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TITLE X

PUBLIC OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, AND RECORDS

Last update: 2013-11-01


  • State Employment
    • General State Employment Provisions (ss. 110.105-110.191)
    • Career Service System (ss. 110.201-110.235)
    • Senior Management Service System (ss. 110.401-110.406)
    • Volunteers (ss. 110.501-110.504)
    • Selected Exempt Service System (ss. 110.601-110.606)
  • Public Officers: General Provisions
  • Public Officers And Employees: General Provisions
    • Conditions Of Employment; Retirement; Travel Expenses (ss. 112.011-112.218)
    • Interchange Of Personnel Between Governments (ss. 112.24-112.31)
    • Code Of Ethics For Public Officers And Employees (ss. 112.311-112.326)
    • Supplemental Retirement Act For Retired Members Of State Retirement Systems (ss. 112.351-112.363)
    • Suspension, Removal, Or Retirement Of Public Officers (ss. 112.40-112.52)
    • Law Enforcement And Correctional Officers (ss. 112.531-112.535)
    • Actuarial Soundness Of Retirement Systems (ss. 112.60-112.67)
    • Firefighters (ss. 112.80-112.84)
  • Commissions
  • Vacating Office
  • Leaves Of Absence To Officials And Employees
  • Powers And Duties Of Officers
  • Notaries Public
  • International Notaries
  • Public Records
  • Administrative Procedure Act
  • Florida Retirement System
    • General Provisions (ss. 121.011-121.40)
    • Public Employee Optional Retirement Program (ss. 121.4501-121.5911)
    • Florida Retirement System Contribution Rates (ss. 121.70-121.78)
  • State And County Officers And Employees Retirement System
  • Version 2013-11-01
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  • Version 2011-11-08

Chapter 110

STATE EMPLOYMENT

Part I

GENERAL STATE EMPLOYMENT PROVISIONS

110.105 - Employment policy of the state

  • (1) It is the purpose of this chapter to establish a system of personnel management. This system shall provide means to recruit, select, train, develop, and maintain an effective and responsible workforce and shall include policies and procedures for employee hiring and advancement, training and career development, position classification, salary administration, benefits, discipline, discharge, employee performance evaluations, affirmative action, and other related activities.

  • (2) It is the policy of the state:

    • (a) That all appointments, terminations, assignments, and maintenance of status, compensation, privileges, and other terms and conditions of employment in state government shall be made without regard to age, sex, race, color, religion, national origin, political affiliation, marital status, or disability, unless a specific requirement constitutes a bona fide occupational qualification.

    • (b) To support employees in balancing their personal needs and work responsibilities. This policy is designed to enhance the employee’s ability to blend the competing demands of work and personal life and produce a more skilled, accountable, and committed workforce for the system. Provisions may include, but need not be limited to, flexible work schedules, telework, part-time employment, and leaves of absence with or without pay.

  • (3) Except as expressly provided by law, Florida residency is not required for any person as a condition precedent to employment; however, preference in hiring may be given to state residents.

  • (4) This chapter contains the requirements for establishing and maintaining a system of personnel management on a merit basis. The system of personnel management shall be implemented so as to ensure that the state agencies participating in the system are eligible for federal funds.

  • (5) This chapter may not be construed either to infringe upon or to supersede the rights guaranteed public employees under chapter 447.

History.- s. 20, ch. 79-190; s. 1, ch. 2012-215.

110.1055 - Rules and rulemaking authority

The Department of Management Services shall have authority to adopt rules as necessary to effectuate the provisions of this chapter.


History.- s. 42, ch. 2001-43; s. 30, ch. 2012-116.

110.107 - Definitions

As used in this chapter, the term:
  • (1) “Department” means the Department of Management Services.

  • (2) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Management Services.

  • (3) “Furlough” means a temporary reduction in the regular hours of employment in a pay period, or temporary leave without pay for one or more pay periods, with a commensurate reduction in pay, necessitated by a projected deficit in any fund that supports salary and benefit appropriations. The deficit must be projected by the Revenue Estimating Conference pursuant to s. 216.136(3).

  • (4) “State agency” or “agency” means any official, officer, commission, board, authority, council, committee, or department of the executive branch or the judicial branch of state government as defined in chapter 216.

  • (5) “Position” means the work, consisting of duties and responsibilities, assigned to be performed by an officer or employee.

  • (6) “Full-time position” means a position authorized for the entire normally established work period, daily, weekly, monthly, or annually.

  • (7) “Part-time position” means a position authorized for less than the entire normally established work period, daily, weekly, monthly, or annually.

  • (8) “Occupation” means all positions which are sufficiently similar in knowledge, skills, and abilities, and sufficiently similar as to kind or subject matter of work.

  • (9) “Occupational group” means a group of occupations which are sufficiently similar in kind of work performed to warrant the use of the same performance factors in determining the level of complexity for all occupations in that occupational group.

  • (10) “Classification plan” means a formal description of the concepts, rules, job family definitions, occupational group characteristics, and occupational profiles used in the classification of positions.

  • (11) “Pay plan” means a formal description of the philosophy, methods, procedures, and salary schedules for competitively compensating employees at market-based rates for work performed.

  • (12) “Salary schedule” means an official document which contains a complete list of occupation titles, broadband level codes, and pay bands.

  • (13) “Authorized position” means a position included in an approved budget. In counting the number of authorized positions, part-time positions may be converted to full-time equivalents.

  • (14) “Established position” means an authorized position which has been classified in accordance with a classification and pay plan as provided by law.

  • (15) “Position number” means the identification number assigned to an established position.

  • (16) “Reclassification” means changing an established position in one broadband level in an occupational group to a higher or lower broadband level in the same occupational group or to a broadband level in a different occupational group.

  • (17) “Promotion” means changing the classification of an employee to a broadband level having a higher maximum salary; or the changing of the classification of an employee to a broadband level having the same or a lower maximum salary but a higher level of responsibility.

  • (18) “Demotion” means changing the classification of an employee to a broadband level having a lower maximum salary; or the changing of the classification of an employee to a broadband level having the same or a higher maximum salary but a lower level of responsibility.

  • (19) “Transfer” means moving an employee from one geographic location of the state to a different geographic location in excess of 50 miles from the employee’s current work location.

  • (20) “Reassignment” means moving an employee from a position in one broadband level to a different position in the same broadband level or to a different broadband level having the same maximum salary.

  • (21) “Dismissal” means a disciplinary action taken by an agency pursuant to s. 110.227 against an employee resulting in termination of his or her employment.

  • (22) “Suspension” means a disciplinary action taken by an agency pursuant to s. 110.227 against an employee to temporarily relieve the employee of his or her duties and place him or her on leave without pay.

  • (23) “Layoff” means termination of employment due to a shortage of funds or work, or a material change in the duties or organization of an agency, including the outsourcing or privatization of an activity or function previously performed by career service employees.

  • (24) “Employing agency” means any agency authorized to employ personnel to carry out the responsibilities of the agency under the provisions of chapter 20 or other statutory authority.

  • (25) “Shared employment” means part-time career employment whereby the duties and responsibilities of a full-time position in the career service are divided among part-time employees who are eligible for the position and who receive career service benefits and wages pro rata. In no case shall “shared employment” include the employment of persons paid from other-personal-services funds.

  • (26) “Firefighter” means a firefighter certified under chapter 633.

  • (27) “Law enforcement or correctional officer” means a law enforcement officer, special agent, correctional officer, correctional probation officer, or institutional security specialist required to be certified under chapter 943.

  • (28) “Professional health care provider” means registered nurses, physician’s assistants, dentists, psychologists, nutritionists or dietitians, pharmacists, psychological specialists, physical therapists, and speech and hearing therapists.

  • (29) “Job family” means a defined grouping of one or more occupational groups.

  • (30) “Pay band” means the minimum salary, the maximum salary, and intermediate rates which are payable for work in a specific broadband level.

  • (31) “Broadband level” means all positions which are sufficiently similar in knowledge, skills, and abilities, and sufficiently similar as to kind or subject matter of work, level of difficulty or responsibilities, and qualification requirements of the work to warrant the same treatment as to title, pay band, and other personnel transactions.

History.- s. 20, ch. 79-190; s. 4, ch. 91-431; s. 10, ch. 92-279; s. 55, ch. 92-326; s. 3, ch. 2003-138.

110.1082 - Telephone voice mail systems and telephone menu options systems

  • (1) No state employee shall utilize a voice mail system when the employee is at his or her regularly assigned work station where his or her telephone is functional and available for use, unless:

    • (a) The device is in use, and/or;

    • (b) Such voice mail system alerts the caller to, and provides the caller with access to a nonelectronic attendant; or

    • (c) Such voice mail system automatically transfers the caller to a nonelectronic attendant.

  • (2) Telephone menu options systems used by state agencies, departments, or other state government units will alert the caller to, and provide the caller with access to, a nonelectronic attendant.

  • (3) Agency heads will ensure compliance with the provisions of this section.

History.- s. 3, ch. 99-255.

110.1091 - Employee assistance programs; public records exemption

  • (1) An employing state agency may provide a counseling, therapeutic, or other professional treatment program to assist any state employee who has a behavioral disorder, medical disorder, or substance abuse problem or who has an emotional difficulty that affects the employee’s job performance. Each employing state agency may designate community diagnostic and referral resources as necessary to implement the provisions of this subsection.

  • (2) A state employee’s personal identifying information contained in records held by an employing state agency relating to an employee’s participation in an employee assistance program is confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution.

History.- s. 1, ch. 90-196; s. 1, ch. 95-119; s. 27, ch. 96-406; s. 1, ch. 98-8; s. 3, ch. 2001-43; s. 1, ch. 2003-109.

110.1099 - Education and training opportunities for state employees

  • (1) Education and training are an integral component in improving the delivery of services to the public. Recognizing that the application of productivity-enhancing technology and practice demands continuous educational and training opportunities, a state employee may be authorized to receive a voucher or grant, for matriculation fees, to attend work-related courses at public community colleges, public career centers, or public universities. The department may implement the provisions of this section from funds appropriated to the department for this purpose. In the event insufficient funds are appropriated to the department, each state agency may supplement these funds to support the training and education needs of its employees from funds appropriated to the agency.

  • (2) The department, in conjunction with the agencies, shall request that public universities provide evening and weekend programs for state employees. When evening and weekend training and educational programs are not available, an employee may be authorized to take paid time off during his or her regular working hours for training and career development, as provided in s. 110.105(1), if such training benefits the employer as determined by that employee’s agency head.

  • (3) An employee who exhibits superior aptitude and performance may be authorized by that employee’s agency head to take a paid educational leave of absence for up to 1 academic year at a time, for specific approved work-related education and training. That employee must enter into a contract to return to state employment for a period of time equal to the length of the leave of absence or refund salary and benefits paid during his or her educational leave of absence.

  • (4) As a precondition to approving an employee’s training request, an agency or the judicial branch may require an employee to enter into an agreement that requires the employee to reimburse the agency or judicial branch for the registration fee or similar expense for any training or training series when the cost of the fee or similar expense exceeds $1,000 if the employee voluntarily terminates employment or is discharged for cause from the agency or judicial branch within a specified period of time not to exceed 4 years after the conclusion of the training. This subsection does not apply to any training program that an agency or the judicial branch requires an employee to attend. An agency or the judicial branch may pay the outstanding balance then due and owing on behalf of a state employee under this subsection in connection with recruitment and hiring of such state employee.

History.- s. 2, ch. 91-431; s. 7, ch. 92-142; s. 5, ch. 94-113; s. 31, ch. 96-399; s. 5, ch. 98-309; s. 2, ch. 99-399; s. 5, ch. 2001-43; s. 51, ch. 2001-254; s. 1062, ch. 2002-387; s. 13, ch. 2004-357; s. 1, ch. 2010-4; s. 31, ch. 2012-116.

110.112 - Affirmative action; equal employment opportunity

  • (1) It shall be the policy of the state to assist in providing the assurance of equal employment opportunity through programs of affirmative and positive action that will allow full utilization of women and minorities.

  • (2)(a) The head of each executive agency shall develop and implement an affirmative action plan in accordance with rules adopted by the department and approved by a majority vote of the Administration Commission before their adoption.

    • (b) Each executive agency shall establish annual goals for ensuring full utilization of groups underrepresented in its workforce as compared to the relevant labor market, as defined by the agency. Each executive agency shall design its affirmative action plan to meet its established goals.

    • (c) An affirmative action-equal employment opportunity officer shall be appointed by the head of each executive agency. The affirmative action-equal employment opportunity officer’s responsibilities must include determining annual goals, monitoring agency compliance, and providing consultation to managers regarding progress, deficiencies, and appropriate corrective action.

    • (d) The department shall report information in its annual workforce report relating to the implementation, continuance, updating, and results of each executive agency’s affirmative action plan for the previous fiscal year.

    • (e) The department shall provide to all supervisory personnel of the executive agencies training in the principles of equal employment opportunity and affirmative action, the development and implementation of affirmative action plans, and the establishment of annual affirmative action goals. The department may contract for training services, and each participating agency shall reimburse the department for costs incurred through such contract. After the department approves the contents of the training program for the agencies, the department may delegate this training to the executive agencies.

  • (3) Each state attorney and public defender shall:

    • (a) Develop and implement an affirmative action plan.

    • (b) Establish annual goals for ensuring full utilization of groups underrepresented in its workforce as compared to the relevant labor market in this state. The state attorneys’ and public defenders’ affirmative action plans must be designed to meet the established goals.

    • (c) Appoint an affirmative action-equal employment opportunity officer.

    • (d) Report annually to the Justice Administrative Commission on the implementation, continuance, updating, and results of his or her affirmative action program for the previous fiscal year.

  • (4) The state, its agencies and officers shall ensure freedom from discrimination in employment as provided by the Florida Civil Rights Act of 1992, by s. 112.044, and by this chapter.

  • (5) Any individual claiming to be aggrieved by an unlawful employment practice may file a complaint with the Florida Commission on Human Relations as provided by s. 760.11.

  • (6) The department shall review and monitor executive agency actions in carrying out the rules adopted by the department pursuant to this section.

History.- s. 20, ch. 79-190; s. 1, ch. 89-149; s. 3, ch. 91-431; s. 6, ch. 94-113; s. 1397, ch. 95-147; s. 2, ch. 96-399; s. 36, ch. 99-2; s. 3, ch. 99-399; s. 16, ch. 2001-60.

110.1127 - Employee background screening and investigations

  • (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), each agency shall designate those positions that, based on the position duties, require background screening. All persons and employees in such positions must undergo employment screening in accordance with chapter 435, using level 1 screening standards, as a condition of employment and continued employment.

  • (2)(a) Each agency shall designate those positions that, because of the special trust or responsibility or sensitive location, require security background investigations. All persons and employees in such positions must undergo employment screening in accordance with chapter 435, using level 2 screening standards, including fingerprinting, as a condition of employment and continued employment.

    • (b) All positions within the Division of Treasury of the Department of Financial Services are deemed to be positions of special trust or responsibility. Individuals seeking or holding such positions may be disqualified for employment by reason of:

      • 1. The conviction or prior conviction of a crime that is reasonably related to the nature of the position sought or held by the individual; or

      • 2. The entering of a plea of nolo contendere, or when a jury verdict of guilty is rendered but adjudication of guilt is withheld, with respect to a crime that is reasonably related to the nature of the position sought or held by the individual.


    • (c)1. All positions in programs providing care to children, the developmentally disabled, or vulnerable adults for 15 hours or more per week; all permanent and temporary employee positions of the central abuse hotline; and all persons working under contract who have access to abuse records are deemed to be persons and positions of special trust or responsibility.

      • 2. The agency may grant exemptions from disqualification from working with children, the developmentally disabled, or vulnerable adults as provided in s. 435.07.

    • (d) It is a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, for any person willfully, knowingly, or intentionally to:

      • 1. Fail, by false statement, misrepresentation, impersonation, or other fraudulent means, to disclose in any application for voluntary or paid employment a material fact used in making a determination as to such person’s qualifications for a position of special trust;

      • 2. Use information contained in records for purposes other than background screening or investigation for employment, or release such information to other persons for purposes other than preemployment screening or investigation.

    • (e) It is a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, for any person willfully, knowingly, or intentionally to use juvenile records information for any purposes other than those specified in this section or to release such information to other persons for purposes other than those specified in this section.

  • (3) Any person who is required to undergo such a security background screening or investigation and who refuses to cooperate in such screening or investigation or refuses to submit fingerprints shall be disqualified for employment in such position or, if employed, shall be dismissed.

  • (4) Background screening and investigations shall be conducted at the expense of the employing agency. If fingerprinting is required, the fingerprints shall be taken by the employing agency, a law enforcement agency, or a vendor as authorized pursuant to s. 435.04, submitted to the Department of Law Enforcement for state processing, and forwarded by the Department of Law Enforcement to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for national processing. The agency or vendor shall remit the processing fees required by s. 943.053 to the Department of Law Enforcement.

History.- s. 1, ch. 83-185; s. 2, ch. 85-54; s. 4, ch. 87-238; s. 15, ch. 88-337; s. 37, ch. 89-294; s. 2, ch. 90-225; s. 22, ch. 90-360; s. 4, ch. 91-33; s. 75, ch. 91-45; s. 17, ch. 91-57; s. 29, ch. 91-71; s. 229, ch. 91-224; s. 44, ch. 92-58; s. 13, ch. 92-279; s. 55, ch. 92-326; s. 8, ch. 93-156; s. 16, ch. 94-134; s. 16, ch. 94-135; s. 1398, ch. 95-147; s. 10, ch. 95-158; s. 33, ch. 95-228; s. 120, ch. 95-418; s. 4, ch. 96-268; s. 3, ch. 96-399; ss. 28, 29, ch. 96-406; s. 6, ch. 97-296; s. 52, ch. 2000-349; s. 6, ch. 2001-43; s. 112, ch. 2003-261; s. 36, ch. 2004-267; s. 2, ch. 2012-215.

110.1128 - Selective service registration

  • (1) No person who is required to register with the Selective Service System under the Military Selective Service Act, 50 U.S.C. App. 453, may be offered employment by this state in an authorized position, as defined in s. 216.011, without proof of such registration.

  • (2) No person who has failed to register as required by the Military Selective Service Act, 50 U.S.C. App. 453, subsequent to October 1, 1988, and who is currently employed by this state may be promoted to a higher authorized position without proof of such registration.

  • (3) Each agency shall provide for a review, when requested by the applicant or employee, of any denial of employment or promotion for reasons of noncompliance with selective service registration requirements.

History.- s. 1, ch. 88-165; s. 14, ch. 92-279; s. 55, ch. 92-326; s. 38, ch. 96-399.

110.113 - Pay periods for state officers and employees; salary payments by direct deposit

  • (1) The normal pay period for salaries of state officers and employees shall be 1 month. The Department of Financial Services shall issue either monthly or biweekly salary payments by state warrants or by direct deposit pursuant to s. 17.076 or make semimonthly salary payments by direct deposit pursuant to s. 17.076, as requested by the head of each state agency and approved by the Executive Office of the Governor and the Department of Financial Services.

  • (2) As a condition of employment, a person appointed to a position in state government is required to participate in the direct deposit program pursuant to s. 17.076. An employee may request an exemption from the provisions of this subsection when such employee can demonstrate a hardship or when such employee is in an other-personal-services position.

History.- s. 20, ch. 79-190; s. 25, ch. 95-312; s. 4, ch. 96-310; s. 7, ch. 2001-43; s. 113, ch. 2003-261.

110.114 - Employee wage deductions

  • (1) The state or any of its departments, bureaus, commissions, and officers are authorized and permitted, with the concurrence of the Department of Financial Services, to make deductions from the salary or wage of any employee or employees in such amount as shall be authorized and requested by such employee or employees and for such purpose as shall be authorized and requested by such employee or employees and shall pay such sums so deducted as directed by such employee or employees. The concurrence of the Department of Financial Services shall not be required for the deduction of a certified bargaining agent’s membership dues deductions pursuant to s. 447.303 or any deductions authorized by a collective bargaining agreement.

  • (2) The approval of and making of approved deductions shall not require the approval or making of other requested deductions.

  • (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (1) and (2), the deduction of an employee’s membership dues deductions as defined in s. 447.203(15) for an employee organization as defined in s. 447.203(11) shall be authorized or permitted only for an organization that has been certified as the exclusive bargaining agent pursuant to chapter 447 for a unit of state employees in which the employee is included. Such deductions shall be subject to the provisions of s. 447.303.

  • (4) Records of employee requests and employer authorizations for deductions from an employee’s wage or salary, or the legal authority for the deduction, shall be maintained by each employing entity.

History.- s. 20, ch. 79-190; s. 7, ch. 94-113; s. 4, ch. 96-399; s. 114, ch. 2003-261.

110.115 - Employees of historical commissions; other state employment permitted

  • (1) Staff members or employees of state historical commissions are hereby permitted or authorized to teach courses and hold part-time positions at state universities and be paid compensation from more than one appropriation if such teaching or employment does not interfere with the normal duties of such commission staff members or employees. Any agreement or contract relative to such employment must have the approval of the historical commission and the president of the university.

  • (2) Any provision of law which prohibits the payment of salaries or compensation from more than one appropriation shall not apply to the provisions of this section.

History.- s. 20, ch. 79-190.

110.1155 - Travel to or conducting business with a country in the Western Hemisphere lacking diplomatic relations with the United States

  • (1) An officer, employee, agent, or representative of:

    • (a) A state agency;

    • (b) A political subdivision of the state; or

    • (c) A corporation, partnership, association, or other entity that does business or contracts with a state agency, receives state funds, or claims a credit against any tax imposed by the state

    may not travel to or do business with any country located in the Western Hemisphere which lacks diplomatic relations with the United States.

  • (2) A political subdivision that violates this section is ineligible to receive state funds.

  • (3) A corporation, partnership, association, or other entity that violates this section is ineligible to:

    • (a) Engage in business or contract with a state agency;

    • (b) Receive state funds; or

    • (c) Claim a credit against any tax imposed by the state.

History.- s. 155, ch. 96-320; s. 7, ch. 2007-5.