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ACTS OF UNION

Union with Scotland Act 1706
Union with England Act 1707
Union with Scotland (Amendment ) Act 1707
Act of Union (Ireland) 1800
Union with Ireland Act 1800


  • Union with Scotland Act 1706 c.11
  • Union with England Act 1707 c.7
  • Union with Scotland (Amendment ) Act 1707 c.40
  • Act of Union (Ireland) 1800 c.38
  • Union with Ireland Act 1800 c.67
  • Version 2013-01-01

Union with Scotland Act 1706

Acts of the English Parliament

1706 c. 11

Introductory Text

X1 An Act for an Union of the Two Kingdoms of England and Scotland

Most gracious Sovereign

Recital of Articles of Union, dated 22d July, 5 Ann.;   and of an Act of Parliament passed in Scotland, 16th January, 5 Ann.

Whereas Articles of Union were agreed on the Twenty Second day of July in the Fifth year of Your Majesties reign by the Commissioners nominated on behalf of the Kingdom of England under Your Majesties Great Seal of England bearing date at Westminster the Tenth day of April then last past in pursuance of an Act of Parliament made in England in the Third year of Your Majesties reign and the Commissioners nominated on the behalf of the Kingdom of Scotland under Your Majesties Great Seal of Scotland bearing date the Twenty Seventh day of February in the Fourth year of Your Majesties Reign in pursuance of the Fourth Act of the Third Session of the present Parliament of Scotland to treat of and concerning an Union of the said Kingdoms

And Whereas an Act hath passed in the Parliament of Scotland at Edinburgh the Sixteenth day of January in the Fifth year of Your Majesties reign wherein ’tis mentioned that the Estates of Parliament considering the said Articles of Union of the two Kingdoms had agreed to and approved of the said Articles of Union with some Additions and Explanations And that Your Majesty with Advice and Consent of the Estates of Parliament for establishing the Protestant Religion and Presbyterian Church Government within the Kingdom of Scotland had passed in the same Session of Parliament an Act intituled Act for securing of the Protestant Religion and Presbyterian Church Government which by the Tenor thereof was appointed to be inserted in any Act ratifying the Treaty and expressly declared to be a fundamental and essential Condition of the said Treaty or Union in all times coming the Tenor of which Articles as ratified and approved of with Additions and Explanations by the said Act of Parliament of Scotland follows

Editorial Information. X1. This Act is Chapter VIII. 5 & 6 Ann. in the Common printed Editions

Modifications etc. (not altering text). C1. Short Title given by Short Titles Act 1896 (c. 14). C2. Act amended (25.1.1999) by 1998 c. 46, s. 37; S.I. 1998/3178, art. 2(2), Sch. 1

Article I

The Kingdoms United; Ensigns Armorial

That the two Kingdoms of England and Scotland shall upon the First day of May which shall be in the year One thousand seven hundred and seven and for ever after be united into one Kingdom by the name of Great Britain And that the Ensigns Armorial of the said United Kingdom be such as Her Majesty shall appoint and the Crosses of St. George and St. Andrew be conjoyned in such manner as Her Majesty shall think fit and used in all Flags Banners Standards and Ensigns both at Sea and Land.

Article II

Succession to the Monarchy.

That the Succession to the Monarchy of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and of the Dominions thereto belonging after Her most Sacred Majesty and in default of Issue of Her Majesty be remain and continue to the most Excellent Princess Sophia Electoress and Dutchess Dowager of Hanover and the Heirs of her body being Protestants upon whom the Crown of England is settled by an Act of Parliament made in England in the Twelfth year of the reign of His late Majesty King William the Third intituled an Act for the further Limitation of the Crown and better securing the rights and Liberites of the Subject And that all Papists and persons marrying Papists shall be excluded from and for ever incapable to inherit possess or enjoy the Imperial Crown of Great Britain and the Dominions thereunto belonging or any part thereof and in every such Case the Crown and Government shall from time to time descend to and be enjoyed by such person being a Protestant as should have inherited and enjoyed the same in case such Papist or person marrying a Papist was naturally dead according to the Provision for the descent of the Crown of England made by another Act of Parliament in England in the first year of the reign of Their late Majesties King William and Queen Mary intituled an Act declaring the Rights and Liberites of the Subject and settling the Succession of the Crown.

Article III

Parliament

That the United Kingdom of Great Britain be represented by one and the same Parliament to be stiled The Parliament of Great Britain.

Article IIII

Trade and Navigation and other Rights.

That all the Subjects of the United Kingdom of Great Britain shall from and after the Union have full freedom and Intercourse of Trade and Navigation to and from any port or place within the said United Kingdom and the Dominions and Plantations thereunto belonging And that there be a Communication of all other Rights Privileges and Advantages which do or may belong to the Subjects of either Kingdom except where it is otherwise expressly agreed in these Articles.

Article V

............F1.

Amendments (Textual). F1. Art. V repealed by virtue of repeal by Statute Law Revision Act 1867 (c. 59) of s. IV of this Act so far as it ratifies those articles


Article VI

Regulations of Trade, Duties, &c.

That all parts of the United Kingdom for ever from and after the Union shall have the same Allowances Encouragements and Drawbacks and be under the same prohibitions restrictions and regulations of Trade and liable to the same Customs and Duties on Import and Export And that the Allowances Encouragements and Drawbacks prohibitions restrictions and regulations of Trade and the Customs and Duties on Import and Export settled in England when the Union commences shall from and after the Union take place throughout the whole United Kingdom ...F2.

Amendments (Textual). F2. Words repealed by Statute Law Revision Act 1948 (c. 62), Sch. 1 and Statute Law (repeals) Act 1973 (c. 39), Sch. 1 Pt. XIII


Article VII

Excise

That all parts of the United Kingdom be for ever from and after the Union liable to the same Excise upon all exciseable Liquors ...F3.

Amendments (Textual). F3. Words repealed by Statute Law Revision Act 1948 (c. 62), Sch. 1


Articles VIII-XV

............F4.

Amendments (Textual). F4. Arts. VIII, X-XV repealed by virtue of repeal by Statute Law Revision Act 1867 (c. 59) of s. IV of this Act so far as it retifies those articles; art. IX repealed by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1973 (c. 39), Sch. 1 Pt. XIII


Article XVI

Coin

That from and after the Union the Coin shall be of the same Standard and value throughout the United Kingdom as now in England ...F5.

Amendments (Textual). F5. Words repealed by virtue of repeal by Statute Law Revision Act 1867 (c. 59) of s. 4 of this Act so far as it ratifies those words


Article XVII

............F6.

Amendments (Textual). F6. Art. XVII repealed by Weights and Measures Act 1878 (c. 49), Sch. 6 Pt. I


Article XVIII

Laws concerning public rights. Private rights

That the Laws concerning regulation of Trade Customs and such Excises to which Scotland is by virtue of this Treaty to be liable be the same in Scotland from and after the Union as in England and that all other Laws in use within the Kingdom of Scotland do after the Union and notwithstanding thereof remain in the same force as before (except such as are contrary to or inconsistent with this Treaty) but alterable by the Parliament of Great Britain with this difference betwixt the Laws concerning publick right Policy and Civil Government and those which concern private right that the Laws which concern publick right Policy and Civil Government may be made the same throughout the whole United Kingdom But that no alteration be made in Laws which concern private right Except for evident Utility of the Subjects within Scotland

Article XIX

Court of Session. Writers to the Signet admitted Lords of Session. Court of Justiciary.     Other Courts. Causes in Scotland not cognizable in Courts in Westminster Hall.

That the Court of Session or Colledge of Justice do after the Union and notwithstanding thereof remain in all time coming within Scotland as it is now constituted by the Laws of that Kingdom and with the same authority and privileges as before the Union Subject nevertheless to such regulations for the better Administration of Justice as shall be made by the Parliament of Great Britain and that hereafter none shall be named by Her Majesty or Her Royal Successors to be ordinary Lords of Session but such who have served in the Colledge of Justice as Advocates or Principal Clerks of Session for the Space of Five years or as Writers to the Signet for the Space of ten years with this provision that noWriter to the Signet be capable to be admitted a Lord of the Session unless he undergo a private and publick Tryal on the Civil Law before the Faculty of Advocates and be found by them qualified for the said Office two years before he be named to be a Lord of the Session yet so as the Qualifications made or to be made for capacitating persons to be named ordinary Lords of Session may be altered by the Parliament of Great Britain And that the Court of Justiciary do also after the Union and notwithstanding thereof remain in all time coming within Scotland as it is now constituted by the Laws of that Kingdom and with the same authority and privileges as before the Union Subject nevertheless to such regulations as shall be made by the Parliament of Great Britain and without prejudice of other rights of Justiciary ...F7. And that the heretable rights of Admiralty and Vice Admiralties in Scotland be reserved to the respective proprietors as rights of property Subject nevertheless as to the manner of exercising such heretable rights to such regulations and alterations as shall be thought proper to be made by the Parliament of Great Britain And that all other Courts now in being within the Kingdom of Scotland do remain but Subject to alterations by the Parliament of Great Britain And that all inferior Courts within the said limits do remain Subordinate as they are now to the supreme Courts of Justice within the same in all time coming And that no Causes in Scotland be cognoscible by the Courts of Chancery Queen’s Bench Common Pleas or any other Court in Westminster Hall and that the said Courts or any other of the like nature after the Union shall have no Power to cognosce review or alter the Acts or Sentences of the Judicatures within Scotland or stop the Execution of the same ...F8

Amendments (Textual). F7. Words repealed by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1973 (c. 39), Sch. 1 Pt. XIII. F8. Words repealed by Statute Law Revision Act 1948 (c. 62), Sch. 1 and Statute Law (repeals) Act 1973 (c. 39), Sch. 1 Pt. XIII


Article XX

Heritable Offices, &c.

That all Heretable Offices Superiorities Heretable Jurisdictions Offices for Life and Jurisdictions for Life be reserved to the owners thereof as Rights of Property in the same manner as they are now enjoyed by the Laws of Scotland notwithstanding this Treaty.