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INDIANMUSEUM ACT

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 10 of 1910


  • Chapter I
  • Schedules
  • Act nº 10 of 1910

Preamble

THE INDIAN MUSEUM ACT, 1910

[Act, No. 10 of 1910]

[AS ON 1956]

[18th March, 1910]

PREAMBLE

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the Indian Museum.

WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law relating to the Indian Museum; It is hereby enacted as follows--

Chapter I

Section 1. Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be called the Indian Museum Act, 1910.

(2) It shall come into force on such {1st June, 1910, see Gazette of India, 1910, Part, I, p.411,} date as the Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, may direct.

Section 2. Constitution and incorporation of the Trustees of the Indian Museum

1 [(1) The Trustees of the Indian Museum (hereinafter referred to as the Trustees) shall be--

(a) the Governor of West Bengal, ex Officio Chairman;

(b) the Secretary to the Government of India in the Minsitry concerned with matters relating to the Indian Museum, ex officio;

(c) The Mayor of the Corporation of Calcutta, ex officio;

(d) the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta, ex officio;

(e) the Accountant-General, West Bengal, ex officio;

(f) four persons to be nominated by the Central Government, one of whom shall be a representative of commerce and industry chosen in consultation with the Government of West Bengal;

(g) one person to be nominated by the Government of West Bengal;

(h) one person to be nominated by the Council of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta;

Provided that if any of the Trustees referred to in clauses (b), (c), (d) and (e) is unable to attend any meeting of the Trustees, he may, with the previous approval of the Chairman, authorize a person in writing to do so.]

(2) The Trustees shall be a body corporate, by the name of " The Trustees of the Indian Museum", with perpetual succession and a common seal, and in that name shall sue and be sued, and shall have power to acquire and hold property, to enter into contracts, and to do all acts necessary for and consistent with the purposes of this Act.

(3) The nominated Trustees shall, save as herein otherwise provided, hold office for a period of three years:

Provided that the authority nominating a Trustee may extend his term of office for one or more like periods.

1. Substituted for the Original sub section(1) by the Indian Museum (Amendment) Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960. Prior to substitution sub section (1) stood as follows.

"The Trustees of the Indian Museum (hereinafter called the Trustees) shall be--

(a) the {Substituted by Act 17 of 1922, section2, for " six ".} [seven] persons for the time being performing duties of the following offices, namely:--

(i) the Accountant General of {Substituted by the A, O.1948 for " Bengal ".} [West Bengal];

(ii) the Principal, Government School of Art, Calcutta;

(iii) the Director, Geological Survey of India;

{Substituted by Act 17 of 1922,section2, for the original sub-clause.}

(iv) the Director, Zoological Survey of India];

(v) the Director General of Archology; {The word " and " rep, bysection2, ibid.}

{Ins.bysection2, ibid.}

[(vi) the Superintendent, Archological Section of the Museum; and]

{The original sub-clause (vi) was renumbered (vii) bysection2, ibid.}

[(vii)] the Officer in charge of the Industrial Section of the Museum;

{Substituted by the A, O, 1937 for the former clauses (b) and (c).}

[(b) four other persons to be nominated by the Central Government ;]

(d) one other person to be nominated by the Council of the Asiatic Society of Bengal;

(e) one other person to be nominated by the Bengal Chamber of Commerce;

(f) one other person to be nominated by the British Indian Association, Calcutta;

(g) one other person to be nominated by the Syndicate of the Calcutta University; and

(h) three other persons to be nominated by the Trustees.


Section 3. Minimum number of Trustee and quorum

(1) The powers of the said body corporate may only be exercised so long and so often as there are1[six members] thereof.

(2) The quorum necessary for the transaction of business at meeting of the Trustees shall not be less than1[four].

1. Substituted for figures 'nine' and 'six' respectively by the Indian Museum (Amendment) Act 1960, w.e.f. 30-11-1960.


Section 4. Power to appoint new Trustees

If a nominated Trustee--

(a) dies, or

(b) is absent from the meetings of the Trustees for more than twelve consecutive months, or

(c) desires to be discharged, or

(d) refuses or becomes incapable to act, or

(e) is appointed to perform the duties of any office specified in1[clauses (a) to (e) of subsection (1) of section (2).]

the authority which nominated the Trustee may nominate a new Trustee in his place.

1. Substituted for "any office specified in section 2,, clause (a)" by the Indian Museum (Amendment ) Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960.


Section 5. Vocation of office by existing Trustees

[***] Repealed by the Indian Museum (Amendment) Act 1960.

Section 6. Property vested in or placed under the control of the Trustees

(1) All the property, whether movable or immovable, which at the commencement of this Act is held by the Trustees of the Indian Museum constituted by the {Rep.by this Act,section17.} [Indian Museum Act, 1876 (22 of 1876), on trust for the purposes of the said Museum shall, together with any such property which may hereinafter be given bequeathed, transferred or acquired for the said purposes, in the Trustees of the Indian Museum constituted by this Act on trust for the purposes of the said Museum:

Provided that the Trustees may expend the capital of any portion of such property which may consist of money on the maintenance; improvement and enlargement of the collections deposited in, presented to or purchased for, the said Museum or otherwise for the purposes of the same as they may think fit

(2) The Trustees shall have the exclusive possession, occupation and control, for the purposes of such trust, of the land specified in the schedule including any buildings which may have been, or may hereafter be, erected thereon, other than those portions thereof which have been set apart by the Trustees for the records and offices of the Geological Survey of India.

Section 7. Power to Trustees to exchange, sell and destroy articles in collections

Subject to the provisions of any bye-laws made in this behalf, the Trustees may, from time to time,--

(a) deliver, by way of loan, to any person the whole or any portion of, or any article contained in, any collection vested in them under this Act;

(b) exchange or sell duplicates of articles contained in any such collection and take or purchase, in the place of such duplicates, such articles as may in their opinion be worthy of preservation in the Museum;

(c) present duplicates of articles contained in any such collection to other Museums in {Substituted by the A.O.1950 for " the Provinces ".} [India]; and

(d) remove and destroy any article contained in any such collection.

Section 8. Power to Trustees to make bye-laws

(1) The Trustees may from time to time, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, make1[by notification in the official gazette] bye- laws consistent with this Act2[and the rules made there under] for any purpose necessary for the execution of their trust.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such3[bye-laws] may provide for--

(a) the summoning, holding and adjournment of general and special meetings of the Trustees;

(b) the securing of the attendance of Trustees at such meetings;

(c) the provision and keeping of minute- books and account books;

(d) the compiling of catalogues;

(e) the lending of articles contained in the collections vested in the Trustees;

(f) the exchange and sale, and the presentation to other Museums in {Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for " the Provinces ". } [India], of duplicates of articles contained in such collections;

(g) the removal and destruction of articles contained in such collections; and

(h) the general management of the Museum.

4[(3) The Central Government shall cause every bye-law made under this section to be laid as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Paliament, while it is in session, for a total perios of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the bye-law or both Houses agree that the bye-law should not be made, the bye-law shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that bye-law.]

1. Substituted for words 'make bye-laws' by Delegated legislation provision (Amendment) Act 1983 w.e.f. 15-3-1984.

2. Inserted by the Indian Museum Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960

3. Substituted for word 'rules, by the Indian Museum Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960.

4. Inserted by the Indian Meusum Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960.


Section 9. Power to Trustees to appoint officers and servant

1[9. Power to Trustees to appoint officers and servant

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), the Trustees may appoint such officers and servants as they may consider necessary or proper for the care or management of the trust-property, and determine their functions.

(2) The recruitment and the conditions of service of such officers and servants shall be regulated by rules made under this Act.]

1 . Section 9 substituted for original section, by the Indian Meusum Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960. Prior to substitutionsection 9 stood as follows

"Power Trustees to appoint officers and servants.- Subject to such regulations and conditions as may be prescribed by them in this behalf, the Trustees shall appoint such officers and servants as may be necessary or proper for the care or management of the trust- property, and may assign to such officers and servants such pay as they may think fit:

Provided that--

{Substituted by the A. O. 1937 for the original clause. }

(a) no officer shall be appointed without the approval o the Central Government; and]

(b) no new office shall be created, and no salaries of officers shall be altered, without the previous sanction of the Central Government.


Section 10. Budget

1 [10. Budget

The Trustees shall, by such date in each financial year as may be specified by the Central Government, submit to that Government for approval, in the form specified by that Government in consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, the budget of the next financial year, showing the estimated receipts and expenditure during the next financial year.]

1. Original section 10, substituted by section 10 and section 10A, by the Indian Meusum Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960. Prior to substitution section 10 stood as follows "Trustees to furnish annual reports and accounts.-

(1) The Trustees shall furnish on or before the first day of December in each year--

a. to the {substituted by section 10 and section 10A, for " G.of I."} [Central Government] a report of their several proceedings for the previous financial year, and

b. to such auditor as the Central Government appoints in this behalf, accounts of all moneys expended by the Trustees during the previous financial year, supported by the necessary vouchers.

c. (2) The Trustees shall cause such report and accounts to be published annually for general information.


Section 10A. Annual report and accounts

1 [10-A. Annual report and accounts.--

(1) The Trustees shall, as soon as possible after the commencement of each financial year, submit--

(a) to the Central Government within such time or date as may be specified by the Central Government, a report giving a true and full account of their activities during the previous financial year and an account of the activities likely to be undertaken during the current financial year;

(b) to such auditor as the Central Government may appoint in this behalf, accounts of all moneys expended by the Trustees during the previous financial year, supported by the necessary vouchers.

(2) The Trustees shall cause such report and accounts to be published annually for general information.]

1. Original section 10, substituted by section 10 and section 10A, by the Indian Meusum Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960. Prior to substitution section 10 stood as follows "Trustees to furnish annual reports and accounts.-

(1) The Trustees shall furnish on or before the first day of December in each year--

a. to the {substituted by section 10 and section 10A, for " G.of I."} [Central Government] a report of their several proceedings for the previous financial year, and

b. to such auditor as the Central Government appoints in this behalf, accounts of all moneys expended by the Trustees during the previous financial year, supported by the necessary vouchers.

c. (2) The Trustees shall cause such report and accounts to be published annually for general information.


Section 11. Collections of Asiatic Society to be kept distinguished in the Museum

(1) The Trustees shall cause every article in the collections in the said Indian Museum formerly belonging to the Asiatic Society of Bengal1[now known as the Asiatic Society, Calcutta] and all additions that may hereafter be made thereto otherwise than by purchase under section 6, to be marked and numbered and (subject to the provisions contained in sections 7 and 16) to be kept and preserved in the said Museum with such marks and numbers.

(2) An inventory of such additions shall be made by the said Society, one copy whereof shall be signed by the Trustees and delivered to the said Society, and another copy shall be signed by the Council of the said Society and delivered to the Trustees, and shall be kept by them along with the inventory delivered to the predecessors in office of the Trustees when the said collections were deposited in the said Museum.

1. Inserted by the Indian Meusum (Amendment) Act 1960 w.e.f. 30-11-1960.


Section 12. Articles received in exchange or purchased and moneys realised from sale to be held on trust

All objects taken in exchange and articles purchased under section 7 and all moneys realised from sales made in accordance with the terms of the same section shall be held on trust and subject to powers and declarations corresponding as nearly as may be with the, trusts, powers and declarations by this Act limited and declared.