Preliminary Provisions. 2-24 PART 1. Of Crimes and Punishments TITLE 1. Of Persons Liable to Punishment for Crime. 25-29 TITLE 2. Of Parties to Crime. 30-33 TITLE 3. Of Offenses Against the Sovereignty of the State. 37-38 TITLE 5. Of Crimes by and Against the Executive Power of the State 67-77 TITLE 6. Of Crimes Against the Legislative Power. 85-88 TITLE 7. Of Crimes Against Public Justice CHAPTER 1. Bribery and Corruption. 92-100 CHAPTER 2. Rescues. 102 CHAPTER 3. Escapes and Aiding Therein. 107-110 CHAPTER 4. Forging, Stealing, Mutilating, and Falsifying Judicial and Public Records and Documents. 112-117 CHAPTER 5. Perjury and Subornation of Perjury. 118-131 CHAPTER 6. Falsifying Evidence, and Bribing, Influencing, Intimidating or Threatening Witnesses. 132-141 CHAPTER 7. Other Offenses Against Public Justice. 142-181 CHAPTER 8. Conspiracy. 182-185 CHAPTER 9. Criminal Profiteering. 186-186.8 CHAPTER 10. Money Laundering. 186.9-186.10 CHAPTER 10.5. Fraud and Embezzlement: Victim Restitution. 186.11-186.12 CHAPTER 11. Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act 186.20-186.33 TITLE 8. Of Crimes Against the Person CHAPTER 1. Homicide. 187-199 CHAPTER 2. Mayhem. 203-206.1 CHAPTER 3. Kidnapping. 207-210 CHAPTER 3.5. Hostages. 210.5 CHAPTER 4. Robbery. 211-215 CHAPTER 5. Attempts to Kill. 217.1-219.3 CHAPTER 6. Assaults With Intent to Commit Felony, other than Assaults With Intent to Murder. 220-222 CHAPTER 8. False Imprisonment. 236-237 CHAPTER 9. Assault and Battery. 240-248 TITLE 9. Of Crimes Against the Person Involving Sexual Assault, and Crimes Against Public Decency and Good Morals CHAPTER 1. Rape, Abduction, Carnal Abuse of Children, and Seduction. 261-269 CHAPTER 2. Abandonment and Neglect of Children. 270-273.75 CHAPTER 2.5. Spousal Abusers. 273.8-273.88 CHAPTER 4. Child Abduction. 277-280 CHAPTER 5. Bigamy, Incest, and the Crime Against Nature. 281-289.6 CHAPTER 5.5. Sex Offenders. 290-294 CHAPTER 6. Dna and Forensic Identification Data Base and Data Bank Act of 1998 Article 1. Purpose and Administration. 295-295.1 Article 2. Offenders Subject to Sample Collection. 296-296.2 Article 3. Data Base Applications. 297 Article 4. Collection and Forwarding of Samples. 298-298.3 Article 5. Expungement of Information. 299 Article 6. Limitations on Disclosure. 299.5-299.7 Article 7. Construction and Severability. 300-300.3 CHAPTER 7. Of Crimes Against Religion and Conscience, and other Offenses Against Good Morals. 302-310.5 CHAPTER 7.5. Obscene Matter. 311-312.7 CHAPTER 7.6. Harmful Matter. 313-313.5 CHAPTER 8. Indecent Exposure, Obscene Exhibitions, and Bawdy and other Disorderly Houses. 314-318.6 CHAPTER 9. Lotteries. 319-329 CHAPTER 10. Gaming. 330-337z CHAPTER 10.5. Horse Racing. 337.1-337.9 CHAPTER 11. Pawnbrokers. 343 CHAPTER 12. Other Injuries to Persons. 346-367g CHAPTER 13. Crimes Against Elders, Dependent Adults, and Persons With Disabilities. 368-368.5 TITLE 10. Of Crimes Against the Public Health and Safety. 369a-402c TITLE 11. Of Crimes Against the Public Peace. 403-420.1 TITLE 11.5. Criminal Threats. 422-422.4 TITLE 11.6. Civil Rights CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 422.55-422.57 CHAPTER 2. Crimes and Penalties. 422.6-422.865 CHAPTER 3. General Provisions. 422.88-422.93 TITLE 11.7. California Freedom of Access to Clinic and Church Entrances Act. 423-423.6 TITLE 12. Of Crimes Against the Revenue and Property of This State 424-440 TITLE 13. Of Crimes Against Property CHAPTER 1. Arson. 450-457.1 CHAPTER 2. Burglary. 458-464 CHAPTER 3. Burglarious and Larcenous Instruments and Deadly Weapons. 466-469 CHAPTER 4. Forgery and Counterfeiting. 470-483.5 CHAPTER 5. Larceny. 484-502.9 CHAPTER 6. Embezzlement. 503-515 CHAPTER 7. Extortion. 518-527 CHAPTER 8. False Personation and Cheats. 528-539 CHAPTER 10. Crimes Against Insured Property and Insurers. 548-551 CHAPTER 12. Unlawful Interference With Property Article 1. Trespassing or Loitering Near Posted Industrial Property. 552-555.5 Article 2. Unlawfully Placing Signs on Public and Private Property. 556-556.4 Article 3. Trespass on Property Belonging to the University of California. 558-558.1 CHAPTER 12.5. Crimes Involving Bailments. 560-560.6 CHAPTER 12.6. Crimes Involving Branded Containers, Cabinets, or other Dairy Equipment. 565-566 CHAPTER 12.7. Unlawful Subleasing of Motor Vehicles. 570-574 CHAPTER 14. Fraudulent Issue of Documents of Title to Merchandise 577-583 CHAPTER 15. Malicious Injuries to Railroad Bridges, Highways, Bridges, and Telegraphs. 587-593g TITLE 14. Malicious Mischief. 594-625c TITLE 15. Miscellaneous Crimes CHAPTER 1. Schools. 626-626.11 CHAPTER 1.1. Access to School Premises. 627-627.10 CHAPTER 1.3. Massage Therapy. 628-628.5 CHAPTER 1.4. Interception of Wire, Electronic Digital Pager,or Electronic Cellular Telephone Communications. 629.50-629.98 CHAPTER 1.5. Invasion of Privacy. 630-638 CHAPTER 2. Of other and Miscellaneous Offenses. 639-653.2 CHAPTER 2.5. Loitering for the Purpose of Engaging in a Prostitution Offense. 653.20-653.28 CHAPTER 3. Immigration Matters. 653.55-653.61 CHAPTER 4. Crimes Committed While in Custody in Correctional Facilities. 653.75 TITLE 16. General Provisions. 654-678 TITLE 17. Rights of Victims and Witnesses of Crime. 679-680 PART 2. Of Criminal Procedure Preliminary Provisions. 681-691 TITLE 1. Of the Prevention of Public Offenses CHAPTER 1. Of Lawful Resistance. 692-694 CHAPTER 2. Of the Intervention of the Officers of Justice. 697-698 CHAPTER 3. Security to Keep the Peace. 701-714 CHAPTER 5. Suppression of Riots. 723-727 TITLE 2. Mode of Prosecution. 737-740 TITLE 2.5. Nightcourt. 750 TITLE 3. Additional Provisions Regarding Criminal Procedure CHAPTER 1. Of the Local Jurisdiction of Public Offenses. 777-795 CHAPTER 2. Time of Commencing Criminal Actions. 799-805 CHAPTER 3. Complaints Before Magistrates. 806-810 CHAPTER 4. The Warrant of Arrest. 813-829 CHAPTER 4.2. Code Enforcement Officers. 829.5 CHAPTER 4.5. Peace Officers. 830-832.17 CHAPTER 5. Arrest, by Whom and How Made. 833-851.90 CHAPTER 5a. Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit. 852-852.4 CHAPTER 5B. Interstate Jurisdiction Article 1. Colorado River Crime Enforcement Compact. 853.1-853.2 Article 2. California-nevada Compact for Jurisdiction on Interstate Waters. 853.3-853.4 CHAPTER 5C. Citations for Misdemeanors. 853.5-853.85 CHAPTER 5D. Filing Complaint after Citation. 853.9 CHAPTER 6. Retaking after an Escape or Rescue. 854-855 CHAPTER 7. Examination of the Case, and Discharge of the Defendant, or Holding Him to Answer. 858-883 TITLE 4. Grand Jury Proceedings CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 888-892 CHAPTER 2. Formation of Grand Jury Article 1. Qualifications of Grand Jurors. 893-894 Article 2. Listing and Selection of Grand Jurors. 895-902 Article 3. Jury Commissioners. 903.1-903.4 Article 4. Impaneling of Grand Jury. 904-913 CHAPTER 3. Powers and Duties of Grand Jury Article 1. General Provisions. 914-924.6 Article 2. Investigation of County, City, and District Affairs 925-933.6 Article 3. Legal and other Assistants for Grand Juries. 934-938.4 Article 4. Conduct of Investigations. 939-939.91 TITLE 5. The Pleadings CHAPTER 1. Finding and Presentment of the Indictment. 940-945 CHAPTER 2. Rules of Pleading. 948-973 TITLE 6. Pleadings and Proceedings Before Trial CHAPTER 1. Of the Arraignment of the Defendant. 976-992 CHAPTER 2. Setting Aside the Indictment or Information. 995-999a CHAPTER 2.2. Career Criminals. 999b-999h CHAPTER 2.3. Repeat Sexual Offenders. 999i-999p CHAPTER 2.4. Child Abusers. 999q-999y CHAPTER 2.5. Special Proceedings in Narcotics and Drug Abuse Cases. 1000-1000.6 CHAPTER 2.6. Deferred Entry of Judgment Reentry Program. 1000.8-1000.10 CHAPTER 2.65. Child Abuse and Neglect Counseling. 1000.12-1000.17 CHAPTER 2.7. Misdemeanor Diversion. 1001-1001.9 CHAPTER 2.71. Aids Prevention Program in Drug Abuse and Prostitution Cases. 1001.10-1001.11 CHAPTER 2.75. Diversion Fees. 1001.15-1001.16 CHAPTER 2.8. Diversion of Defendants With Cognitive Developmental Disabilities. 1001.20-1001.34 CHAPTER 2.81. Pretrial Diversion of Traffic Violators. 1001.40 CHAPTER 2.9. Diversion of Misdemeanor Offenders. 1001.50-1001.55 CHAPTER 2.9A. Bad Check Diversion. 1001.60-1001.67 CHAPTER 2.9B. Parental Diversion. 1001.70-1001.75 CHAPTER 2.95. Diversion Restitution Fee. 1001.90 CHAPTER 3. Demurrer and Amendment. 1002-1012 CHAPTER 4. Plea. 1016-1027 CHAPTER 5. Transmission of Certain Indictments and Information. 1029 CHAPTER 6. Change of Venue. 1033-1038 CHAPTER 7. The Mode of Trial. 1041-1045 CHAPTER 8. Formation of the Trial Jury and Thecalendar of Issues for Trial. 1046-1051 CHAPTER 9. Postponement of the Trial. 1053 CHAPTER 10. Discovery. 1054-1054.10 TITLE 7. Of Proceedings after the Commencement of the Trial and Before Judgment CHAPTER 1. Challenging the Jury. 1065-1089 CHAPTER 2. The Trial. 1093-1130 CHAPTER 3. Conduct of the Jury after the Cause Is Submitted to Them. 1137-1142 CHAPTER 4. The Verdict or Finding. 1147-1168 CHAPTER 4.5. Trial Court Sentencing Article 1. Initial Sentencing. 1170-1170.9 CHAPTER 4.8. Pregnant and Parenting Women's Alternative Sentencing Program Act. 1174-1174.9 CHAPTER 5. Bills of Exception. 1176 CHAPTER 6. New Trials. 1179-1182 CHAPTER 7. Arrest of Judgment. 1185-1188 TITLE 8. Of Judgment and Execution CHAPTER 1. The Judgment. 1191-1210.5 CHAPTER 1.4. Electronic Monitoring. 1210.7-1210.16 CHAPTER 1.5. Certification of Drug Diversion Programs. 1211 CHAPTER 2. The Execution. 1213-1227.5 CHAPTER 3. California Community Corrections Performance Incentives. 1228-1233.8 TITLE 9. Appeals in Felony Cases CHAPTER 1. Appeals, When Allowed and How Taken, and the Effect Thereof. 1235-1246 CHAPTER 1a. Judicial Council Rules. 1247k CHAPTER 2. Dismissing an Appeal for Irregularity. 1248 CHAPTER 3. Argument of the Appeal. 1252-1256 CHAPTER 4. Judgment Upon Appeal. 1258-1265 TITLE 10. Miscellaneous Proceedings CHAPTER 1. Bail Article 1. In What Cases the Defendant May Be Admitted to Bail. 1268-1276.5 Article 2. Bail Upon Being Held to Answer Before Indictment. 1277-1281a Article 3. Bail Upon an Indictment Before Conviction. 1284-1289 Article 4. Bail on Appeal. 1291-1292 Article 5. Deposit Instead of Bail. 1295-1298 Article 6. Exoneration. 1300-1304 Article 7. Forfeiture of the Undertaking of Bail or of the Deposit of Money. 1305-1308 Article 8. Recommitment of the Defendant, after Having Given Bail or Deposited Money Instead of Bail. 1310-1317 Article 9. Procedure Relating to Release on Own Recognizance 1318-1319.5 Article 10. Violations. 1320-1320.5 CHAPTER 2. Who May Be Witnesses in Criminal Actions. 1321-1324.1 CHAPTER 3. Compelling the Attendance of Witnesses. 1326-1332 CHAPTER 3a. Attendance of Witnesses Outside the State. 1334-1334.6 CHAPTER 4. Examination of Witnesses Conditionally. 1335-1345 CHAPTER 4.5. Examination of Victims of Sexual Crimes. 1346-1347.5 CHAPTER 5. Examination of Witnesses on Commission. 1349-1362 CHAPTER 6. Inquiry Into the Competence of the Defendant Before Trial or after Conviction. 1367-1376 CHAPTER 7. Compromising Certain Public Offenses by Leave of the Court. 1377-1379 CHAPTER 8. Dismissal of the Action for Want of Prosecution or Otherwise. 1381-1388 CHAPTER 8.5. Agreement on Detainers. 1389-1389.8 CHAPTER 9. Proceedings Against Corporations. 1390-1397 CHAPTER 10. Entitling Affidavits. 1401 CHAPTER 11. Errors and Mistakes in Pleadings and other Proceedings. 1404-1405 CHAPTER 12. Disposal of Property Stolen or Embezzled. 1407-1413 CHAPTER 13. Disposition of Evidence in Criminal Cases. 1417-1417.9 CHAPTER 14. Disposition of Unclaimed Money Held by District Attorney or Court Clerk. 1420-1422 CHAPTER 15. Disqualification of Prosecuting Attorneys. 1424 TITLE 11. Proceedings in Misdemeanor and Infraction Cases and Appeals From Such Cases CHAPTER 1. Proceedings in Misdemeanor and Infraction Cases. 1427-1465.8 CHAPTER 2. Appeals in Misdemeanor and Infraction Cases. 1466-1469 CHAPTER 3. Transfer of Misdemeanor and Infraction Appeals. 1471 TITLE 12. Of Special Proceedings of a Criminal Nature CHAPTER 1. Of the Writ of Habeas Corpus. 1473-1508 CHAPTER 2. Pretrial Review. 1510-1512 CHAPTER 3. Of Search Warrants. 1523-1542 CHAPTER 3.5. Disclosure of Medical Records to Law Enforcement Agencies. 1543-1545 CHAPTER 14. Proceedings Against Fugitives From Justice. 1547-1558 CHAPTER 5. Miscellaneous Provisions Respecting Special Proceedings of a Criminal Nature. 1562-1564 TITLE 13. Proceedings for Bringing Persons Imprisoned in the State Prison, or the Jail of Another County, Before a Court. 1567 TITLE 15. Outpatient Status for Mentally Disordered and Developmentally Disabled Offenders. 1600-1620 PART 3. Of Imprisonment and the Death Penalty TITLE 1. Imprisonment of Male Prisoners in State Prisons CHAPTER 1. Establishment of State Prisons Article 1. California Institution for Men. 2000-2002 Article 2. California State Prison at San Quentin. 2020-2022 Article 3. California State Prison at Folsom. 2030-2032 Article 4. The Deuel Vocational Institution. 2035-2042 Article 4.5. California Correctional Center. 2043-2043.5 Article 5. Correctional Training Facility. 2045-2045.6 Article 5.5. California Correctional Institution in Monterey County. 2045.10-2045.11 Article 6. California Men's Colony. 2046-2046.6 Article 7. California Correctional Institution at Tehachapi 2048-2048.6 CHAPTER 2. Administration of State Prisons Article 1. Miscellaneous Powers and Duties of Department and Director of Corrections. 2051-2065 Article 2. Wardens. 2078-2090 Article 6. Prohibition Upon Wardens, Clerks, Officers and Employees. 2540-2541 CHAPTER 3. Civil Rights of Prisoners Article 1. Civil Rights. 2600-2602 Article 2. Prisoners as Witnesses. 2620-2626 Article 3. Sexual Abuse in Detention. 2635-2643 CHAPTER 4. Treatment of Prisoners Article 1. Mistreatment of Prisoners. 2650-2657 Article 2. Organic Therapy. 2670-2680 Article 3. Disposition of Insane Prisoners. 2684-2685 Article 4. Temporary Removal of Prisoners. 2690-2692 Article 5. Substance Abuse Treatment. 2694 CHAPTER 5. Employment of Prisoners Article 1. Employment of Prisoners Generally. 2700-2717 Article 1.5. Joint Venture Program. 2717.1-2717.9 Article 4. Employment at Road Camps. 2760-2772 Article 5. Employment in Public Parks, Forests, Etc.. 2780-2792 CHAPTER 6. Sale of Prison-made Goods Article 1. Prison Industry Authority. 2800-2818 Article 2. Sale of Prison Goods Made Outside California. 2880-2891 CHAPTER 7. Execution of Sentences of Imprisonment Article 1. Commencement of Term. 2900-2903 Article 1.5. Transfer of Prisoners. 2910-2913 Article 2.5. Credit on Term of Imprisonment. 2930-2935 Article 3. Blacklist or Extortion of Discharged Prisoner. 2947 Article 4. Disposition of Mentally Disordered Prisoners Upon Discharge. 2960-2981 CHAPTER 8. Length of Term of Imprisonment and Paroles Article 1. General Provisions. 3000-3007 Article 1.5. Intensive Parole Supervision of Sex Offenders. 3008 Article 2. Electronic Monitoring. 3010-3010.9 Article 2.3. Parole Reentry Accountability Program. 3015 Article 2.5. Interdisciplinary Assessment of Inmates. 3020 Article 3. Discharge Upon Completion of Term. 3040-3073.1 Article 3.5. County Boards of Parole Commissioners. 3074-3089 CHAPTER 9. Prison to Employment. 3105 TITLE 2. Imprisonment of Female Prisoners in State Institutions CHAPTER 1. Establishment of Institution for Women. 3200-3202 CHAPTER 2. Administration of Institution Article 1. Administration of Institution for Women. 3325-3326 CHAPTER 3. Prisoners. 3400-3409 CHAPTER 4. Community Treatment Programs. 3410-3424 CHAPTER 5. Gender Responsive Programs. 3430 TITLE 2.05. Postrelease Community Supervision Act of 2011. 3450-3465 TITLE 2.1. Biomedical and Behaviorial Research CHAPTER 1. Definitions. 3500 CHAPTER 2. General Provisions and Prohibitions. 3501-3509.5 CHAPTER 3. Administration. 3515-3520 CHAPTER 4. Prisoners' Rights as Research Subjects. 3521-3523 CHAPTER 5. Remedies. 3524 TITLE 2.3. Medical Parole. 3550 TITLE 3. Execution of Death Penalty CHAPTER 1. Executing Death Penalty. 3600-3607 CHAPTER 2. Suspension of Execution of Death Penalty: Insanity: Pregnancy. 3700-3706 TITLE 4. County Jails, Farms and Camps CHAPTER 1. County Jails. 4000-4030 CHAPTER 1.5. Joint County Jails. 4050-4067 CHAPTER 2. County Industrial Farms and Road Camps Article 1. County Industrial Farms. 4100-4137 Article 2. Joint County Road Camp Act. 4200-4227 Article 3. Advisory Committees for Adult Detention Facilities 4300-4305 CHAPTER 2.5. Pilot Jail Industry Programs. 4325-4329 CHAPTER 3. Blood Donations. 4350-4351 TITLE 4.5. County Jail Capital Expenditure Bond Act of 1981 CHAPTER 1. Findings and Declarations. 4400-4401 CHAPTER 2. Fiscal Provisions. 4410-4422 TITLE 4.6. County Jail Capital Expenditure Bond Act of 1984 CHAPTER 1. Findings and Declarations. 4450-4451 CHAPTER 2. Fiscal Provisions. 4460-4471 TITLE 4.7. County Correctional Facility Capital Expenditure Bond Act of 1986 CHAPTER 1. Findings and Declarations. 4475-4476 CHAPTER 2. Fiscal Provisions. 4480-4495 TITLE 4.8. County Correctional Facility Capital Expenditure and Youth Facility Bond Act of 1988 CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 4496-4496.04 CHAPTER 2. Program. 4496.10-4496.19 CHAPTER 3. Fiscal Provisions. 4496.30-4496.48 TITLE 4.85. County Correctional Facilities Capital Expenditure and Youth Facility Bond Act of 1988 Allocations CHAPTER 1. General. 4497 CHAPTER 2. County Jails. 4497.02-4497.16 CHAPTER 3. Juvenile Facilities. 4497.20-4497.38 CHAPTER 4. Purchase of Correctional Industry Products for Correctional, Juvenile, and Youth Facilities. 4497.50-4497.56 TITLE 5. Offenses Relating to Prisons and Prisoners CHAPTER 1. Offenses by Prisoners. 4500-4504 CHAPTER 2. Escapes and Rescues Article 1. Escapes. 4530-4537 Article 2. Rescues. 4550 CHAPTER 3. Unauthorized Communications With Prisons and Prisoners. 4570-4576 CHAPTER 4. Demolishing Prisons and Jails. 4600 CHAPTER 5. Trials of Prisoners. 4700.1-4703 CHAPTER 6. Local Expenses. 4750-4758 TITLE 6. Reprieves, Pardons and Commutations CHAPTER 1. Powers and Duties of Governor. 4800-4813 CHAPTER 3. Duties of Supreme Court. 4850-4852 CHAPTER 3.5. Procedure for Restoration of Rights and Application for Pardon. 4852.01-4852.21 CHAPTER 4. Effect of Full Pardon. 4853-4854 CHAPTER 5. Indemnity for Persons Erroneously Convicted and Pardoned. 4900-4906 TITLE 7. Administration of the State Correctional System CHAPTER 1. The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation 5000-5030.1 CHAPTER 2. The Secretary of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. 5050-5072 CHAPTER 3. The Board of Parole Hearings. 5075-5081 CHAPTER 3.5. The Robert Presley Center of Crime and Justice Studies. 5085-5088 CHAPTER 4. Division of Juvenile Facilities. 6001-6005 CHAPTER 4.5. Examination of Staff for Tuberculosis. 6006-6009 CHAPTER 5. The Corrections Standards Authority Article 1. General Provisions. 6024-6031.6 Article 2. Standards and Training of Local Corrections and Probation Officers. 6035-6036 Article 3. Corrections Training Fund. 6040 Article 3.5. Council on Mentally Ill Offenders. 6044 CHAPTER 6. Appointment of Personnel. 6050-6055 CHAPTER 6.5. Internal Investigations. 6065 CHAPTER 7. Definitions. 6080-6082 CHAPTER 8. The Medical Facility. 6100-6106 CHAPTER 8.2. Office of the Inspector General. 6125-6141 CHAPTER 9. Conservation Centers. 6200-6208 CHAPTER 9.2. Restitution Centers. 6220-6236 CHAPTER 9.4. Substance Abuse Community Correctional Detention Centers. 6240-6246 CHAPTER 9.5. Community Correctional Centers. 6250-6259 CHAPTER 9.6. Work Furlough Programs. 6260-6266 CHAPTER 9.7. Special Facilities. 6267 CHAPTER 9.8. Reentry Program Facilities. 6270-6275 CHAPTER 10. Regional Jail Camps. 6300-6304 CHAPTER 10.5. Prison Visitor Services. 6350-6356 CHAPTER 10.7. Prison Visitation. 6400 CHAPTER 11. Master Plan Construction. 7000-7050 CHAPTER 12. New Prison Construction Bond Act of 1981. 7100-7111 CHAPTER 13. New Prison Construction Bond Act of 1984. 7200-7211 CHAPTER 14. New Prison Construction Bond Act of 1986. 7300-7311 CHAPTER 15. New Prison Construction Bond Act of 1988. 7400-7414 CHAPTER 16. New Prison Construction Bond Act of 1990. 7420-7434 CHAPTER 17. Children of Incarcerated Parents. 7440-7445 TITLE 8. Medical Testing of Prisoners CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 7500-7505 CHAPTER 2. Procedures for Requiring Hiv Testing. 7510-7519 CHAPTER 3. Notification Requirement. 7520-7523 CHAPTER 4. Testing Procedures. 7530-7531 CHAPTER 5. Penalties. 7540 CHAPTER 6. Miscellaneous Provisions. 7550-7554 TITLE 8.7. Examination of Inmates and Wards for Tuberculosis. 7570-7576 TITLE 9. Punishment Options CHAPTER 1. Programs With Special Focus on Substance Abuse. 8000-8002 CHAPTER 2. Community-based Punishment Act Article 1. General Provisions. 8050-8052 Article 2. State Administration. 8060-8061 Article 3. Community-based Punishment Plan. 8080 Article 4. Funding. 8090-8093 CHAPTER 3. Sex Offender Management Board. 9000-9003 TITLE 10. General Provisions. 10000-10007 PART 4. Prevention of Crimes and Apprehension of Criminals TITLE 1. Investigation and Control of Crimes and Criminals CHAPTER 1. Investigation, Identification, and Information Responsibilities of the Department of Justice Article 1. Administration. 11006-11010 Article 2. Criminal Investigation. 11050-11055 Article 2.3. California Criminalistics Institute. 11060-11062 Article 2.5. Criminal Record Dissemination. 11075-11081 Article 3. Criminal Identification and Statistics. 11100-11112 Article 3.5. Fingerprints and Photographs. 11112.1-11112.7 Article 4. Criminal Records. 11115-11117 Article 5. Examination of Records. 11120-11127 Article 6. Unlawful Furnishing of State Summary Criminal History Information. 11140-11144 CHAPTER 1.5. National Search of Criminal Records. 11145-11149.4 CHAPTER 2. Control of Crimes and Criminals Article 1. Release of Persons Convicted of Arson. 11150-11152 Article 1.5. Reports of Disposition of Inmates. 11155-11158 Article 2. Reports of Injuries. 11160-11163.6 Article 2.5. Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act. 11164-11174.3 Article 2.6. Child Death Review Teams. 11174.32-11174.35 Article 2.7. Elder and Dependent Adult Death Review Teams. 11174.4-11174.9 Article 3. Uniform Act for Out-of-state Parolee Supervision 11175-11179 Article 3.5. Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision. 11180-11181 Article 4. Interstate Corrections Compacts. 11189-11198 Article 5. Reports of Animal Cruelty, Abuse, or Neglect. 11199 CHAPTER 3. Prevention and Abatement of Unlawful Activities Article 1. Unlawful Liquor Sale Abatement Law. 11200-11207 Article 2. Red Light Abatement Law. 11225-11235 Article 3. Control of Gambling Ships. 11300-11319 Article 4.5. Terrorizing. 11410-11414 Article 4.6. The Hertzberg-alarcon California Prevention of Terrorism Act. 11415-11419 Article 6. Paramilitary Organizations. 11460 TITLE 1.5. Statewide Programs of Education, Training, and Research for Local Public Prosecutors and Public Defenders. 11500-11504 TITLE 2. Sentence Enhancements. 12001-12022.95 TITLE 3. Criminal Statistics CHAPTER 1. Department of Justice Article 1. Duties of the Department. 13000-13014 Article 2. Duties of Public Agencies and Officers. 13020-13023 CHAPTER 1.5. Reports to the Bureau of Livestock Identification. 13050-13051 CHAPTER 2. Criminal Offender Record Information Article 1. Legislative Findings and Definitions. 13100-13104 Article 2. Recording Information. 13125-13128 Article 3. Reporting Information. 13150-13154 Article 4. Information Service. 13175-13177 Article 5. Access to Information. 13200-13203 Article 6. Local Summary Criminal History Information. 13300-13305 Article 7. Examinations of Local Records. 13320-13326 TITLE 4. Standards and Training of Local Law Enforcement Officers CHAPTER 1. Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training Article 1. Administration. 13500-13508 Article 2. Field Services and Standards for Recruitment and Training. 13510-13519.15 Article 3. Peace Officers' Training Fund and Allocations Therefrom. 13520-13526.2 Article 4. Peace Officers. 13540-13542 Article 5. Local Law Enforcement Accreditation. 13550-13553 TITLE 4.5. Commission on Correctional Peace Officer Standards and Training. 13600-13603 TITLE 5. Law Enforcement Response to Domestic Violence CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 13700-13702 CHAPTER 2. Restraining Orders. 13710-13711 CHAPTER 4. Data Collection. 13730-13732 TITLE 5.3. Family Justice Centers. 13750-13752 TITLE 5.7. Reproductive Rights Law Enforcement Act. 13775-13779 TITLE 6. California Council on Criminal Justice CHAPTER 1. General Provisions and Definitions. 13800-13801 CHAPTER 2. California Council on Criminal Justice. 13812 CHAPTER 3. Criminal Justice Planning. 13820-13825 CHAPTER 3.1. The California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program. 13825.1-13825.6 CHAPTER 3.5. Gang Violence Suppression. 13826-13826.7 CHAPTER 3.7. Judicial Training Programs for Child Sexual Abuse Cases. 13828-13828.1 CHAPTER 4. Criminal Justice Planning Committee for State Judicial System Article 1. General Provisions. 13830-13833 Article 2. Local Assistance Centers for Victims and Witnesses. 13835-13835.10 Article 3. Training of Sexual Assault Investigators. 13836-13836.2 Article 4. Rape Victim Counseling Centers. 13837-13838 CHAPTER 5. California Community Crime Resistance Program. 13840-13846 CHAPTER 5.5. Rural Indian Crime Prevention Program. 13847-13847.2 CHAPTER 5.7. High Technology Theft Apprehension and Prosecution Program. 13848-13848.6 CHAPTER 6. California Career Criminal Apprehension Program. 13850-13854 CHAPTER 7. Suppression of Drug Abuse in Schools. 13860-13864 CHAPTER 8. Information on Racial, Ethnic and Religious Crimes. 13872 CHAPTER 8.6. Law Enforcement Response to Drug Endangered Children. 13879.80-13879.81 CHAPTER 9. California Major Narcotic Vendors Prosecution Law 13880-13884 CHAPTER 9.5. Statewide Sexual Predator Apprehension Team. 13885-13885.8 CHAPTER 9.7. County Sexual Assault Felony Enforcement (safe)team Program. 13887-13887.5 CHAPTER 10. California Forensic Science Laboratory Enhancement Program. 13890-13891 CHAPTER 11. Victims' Legal Resource Center. 13897-13897.3 TITLE 6.5. Local Criminal Justice Planning. 13900-13980 TITLE 7.5. The Hertzberg-leslie Witness Protection Act. 14020-14033 TITLE 8. Building Security. 14051 TITLE 10. Community Violence Prevention and Conflict Resolution. 14110-14121 TITLE 10.5. Violent Crimes Against Women. 14140-14143 TITLE 10.6. Community Conflict Resolution Programs. 14150-14156 TITLE 11. Records and Reports of Monetary Instrument Transactions. 14160-14167 TITLE 11.5. Central Valley Rural Crime Prevention Program. 14170-14175 TITLE 11.7. Central Coast Rural Crime Prevention Program. 14180-14183 TITLE 12. Violent Crime Information Center. 14200-14213 TITLE 12.5. Dna. 14250-14251 TITLE 13. Local Environmental Enforcement and Training Programs CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 14300-14303 CHAPTER 2. Peace Officer Environmental Enforcement Training. 14304 CHAPTER 3. Environmental Training and Enforcement. 14306-14308 CHAPTER 4. Environmental Circuit Prosecutor Project. 14309 CHAPTER 5. Implementation and Funding Priorities. 14314-14315 PART 5. Peace Officers' Memorial. 15001-15003 PART 6. Control of Deadly Weapons TITLE 1. Preliminary Provisions DIVISION 1. General Provisions. 16000-16025 DIVISION 2. Definitions. 16100-17360 TITLE 2. Weapons Generally DIVISION 1. Miscellaneous Rules Relating to Weapons Generally 17500-17515 DIVISION 2. Generally Prohibited Weapons CHAPTER 1. Exemptions. 17700-17745 CHAPTER 2. Miscellaneous Provisions. 17800 DIVISION 3. Surrender, Disposal, and Enjoining of Weapons Constituting a Nuisance. 18000-18010 DIVISION 4. Seizure of Firearm or other Deadly Weapon at Scene of Domestic Violence CHAPTER 1. Seizure and Subsequent Procedures. 18250-18275 CHAPTER 2. Procedure Where Agency Believes Return of Weapon Would Create Danger. 18400-18420 CHAPTER 3. Liability. 18500 DIVISION 5. Destructive Devices, Explosives, and Similar Weapons CHAPTER 1. Destructive Devices and Explosives Generally Article 1. Prohibited Acts. 18710-18780 Article 2. Exemptions. 18800 Article 3. Permit and Inspection. 18900-18910 Article 4. Destructive Device Constituting Nuisance. 19000 CHAPTER 2. Explosive Substance other than Fixed Ammunition 19100-19190 CHAPTER 3. Handgrenades. 19200-19290 DIVISION 6. Less Lethal Weapons. 19400-19405 TITLE 3. Weapons and Devices other than Firearms DIVISION 1. Bb Devices. 19910-19915 DIVISION 2. Blowguns. 20010-20015 DIVISION 3. Boobytrap. 20110 DIVISION 4. Imitation Firearms. 20150-20180 DIVISION 5. Knives and Similar Weapons CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 20200 CHAPTER 2. Disguised or Misleading Appearance Article 1. Air Gauge Knife. 20310-20390 Article 2. Belt Buckle Knife. 20410-20490 Article 3. Cane Sword. 20510-20590 Article 4. Lipstick Case Knife. 20610-20690 Article 5. Shobi-zue. 20710-20790 Article 6. Undetectable Knife. 20810-20820 Article 7. Writing Pen Knife. 20910-20990 CHAPTER 3. Ballistic Knife. 21110-21190 CHAPTER 4. Dirk or Dagger. 21310-21390 CHAPTER 5. Switchblade Knife. 21510-21590 DIVISION 6. Knuckles CHAPTER 1. Composite Knuckles or Hard Wooden Knuckles. 21710 CHAPTER 2. Metal Knuckles. 21810-21890 DIVISION 7. Nunchaku. 22010-22090 DIVISION 8. Saps and Similar Weapons. 22210-22295 DIVISION 9. Shuriken. 22410-22490 DIVISION 10. Stun Gun. 22610-22625 DIVISION 11. Tear Gas and Tear Gas Weapons CHAPTER 1. General Provisions. 22810-22840 CHAPTER 2. Unlawful Possession, Sale, or Transportation. 22900-22910 CHAPTER 3. Permits. 23000-23025 TITLE 4. Firearms DIVISION 1. Preliminary Provisions. 23500-23520 DIVISION 2. Firearm Safety Devices, Gun Safes, and Related Warnings. 23620-23690 DIVISION 3. Disguised or Misleading Appearance CHAPTER 1. Miscellaneous Provisions. 23800 CHAPTER 2. Obliteration of Identification Marks. 23900-23925 CHAPTER 3. Camouflaging Firearm Container. 24310-24390 CHAPTER 4. Cane Gun. 24410-24490 CHAPTER 5. Firearm Not Immediately Recognizable as a Firearm 24510-24590 CHAPTER 6. Undetectable Firearm and Firearm Detection Equipment. 24610-24690 CHAPTER 7. Wallet Gun. 24710-24790 DIVISION 4. Storage of Firearms CHAPTER 1. Preliminary Provisions. 25000 CHAPTER 2. Criminal Storage of Firearm. 25100-25130 CHAPTER 3. Storage of Firearm Where Child Obtains Access and Carries Firearm Off-premises. 25200-25225 DIVISION 5. Carrying Firearms CHAPTER 1. Miscellaneous Rules Relating to Carrying Firearms. 25300 CHAPTER 2. Carrying a Concealed Firearm Article 1. Crime of Carrying a Concealed Firearm. 25400 Article 2. Peace Officer Exemption. 25450-25475 Article 3. Conditional Exemptions. 25505-25595 Article 4. Other Exemptions. 25600-25655 Article 5. Concealed Carrying of Firearm as a Nuisance. 25700 CHAPTER 3. Carrying a Loaded Firearm Article 1. Armed Criminal Action. 25800 Article 2. Crime of Carrying a Loaded Firearm in Public. 25850 Article 3. Peace Officer Exemption to the Crime of Carrying a Loaded Firearm in Public. 25900-25925 Article 4. Other Exemptions to the Crime of Carrying a Loaded Firearm in Public. 26000-26060 Article 5. Loaded Firearm in a Motor Vehicle. 26100 CHAPTER 4. License to Carry a Pistol, Revolver, or other Firearm Capable of Being Concealed Upon the Person. 26150-26225 CHAPTER 5. Retired Peace Officer Carrying a Concealed and Loaded Firearm. 26300-26325 CHAPTER 6. Openly Carrying an Unloaded Handgun Article 1. Crime of Openly Carrying an Unloaded Handgun. 26350 Article 2. Exemptions. 26361-26389 DIVISION 6. Sale, Lease, or Transfer of Firearms CHAPTER 1. License Requirement for Sale, Lease, or Transfer of Firearms Article 1. License Requirement and Miscellaneous Exceptions 26500-26590 Article 2. Exceptions Relating to Law Enforcement. 26600-26615 CHAPTER 2. Issuance, Forfeiture, and Conditions of License to Sell, Lease, or Transfer Firearms at Retail Article 1. License to Sell, Lease, or Transfer Firearms at Retail. 26700-26725 Article 2. Grounds for Forfeiture of License. 26800-26915 Article 3. Exceptions Extending only to Waiting Period. 26950-26970 Article 4. Exceptions Extending only to Grounds for Forfeiture of License. 27000-27005 Article 5. Exceptions Relating to Law Enforcement. 27050-27065 Article 6. Other Exceptions. 27100-27140 CHAPTER 3. Gun Show or Event Article 1. Gun Show or Event. 27200-27245 Article 2. Gun Show Enforcement and Security Act of 2000. 27300-27350 Article 3. Exceptions Relating to Law Enforcement. 27400-27415 CHAPTER 4. Crimes Relating to Sale, Lease, or Transfer of Firearms Article 1. Crimes Relating to Sale, Lease, or Transfer of Firearms. 27500-27590 Article 2. Exceptions Relating to Law Enforcement. 27600-27615 Article 3. Exceptions Extending only to Waiting Period. 27650-27670 Article 4. Exceptions to Restrictions on Delivery of a Firearm. 27700-27750 Article 5. Exceptions to the Requirement of Obtaining a Verification Number. 27805-27835 Article 6. Exceptions to the Requirement of Using a Dealer for a Private Party Firearms Transaction. 27850-27966 Article 7. Report to Department of Justice. 28000 CHAPTER 5. Procedure for a Private Party Firearms Transaction. 28050-28070 CHAPTER 6. Recordkeeping, Background Checks, and Fees Relating to Sale, Lease, or Transfer of Firearms Article 1. General Provisions Relating to the Register or the Record of Electronic or Telephonic Transfer. 28100-28110 Article 2. Form of the Register or the Record of Electronic Transfer. 28150-28180 Article 3. Submission of Fees and Firearm Purchaser Information to the Department of Justice. 28200-28250 Article 4. Firearms Safety and Enforcement Special Fund. 28300 Article 5. Exceptions Relating to Law Enforcement. 28400-28415 Article 6. Centralized List of Exempted Federal Firearms Licensees. 28450-28490 DIVISION 7. Manufacture of Firearms CHAPTER 1. License Requirement for Manufacture of Firearms. 29010 CHAPTER 2. Issuance, Forfeiture, and Conditions of License to Manufacture Firearms Article 1. Preliminary Provisions. 29030 Article 2. Licensing Process. 29050-29075 Article 3. Prohibitions and Requirements Applicable to Licensee. 29100-29150 DIVISION 8. Miscellaneous Rules Relating to Firearms Generally CHAPTER 1. Miscellaneous Provisions. 29300 CHAPTER 2. Entertainment Firearms Permit. 29500-29535 DIVISION 9. Special Firearm Rules Relating to Particular Persons CHAPTER 1. Juvenile Article 1. Possession of Handgun. 29610-29615 Article 2. Possession of Live Ammunition. 29650-29655 Article 3. Punishment. 29700-29705 Article 4. Legislative Intent. 29750 CHAPTER 2. Person Convicted of Specified Offense, Addicted to Narcotic, or Subject to Court Order Article 1. Prohibitions on Firearm Access. 29800-29825 Article 2. Exemption or Petition for Relief. 29850-29865 Article 3. Miscellaneous Provisions. 29875 CHAPTER 3. Person Convicted of Violent Offense. 29900-29905 CHAPTER 4. Prohibited Armed Persons File. 30000-30010 CHAPTER 5. Firearms Eligibility Check Article 1. Firearms Eligibility Check. 30105 Article 2. Exceptions Relating to Law Enforcement. 30150-30165 DIVISION 10. Special Rules Relating to Particular Types of Firearms or Firearm Equipment CHAPTER 1. Ammunition Article 1. Flechette Dart Ammunition or Bullet Containing or Carrying an Explosive Agent. 30210-30290 Article 2. Other Restrictions Relating to Ammunition. 30300-30340 Article 3. Handgun Ammunition Vendors. 30345-30365 CHAPTER 2. Assault Weapons And.50 Bmg Rifles Article 1. General Provisions. 30500-30530 Article 2. Unlawful Acts Relating to Assault Weapons And.50 Bmg Rifles. 30600-30675 Article 3. Sks Rifles. 30710-30735 Article 4. Assault Weapon Or.50 Bmg Rifle Constituting Nuisance. 30800 Article 5. Registration of Assault Weapons And.50 Bmg Rifles and Related Rules. 30900-30965 Article 6. Permits for Assault Weapons And.50 Bmg Rifles 31000-31005 Article 7. Licensed Gun Dealers. 31050-31055 Article 8. Miscellaneous Provisions. 31100-31115 CHAPTER 3. Body Armor. 31310-31360 CHAPTER 4. Handguns Article 1. Unconventional Pistol. 31500-31590 Article 2. Handgun Safety Certificate. 31610-31670 Article 3. Exceptions to Handgun Safety Certificate Requirement. 31700-31830 Article 4. "unsafe Handgun" and Related Definitions. 31900-31910 Article 5. Rules Governing Unsafe Handguns. 32000-32030 Article 6. Exceptions to Rules Governing Unsafe Handguns. 32100-32110 CHAPTER 5. Large-capacity Magazine Article 1. Rules Governing Large-capacity Magazines. 32310-32390 Article 2. Exceptions Relating Specifically to Large-capacity Magazines. 32400-32450 CHAPTER 6. Machineguns Article 1. General Provisions. 32610 Article 2. Unlawful Acts Relating to Machineguns. 32625 Article 3. Permits. 32650-32670 Article 4. Licenses to Sell Machineguns. 32700-32720 Article 5. Machinegun Constituting Nuisance. 32750 CHAPTER 7. Multiburst Trigger Activator. 32900-32990 CHAPTER 8. Short-barreled Rifle or Short-barreled Shotgun Article 1. Restrictions Relating to Short-barreled Rifle or Short-barreled Shotgun. 33210-33290 Article 2. Permit for Short-barreled Rifle or Short-barreled Shotgun. 33300-33320 CHAPTER 9. Silencers. 33410-33415 CHAPTER 10. Zip Guns. 33600-33690 DIVISION 11. Firearm in Custody of Court or Law Enforcement Agency or Similar Situation CHAPTER 1. Procedure for Taking Firearm Into Custody. 33800 CHAPTER 2. Return or Transfer of Firearm in Custody or Control of Court or Law Enforcement Agency. 33850-33895 CHAPTER 3. Firearms That Are Unclaimed, Abandoned, or Subject to Destruction. 34000-34010 DIVISION 12. Miscellaneous Duties of the Department of Justice
CHAPTER 1. Miscellaneous Reports and Publications. 34200-34205 CHAPTER 2. Ballistics Identification System. 34350-34370
This Code takes effect at twelve o'clock, noon, on the first day of January, eighteen hundred and seventy-three.
No part of it is retroactive, unless expressly so declared.
The rule of the common law, that penal statutes are to be strictly construed, has no application to this Code. All its provisions are to be construed according to the fair import of their terms, with a view to effect its objects and to promote justice.
The provisions of this Code, so far as they are substantially the same as existing statutes, must be construed as continuations thereof, and not as new enactments.
No act or omission, commenced after twelve o'clock noon of the day on which this Code takes effect as a law, is criminal or punishable, except as prescribed or authorized by this Code, or by some of the statutes which it specifies as continuing in force and as not affected by its provisions, or by some ordinance, municipal, county, or township regulation, passed or adopted, under such statutes and in force when this Code takes effect. Any act or omission commenced prior to that time may be inquired of, prosecuted, and punished in the same manner as if this Code had not been passed.
Words used in this code in the present tense include the future as well as the present; words used in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural, and the plural the singular; the word "person" includes a corporation as well as a natural person; the word "county" includes "city and county"; writing includes printing and typewriting; oath includes affirmation or declaration; and every mode of oral statement, under oath or affirmation, is embraced by the term "testify," and every written one in the term "depose"; signature or subscription includes mark, when the person cannot write, his or her name being written near it, by a person who writes his or her own name as a witness; provided, that when a signature is made by mark it must, in order that the same may be acknowledged or serve as the signature to any sworn statement, be witnessed by two persons who must subscribe their own names as witnesses thereto.
The following words have in this code the signification attached to them in this section, unless otherwise apparent from the context:
1. The word "willfully," when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. It does not require any intent to violate law, or to injure another, or to acquire any advantage.
2. The words "neglect," "negligence," "negligent," and "negligently" import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns.
3. The word "corruptly" imports a wrongful design to acquire or cause some pecuniary or other advantage to the person guilty of the act or omission referred to, or to some other person.
4. The words "malice" and "maliciously" import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law.
5. The word "knowingly" imports only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. It does not require any knowledge of the unlawfulness of such act or omission.
6. The word "bribe" signifies anything of value or advantage, present or prospective, or any promise or undertaking to give any, asked, given, or accepted, with a corrupt intent to influence, unlawfully, the person to whom it is given, in his or her action, vote, or opinion, in any public or official capacity.
7. The word "vessel," when used with reference to shipping, includes ships of all kinds, steamboats, canalboats, barges, and every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place for the transportation of merchandise or persons, except that, as used in Sections 192.5 and 193.5, the word "vessel" means a vessel as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 651 of the Harbors and Navigation Code.
8. The words "peace officer" signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2.
9. The word "magistrate" signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808.
10. The word "property" includes both real and personal property.
11. The words "real property" are coextensive with lands, tenements, and hereditaments.
12. The words "personal property" include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt.
13. The word "month" means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed; the word "daytime" means the period between sunrise and sunset, and the word "nighttime" means the period between sunset and sunrise.
14. The word "will" includes codicil.
15. The word "writ" signifies an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer, and the word "process" a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings.
16. Words and phrases must be construed according to the context and the approved usage of the language; but technical words and phrases, and such others as may have acquired a peculiar and appropriate meaning in law, must be construed according to such peculiar and appropriate meaning.
17. Words giving a joint authority to three or more public officers or other persons, are construed as giving such authority to a majority of them, unless it is otherwise expressed in the act giving the authority.
18. When the seal of a court or public officer is required by law to be affixed to any paper, the word "seal" includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. The seal of a private person may be made in like manner, or by the scroll of a pen, or by writing the word "seal" against his or her name.
19. The word "state," when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories.
20. The word "section," whenever hereinafter employed, refers to a section of this code, unless some other code or statute is expressly mentioned.
21. To "book" signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest.
Whenever any offense is described in this code, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act (Division 10 (commencing with Section 11000) of the Health and Safety Code), or the Welfare and Institutions Code, as criminal conduct and as a violation of a specified code section or a particular provision of a code section, in the case of any ambiguity or conflict in interpretation, the code section or particular provision of the code section shall take precedence over the descriptive language. The descriptive language shall be deemed as being offered only for ease of reference unless it is otherwise clearly apparent from the context that the descriptive language is intended to narrow the application of the referenced code section or particular provision of the code section.
Whenever, by any of the provisions of this Code, an intent to defraud is required in order to constitute any offense, it is sufficient if an intent appears to defraud any person, association, or body politic or corporate, whatever.
The omission to specify or affirm in this Code any liability to damages, penalty, forfeiture, or other remedy imposed by law and allowed to be recovered or enforced in any civil action or proceeding, for any act or omission declared punishable herein, does not affect any right to recover or enforce the same.
The omission to specify or affirm in this Code any ground of forfeiture of a public office, or other trust or special authority conferred by law, or any power conferred by law to impeach, remove, depose, or suspend any public officer or other person holding any trust, appointment, or other special authority conferred by law, does not affect such forfeiture or power, or any proceeding authorized by law to carry into effect such impeachment, removal, deposition, or suspension.
This code does not affect any power conferred by law upon any court-martial, or other military authority or officer, to impose or inflict punishment upon offenders; nor, except as provided in Section 19.2 of this code, any power conferred by law upon any public body, tribunal, or officer, to impose or inflict punishment for a contempt.
The several sections of this Code which declare certain crimes to be punishable as therein mentioned, devolve a duty upon the Court authorized to pass sentence, to determine and impose the punishment prescribed.
Whenever in this Code the punishment for a crime is left undetermined between certain limits, the punishment to be inflicted in a particular case must be determined by the Court authorized to pass sentence, within such limits as may be prescribed by this Code.
The various sections of this Code which declare that evidence obtained upon the examination of a person as a witness cannot be received against him in any criminal proceeding, do not forbid such evidence being proved against such person upon any proceedings founded upon a charge of perjury committed in such examination.