THE MAHATMA GANDHI ANTARRASHTRIYA HINDI VISHWAVIDYALAYA ACT, 1996
[Act, No. 3 of 1997]
[8th January, 1997]
An Act to establish and incorporate a teaching University for the promotion and development of Hindi language and literature, through teaching and research, with a view to enabling Hindi to achieve greater functional efficiency and recognition as a major international language and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-seventh Year of the Republic of India, as follows:--
Section 1. Short title and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Act, 1996.
(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
Section 2. Definitions
In this Act, and the Statutes made hereunder, unless the context otherwise requires,--
(a) "Academic Council" means the Academic Council of the University;
(b) "academic staff' means such categories of staff as are designated as academic staff by the Ordinances;
(c) "Board of Studies" means the Board of Studies of the University;
(d) "Chancellor". "Vice-Chancellor" and "Pro-Vice-Chancellor" mean respectively, the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor and Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University;
(e) "Court" means the Court of the University;
(f) "Department" means a Department of Studies and includes a Centre of Studies;
(g) "distance education system" means the system of imparting education through any means of communication, such as broadcasting, telecasting, correspondence courses, seminars, contact programmes or the combination of any two or more such means;
(h) "employee" means any person appointed by the University, and includes teachers and other staff of the University;
(i) "Executive Council" means the Executive Council of the University;
(j) "Finance Committee" means the Finance Committee of the University;
(k) "Hall" means a unit of residence or of corporate life for the students of the University, or of an Institution maintained by the University;
(l) "Institution" means an academic institution, not being a College, maintained by the University;
(m) "recognised Institution" means an institution of higher learning recognised by the University;
(n) "Regulations" means the Regulations made by any authority of the University under this Act for the time being in force;
(o) "School" means a School of Studies of the University;
(p) "Statutes" and "Ordinances" mean, respectively, the Statutes and Ordinances of the University for the time being in force;
(q) "teachers of the University" means Professors, Readers, Lecturers and such other persons as may be appointed for imparting instruction or conducting research in the University or in any Institution maintained by the University and are designated as teachers by the Ordinances;
(r) "University" means the Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya established and incorporated as a University under this Act.
Section 3. Establishment of the University
(1) There shall be established a University by the name of "Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya".
(2) The headquarters of the University shall be at Wardha,
(3) The first Chancellor and the first Vice-Chancellor and the first members of the Court, the Executive Council and the Academic Council and all persons who may hereafter become such officers or members, so long as they continue to hold such office or membership, are hereby constituted a body corporate by the name of "Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya".
(4) The University shall have perpetual succession and a common seal arid shall sue and be sued by the said name.
Section 4. Objects of the University
The objects of the University shall be to promote and develop Hindi language and literature in general and, for that purpose, to provide for instructional and research facilities in the relevant branches of learning; to provide for active pursuit of comparative studies and research in Hindi and other Indian languages; to create facilities for development and dissemination of relevant information in the country and abroad; to offer programmes of Research, Education and Training in areas like translation, interpretation and linguistics for improving the functional effectiveness of Hindi; to reach out to Hindi scholars and groups interested in Hindi abroad and to associate them in teaching and research and to popularize Hindi through distance education system.
Section 5. Powers of the University
The University shall have the following powers, namely:--
(i) to provide for instructions in the relevant branches of learning and to make provision for the advancement and dissemination of knowledge for furtherance of its objects;
(ii) to grant, subject to such conditions as the University may determine, diplomas or certificates to, and confer degrees or other academic distinctions on the basis of examinations, evaluation or any other method of testing on, persons, and to withdraw any such diplomas, certificates, degrees or other academic distinctions for good and sufficient cause;
(iii) to organise and to undertake extra-mural studies, training and extension services;
(iv) to confer honorary degrees or other distinctions in the manner prescribed by the Statutes;
(v) to provide for facilities through distance education system to such persons as it may determine;
(vi) to institute Professorships, Readerships, Lecturerships and other teaching or academic positions, required by the University and to appoint persons to such Professorships, Readerships, Lecturerships or other teaching or academic positions;
(vii) to recognise, with the prior approval of the Visitor, ah institution of higher learning, within or outside India for such purposes as the University may determine and to withdraw such recognition;
(viii) to appoint persons working in any other University or organisation as teacher of the University for a specified period;
(ix) to create administrative, ministerial and other posts and to make appointments thereto;
(x) to co-operate or collaborate or associate with any other University or authority or institution of higher learning in such manner and for such purposes as the University may determine;
(xi) to establish, with the prior approval of the Visitor, such campuses, special centres and specialised laboratories, within or outside India, as are, in the opinion of the University, necessary for the furtherance of its objects;
(xii) to institute and award fellowships, scholarships, studentships, medals and prizes;
(xiii) to establish and maintain Institutions and Halls;
(xiv) to make provision for research and advisory services and for that purpose to enter into such arrangements with other institutions, industrial or other organisations, as the University may deem necessary;
(xv) to organise and conduct refresher courses, workshops, seminars and other programmes for teachers, evaluators and other academic staff;
(xvi) to make special arrangements in respect of the residence, discipline and teaching of women students as the University may consider desirable;
(xvii) to appoint on contract or otherwise visiting Professors, Emeritus Professors, Consultants, Scholars and such other persons who may contribute to the advancement of the objects of the University;
(xviii) to confer autonomous status on a Department, in accordance with the Statutes;
(xix) to determine standards of admission to the University, which may include examination, evaluation or any other method of testing;
(xx) to demand and receive payment of fees and other charges;
(xxi) to supervise the residences of the students of the University and to make arrangements for promoting their health and general welfare;
(xxii) to lay down conditions of service of all categories of employees, including their code of conduct;
(xxiii) to regulate and enforce discipline among the students and the employees, and to take such disciplinary measures in this regard as may be deemed by the University to be necessary;
(xxiv) to make arrangements for promoting the health and general welfare of the employees;
(xxv) to receive benefactions, donations and gifts and to acquire, hold, manage and dispose of any property, movable or immovable, including trust and endowment properties for the purposes of the University;
(xxvi) to borrow, with the approval of the Central Government, on the security of the property of the University, money for the purposes of the University ;
(xxvii) to do all such other acts and things as may be necessary, incidental or conducive to the attainment of all or any of its objects.
Section 6. Jurisdiction
The jurisdiction of the University shall extend to the whole of India.
Section 7. University open to all classes, castes and creeds
The University shall be open to persons of either sex and of whatever caste, creed, race or class, and it shall not be lawful for the University to adopt or impose on any person, any test whatsoever of religious belief or profession in order to entitle him to be appointed as a teacher of the University or to hold any other office therein or to be admitted as a student in the University or to graduate thereat or to enjoy or exercise any privilege thereof:
Provided that nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent the University from making special provisions for the employment or admission of women, physically handicapped or of persons belonging to the weaker sections of the society and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
Section 8. Residence of students
The University shall, primarily, be a residential University,
Provided that the requirements of residence shall be regulated in such manner as may be prescribed by the Ordinances.
Section 9. The Visitor
(1) The President of India shall be the Visitor of the University.
(2) The Visitor may, from time to time, appoint one or more persons to review the work and progress of the University, including any Institution managed by it, and to submit a report thereon; and upon receipt of that report the Visitor may, after obtaining the views of the Executive Council thereon through the Vice-Chancellor, take such action and issue such directions as he considers necessary in respect of any of the matters dealt with in the report and the University shall be bound to comply with such directions.
(3) The Visitor shall have the right to cause an inspection to be made by such person or persons as he may direct, of the University, its buildings, laboratories and equipment and of an Institution and also of the examinations, teaching and other work conducted or done by the University and to cause an inquiry to be made in like manner in respect of any matter connected with the administration or finances of the University or Institutions.
(4) The Visitor shall, in every matter referred to in sub-section (2), give notice of his intention to cause an inspection or inquiry to be made to the University and the University shall have the right to make such representations to the Visitor, as it may consider necessary.
(5) After considering the representations, if any, made by the University, the Visitor may cause to be made such inspection or inquiry as is referred to in sub-section (3),
(6) Where any inspection or inquiry has been caused to be made by the Visitor, the University shall be entitled to appoint a representative, who shall have the right to be present and be heard at such inspection or inquiry.
(7) The Visitor may, if the inspection or inquiry is made in respect of the University or any Institution address the Vice-Chancellor with reference to the result of such inspection or inquiry together with such views and advice with regard to the action to be taken thereon, as the Visitor may be pleased to offer, and on receipt of address made by the Visitor, the Vice-Chancellor shall communicate to the Executive Council, the views of the Visitor with such advice as the Visitor may offer upon the action to be taken thereon.
(8) The Executive Council shall communicate, through the Vice-Chancellor, to the Visitor such action, if any, as it proposes to take or has been taken upon the result of such inspection or inquiry.
(9) Where, the Executive Council does not, within a reasonable time, take action to the satisfaction of the Visitor, the Visitor may, after considering any explanation furnished or representation made by the Executive Council, issue such directions as he may think fit and the Executive Council shall comply with such directions.
(10) Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of this section, the Visitor may, by order in writing, annul any proceeding of the University which is not in conformity with this Act, the Statutes or the Ordinances:
Provided that before making any such order, he shall call upon the Registrar to show cause why such an order should not be made, and, if any cause is shown within a reasonable time, he shall consider the same,
(11) The Visitor shall have such other powers as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
Section 10. Officers of the University
The following shall be the officers of the University:--
(1) the Chancellor;.
(2) the Vice-Chancellor;
(3) the Pro-Vice-Chancellor;
(4) the Deans of Schools;
(5) the Registrar;
(6) the Finance Officer;
(7) the Librarian; and
(8) such other officers as may be declared by the Statutes to be officers of the University.
Section 11. The Chancellor
(1) The Chancellor shall be appointed by the Visitor in such manner as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
(2) The Chancellor shall, by virtue of his office, be the head of the University.
(3) The Chancellor shall, if present, preside at the convocation of the University held for conferring degrees and the meetings of the Court.
Section 12. The Vice-Chancellor
(1) The Vice-Chancellor shall be appointed by the Visitor in such manner and on such terms and conditions of service as may be prescribed by the Statutes,
(2) The Vice-Chancellor shall be the principal executive and academic officer of the University and shall exercise general supervision and control over the affairs of the University and give effect to the decisions of all the authorities of the University.
(3) The Vice-Chancellor may, if he is of opinion that immediate action is necessary on any matter, exercise any power conferred on any authority of the University by or under this Act and shall report to such authority the action taken by him on such matters :
Provided that if the authority concerned is of opinion that such action ought not to have been taken, it may refer the matter to the Visitor whose decision thereon shall be final:
Provided further that any person in the service of the University who is aggrieved by the action taken by the Vice-Chancellor under this sub-section shall have the right to appeal against such action to the Executive Council within three months from the date on which decision on such action is communicated to him and thereupon the Executive Council may confirm, modify or reverse the action taken by the Vice-Chancellor.
(4) The Vice-Chancellor, if he is of the opinion that any decision of any authority of the University is beyond the powers of the authority conferred by the provisions of this Act, the Statutes or the Ordinances or that any decision taken is not in the interest of the University, may ask the authority concerned to review its decision within sixty days of such decision and if the authority refuses to review the decision either in whole or in part or no decision is taken by it within the said period of sixty days, the matter shall be referred to the Visitor whose decision thereon shall be final.
(5) The Vice-Chancellor shall exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the Statutes or the Ordinances.
Section 13. The Pro-Vice-Chancellor
The Pro-Vice-Chancellor shall be appointed in such manner and shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
Section 14. The Deans of Schools
Every Dean of a School shall be appointed in such manner and shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Statutes.