THE JAWAHARLAL NEHRU UNIVERSITY ACT, 1966
[Act, No. 53 of 1966]
[22nd December, 1966]
An Act to establish and incorporate a University in Delhi
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventeenth Year of the Republic of India as follows:--
Section 1. Short title and commencement
(1) This Act may be called The Jawaharlal Nehru University Act, 1966.
(2) It shall come into force on such date1as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
|1. Date appointed is 22-4-1969.|
Section 2. Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--
(a) "College" means a college maintained by the University;
(b) "Hall" means a unit of residence, by whatever name called, for students of the University provided, maintained or recognised by it;
(c) "recognised institution" means an institution of higher learning maintained or recognised by, or associated with, the University;
(d) "prescribed" means prescribed by Statutes, Ordinances or Regulations;
(e) "Statutes", "Ordinances" and "Regulations" mean, respectively, the Statutes, Ordinances and Regulations of the University made under this Act;
(f) "University" means the Jawaharlal Nehru University.
Section 3. The University
(1) There shall be constituted in the Union territory of Delhi a University by the name of "Jawaharlal Nehru University".
(2) The first Chancellor and the first Vice-Chancellor of the University and the first members of the Court, the Executive Council and the Academic Council and all persons who may hereafter become such officers or members so long as they continue to hold such office or membership are hereby constituted a body corporate by the name of "Jawaharlal Nehru University".
(3) The University shall have perpetual succession and a common seal, and shall sue and be sued by the said name.
Section 4. Objects
The objects of the University shall be to disseminate and advance knowledge, wisdom and understanding by teaching and research and by the example and influence of its corporate life and in particular the objects set out in the First Schedule.
Section 5. Powers of the University
The University shall have the following powers, namely:--
(1) to provide for instruction including the method of correspondence courses in such branches of learning as the University may from time to time determine, and to make provision for research and for the advancement and dissemination of knowledge;
(2) to establish within the Union territory of Delhi or outside that territory such Special Centres and Specialised Laboratories and such other units for research and instruction as are necessary for the furtherance of its object;
(3) to organise and to undertake extra-mural teaching and extension services;
(4) to hold examinations and grant diplomas or certificates to, and confer degrees and other academic distinctions on, persons and to withdraw any such diplomas, certificates, degrees or other academic distinctions for good and sufficient cause;
(5) to confer honorary degrees or other academic distinctions in the manner laid down in the Statutes;
(6) to create such teaching, administrative and other posts as the University may deem necessary, from time to time, and to make appointments thereto;
(7) to appoint or recognise persons as Professors, Readers or Lecturers or otherwise as teachers of the University;
(8) to institute and award Fellowships, Scholarships, Exhibitions and prizes;
(9) to establish and maintain Colleges and Halls, to recognise, guide, supervise and control Halls not maintained by the University and other accommodation for students, and to withdraw any such recognition;
(10) to regulate and enforce discipline among students and employees of the University and to take such disciplinary measures in this regard as may be deemed necessary;
(11) to make arrangements for promoting health and general welfare of students and employees of the University;
(12) to determine and provide for examinations for admission into the University;
(13) to recognise for any purpose either in whole or in part any institution or members or students thereof on such terms and conditions as may, from time to time, be prescribed and to withdraw such recognition;
(14) to co-operate with any other University, authority or association or any other public or private body having in view the promotion of purposes and objects similar to those of the University for such purposes as may be agreed upon on such terms and conditions as may, from time to time, be prescribed;
(15) to enter into any agreement for the incorporation in the University of any other institution and for taking over its rights, properties and liabilities and for any other purpose not repugnant to this Act;
(16) to demand and receive payment of such fees and other charges as may be prescribed, from time to time;
(17) to receive donations and to acquire, hold, manage and dispose of any property movable or immovable, including trust or endowed property within or outside the Union territory of Delhi for the purposes or objects of the University, and to invest funds in such manner as the University thinks fit;
(18) to make provision for research and advisory services; and for that purpose to enter into such arrangements with other institutions or bodies as the University may deem necessary;
(19) to provide for the printing, reproduction and publication of research and other work which may be issued by the University;
(20) to borrow, with the approval of the Central Government, on the security of the University property, money for the purposes of the University;
(21) to do all such things as may be necessary, incidental or conducive to the attainment of all or any of the objects of the University.
Section 6. Jurisdiction of the University
(1) The jurisdiction of the University shall extend to all Colleges and recognised institutions.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (13) of section 5, the Jawaharlal Nehru University shall not grant recognition, either in whole or in part, to any institution which has already been recognised by the University of Delhi unless the Central Government, after consultation with the University of Delhi, authorises the Jawaharlal Nehru University to do so.
(3) On and from the date of the recognition either in whole or in part of an institution by the Jawaharlal Nehru University under sub-section (2), the University of Delhi shall to the extent of such recognition cease to have jurisdiction over that institution.
Section 7. Powers and jurisdiction in respect of institution or body outside the Union territory of Delhi
Notwithstanding anything contained in section 5,--
(a) where any institution or body established outside the Union territory of Delhi seeks recognition from the University, or
(b) where the University establishes and maintains any institution or body outside the Union territory of Delhi,
then the powers and jurisdiction of the University shall extend to such institution or body subject to--
(i) the laws in force in the State within which, and
(ii) the rules and regulations of the University within whose jurisdiction, the said institution or body is situated.
Section 8. Visitor
(1) The President of India shall be the Visitor of the University.
(2) The Visitor may, from time to time, appoint one or more persons to review the work and progress of the University and to submit a report thereon; and upon receipt of that report, the Visitor may, after obtaining the views of the Executive Council thereon, take such action and issue such directions as he considers necessary in respect of any of the matters dealt with in the report and the University shall be bound to comply with such directions.
(3) The Visitor shall also have the right to cause an inspection to be made by such person or persons as he may direct of the University, its buildings, laboratories and equipment and of any institution maintained by the University, and also of the examinations, teaching and other work conducted or done by the University, and to cause an inquiry to be made in respect of any matter connected with the University.
(4) The Visitor shall in every case give notice to the University of his intention to cause an inspection or inquiry to be made, and the University shall be entitled to appoint a representative who shall have the right to be present and be heard at such inspection or inquiry.
(5) The Visitor may address the Vice-Chancellor with reference to the result of such inspection and inquiry, and the Vice-Chancellor shall communicate to the Executive Council the views of the Visitor with such advice as the Visitor may offer upon the action to be taken thereon,
(6) The Executive council shall communicate through the Vice-Chancellor to the Visitor such action, if any, as it is proposed to take or has been taken upon the result of such inspection or inquiry.
(7) Where the Executive Council does not, within a reasonable time, take action to the satisfaction of the Visitor, the Visitor may, after considering any explanation furnished or representation made by the Executive Council, issue such directions as he may think fit and the Executive Council shall be bound to comply with such directions.
(8) The Visitor may by order in writing annual any proceeding of the University which is not in conformity with this Act, the Statutes or the Ordinances.
(9) The Visitor shall also have such other powers as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
Section 9. Officers of the University
(1) There shall be a Chancellor appointed in the manner prescribed by the Statutes who shall be the Head of the University.
(2) The Chancellor shall, if present, preside at convocation of the University for conferring degrees and all meetings of the Court.
(3) There shall be a Vice-Chancellor appointed in the manner prescribed by the Statutes who shall be the principal executive and Academic Officer of the University and ex officio Chairman of the Executive Council, Academic Council and Finance Committee and he shall, in the absence of the Chancellor, preside at any convocation for conferring degrees and also at any meeting of the Court.
(4) There shall be one or more Rectors who shall be appointed in such manner and with such powers and duties as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
(5) There shall be a Dean for each School of Study who shall be appointed in such manner and with such powers and duties as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
(6) There shall be a Registrar who shall act as Secretary of the Court, the Executive Council and the Academic Council and he shall be appointed in such manner and with such powers and duties as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
(7) There shall be a Finance Officer who shall be the Secretary of the Finance Committee and exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Statutes.
(8) There shall be such other officers as provided for in the Statutes.
Section 10. Authorities of the University
The authorities of the University shall be the Court, the Executive Council, the Academic Council, the Schools of studies, the Finance Committee and such other authorities as may be declared by the Statutes to be authorities of the University.
Section 11. The Court
(1) The Court shall be the supreme authority of the University, and its constitution and the terms of office of its members shall be prescribed by the Statutes.
(2) The Court shall have the power to review the acts of the Executive Council and the Academic Council (save when these authorities have acted in accordance with the powers conferred upon them under this Act, the Statutes or the Ordinances) and shall exercise all the powers of the University not otherwise provided for by this Act or the Statutes:
Provided that the power of review under this sub-section shall not be exercised except by a majority of the total membership of the Court and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of the Court present and voting.
Section 12. The Executive Council
(1) The Executive Council shall be the executive body of the University, and its constitution and the terms of office of its members, other than ex officio members, shall be prescribed by the Statutes.
(2) It shall be in charge of the general management and administration (including the revenue and property) of the University.
Section 13. The Academic Council
(1) The Academic Council shall be the academic body of the University, and its constitution and the terms of office of its members, other than ex officio members, shall be prescribed by the Statutes.
(2) The Academic Council shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, the Statutes and the Ordinances have the control and general regulation and be responsible for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examination within the University, and shall exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as may be conferred or imposed upon it by the Statutes.
Section 14. The Academic Advisory Committee
(1) There shall be constituted an Academic Advisory Committee of the University which shall advise generally on the planning and development of the University and keep under review the standard of education and research in the University.
(2) The Committee shall consist of --
(a) not more than seven persons of high academic standing who shall be appointed in such manner as may be prescribed by the statutes and
(b) the Vice-chancellor.
(3) The Visitor may determine a date with effect from which the Academic Advisory Committee shall stand dissolved.