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NATIONAL COMPANY (ACQUISITION AND TRANSFER OF UNDERTAKINGS) ACT

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 42 of 1980


  • Chapter 1
  • Chapter II
  • Chapter III
  • Chapter IV
  • Chapter V
  • Schedules
  • Amending Acts
  • Act nº 42 of 1980

Preamble

THE BANKING COMPANIES (ACQUISITION AND TRANSFER OF UNDERTAKINGS) ACT, 1980

(Act, No. 40 of 1980)

[11th July, 1980]

PREAMBLE

An Act to provide for the acquisition and transfer of the undertakings of certain banking companies, having regard to their size, resources, coverage and organization, in order further to control the heights of the economy, to meet progressively, and serve better, the needs of the development of the economy and to promote the welfare of the people, in conformity with the policy of the Stale towards securing the principles laid down in clauses (b) and (c) of Article 39 of the Constitution and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Thirty first year of the Republic of India as follows:

Chapter 1

Section I. Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be called The Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1980.

(2) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 15th day of April, 1980.

Section 2. Definitions

In this Act, unless thecontext otherwise requires, -

(a) "bankingcompany" does not include a foreign company within the meaning of section591 of the Companies Act, 1956;

(b) "correspondingnew bank", in relation to an existing bank, means the body corporatespecified against such bank in column 2 of the First Schedule;

(c) "Custodian"means the person who becomes, or is appointed, a Custodian under section 7;

(d) "existingbank" means a banking company specified in column 1 of the First Schedule,being a company the total of the demand and time liabilities in India of which,as shown in the return as on the 14th day of March, 1980, furnished to theReserve Bank under section 42 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 amounts tonot less than rupees two hundred crores;

1 [(da)"prescribed" means prescribed by regulations made under this Act;]

(e) words andexpressions used therein and not defined but defined in the Banking RegulationAct, 1949, have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Act.

1 [(f)words and expressions used herein and not defined either in this Act or in the BankingRegulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949), but defined in the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) shall have the meanings respectivelyassigned to them in the Companies Act, 1956.]

1. Insertedby Act 37 of 1994, Section 10 w.e.f. 15-7-1994


Chapter II

Section 3. Establishment of corresponding new banks and business thereof

CHAPTER II: 1[TRANSFER OF THE UNDERTAKINGS OF EXISTING BANKS AND SHARECAPITALS OF THE CORRESPONDING NEW BANKS]

(1) On the commencement of this Act, there shall be constituted such corresponding new banks as are specified in column 2 of the First Schedule.

(2) The paid up capital of every corresponding new bank constituted under sub-section (1) shall, until any provision is made in this behalf in any scheme made under section 9, be equal to the paid-up capital of the existing bank in relation to which it is the corresponding new bank.

2 [(2A) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the authorised capital of every corresponding new bank shall be one thousand five hundred crores of rupees divided into one hundred and fifty crores fully paid-up shares of ten rupees each:

Provided that the Central Government may, after consultation with the Reserve Bank and by notification in the Official Gazette, increase or reduce the authorised capital as it thinks fit, so however that after such increase or reduction, the authorised capital shall not exceed three thousand crores or be less than one thousand five hundred crores, of rupees.

3 [(2B) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), the paid-up capital of every corresponding new bank constituted under sub-section (1) may from time to time be increased by-

(a) such amounts as the Board of Directors of the corresponding new bank may, after consultation with the Reserve Bank and with the previous sanction of the Central Government, transfer from the reserve fund established by such bank to such paid-up capital;

(b) such amounts as the Central Government may, after consultation with the Reserve Bank, contribute to such paid-up capital.

(c) such amounts as the Board of Directors of the corresponding new bank may, after consultation with the Reserve Bank and with the previous sanction of the Central Government, raise by public issue of shares in such manner as may be prescribed, so however that the Central Government shall at all times hold not less than fifty-one per cent, of the paid-up capital of each corresponding new bank.

10 [(c) such amounts as the Board of Directors of the corresponding new bank may, after consultation with the Reserve Bank and with the previous sanction of the Central Government, raise whether by public issue or preferential allotment or private placement, of equity shares or preference shares in accordance with the procedure as may be prescribed, so, however, that the Central Government shall, at all times hold not less than fifty-one per cent. of the paid-up capital consisting of equity shares of each corresponding new bank:

Provided that the issue of preference shares shall be in accordance with the guidelines framed by the Reserve Bank specifying the class of preference shares, the extent of issue of each class of such preference shares (whether perpetual or irredeemable or redeemable) and the terms and conditions subject to which, each class of preference shares may be issued.]

4 [(2BB) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), the paid-up capital of a corresponding new bank constituted under sub-section (1) may, from time to time and before any paid-up capital is 11 [raised by public issue or preferential allotment or private placement] under clause (c) of sub-section (2B), be reduced by-

(a) the Central Government, after consultation with the Reserve Bank, by canceling any paid-up capital which is lost, or is unrepresented by available assets;

(b) the Board of Directors, after consultation with the Reserve Bank and with the previous sanction of the Central Government, by paying off any paid-up capital which is in excess of the wants of the corresponding new bank:

Provided that in a case where such capital is lost, or is unrepresented by available assets because of amalgamation of another corresponding new bank or a corresponding new bank as defined in clause (d) of section 2 of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970 with the corresponding new bank, such reduction may be done, either prospectively or retrospectively, but not from a date earlier than the date of such amalgamation.

(2BBA) (a) A corresponding new bank may, from time to time and after any paid-up capital has been 11 [raised by public issue or preferential allotment or private placement]under clause (c) of sub-section (2B), by resolution passed at an annual general meeting of the shareholders entitled to vote, voting in person, or, where proxies are allowed, by proxy, and the votes cast in favour of the resolution are not less than three times the number of the votes, if any, cast against the resolution by the shareholders so entitled and voting, reduce its it paid-up capital in any way.

(b) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power the paid-up capital may be reduced by-

(i) extinguishing or reducing the liability on any of its shares in respect of share capital not pad-up;

(ii) either with or without extinguishing or reducing liability on any of its paid-up shares, cancelling any paid-up capital which is lost, or is unrepresented, by available assets; or

(iii) either with or without extinguishing or reducing liability on any of its paid-up shares, paying off any paid-up share capital which is in excess of the wants of the corresponding new bank.

(2BBB) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2BB) or sub-section (2BBA), the paid-up capital of a corresponding new bank shall not be reduced at any time so as to render it below twenty-five per cent, of the paid-up capital of that bank as on the date of commencement of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Amendment Act, 1995.]

5[(2C) The entire paid-up capital of a corresponding new bank except the paid-up capital 11 [raised from public by public issue or preferential allotment or private placement] under clause (c) of sub-section (2B), shall stand vested in, and allotted to, the Central Government.

(2D) The shares of every corresponding new bank not held by the Central Government shall be freely transferable:

Provided that no individual or company resident outside India or any company incorporated under any law not in force in India or any branch of such company, whether resident outside India or not, shall at any time hold or acquire by transfer or otherwise shares of the corresponding new bank so that such investment in aggregate exceeds the percentage, not being more than twenty per cent, of the paid-up capital, as may be specified by the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this clause, "company" means any body corporate and includes a firm or other association of individuals.

(2E) No shareholder of the corresponding new bank, other than the Central Government, shall be entitled to exercise voting rights in respect of any shares held by him in excess of one per cent, of the total voting rights of all the shareholders of the corresponding new bank.

10 [Provided that the shareholder holding any preference share capital in the corresponding new bank shall, in respect of such capital, have a right to vote only on resolutions placed before such corresponding new bank which directly affects the rights attached to his preference shares:

Provided further that no preference shareholder shall be entitled to exercise voting rights in respect of preference shares held by him in excess of one per cent. of the total voting rights of all the shareholders holding preference share capital only.]

(2F) Every corresponding new bank shall keep at its head office a register, in one or more books, of the shareholders (in this Act referred to as the register) and shall enter therein the following particulars:-

(i) the names, addresses and occupations, if any, of the shareholders and a statement of the shares held by each shareholder, distinguishing each share by its denoting number;

(ii) the date on which each person is so entered as a shareholder;

(iii) the date on which any person ceases to be a shareholder; and

(iv) such other particulars as may be prescribed.

9[Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to shares held with a depository]

(2G) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2F), it shall be lawful for every corresponding new bank to keep the register in computer floppies or diskettes subject to such safeguards as may be prescribed.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, a copy of, or extract from, the register, certified to be a true copy under the hand of an officer of the corresponding new bank authorised in this behalf by it, shall, in all legal proceedings, be admissible in evidence.

(4) Every corresponding new bank shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal with power, subject to the provisions of this Act, to acquire, hold and dispose of property, and to contract, and may sue and be sued in its name.

(5) Every corresponding new bank shall carry on and transact the business of banking as defined in clause (b) of section 5 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, and may engage in 6[one or more of the other forms of business] specified in sub-section (I) of section 6 of that Act.

(6) Every corresponding new bank shall establish a reserve fund to which shall be transferred the share premiums and the balance, if any, standing to the credit of the reserve fund of the existing bank in relating to which it is the corresponding new bank, and such further sums, if any, as may be transferred in accordance with provisions of section 17 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

7[(7) (i) The corresponding new bank shall, if so required by the Reserve Bank, act as agent of the Reserve Bank at all places in India where it has a branch, for-

(a) paying, receiving, collecting and remitting money, bullion and securities on behalf of any Government in India; and

(b) undertaking and transacting any other business shall be carried on by the corresponding new bank on behalf of the Reserve Bank shall be such as may be agreed upon.

(ii) The terms and conditions on which any such agency business shall be carried on by then corresponding new bank of the Reserve Bank shall be such as may be agreed upon.

(iii) If no guarantee can be reached on any matter referred to in clause (ii), or if a dispute arises between the corresponding new bank and the Reserve Bank as to the interpretation of any agreement between them, the matter shall be referred to the Central Government and the decision of the Central Government thereon shall be final.

(iv) The corresponding new bank may transact any business or perform any functions entrusted to it under clause (i), by itself or through any agent approved by the Reserve Bank.]

8[ 3A . Trust not to be entered on the register. -Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section 2(F) of section 3, no notice of any trust, express, implied or constructive, shall be entered on the register or be receivable, by the corresponding new Bank.]

9[Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to a depository in respect of shares held by it as a registered owner on behalf of the beneficial owners]

9[3B . Register of beneficial owners. - The register of benificial owners maintained by a depository under section 11 of the Depositories Act,1996,shall be deemed to be a register of shareholders for the purposes of this act.

Explanation. - For the purposes of section 3,section 3A and this section, the expressions "benificial owner"."depository" and "registered owner" shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in clauses (a),(e) and (j) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Depositories Act,1996.]

1. Substituted by Act 37 of 1994, section 3, for "TRANSFER OF THE UNDERTAKINGS F EXISTING BANKS" w.e.f. 15-7-1994

2. Substituted by Act 37 of1994, section 4, for sub-section (2A) and (3) w.e.f. 15-7-1994. Earlier sub-section (2A) was inserted by 81 of 1985, Section 13 w.e.f. 30-12-1985.

3. Inserted by Act 37 of 1994, Section 4 w.e.f. 5-7-1994

4. Inserted by Act 8 of 1995, section 2 w.r.e.f. 21-1-1995

5. Inserted by Act 37 of 1994, section 4 w.e.f. 15-7-1994.

6. Substituted by Act 1 of 1984, section 71, for "one or more forms of business" w.e.f. 15-2-1984.

7. Inserted by Act 1 of 1984, section 71 w.e.f. 15-2-1984

8. Inserted by Act 37 of 1994, section 5 w.e.f. 15-7-1994.

9. Inserted by Depositories Related Laws (Amendment) Act ,1997 w.e.f 15.01.1997

10. Substituted for the following by the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) and Financial Institutions Laws (Amendment) Act, 2006, w.e.f. 16.10.2006. "(c) such amounts as the Board of Directors of the corresponding new bank may, after consultation with the Reserve Bank and with the previous sanction of the Central Government, raise by public issue of shares in such manner as may be prescribed, so however that the Central Government shall, at all times, hold not less than fiftyone per cent of the paid-up capital of each corresponding new bank."

11. Substituted for the following words "raised by public issue" by the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) and Financial Institutions Laws (Amendment) Act, 2006, w.e.f. 16.10.2006.


Section 3A. Trust not to be entered on the register

1[3A. Trust not to be entered on the register.

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section 2(F) of section 3, no notice of any trust, express, implied or constructive, shall be entered on the register or be receivable, by the corresponding new Bank. ]

2[Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to a depository in respect of shares held by it as a registered owner on behalf of the beneficial owners]

1.Inserted by Act 37 of 1994, section 5 w.e.f. 15-7-1994.

2.Inserted by Depositories Related Laws (Amendment) Act ,1997 w.e.f 15.01.1997


Section 3B. Register of beneficial owners

1[3B. Register of beneficial owners.

The register of benificial owners maintained by a depository under section 11 of the Depositories Act,1996,shall be deemed to be a register of shareholders for the purposes of this act.8. Inserted by Act 37 of 1994, section 5 w.e.f. 15-7-1994.]

1. Inserted by Depositories Related Laws (Amendment) Act ,1997 w.e.f 15.01.1997


Section 4. Undertakings of existing banks to vest in corresponding new banks

On the commencement of this Act, the undertaking of every existing bank shall be transferred to, and shall vest in, the corresponding new bank.

Section 5. General effect of vesting

(I) The undertaking of each existing bank, shall be deemed to include all assets, rights, powers, authorities and privileges and all property, movable and immovable, cash balances, reserve funds, investments and all other rights and interests in, or arising out of, such property as were immediately before the commencement of this Act in the ownership, possession, power or control of the existing bank in relation to the undertaking, whether within or without India, and all books of accounts, registers, records and all other documents of whatever nature relating thereto and shall also be deemed to include all borrowings, liabilities and obligations of whatever kind then subsisting of the existing bank in relation to the undertaking.

(2) If, according to the laws of any country outside India, the provisions of this Act by themselves are not effective to transfer or vest any asset or liability situated in that country which forms part of the undertaking of an existing bank to, or in, the corresponding new bank, the affairs of the existing bank in relation to such asset or liability shall, on and from the commencement of this Act, stand entrusted to the chief executive officer for the time being of the corresponding new bank and the chief executive officer may exercise all powers and do all such acts and things as may be exercised or done by the existing bank for the purpose of effectively transferring such assets and discharging such liabilities.

(3) The chief executive officer of the corresponding new bank shall in exercise of the powers conferred on him by sub-section (2), take all such steps as may be required by the laws of any such country outside India for the purpose of effecting such transfer or vesting, and may either himself or through any person authorised by him in this behalf realise any asset and discharge any liability of the existing bank.

(4) Unless otherwise expressly provided by this Act, all contracts, deeds, bonds, agreements, powers of attorney, grants of legal representation and other instruments of whatever nature subsisting or having effect immediately before the commencement of this Act and to which the existing bank is a party or which are in favour of the existing bank shall be of full force and effect against or in favour of the corresponding new bank, and may be enforced or acted upon as fully and effectually as if in the place of the existing bank the corresponding new bank had been a party thereto or as if they had been issued in favour of the corresponding new bank.

(5) If, immediately before the commencement of this Act, any suit, appeal or other proceeding of whatever nature in relation to any business of the which has been transferred under section 4, is pending by or against the existing bank, the same shall not abate, be discontinued or be in any way, prejudicially affected by reason of the transfer of the undertaking of the existing bank or of anything contained in this Act but the suit, appeal or other proceeding may be continued, prosecuted and enforced by or against the corresponding new bank.

(6) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as applying to the assets, rights, powers, authorities and privileges and property, movable and immovable, cash balances and investments in any country outside India (and other rights and interests in or arising out of such property) and borrowings, liabilities and obligations of whatever kind subsisting immediately before the commencement of this Act of any existing bank operating in that country if, under the laws in force in that country, it is not permissible for a banking company owned or controlled by Government, to carry on the business of banking there.

Chapter III

Section 6. Payment of amount

(1) Every existing bank shall be given by the Central Government such amount in respect of the transfer, under section 4, to the corresponding new bank of the undertaking of the existing bank as is specified against each such bank in the Second Schedule.

(2) The amount referred to in sub-section (1) shall be given to every existing bank, at its option,

(a) in cash (to be paid by cheque drawn on the Reserve Bank) in three equal annual installments, the amount of each instalment carrying interest at the rate of five and a half per cent per annum from the commencement of this Act; or

(b) in saleable or otherwise transferable promissory notes or stock certificates of the Central Government issued and repayable at par, and maturing at the end of

(i) ten years from the commencement of this Act and carrying interest from such commencement at the rate of six per cent annum, or

(ii) thirty years from the commencement of this Act and carrying interest from such commencement at the rate of seven per cent per annum; or

(c) partly in cash (to be paid by cheque drawn on the Reserve Bank) and partly in such number of securities specified in sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (ii), or both of clause (b), as may be required by the existing bank; or

(d) partly in such number of securities specified in sub-clause (i) of clause (b) and partly in such number of securities specified in sub-clause (ii) of that clause, as may be required by the existing bank.

(3) The first of the three equal annual installments referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (2) shall be paid, and the securities referred to in clause (b) of that sub-section shall be issued, within sixty days from the date of receipt by the Central Government of the option referred to in that sub-section, or where no such option has been exercised, from the latest date before which such option ought to have been exercised.

(4) The option referred to in sub-section (2) shall be exercised by every existing bank before the expiry of a period of three months from the commencement of this Act (or within such further time, not exceeding three months, as the Central Government may, on the application of the existing bank, allow) and the option so exercised shall be final and shall not be altered or rescinded after it has been exercised.

(5) Any existing bank, which omits or fails to exercise the option referred to in sub-section (2), within the time specified in sub-section (4), shall be deemed to have opted for payment in securities specified in sub-clause (i) of clause (b) of sub-section (2).

(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, any existing bank may, before the expiry of three months from the commencement of this Act (or within such further time, not exceeding three months, as the Central Government may, on the application of the existing bank allow) make an application in writing to the Central Government for an interim payment of an amount equal to seventy-five per cent of the amount of the paid-up capital of such bank, immediately before such commencement, indicating therein whether the payment is desired in cash or in securities specified in sub-section (2), or in both.

(7) The Central Government shall, within sixty days from the receipt of the application referred to in sub-section (6), make the interim payment to the existing bank in accordance with the option indicated in such application.

(8) The interim payment made to an existing bank under sub-section (7) shall be set off against the total amount payable to such existing bank under this Act and the balance of the amount remaining after each payment shall be given to the existing bank in accordance with the option exercised, or deemed to have been exercised, under subsection (4) or sub-section (5), as the case may be:

Provided that where any part of the interim payment is obtained by an existing bank in cash, the payment so obtained shall be set off, in the first instance, against the first installment of the cash payment referred to in sub-section (2), and in case the payment so obtained exceeds the amount of the first installment, the excess amount shall be adjusted against the second instalment and the balance of such excess amount, if any, against the third installment of the cash payment.

Chapter IV

Section 7. Head office and management

(1) Thehead office of each corresponding new bank shall be at such place as the CentralGovernment may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf,and, until any such place is so specified, shall be at such place at which thehead office of the existing bank, in relation to which it is the correspondingnew bank, is on the commencement of this Act, located.

(2) The generalsuperintendence, direction and management of the affairs and business of acorresponding new bank shall vest in a Board of Directors which shall beentitled to exercise all such powers and do all such acts and things as thecorresponding new bank is authorised to exercise and do.

(3)(a) As soon as may beafter the commencement of this Act, the Central Government shall, inconsultation with the Reserve Bank, constitute the first Board of Directors of acorresponding new bank, consisting of not more than seven persons, to beappointed by the Central Government and every director so appointed shall holdoffice until the Board of Directors of such corresponding new bank isconstituted in accordance with the scheme made under section 9;

Provided that the Central Government may, if it is of opinionthat it is necessary in the interests of the corresponding new bank so to do,remove a person from the membership of the first Board of Directors and appointany other person in his place.

(b) Every member of thefirst Board of Directors (not being an officer of the Central Government or ofthe Reserve Bank) shall receive such remuneration as is equal to theremuneration which a member of the Board of Director of the existing bank wasentitled to receive immediately before the commencement of this Act.

(4) Until the first Board ofDirectors is appointed by the Central Government under sub-section (3), thegeneral superintendence, direction and management of the affairs and business ofa corresponding new bank shall vest in a Custodian, who shall be the chiefexecutive officer of that bank and may exercise all powers and do all acts andthings as may be exercised or done by that bank.

(5) The Chairman of anexisting bank holding office as such immediately before the commencement of thisAct, shall be the Custodian of the corresponding new bank and shall receive thesame emoluments as he was receiving immediately before such commencement:

Provided that the Central Government may, if the Chairman of anexisting bank declines to become, or to continue to function as, a Custodian ofthe corresponding new bank, or, if it is of opinion that it is necessary in theinterests of the corresponding new bank so to do appoint any other person as thecustodian of a corresponding new bank and the Custodian so appointed shallreceive such emoluments as the Central Government may specify in this behalf.

Explanation. -In this sub-section and in sub-section (1) ofsection 12 the expression "Chairman", in relation to any existingbank, includes the person carrying out the duties of the Chairman or otherwisefunctioning as the chief executive officer of that bank.

(6) Custodian shall holdoffice during the pleasure of the Central Government.

Section 8. Corresponding new banks to be guided by the directions of the Central Government

Every corresponding new bank shall, in the discharge of its functions, be guided by such directions in regard to matters of policy involving public interest as the Central Government may, after consultation with the Governor of the Reserve Bank, give.