STATE AND REGIONAL PLANNING
186.001 - Short title
Sections 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901 shall be known and may be cited as the “Florida State Comprehensive Planning Act of 1972.”
History.- s. 1, ch. 72-295; s. 68, ch. 99-2.
Note.- Former s. 23.0111.
186.002 - Findings and intent
History.- s. 2, ch. 84-257; s. 87, ch. 92-142; s. 19, ch. 93-206; s. 40, ch. 2000-371; s. 11, ch. 2012-99.
- (1) The Legislature finds and declares that:
- (a) The issues of public safety, education, health care, community and economic development and redevelopment, protection and conservation of natural and historic resources, transportation, and public facilities transcend the boundaries and responsibilities of individual units of government, and often no single unit of government can plan or implement policies to deal with these issues without affecting other units of government.
- (b) Coordination among all levels of government is necessary to ensure effective and efficient delivery of governmental services to all the citizens of the state. It is therefore necessary to establish an integrated planning system and to ensure coordinated administration of government policies that address the multitude of issues posed by the state’s continued growth and development.
- (c) To promote intergovernmental coordination and the effective allocation of resources, the state should set goals to provide direction and guidance for state, regional, and local governments and agencies in the development and implementation of their respective plans, programs, and services. The preservation and enhancement of the quality of life of the people of this state require that a state comprehensive plan be adopted by the Legislature to provide policy direction for all state and regional agencies and local governments.
- (d) Regular evaluation of the state comprehensive plan is necessary to inform the public whether state goals are being attained. To accomplish this purpose, the state comprehensive plan should be evaluated biennially with any necessary revisions prepared through coordinated action by state and regional agencies and local governments.
- (2) It is the intent of the Legislature that:
- (a) The state planning process provide direction for the delivery of governmental services, a means for defining and achieving the specific goals and objectives of the state, and a method for evaluating the accomplishment of those goals and objectives.
- (b) The state comprehensive plan shall provide basic policy direction to all levels of government regarding the orderly social, economic, and physical growth of the state.
- (c) Long-range program plans shall be effectively coordinated to ensure the establishment of appropriate agency priorities and facilitate the orderly, positive management of agency activities consistent with the public interest. It is also intended that the implementation of state and regional plans enhance the quality of life of the citizens of the state.
- (d) The state planning process shall be informed and guided by the experience of public officials at all levels of government.
- (e) All agencies and levels of government involved in the integrated planning process shall provide sufficient opportunities for meaningful public participation in the preparation, implementation, evaluation, and revision of all plans and programs.
186.003 - Definitions; ss. 186.001-186.031, 186.801-186.901
As used in ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901, the term:
History.- s. 3, ch. 72-295; s. 1, ch. 78-287; s. 66, ch. 79-190; s. 3, ch. 84-257; s. 31, ch. 88-122; s. 97, ch. 91-282; s. 88, ch. 92-142; s. 20, ch. 93-206; s. 24, ch. 95-280; s. 12, ch. 97-79; s. 17, ch. 98-176; s. 69, ch. 99-2; s. 67, ch. 99-245; s. 41, ch. 2000-371.
- (1) “Executive Office of the Governor” means the Office of Planning and Budgeting of the Executive Office of the Governor.
- (2) “Goal” means the long-term end toward which programs and activities are ultimately directed.
- (3) “Objective” means a specific, measurable, intermediate end that is achievable and marks progress toward a goal.
- (4) “Policy” means the way in which programs and activities are conducted to achieve an identified goal.
- (5) “Regional planning agency” means the regional planning council created pursuant to ss. 186.501-186.515 to exercise responsibilities under ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901 in a particular region of the state.
- (6) “State agency” or “agency” means any official, officer, commission, board, authority, council, committee, or department of the executive branch of state government. For purposes of this chapter, “state agency” or “agency” includes state attorneys, public defenders, the capital collateral regional counsel, the Justice Administrative Commission, and the Public Service Commission.
- (7) “State comprehensive plan” means the state planning document required in s. 19, Art. III of the State Constitution and published as ss. 187.101 and 187.201.
Note.- Former s. 23.0112.
186.004 - Governor; chief planning officer of the state
The Governor is the chief planning officer of the state and shall conduct a biennial review and revision of the state comprehensive plan.
History.- s. 1, ch. 67-157; s. 7, ch. 71-377; s. 4, ch. 72-295; s. 21, ch. 93-206.
Note.- Former s. 23.011.
186.005 - Designation of departmental planning officer
History.- s. 5, ch. 72-295; s. 67, ch. 79-190; s. 1, ch. 81-169; s. 32, ch. 88-122; s. 68, ch. 99-245.
- (1) The head of each executive department and the Public Service Commission, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, the Parole Commission, and the Department of Military Affairs shall select from within such agency a person to be designated as the planning officer for such agency. The planning officer shall be responsible for coordinating with the Executive Office of the Governor and with the planning officers of other agencies all activities and responsibilities of such agency relating to planning.
- (2) The head of each agency shall notify the Executive Office of the Governor in writing of the person initially designated as the planning officer for such agency and of any changes in persons so designated thereafter.
Note.- Former s. 23.0113.
186.006 - Powers and responsibilities of Executive Office of the Governor
For the purpose of establishing consistency and uniformity in the state and regional planning process and in order to ensure that the intent of ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901 is accomplished, the Executive Office of the Governor shall:
History.- s. 4, ch. 84-257; s. 7, ch. 85-57; s. 1, ch. 95-149; s. 70, ch. 99-2.
- (1) Identify and monitor on a continuing basis statewide conditions and trends which impact the state.
- (2) Prepare, and update or revise regularly, the state comprehensive plan.
- (3) Designate the geographic boundaries of comprehensive planning districts.
- (4) Designate, and prepare or direct to be prepared, specific data, assumptions, forecasts, and projections for use by each state or regional agency in the preparation of plans.
- (5) Coordinate planning among federal, state, regional, and local levels of government and between this state and other states.
- (6) Prepare or direct appropriate state or regional agencies to prepare such studies, reports, data collections, or analyses as are necessary or useful in the preparation or revision of the state comprehensive plan, state agency functional plans, or strategic regional policy plans.
- (7) Act as the state clearinghouse and designate the regional planning councils as the regional data clearinghouses.
- (8) Direct state agencies and regional agencies to prepare and implement, consistent with their authority and responsibilities under law, such plans as are necessary to further the purposes and intent of the state comprehensive plan.
- (9) Provide such data and information to public and private agencies and to the public as it may have available.
- (10) Using federal, state, local, or private funds, contract with public agencies or private firms or consultants for specialized services or research facilities, whenever such services or facilities are not otherwise available to it.
- (11) Perform such other functions as are necessary to carry out the intent of ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901.
186.007 - State comprehensive plan; preparation; revision
History.- s. 7, ch. 72-295; ss. 3, 5, ch. 77-306; s. 2, ch. 78-287; s. 68, ch. 79-190; s. 5, ch. 84-257; s. 22, ch. 93-206; s. 18, ch. 97-160; s. 18, ch. 98-176; s. 3, ch. 99-5; s. 4, ch. 2008-227; s. 46, ch. 2010-102; s. 12, ch. 2012-99.
- (1) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare a proposed state comprehensive plan which provides long-range guidance for the orderly social, economic, and physical growth of the state. The plan shall be composed of goals, objectives, and policies that are briefly stated in plain, easily understandable words and that give specific policy direction to state and regional agencies. The goals, objectives, and policies shall be statewide in scope and shall be consistent and compatible with each other. The state comprehensive plan shall not include a land use map.
- (2) In preparing the goals, objectives, and policies of the state comprehensive plan, the Executive Office of the Governor shall analyze the problems, opportunities, and needs associated with growth and development in this state, particularly those problems, opportunities, and needs related to land use, water resources, and transportation system development. The Executive Office of the Governor shall document present conditions and trends, forecast future conditions and trends based on expected growth patterns, and identify needs. Such conditions, trends, and needs shall be used to prepare goals, objectives, and policies designed to preserve and enhance the quality of life of the citizens of this state.
- (3) In the state comprehensive plan, the Executive Office of the Governor may include goals, objectives, and policies related to the following program areas: economic opportunities; agriculture; employment; public safety; education; health concerns; social welfare concerns; housing and community development; natural resources and environmental management; energy; global climate change; recreational and cultural opportunities; historic preservation; transportation; and governmental direction and support services.
- (4)(a) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare statewide goals, objectives, and policies related to the opportunities, problems, and needs associated with growth and development in this state, which goals, objectives, and policies shall constitute the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan. In preparing the growth management goals, objectives, and policies, the Executive Office of the Governor initially shall emphasize the management of land use, water resources, and transportation system development.
- (b) The purpose of the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan is to establish clear, concise, and direct goals, objectives, and policies related to land development, water resources, transportation, and related topics. In doing so, the plan should, where possible, draw upon the work that agencies have invested in the Florida Transportation Plan, the Florida water plan, and similar planning documents.
- (5)(a) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare a separate portion of the state comprehensive plan related to the long-term infrastructure and capital outlay needs of the state. This portion shall be prepared based upon a comprehensive assessment of needs conducted by the Executive Office of the Governor, and it shall be updated annually as part of the budgeting process prescribed by chapter 216. The assessment shall provide estimates by area of the future infrastructure needs of the state that result from expected growth patterns and shall include recommendations for directing state expenditures to particular areas of the state in order to implement the growth management goals, objectives, and policies of the state comprehensive plan.
- (b) All capital outlay recommendations submitted to the Legislature in the Governor’s budget request must be consistent with the goals, objectives, and policies of the state comprehensive plan and the long-term infrastructure and capital outlay portion when adopted.
- (6) The adopted state comprehensive plan shall provide, in addition to other criteria established by law, standards and criteria for the review and approval of state agency strategic plans and strategic regional policy plans.
- (7) In preparing and revising the state comprehensive plan, the Executive Office of the Governor shall, to the extent feasible, consider studies, reports, and plans of each department, agency, and institution of state and local government, each regional planning agency, and the Federal Government and shall take into account the existing and prospective resources, capabilities, and needs of state and local levels of government.
- (8) The revision of the state comprehensive plan is a continuing process. Each section of the plan shall be reviewed and analyzed biennially by the Executive Office of the Governor in conjunction with the planning officers of other state agencies significantly affected by the provisions of the particular section under review. In conducting this review and analysis, the Executive Office of the Governor shall review and consider, with the assistance of the state land planning agency and regional planning councils, the evaluation and appraisal reports prepared pursuant to s. 186.511. Any necessary revisions of the state comprehensive plan shall be proposed by the Governor in a written report and be accompanied by an explanation of the need for such changes. If the Governor determines that changes are unnecessary, the written report must explain why changes are unnecessary. The proposed revisions and accompanying explanations may be submitted in the report required by s. 186.031. Any proposed revisions to the plan shall be submitted to the Legislature as provided in s. 186.008(2) at least 30 days prior to the regular legislative session occurring in each even-numbered year.
Note.- Former s. 23.0114.
186.008 - State comprehensive plan; revision; implementation
History.- s. 3, ch. 67-157; ss. 31, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 8, ch. 72-295; s. 1, ch. 77-306; s. 3, ch. 78-287; s. 6, ch. 84-257; ss. 5, 7, ch. 85-57; s. 23, ch. 93-206; s. 958, ch. 95-147; s. 19, ch. 98-176.
- (1) On or before October 1 of every odd-numbered year, the Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare, and the Governor shall recommend to the Administration Commission, any proposed revisions to the state comprehensive plan deemed necessary. The Governor shall transmit his or her recommendations and explanation as required by s. 186.007(8). Copies shall also be provided to each state agency, to each regional planning agency, to any other unit of government that requests a copy, and to any member of the public who requests a copy.
- (2) On or before December 15 of every odd-numbered year, the Administration Commission shall review the proposed revisions to the state comprehensive plan prepared by the Governor. The commission shall adopt a resolution, after public notice and a reasonable opportunity for public comment, and transmit the proposed revisions to the state comprehensive plan to the Legislature, together with any amendments approved by the commission and any dissenting reports. The commission shall identify those portions of the plan that are not based on existing law.
- (3) All amendments, revisions, or updates to the plan shall be adopted by the Legislature as a general law.
- (4) The state comprehensive plan shall be implemented and enforced by all state agencies consistent with their lawful responsibilities whether it is put in force by law or by administrative rule. The Governor, as chief planning officer of the state, shall oversee the implementation process.
- (5) All state agency budgets and programs shall be consistent with the adopted state comprehensive plan and shall support and further its goals and policies.
- (6) The Florida Public Service Commission, in approving the plans of utilities subject to its regulation, shall take into consideration the compatibility of the plan of each utility and all related utility plans taken together with the adopted state comprehensive plan.
Note.- Former s. 23.013.
186.009 - Growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan
History.- s. 24, ch. 93-206; s. 19, ch. 97-160; s. 20, ch. 98-176.
- (1) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare the proposed growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan in coordination with the Legislature, appropriate state agencies, regional entities, local governments, and citizens. The proposed growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan shall not be based upon the comprehensive format of the state comprehensive plan but shall be strategic in nature.
- (2) The growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan shall:
- (a) Provide strategic guidance for state, regional, and local actions necessary to implement the state comprehensive plan with regard to the physical growth and development of the state.
- (b) Identify metropolitan and urban growth centers.
- (c) Identify areas of state and regional environmental significance and establish strategies to protect them.
- (d) Set forth and integrate state policy for Florida’s future growth as it relates to land development, air quality, transportation, and water resources.
- (e) Provide guidelines for determining where urban growth is appropriate and should be encouraged.
- (f) Provide guidelines for state transportation corridors, public transportation corridors, new interchanges on limited access facilities, and new airports of regional or state significance.
- (g) Promote land acquisition programs to provide for natural resource protection, open space needs, urban recreational opportunities, and water access.
- (h) Set forth policies to establish state and regional solutions to the need for affordable housing.
- (i) Provide coordinated state planning of road, rail, and waterborne transportation facilities designed to take the needs of agriculture into consideration and to provide for the transportation of agricultural products and supplies.
- (j) Establish priorities regarding coastal planning and resource management.
- (k) Provide a statewide policy to enhance the multiuse waterfront development of existing deepwater ports, ensuring that priority is given to water-dependent land uses.
- (l) Set forth other goals, objectives, and policies related to the state’s natural and built environment that are necessary to effectuate those portions of the state comprehensive plan which are related to physical growth and development.
- (m) Set forth recommendations on when and to what degree local government comprehensive plans must be consistent with the proposed growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan.
- (n) Set forth recommendations on how to integrate the Florida water plan required by s. 373.036 and transportation plans required by chapter 339.
- (o) Set forth recommendations concerning what degree of consistency is appropriate for the strategic regional policy plans.
The growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan shall not include a land use map.
- (3) The growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan, and all amendments, revisions, or updates to the plan, shall have legal effect only upon adoption by the Legislature as general law. The Legislature shall indicate, in adopting the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan, which plans, activities, and permits must be consistent with the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan.
186.0201 - Electric substation planning
Electric utility substations respond to development and, consequently, siting locations cannot be precisely planned years in advance. Nevertheless, on or before June 1 of every year after the effective date of this act, the electric utilities with service areas within each regional planning council shall notify the regional planning council of the utilities’ current plans over a 5-year period to site electric substations within the local governments contained within each region, including an identification of whether each electric substation planned within a general area is a distribution or transmission electric substation, a listing of the proposed substations’ site acreage needs and anticipated capacity, and maps showing general locations of the planned electric substations. This information is advisory, shall be included in the regional planning council’s annual report prepared pursuant to s. 186.513, and shall be supplied directly to local governments requesting the information.
History.- s. 3, ch. 2006-268.
186.021 - Long-range program plans
Pursuant to s. 216.013, each state agency shall develop a long-range program plan on an annual basis. The plan shall provide the framework and context for designing and interpreting the agency budget request. The plan will be developed through careful examination and justification of agency functions and their associated costs. It shall be used by the agency to implement the state’s goals and objectives. Indicators shall be developed to measure service and activity performance.
History.- s. 7, ch. 84-257; ss. 6, 7, ch. 85-57; s. 1, ch. 87-137; s. 33, ch. 87-224; s. 7, ch. 91-429; s. 89, ch. 92-142; s. 25, ch. 93-206; s. 8, ch. 94-226; s. 47, ch. 94-249; s. 5, ch. 94-340; s. 39, ch. 94-356; s. 4, ch. 95-257; s. 3, ch. 97-286; ss. 16, 17, ch. 98-73; s. 42, ch. 2000-371.
186.031 - Annual report
The Governor as the chief planning and budget officer of the state shall annually report to the Legislature and the public on the economic conditions of the state, the infrastructure and capital outlay needs of the state, and the impacts of growth and development and shall assess state, regional, and local government efforts in addressing such conditions, needs, and impacts. The report shall appraise current growth trends, shall evaluate the extent to which existing growth management policies effectively address such trends, and shall review such other factors and indicators as are appropriate. The report shall contain timely and authoritative data and information about economic and demographic growth patterns and an analysis of such information as it affects the goals and policies of the state for growth and development. The report shall contain specific recommendations for any legislative and administrative changes needed to continue to manage growth effectively and to build upon the opportunities available. The report shall be related to, and developed in conjunction with, the regular updates of the state comprehensive plan.
History.- s. 5, ch. 67-157; ss. 31, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 72, ch. 79-190; s. 15, ch. 81-259; s. 9, ch. 84-257.
Note.- Former s. 23.015.
186.501 - Short title
Sections 186.501-186.513 shall be known and may be cited as the “Florida Regional Planning Council Act.”
History.- ss. 1, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 1, ch. 92-182; s. 38, ch. 93-206.
Note.- Former s. 160.001.
186.502 - Legislative findings; public purpose
History.- ss. 2, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 10, ch. 84-257; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 27, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 91, ch. 99-251.1
- (1) The Legislature finds and declares that:
- (a) The problems of growth and development often transcend the boundaries of individual units of local general-purpose government, and often no single unit can formulate plans or implement policies for their solution without affecting other units in their geographic area.
- (b) There is a need for regional planning agencies to assist local governments to resolve their common problems, engage in areawide comprehensive and functional planning, administer certain federal and state grants-in-aid, and provide a regional focus in regard to multiple programs undertaken on an areawide basis.
- (c) Federal and state programs should have coordinated purposes and consistent policy direction in order to avoid the proliferation of overlapping, duplicating, and competing regional agencies. To further this end, these efforts should result in 1entities agencies which effectively carry out a wide variety of federal and state program designations.
- (d) The financial and technical assistance of the state should be provided to regional planning agencies to maximize the effective use of regional programs undertaken with the authorization of local, state, or federal governments serving the citizens of this state.
- (e) There is a need for the establishment at the regional level of clear policy plans that will guide broad-based representative regional planning agencies as they undertake regional review functions.
- (2) It is the declared purpose of this act to establish a common system of regional planning councils for areawide coordination and related cooperative activities of federal, state, and local governments; ensure a broad-based regional organization that can provide a truly regional perspective; and enhance the ability and opportunity of local governments to resolve issues and problems transcending their individual boundaries.
- (3) The regional planning council is designated as the primary organization to address problems and plan solutions that are of greater-than-local concern or scope, and the regional planning council shall be recognized by local governments as one of the means to provide input into state policy development.
- (4) The regional planning council is recognized as Florida’s only multipurpose regional entity that is in a position to plan for and coordinate intergovernmental solutions to growth-related problems on greater-than-local issues, provide technical assistance to local governments, and meet other needs of the communities in each region. A council shall not act as a permitting or regulatory entity.
- (5) The regional planning council shall have a duty to assist local governments with activities designed to promote and facilitate economic development in the geographic area covered by the council.
Note.- The word “entities” appears to be an error; it was substituted for the word “regional” in the preparation of C.S. for H.B. 1452 (1980).
Note.- Former s. 160.002.