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SICK TEXTILE UNDERTAKINGS (TAKING OVER OF MANAGEMENT) ACT

Ministry of Law and Justice

Act nº 72 of 1972


  • Chapter 1
  • Chapter 2
  • Chapter 3
  • Chapter 4
  • Schedules
  • Act nº 72 of 1972

Preamble

THE SICK TEXTILE UNDERTAKINGS (TAKING OVER OF MANAGEMENT) ACT, 1972

[Act, No. 72 of 1972]

[23rd December, 1972]

PREAMBLE

An Act to provide for the taking over, in the public interest, of the management of the sick textile undertakings, pending nationalisation of such undertakings, for the expeditious rehabilitation of such undertakings so that such rehabilitation may subserve the interests of the general public by the augmentation of the production and distribution, at fair prices, of cheaper varieties of cloth, and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

be it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:--

Chapter 1

Section 1. Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be called the Sick Textile Undertakings (Taking Over of Management) Act, 1972.

(2) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 31st day of October, 1972.

Section 2. Definitions

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,

(a) "appointed day" means the 31st day of October, 1972;

(b) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette;

(c) "owner", in relation to a textile undertaking, means the company, individual, body of individuals or firm by which it is owned;

(d) "sick textile undertaking" means the textile undertaking which falls within one or more of the following categories, namely:

(i) which is owned by a textile company which is being wound up, whether voluntarily or by or under the supervision of any Court, or in respect of which a provisional liquidator has been appointed by a Court,

(ii) which had remained closed for a period of not less than three months immediately before the appointed day and the closure of which is prejudicial to the textile industry, and the condition of the undertaking is such that it may, with reasonable inputs, be restarted in the interests of the general public,

(iii) which has been leased to Government or any other person or the management of which has been taken over by Government or any other person under any leave or licence granted by any Receiver or Liquidator by or under the orders of, or with the approval of, any Court.

(iv) the management of which was authorised by the Central Government, by a notified order made under section 18A, or in pursuance of an order made by the High Court under section 18FA, of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, 65 of 1951 to be taken over by a person or body of persons, but such management could not be taken over by such person or body of persons, before the appointed day,

(v) the management of which ought to be [according to the report made after investigation by any person or body of persons appointed after the 1st day of January, 1970, under section 15 or section 15A of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, 65 of 1951] taken over under section 18A of that Act, but in relation to which no notified order authorising any person or body of persons to take over the management of such undertaking was made before the appointed day,

(vi) in respect of which an investigation was caused to be made, before the appointed day, by the Central Government under section 15 or section 15A of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, 65 of 1951 and the report of such investigation was not received by the Central Government before the appointed day;

and includes any textile undertaking which is deemed, under sub-section (2) of section 4, to be a sick textile undertaking;

(e) "textile" includes yarn or fabrics made either wholly or partly of cotton, wool, jute, synthetic and artificial (man-made) fibres;

(f) "textile company" means a company specified in the third column of the First Schedule as owning the textile undertaking specified in the corresponding entry in the second column of that Schedule;

(g) "textile undertaking" means an undertaking engaged in the manufacture of textiles and to which the provisions of the Factories Act, 1948, 63 of 1948 apply;

(h) words and expressions used but not defined in this Act and defined in the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, 65 of 1951 shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Act;

(i) words and expressions used but not defined either in this Act or in the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, 65 of 1951 but defined in the Companies Act, 1956, shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Companies Act, 1956, 65 of 1951.

Section 3. Act to override all other enactment, etc.

The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any enactment (other than this Act) or any judgment, decree or order of any Court, tribunal or other authority or any instrument having effect by virtue of any, enactment other than this Act.

Chapter 2

Section 4. Management of sick textile undertakings to vest in Central Government on the appointed day

(1) On and from the appointed day, the management of all the sick textile undertakings specified in the First Schedule shall Vest in the Central Government.

(2) If, after the commencement of this Act, any investigation is ordered, under section 15 or section 15A of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, 65 of 1965 in relation to any textile undertaking, and it is reported after such investigation that the management of such textile undertaking ought to be taken over under section 18A of that Act, the Central Government may, if it is satisfied after consideration of such report and other relevant matters that such undertaking ought to be declared to be a sick textile undertaking, make a declaration to that effect and further declare that the management of such textile undertaking ought to be taken over by it under this Act and on and from the date of such declaration,

(i) the textile undertaking specified in such declaration shall be deemed to be a sick textile undertaking,

(ii) the management of such textile undertaking shall be deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to vest in the Central Government,and

(iii) the textile undertaking and the textile company owning itshall be deemed to be included in the First Schedule,

and thereupon the provisions of this Act shall become applicable thereto subject to the modification that for the words "appointed day", wherever they occur, the words, brackets and figures "date of the declaration made by the Central Government under sub-section (2) of section 4" shall be substituted.

(3) The sick textile undertaking shall be deemed to include all assets, rights, powers, authorities and privileges of the textile company, in relation to the said sick textile undertaking, and all property, movable and immovable, including lands, buildings, workshops, stores, instruments, machinery, automobiles and other vehicles and goods under production or in transit, cash balances, reserve fund, investments and all other rights and interests in, or arising out of, such property as were, immediately before the appointed day, in the owners-hip, possession, power or control of the textile company, whether within or outside India, and all books of account, registers and all other documents of whatever nature relating thereto.

(4) Any contract, whether express or implied, or other arrangement (whether under any statute or otherwise) in so far as it relates to the management of the business and affairs of the sick textile undertaking, and in force immediately before the appointed day, or any order made by any Court in so far as it relates to the management of the business and affairs of the sick textile undertaking and in force immediately before the appointed day, shall be deemed to have terminated on the appointed day.

(5) All persons in whom the management of the business arid affairs of the sick textile undertaking vests immediately before the appointed day, shall, as from that day, cease to be so vested.

(6) Notwithstanding any judgment, decree or order of any Court, tribunal or other authority or anything contained in any law (other than this Act) for the time being in force, every Receiver, Official Liquidator or other person in whose possession or custody or under whose control a sick textile undertaking or any part thereof may be immediately before the appointed day, shall, on the commencement of this Act, deliver the possession of the said undertaking or such part thereof, as the case may be, to the Custodian, appointed under section 5, or, where no Custodian has been appointed, to such other person as the Central Government may direct.

(7) The Central Government may take, or cause to be taken, all necessary steps for securing the possession of the sick textile undertaking which has vested in it under section 4.

(8) No resolution passed at any meeting of the shareholders of any textile company on or after the appointed day regarding the business of the textile company, in so far as it relates to the sick textile undertaking, shall be given effect to unless approved by the Central Government.

Section 5. Appointment of Custodian to take over the management of the sick textile undertaking

(1) The Central Government may, as soon as it is convenient administratively so to do, appoint an individual or a Government company as the Custodian of a sick textile undertaking for the purpose of taking over the management of such undertaking and the Custodian so appointed shall carry on the management of such undertaking for and on behalf of the Central Government.

(2) The Central Government may also appoint a Government company as the Custodian-General for exercising supervision and control over all the sick textile undertakings, the management of which has vested in it under this Act, and, on such appointment, every Custodian appointed under sub-section (1) shall act under the guidance, control and supervision of the Custodian-General.

(3) On the appointment of a Custodian under sub-section (1), the charge of management of the sick textile undertaking shall vest in such Custodian and all persons in charge of the management of such undertaking immediately before such appointment shall cease to be in charge of such management and shall be bound to deliver to the Custodian all assets, books of account, registers or other documents in their custody relating to the sick textile undertaking.

(4) The Central Government may issue such directions (including directions as to initiating, defending or continuing any legal proceedings before any Court, tribunal or other authority) to the Custodian or Custodian-General as to his or its powers and duties as the Central Government deems desirable and the Custodian or the Custodian-General may apply to the Central Government at any time for instructions as to the manner in which the Custodian or the Custodian-General shall conduct the management of the undertaking of the company or in relation to any matter arising in the course of such management.

(5) Any person who, on the appointed day, has in his possession or under his control any books, papers or other documents relating to the sick textile undertaking, the management of which has vested in the Central Government under this Act, shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time teeing in force, be liable, to account for the books, papers and other documents, to the Custodian and shall deliver them up to the Custodian or to such other person as may be authorised by the Central Government or the Custodian in this behalf.

(6) Every person in charge of the management of a sick textile undertaking, immediately before the appointed day, shall, within ten days from that day or within such further period as the Central Government may allow in this behalf, furnish to the Custodian a complete inventory of all the properties and assets (including particulars of book debts, investments and belongings) forming part of the sick textile undertaking immediately before the appointed day and of all liabilities and obligations of the sick textile undertaking subsisting immediately before that day and also of all agreements entered into by the textile company, in relation to the sick textile undertaking, and in force immediately before that day.

(7) The Custodian and Custodian-General shall hold office during the pleasure of the Central Government and shall receive from the funds of the sick textile undertaking such remuneration as may be fixed by the Central Government.

Section 6. Payment of amount

(1) The owner of every textile undertaking shall be given by the Central Government an amount, in cash, for vesting in it, under sub-section (1), or sub-section (2), as the case may be, of section 4, the management of the sick textile undertaking of such company.

(2) For every month during which the management of the sick textile undertaking remains vested in the Central Government under this Act, the amount referred to in sub-section (1) shall be computed at the rate of--

(i) fifty paise per one thousand spindles or any part thereof, in the case of a sick textile undertaking having spindles only;

(ii) one rupee per one hundred looms or any part thereof, in the case of a sick textile undertaking having looms only;

(iii) fifty paise per one thousand spindles or any part thereof, and one rupee per one hundred looms or any part thereof, in the case of a sick textile undertaking having both spindles and looms,

Chapter 3

Section 7. Power of Central Government to make certain declarations in relation to sick textile undertakings

(1) The Central Government may, if satisfied, in relation to a sick textile undertaking or any part thereof, the management of which has vested in it under this Act, that it is necessary so to do in the interests of the general public with a view to preventing the fall in the volume of production of the textile industry, by notification, declare that--

(a) all or any of the enactments specified in the Second Schedule shall not apply or shall apply with such adaptations, whether by way of modification, addition or omission (which does not, however, affect the policy of the said enactments) to such sick textile undertaking, as may be specified in such notification, or

(b) the operation of all or any of the contracts, assurances of property, agreements, settlements, awards, standing orders or other instruments in force (to which such sick textile undertaking or the company owning such undertaking is a party or which may be applicable to such sick textile undertaking or company) immediately before the date of issue of the notification shall remain suspended or that all or any of the rights, privileges, obligations and liabilities accruing or arising thereunder before the said date, shall remain suspended or shall be enforceable with such adaptations and in such manner as may be specified in the notification.

(2) The notification made under sub-section (1) shall remain in force, in the first instance, for a period of one year, but the duration of such notification may be extended from time to time by a further notification by a period not exceeding one year at a time:

Provided that no such notification shall, in any case, remain in force after the expiry of three years from the commencement of this Act.

(3) Any notification made under sub-section (1) shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law, agreement or instrument or any decree or order of a Court, tribunal, officer or other authority or of any submission, settlement or standing order.

(4) Any remedy for the enforcement of any right, privilege, obligation or liability referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) and suspended or modified by a notification made under that sub-section shall, in accordance with the terms of the notification, remain suspended or modified and all proceedings relating thereto pending before any Court, tribunal, officer or other authority shall accordingly remain stayed or be continued subject to such adaptations, so, however, that on the notification ceasing to have effect--

(a) any right, privilege, obligation or liability so remaining suspended or modified shall become revived and enforceable as if the notification had never been made;

(b) any proceeding so remaining stayed shall be proceeded with subject to the provisions of any law which may then be in force, from the stage which had been reached when the proceeding become stayed.

(5) In computing the period of limitation for the enforcement of any right, privilege, obligation or liability referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1), the period during which it or the remedy for the enforcement thereof remained suspended shall be excluded.

Chapter 4

Section 8. Textile companies not to wound up

(1) No proceeding for the winding up of a textile company, within the meaning of this Act, shall lie in any Court or be continued whether by or under the supervision of any Court or voluntarily, except with the consent of the Central Government.

(2) In computing the period of limitation prescribed by any law for the time being in force for any application which may be made in the course of winding up of any textile company in respect of any matter arising out of any transaction in relation to a sick textile undertaking, the time during which the making of such application was barred by this Act, shall be excluded.

Section 9. Contracts, etc., in bad faith may be cancelled or varied

(1) If the Central Government is satisfied, after such inquiry as it may think fit, that any contract or agreement entered into, at any time within twelve months immediately preceding the appointed day, between the owner of any sick textile undertaking or his agent and any other person, in relation to such sick textile, undertaking, has been entered into in bad faith or is detrimental to the interests of the sick textile undertaking, it may make an order cancelling or varying (either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as it may think fit to impose) the contract or agreement and thereafter the contract or agreement shall have effect accordingly:

Provided that no contract or agreement shall be cancelled or varied except after giving to the parties to the contract or agreement a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(2) Any person aggrieved by an order made under sub-section (1) may make an application to the principal Court of civil jurisdiction within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the registered office of the sick textile undertaking is situated for the variation or reversal of such order and, thereupon such Court may confirm, modify or reverse such order.

Section 10. Power to terminate the contract of employment

If the Custodian or Custodian-General is of opinion that any contract of employment entered into by the owner of any sick textile undertaking or his agent, in relation to such sick textile undertaking, at any time before the appointed day, is unduly onerous, he may, by giving to the employee one month's notice in writing or the salary or wages for one month in lieu thereof, terminate such contract of employment.