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MINES AND MINERALS (DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATION ) ACT

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 67 of 1957


  • Chapter I
  • Chapter II
  • Chapter III
  • Chapter IV
  • Chapter V
  • Chapter VI
  • Chapter VII
  • Schedules
  • Act nº 67 of 1957

Preamble

THE MINES AND MINERALS (DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATION) ACT, 1957

[Act, No. 67 of 1957]

[28th December, 1957]

PREAMBLE

An Act to provide for the1[development and regulation of mines and minerals] under the control of the Union.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Eighth Year of the Republic of India as follows:--

1. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 2, for "regulation of mines and the development of minerals" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.


Chapter I

Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement

(1) This Act may be called the Mines and Minerals1[(Development and Regulation)] Act, 1957.

(2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) It shall come into force on such date2as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

1 . Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 3, for "(Regulation and Development)" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

2 . Came into force on 1-6-1958, vide G.S.R. 432, dated 29th May, 1958, published in the Gazette of India, Extra, Pt. II, Section.3(i), p. 225.


Section 2. Declaration as to the expediency of Union control

It is hereby declared that it is expedient in the public interest that the Union should take under its control the regulation of mines and the development of minerals to the extent hereinafter provided.

Section 3. Definitions

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--

(a) "minerals" includes all minerals except mineral oils;

(b) "mineral oils" includes natural gas and petroleum;

(c) "mining lease" means a lease granted for the purpose of undertaking mining operations, and includes a sub-lease granted for such purpose;

(d) "mining operations" means any operations undertaken for the purpose of winning any mineral;

(e) "minor minerals" means building stones, gravel, ordinary clay, ordinary sand other than sand used for prescribed purposes, and any other mineral which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare to be a minor mineral;

(f) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

(g) "prospecting licence" means a licence granted for the purpose of undertaking prospecting operations;

(h) "prospecting operations" means any operations undertaken for the purpose of exploring, locating or proving mineral deposits;1[***]

2[(ha) "reconnaissance operations" means any operations undertaken for preliminary prospecting of a mineral through regional, aerial, geophysical or geochemical surveys and geological mapping, but does not include pitting, trenching, drilling (except drilling of boreholes on a grid specified from time to time by the Central Government) or sub-surface excavation;

(hb) "reconnaissance permit" means a permit granted for the purpose of undertaking reconnaissance operations; and]

(i) the expressions, "mine" and "owner", have the meanings assigned to them in the Mines Act, 1952.

1 . The word "and" omitted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 4 w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

2 . Inserted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 4 w.e.f. 18-12-1999.


Chapter II

Section 4. Prospecting or mining operations to be under licence or lease

(1)1[No person shall undertake any reconnaissance, prospecting or mining operations in any area, except under and in accordance with the terms and conditions of a reconnaissance permit or of a prospecting licence or, as the case may be, of a mining lease, granted under this Act and the rules made thereunder]:

Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall affect any prospecting or mining operations undertaken in any area in accordance with the terms and conditions of a prospecting licence or mining lease granted before the commencement of this Act which is in force at such commencement:

2[Provided further that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to any prospecting operations undertaken by the Geological Survey of India, the Indian Bureau of Mines,3[the Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research] of the Department of Atomic Energy of the Central Government, the Directorates of Mining and Geology of any State Government (by whatever name called), and the Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited, a Government company within the meaning of section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956:]

4[Provided also that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to any mining lease (whether called mining lease, mining concession or by any other name) in force immediately before the commencement of this Act in the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu.]

5[(1A) No person shall transport or store or cause to be transported or stored any mineral otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder.]

(2)6[No reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease] shall be granted otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder.

7[(3) Any State Government may, after prior consultation with the Central Government and in accordance with the rules made under section 18,1[undertake reconnaissance, prospecting or mining operations with respect to any mineral specified in the First Schedule in any area within that State which is not already held under any reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease].]

1. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 5, for certain words w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

2. Inserted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 2 w.e.f. 10-2-1987.

3. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 5, for "the Atomic Minerals Division" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

4. Inserted by Act 16 of 1987, section. 14 w.r.e.f. 1-10-1963.

5. Inserted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 5 w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

6. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 5, for "No prospecting licence or mining lease" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

7. Inserted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 2 w.e.f. 10-2-1987.


Section 4A. Termination of prospecting licences or mining leases

1[4A. Termination of prospecting licences or mining leases

(1) Where the Central Government, after consultation with the State Government is of opinion that it is expedient in the interest of regulation of mines and mineral development, preservation of natural environment, control of floods, prevention of pollution, or to avoid danger to public health or communications or to ensure safety of buildings, monuments or other structures or for conservation of mineral resources or for maintaining safety in the mines or for such other purposes, as the Central Government may deem fit, it may request the State Government to make a premature termination of a prospecting licence or mining lease in respect of any mineral other than a minor mineral in any area or part thereof, and, on receipt of such request, the State Government shall make an order making a premature termination of such prospecting licence or mining lease with respect to the area or any part thereof.

(2) Where the State Government2[***] is of opinion that it is expedient in the interest of regulation of mines and mineral development, preservation of natural environment, control of floods, prevention of pollution or to avoid danger to public health or communication or to ensure safety of buildings, monuments or other structures or for such other purposes, as the State Government may deem fit, it may, by an order, in respect of any minor mineral, make premature termination of prospecting licence or mining lease with respect to the area or any part thereof covered by such licence or lease.

3[***]

(3) No order making a premature termination of a prospecting licence or mining lease shall be, made except after giving the holder of the licence or lease a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(4) Where the holder of a mining lease fails to undertake mining operations for a period of4[two years] after the date of execution of the lease or having commenced mining operations, has discontinued the same for a period of4[two years], the lease shall lapse on the expiry of the period of4[two years] from the date of execution of the lease or, as the case may be, discontinuance of the mining operations;

Provided that the State Government may, on an application made by the holder of such lease before its expiry under this sub-section and on being satisfied that it will not be possible for the holder of the lease to undertake mining operations or to continue such operations for reasons beyond his control, make an order, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, to the effect that such lease shall not lapse:

Provided further that the State Government may, on an application by the holder of a lease submitted within a period of six months from the date of ifs lapse and on being satisfied that such non-commencement or discontinuance was due to reasons beyond the control of the holder of the lease, revive the lease from such prospective or retrospective date as it 'thinks fit but not earlier than the date of lapse of the lease:

Provided also that no lease shall be revived under the second proviso for more than twice during the entire period of the lease.]

1. Section 4A Inserted by Act 56 of 1972, section. 2 w.e.f. 12-9-1972 and Substituted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 3 w.e.f. 10-2-1987.

2. The words ", after consultation with the Central Government," omitted by act 25 of 1994, section. 3 w.e.f. 10-2-1987.

3. Proviso omitted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 6 w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

4. Substituted by Act 25 of 1994, section. 2, for "one year" w.e.f. 25-1-1994.


Section 5. Restrictions on the grant of prospecting licences or mining leases

1[5. Restrictions on the grant of prospecting licences or mining leases

2[(1) A State Government shall not grant a3[reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease] to any person unless such person--

(a) is an Indian national, or company as defined in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956); and

(b) satisfies such conditions as may be prescribed:

Provided that in respect of any mineral specified in the First Schedule, no3[reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease] shall be granted except with the previous approval of the Central Government.

Explanation.--For the purposes of this sub-section, a person shall be deemed to be an Indian national,--

(a) in the case of a firm or other association of individuals, only if all the members of the firm or members of the association are citizens of India; and

(b) in the case of an individual, only if he is a citizen of India.]

(2) No mining lease shall be granted by the State Government unless it is satisfied that--

4[(a) there is evidence to show that the area for which the lease is applied for has been prospected earlier or the existence of mineral contents therein has been established otherwise than by means of prospecting such area; and

(b) there is mining plan duly approved by the Central Government, or by the State Government, in respect of such category of mines as may be specified by the Central Government, for the development of mineral deposits in the area concerned.]]

1. Substituted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 4, for section 5 w.e.f. 10-2-1987.

2. Substituted by Act 25 of 1994, section. 3, for sub-section (1) w.e.f. 25-1-194.

3. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 7, for "prospecting licence or mining lease" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

4. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 7, for clauses (a) and (b) w.e.f. 18-12-1999.


Section 6. Maximum area for which a prospecting licence or mining lease may be granted

1[(1) No person shall acquire2[***] in respect of any mineral or prescribed group of associated minerals3[in a State]--

(a) one or more prospecting licences covering a total area of more than twenty-five square kilometres; or

3[(aa) one or more reconnaissance permit covering a total area often thousand square kilometres:

Provided that the area granted under a single reconnaissance permit shall not exceed five thousand square kilometres; or]

(b) one or more mining leases covering a total area of more than ten square kilometres;

Provided that if the Central Government is of opinion that in the interests of the development of any mineral, it is necessary so to do, it may, for reasons to be recorded by it, in writing, permit any person to acquire one or more prospecting licences or mining leases covering an area in excess of the aforesaid total area;]

4[(c) any reconnaissance permit, mining lease or prospecting licence in respect of any area which is not compact or contiguous:

Provided that if the State Government is of opinion that in the interests of the development of any mineral, it is necessary so to do, it may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, permit any person to acquire a reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease in relation to any area which is not compact or contiguous.]

(2) For the purposes of this section, a person acquiring by, or in the name of, another person a5[reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease] which is intended for himself shall be deemed to be acquiring it himself.

6[(3) For the purposes of determining the total area referred to in sub-section (1), the area held under a5[reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease] by a person as a member of a co-operative society, company or other corporation or a Hindu undivided family or a partner of a firm, shall be deducted from the area referred to in sub-section (1) so that the sum total of the area held by such person, under a5[reconnaissance permit, prospecting licence or mining lease], whether as such member or partner, or individually, may not, in any case, exceed the total area specified in sub-section (1).]

1. Substituted by Act 56 of 1972, section. 3, for sub-section (1) w.e.f. 12-9-1972.

2. The words "in any one State" omitted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 5 w.e.f. 10-2-1987.

3. Inserted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 8 w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

4. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 8, for clause (c) w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

5. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 8, for "prospecting licence of mining lease" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

6. Inserted by Act 56 of 1972, section. 3 w.e.f. 12-9-1972.


Section 7. Periods for which prospecting licences may be granted or renewed

1[7. Periods for which prospecting licences may be granted or renewed

(1) The period for which2[a reconnaissance permit or prospecting licence] may be granted shall not exceed three years.

(2) A prospecting licence shall, if the State Government is satisfied that a longer period is required to enable the licensee to complete prospecting operations be renewed for such period or periods as that Government may specify:

Provided that the total period for which a prospecting licence is granted does not exceed five years:

Provided further that no prospecting licence granted in respect of3[a mineral included in Part A and Part Bto] the First Schedule shall be renewed except with the previous approval of the Central Government.]

1. Substituted by Act 25 of 1994, section. 4, for section 7 w.e.f. 25-1-1994.

2. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 9, for "a prospecting licence" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

3. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 9, for "a mineral included in" w.e.f. 18-12-1999.


Section 8. Periods for which mining leases may be granted or renewed

1 [2 [(1) The maximum period for which a mining lease may be granted shall not exceed thirty years:

Provided that the minimum period for which any such mining lease may be granted shall not be less than twenty years.]

(2) A mining lease may be renewed for 3 [a period not exceeding twenty years]]

4 [***]

5 [(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), if the State Government is of opinion that in the interests of mineral development it is necessary so to do, it may, for reasons to be recorded, authorise the renewal of a mining lease in respect of minerals not specified in Part A and Part Bof the First Schedule for a further period or periods not exceeding twenty years in each case.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2) and sub-section (3), no mining lease granted in respect of mineral specified in Part A or Part Bof the First Schedule shall be renewed except with the previous approval of the Central Government.]

1. Substituted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 7, for sub-sections (1) and (2) w.e.f. 10-2-1987.

2. Substituted by Act 25 of 1994, section. 5, for sub-section (1) w.e.f. 25-1-1994.

3. Substituted by Act 25 of 1994, section. 5, for "two periods each not exceeding ten years" w.e.f. 25-1-1994.

4. Proviso omitted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 10 w.e.f. 18-12-1999.

5. Substituted by Act 38 of 1999, section. 10, for sub-section (3) w.e.f. 18-12-1999.


Section 9. Royalties in respect of mining leases

(1) The holder of a mining lease granted before the commencement of this Act shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the instrument of lease or in any law in force at such commencement, pay royalty in respect of any1[mineral removed or consumed by him or by his agent, manager, employee, contractor or sub-lessee] from the leased area after such commencement, at the rate for the time being specified in the Second Schedule in respect of that mineral.

(2) The holder of a mining lease granted on or after the commencemenl of this Act shall pay royalty in respect of any2[mineral removed or consumed by him or by his agent, manager, employee, contractor or sub-lessee] from the leased area at the rate for the time being specified in the Second Schedule in respect of that mineral.

2[(2A.) The holder of a mining lease, whether granied before or after the commencement of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Act, 1972, shall not be liable to pay any royalty in respect of any coal consumed by a workman engaged in a colliery provided that such consumption by the workman does not exceed one-third of a tonne per month.]

(3) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazelle, amend the Second Schedule so as to enhance or reduce the rate at which royalty shall be payable in respect of any mineral with effect from such date as may be specified in the notification:

3[Provided that the Central Government shall not enhance the rate of royalty in respect of any mineral more than once during any period of4[three years].]

1. Substituted by Act 56 of 1972, section. 4, for "mineral removed by him" w.e.f. 12-9-1972.

2. Inserted by Act 56 of 1972, section. 4 w.e.f. 12-9-1972.

3. Substituted by Act 56 of 1972, section. 4, for proviso w.e.f. 12-9-1972.

4. Substituted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 8, for "four years" w.e.f. 10-2-1987.


Section 9A. Dead rent to be paid by the lessee

1[9A. Dead rent to be paid by the lessee

(1) The holder of a mining lease, whether granted before or after the commencement of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Act, 1972, shall notwithstanding anything contained in the instrument of lease or in any other law for the lime being in force, pay to the State Government, every year, dead rent at such rate, as may be specified, for the time being, in the Third Schedule, for all the areas included in the instrument of lease:

Provided that where the holder of such mining lease becomes liable, under section 9, to pay royalty for any mineral removed or consumed by him or by his agent, manager employee, contractor or sub-lessee from the leased area, he shall be liable to pay either such royalty, or the dead rent in respect of that area, whichever is greater.

(2) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend the Third Schedule so as to enhance or reduce the rate at which the dead rent shall be payable in respect of any area covered by a mining lease and such enhancement or reduction shall take effect from such date as may be specified in the notification:

Provided that the Central Government shall not enhance the rate of the dead rent in respect of any such area more than once during any period of2[three years].]

1. Inserted by Act 56 of 1972, section. 5 w.e.f. 12-9-1972.

2. Substituted by Act 37 of 1986, section. 9, for "four years" w.e.f. 10-2-1987.


Chapter III