Annotations:

Commencement Information

I8 S. 8 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 8 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)


9 Survivor's pension based on inheritance of deferred old state pension (E+W+S)

(1) A person is entitled to a state pension under this section if—

(a) the person has reached pensionable age,
(b) the person's spouse died while they were married or the person's civil partner died while they were civil partners of each other,
(c) either: (i) the person was under pensionable age when the spouse or civil partner died and did not marry or form a civil partnership after the death and before reaching pensionable age, or (ii) the person was over pensionable age when the spouse or civil partner died,
(d) the person is entitled to an inherited deferral amount under Schedule 5, and
(e) in the case of a person entitled to a choice under section 8, the person has chosen to be paid a state pension under this section.
(2) A state pension under this section is payable at a weekly rate equal to the inherited deferral amount.

(3) But if at any time an order under section 151A of the Administration Act comes into force, the rate of the person's state pension under this section is increased (at that time) by the percentage specified in the order.

(4) A person may be entitled to more than one state pension under this section.

(5) There are provisions elsewhere that affect a person's entitlement to a state pension under this section or the rate at which it is payable.

Annotations:

Commencement Information

I9 S. 9 not in force at Royal Assent; s. 9 in force at 6.4.2016 so far as not brought into force earlier by an order, see s. 56(1)(4)