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LAND ACQUISITION (MINES) ACT

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 18 of 1885


  • Act nº 18 of 1885

Preamble

THE LAND ACQUISITION (MINES) ACT, 1885

[Act, No. 19 of 1885]

[AS ON 1955]

[16th October, 1885]

PREAMBLE

An Act to provide for cases in which Mines or Minerals are situate under land which it is desired to acquired under the Land Acquisition Act, 1870; [See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894).]

WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for cases in which mines or minerals are situate under land which it is desired to acquire under the Land Acquistions Act, 1870; [See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894).] It is hereby enacted as follows:--

Section 1. Short title, commencement and local extent

(1) This Act may be called the Land Acquisition (Mines) Act, 1885; and

1[(2) It extends to the whole of India except the territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in Part BStates.

(3) It applies in the first instance to the territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in the States of Madras, Andhra, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Orissa, but any State Government may, form time to time by notification in the Official Gazette bring this Act into force in the whole or any specified part of the territories to which this Act extends, under its administration.]

1. Substituted for former sub-section (2) and (3) by 2 A.L.O. 1956. Prior to Substitution sub-section (2) and (3), stood as under: --

(2).It shall come into force at once.

(3).It extends in the first instance to the [Substituted by the A.O. 1948, for the original words.] [State of [Substituted by the Andhra (Adaptation of Laws on Union Subjects Order, 1954 (w.e.f. Ist October, 1953).} [Madras, Andhra], West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Orissa]; but [Substituted by the A.O. 1950 for "any other P.G."] [ the Government of any other Part A State or of Part C State] may, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette, extend this Act to the whole or any specified part of the territories under its administration.


Section 2. Saving for mineral rights of the Government

Except as expressly provided by this Act, nothing in this Act shall affect the right of the Government to any mines or minerals.

Section 3. Declaration that mines are not needed

(1) When the appropriate Government makes a declaration under section 6 of the Land Acquistion Act, 1870, [See now section 6.of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894).] that land is needed for a public purpose or for a Company, it may, if it thinks fit, insert in the declaration a statement that the mines of coal, iron-stone, slate or other minerals lying under the land or any particular portition of the land, except only such parts of the mines or minerals as it may be necessary to dig or carry awary or use in the construction of the work for the purpose of which the land is being acquired, are not needed.

(2) When a statement as aforesaid has not been inserted in the declaration made in respect of any land under section 6 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1870, [See nowsection6.of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894).] and the Collector is of opinion that the provisions of this Act ought to be applied to the land, he may abstain from tendering compensation under section 11 of the said Land Acquisition Act in respect of the mines, and may--

(a) when he makes an award under section 14 [See now section 11, ibid.] of that Act, insert such a statement in his award;

(b) when he makes a reference to the Court under section 15 [See now section 19 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 ( 1 of 1894).] of that Act, insert such statement in his reference; or

(c) when he takes possession of the land under section 17 [See now section 17 ibid.] of that Act, publish such a statement in such manner as the appropriate Government may, from time to time, prescribe.

(3) if any such statement is inserted in the declaration, award or reference, or published as aforesaid, the mines of coal, iron-stone, state or other minerals under the land or portion of the land specified in the statement, except as aforesaid, shall not vest in the Government when the land so vests under the said Act.

Section 4. Notice to be given before working mines lying under land

If the person for the time being immediately entitled to work or get any mines or minerals lying under any land so land acquired is desirous of working or getting the same, he shall give the appropriate Government notice in writing of his intention so to do sixty days before the commencement of working.

Section 5. Power to prevent or restrict working

(1) At any time or times after the receipt of a notice under the last foregoing section and whether before or after the expiration of the said period of sixty days, the appropriate Government may cause the mines or minerals to ber inspected by a person appointed by it for the purpose; and

(2) If it appears to the appropriate Government that the working or getting of the mines or minersals, or any part thereof, is likely to cause damage to the surface of the land or any works theron, the appropriate Government may publish [The words "in such manner as the G.G.in C.may, from time to time, direct " rep.bysection2 and Sch.I of the Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920).] a declaration of its willingness, either--

(a) to pay compensation for the mines or minerals still unworked or ungotten or that part therof, to all persons having an interest in the same ; or

(b) to pay compensation to all such persons in consideration of those mines or minerals, or that part thereof, being worked or gotten in such manner and subject to such restrictions as the appropriate Government may in its declaration specify.

(3) If the declaration mentioned In case (a) is made, then those mines or minerals, or that part thereof, shall not thereafter be worked or gotten by any person.

(4) If the declaration mentioned in case (a) is made, then those mines or minerals, or that part thereof, shall not therafter be worked or gotten by any person save in the manner and subject to the restrictions specified by the appropriate Government.

[Ins by section 2 and Schedule I of the Devolution Act, 1920, (38 of 1920].[ (5) Every declaration made under this section shall be published in such manner as the appropriate Government may direct.]

Section 6. Mode of determining persons interested and amount of compensation

When the working or getting of any mines or minerals has been prevented or restricted under section 5, the persons interested in those mines or minersals and the amounts of compensation payable to them respectively shall, subject to all necessary modifications, be ascertained in the manner provided by the Land Acquisition Act, 1870,[See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894).] for ascertaining the persons interested in the land to be acquired under that Act, and the amounts of compensation payable to them, respectively.

Section 7. If appropriate Government does not offer to pay compensation, mines may be worked in a proper manner

(1) If before the expiration of the said sixty days the appropriate Government does not publish a declaration as provided in section 5, the owner, lessee or occupier of the mines may, unless and until such a declaration is subsequently made, work the mines or any part thereof in a manner proper and necessary for the beneficial working the thereof, and according to the usual manner of working such mines in the local area where the same are situate.

(2) If any damage or obstruction is caused to the surface of the land or any works thereon by improper working of the mines, the owner, lessee or occupier of the mines shall at once, at his own expense, repair the damage or remove the obstruction, as the case may require.

(3) If the repair or removal is not at once effected, or, if the appropriate Government so thinks fit, without waiting for the same to be effected by the owner, lessee or occupier, the appropriate Government may execute the same and recover from the owner, lessee or occupier the expense occasioned thereby.

Section 8. Mining communications

If the working of any mines is prevented or restricted under section 5, the respective owners, lessees and occupiers of the mines, if their mines extend so as to lie on both sides of the mines the working of which is prevented or restricted, may cut and make such and so many airways, headways, gateways or water-levels through the mines, measures or strata, the working whereof is prevented or resticted, as may be requisite to enable them to ventilate, drain and work their said mines; but no such airway, head way, gateway or water-level shall be of greater dimensions or section than may be prescribed by the appropriate Government in this behalf, and, where no dimensions, are so prescribed, not greater than eight feet wide and eight feet high, nor shall the same be cut or made upon any part of the surface or works, or so as to injure the same, or to interfere with the use there of.

Section 9. Appropriate Government to pay compensation for injury done to mines

The appropriate Government shall, from time to time, pay to the owner, lessee or occupier of any such mines extending so as to lie of both sides of the mines the working of which is prevented or restricted, all such additional expenses and losses as may be incurred by him by reason of the severance of the lands laying over those mines or of the cotinuous working of those mines being interrupted as aforsaid or by reason of the sane being worked in such manner and under such restrictions as not to prejudice or injure the surface or works, and for any minerals not acquired by the appropriate Government which cannot be obtained by reason of the action taken under the foregoing sections; and if any dispute or question arises between the appropriate Government and the owner, lessee or occupier as aforesaid, touching the amount of losses or expenses, the same shall be settled as nearly as may be in the manner provided for the settlement of questions touching the amount of compensation payable under the Land Acquisition Act.1870. [See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 ( 1 of 1894).]

Section 10. and also for injury arising from any airway or other work

If any loss or damage is sustained by the owner or occupier of the lands lying over any such mines the working wherof has been so prevended or resticted a s aforesaid (and not being the owner, lessee or occupier of those mines), by resasons of the making of any such airway or other works as aforesaid, which or any like work it would not have been necessary to make but for the working of the mines having been so prevented or restricted as aforesaid, the appropriate Government shall pay full compensation to that owner or occupier of the surface lands for the loss or damage so sustainesd by him.

Section 11. Power to officer of appropriate Government to enter and inspect the working of mines

For better ascertaing whether any mines lying under land acquired in accordance with the provisions of this Act are being worked, or have been worked, or are likely to be worked so as to damage the land or the works thereon, an officer appointed for this purpose by the appropriate Government may, after giving twenty- four hours notice in writing, enter into and return from any such mines or the works connected therewith; and for that purpose the officer so appointed may make use of any apparatus or machinery belonging to the owner, lessee or occupier of the mines, and use all necessary means for discovering the distance from any part of the land acquired to the parts of the mines which have been, are being or are about to be worked.

Section 12. Penealty for refusal to allow inspection

If any owner, lessee or occupier of any such mines or works refuses to allow any officer appointed by the appropriate Government for that purpose to enter into and inspect any such mines or works in manner aforesaid he shall be punished with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees.

Section 13. If mines worked contrary to provisions of this Act, appropriate Government may require means to be adopted for safety of land acquired

If it appears that any such mines have been worked contrary to the provisions of this Act, the appropriate Government may, if it thinks fit, give notice to the owner, lessee or occupier thereof to construct such works and to adopt such means as may be necessary or proper for making safe the land acquired, and the works thereon, and preventing injury thereto ; and if, after such notice, any such owner, lessee or occupier dose nor forthwith proceed to construct the works necessary for making safe the land acquired and the works thereon, the appropriate Government may itself construct the works and recover the expense thereof from the owner, lessee or occupier.

Section 14. Construction of Act when land acquired has been transferred to a local authority or Company

When a statement under section 3 has been made regarding any land, and the land has been acquired by the Government, and has been transferred to, or has vested, by operation of law, in a local authority or Company, then sections 4 to 13, both inclusive, shall be read as if for the words " the appropriate Government", wherever they ocure in those sections [Ins. by Devolution Act, 1920 ( 38 of 1920).] [expect in section 5, sub-section (5), and section 8, ] the words "the local authority or Company, as the case may be, which has acquired the land ," were substituted.