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U.S. CODE
TITLE 16
CONSERVATION

Version 2010-02-01


  • NATIONAL PARKS, MILITARY PARKS, MONUMENTS, AND SEASHORES
    • NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
    • VOLUNTEERS IN PARKS PROGRAM
    • NATIONAL PARK FOUNDATION
    • NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM VISITOR FACILITY
    • PARK SYSTEM RESOURCE PROTECTION
    • CONCESSIONS FOR ACCOMMODATIONS, FACILITIES, AND SERVICES IN AREAS ADMINISTERED BY NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
    • YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK
    • SEQUOIA AND YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARKS
    • REDWOOD NATIONAL PARK
    • KINGS CANYON NATIONAL PARK
    • COLONIAL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • NORTH CASCADES NATIONAL PARK
    • MOUNT RAINIER NATIONAL PARK
    • MESA VERDE NATIONAL PARK
    • PETRIFIED FOREST NATIONAL PARK
    • CRATER LAKE NATIONAL PARK
    • WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK
    • CESSION OF INDIAN LANDS AT SULPHUR, OKLAHOMA
    • BIG BEND NATIONAL PARK
    • SARATOGA NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • VOYAGEURS NATIONAL PARK
    • GLACIER NATIONAL PARK
    • ROCKY MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK
    • LASSEN VOLCANIC NATIONAL PARK
    • ABRAHAM LINCOLN BIRTHPLACE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • GRAND CANYON NATIONAL PARK
    • JEAN LAFITTE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK AND PRESERVE
      • Generally
      • Chalmette Unit
    • THEODORE ROOSEVELT NATIONAL PARK
    • OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK
    • CUMBERLAND GAP NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • CANYONLANDS NATIONAL PARK
    • ARCHES NATIONAL PARK
    • CAPITOL REEF NATIONAL PARK
    • NEZ PERCE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • SAN JUAN ISLAND NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • GUADALUPE MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK
    • WOLF TRAP NATIONAL PARK FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS
    • GEORGE ROGERS CLARK NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • ACADIA NATIONAL PARK
    • ZION NATIONAL PARK
    • DENALI NATIONAL PARK
    • HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK
    • HAWAII NATIONAL PARK
    • HALEAKALA NATIONAL PARK
    • KALOKO-HONOKOHAU NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • PUUHONUA O HONAUNAU NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • VIRGIN ISLANDS NATIONAL PARK
    • BRYCE CANYON NATIONAL PARK
    • SHENANDOAH NATIONAL PARK AND GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK
    • MAMMOTH CAVE NATIONAL PARK
    • COOS COUNTY, OREGON
    • GRAND TETON NATIONAL PARK
    • CARLSBAD CAVERNS NATIONAL PARK
    • INDEPENDENCE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • NATIONAL CONSTITUTION CENTER
    • ISLE ROYALE NATIONAL PARK
    • MORRISTOWN NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK
    • MINUTE MAN NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • BOSTON NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • VALLEY FORGE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • KLONDIKE GOLD RUSH NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • LOWELL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
      • Establishment of Park and Preservation District
      • Powers and Duties of Secretary
      • Powers and Duties of Preservation Commission
    • WAR IN THE PACIFIC NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • SAN ANTONIO MISSIONS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • CHANNEL ISLANDS NATIONAL PARK
    • BISCAYNE NATIONAL PARK
    • ALASKAN NATIONAL PARKS
    • CHACO CULTURE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • KALAUPAPA NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • LYNDON B. JOHNSON NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • WOMENS RIGHTS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • GREAT BASIN NATIONAL PARK
    • SAN FRANCISCO MARITIME NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • NATCHEZ NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • ZUNI-CIBOLA NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • NATIONAL PARK OF AMERICAN SAMOA
    • PECOS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • TUMACACORI NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • SALT RIVER BAY NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK AND ECOLOGICAL PRESERVE AT ST. CROIX, VIRGIN ISLANDS
    • HOPEWELL CULTURE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • MARSH-BILLINGS-ROCKEFELLER NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • DAYTON AVIATION HERITAGE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
      • Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park
      • Dayton Aviation Heritage Commission
    • DRY TORTUGAS NATIONAL PARK
    • KEWEENAW NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • SAGUARO NATIONAL PARK
    • CALIFORNIA DESERT LANDS PARKS AND PRESERVE
      • Death Valley National Park
      • Joshua Tree National Park
      • Mojave National Preserve
      • Miscellaneous Provisions
    • NEW ORLEANS JAZZ NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • CANE RIVER CREOLE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK AND NATIONAL HERITAGE AREA
      • Cane River Creole National Historical Park
      • Cane River National Heritage Area
    • NEW BEDFORD WHALING NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • ADAMS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • BLACK CANYON OF THE GUNNISON NATIONAL PARK AND GUNNISON GORGE NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • ROSIE THE RIVETER/WORLD WAR II HOME FRONT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • GREAT SAND DUNES NATIONAL PARK AND PRESERVE
    • CEDAR CREEK AND BELLE GROVE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • CONGAREE NATIONAL PARK
    • LEWIS AND CLARK NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • PATERSON GREAT FALLS NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • THOMAS EDISON NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • PALO ALTO BATTLEFIELD NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
    • NATIONAL MILITARY PARKS
    • NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL MONUMENTS AND MEMORIALS
    • MISCELLANEOUS
    • NATIONAL SEASHORE RECREATIONAL AREAS
    • RECREATIONAL DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS
    • NATIONAL PARKWAYS
    • PUBLIC PARK AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES AT WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
    • COTTAGE SITE DEVELOPMENTS AND USES IN RESERVOIR AREAS
    • NATIONAL CONSERVATION RECREATIONAL AREAS
    • OUTDOOR RECREATION PROGRAMS
      • Coordination of Programs
      • Land and Water Conservation Fund
      • Water Resources Projects
      • Land Transfers
      • Reclamation Recreation Management
    • OZARK NATIONAL SCENIC RIVERWAYS
    • BUFFALO NATIONAL RIVER
    • NEW RIVER GORGE NATIONAL RIVER
    • LAKE MEAD NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • DELAWARE WATER GAP NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • SPRUCE KNOB-SENECA ROCKS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • WHISKEYTOWN-SHASTA-TRINITY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • MOUNT ROGERS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • PICTURED ROCKS NATIONAL LAKESHORE
    • BIGHORN CANYON NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • INDIANA DUNES NATIONAL LAKESHORE
    • FLAMING GORGE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • APOSTLE ISLANDS NATIONAL LAKESHORE
    • SLEEPING BEAR DUNES NATIONAL LAKESHORE
    • KING RANGE NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • OREGON DUNES NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • SAWTOOTH NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • GOLDEN GATE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • GATEWAY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • GLEN CANYON NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • BIG SOUTH FORK NATIONAL RIVER AND RECREATION AREA
    • CUYAHOGA VALLEY NATIONAL PARK
    • HELLS CANYON NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • CHICKASAW NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • CHATTAHOOCHEE RIVER NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • ARAPAHO NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • SANTA MONICA MOUNTAINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • RATTLESNAKE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • STEESE NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA AND WHITE MOUNTAINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • ROBERT T. STAFFORD WHITE ROCKS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • OREGON CASCADES RECREATION AREA
    • MOUNT BAKER RECREATION AREA
    • ALLEGHENY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • PINE RIDGE NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • KLAMATH RIVER CONSERVATION AREA
    • CROSS FLORIDA NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • EL MALPAIS NATIONAL MONUMENT AND CONSERVATION AREA
      • El Malpais National Monument
      • Masau Trail
      • El Malpais National Conservation Area
      • Wilderness
      • General Provisions
    • WINDING STAIR MOUNTAIN NATIONAL RECREATION AND WILDERNESS AREA
    • GAULEY RIVER NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • SAN PEDRO RIPARIAN NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • CITY OF ROCKS NATIONAL RESERVE
    • MISSISSIPPI NATIONAL RIVER AND RECREATION AREA
      • Mississippi National River and Recreation Area
      • Tri-Rivers Management
    • GRAND ISLAND NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • SMITH RIVER NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • RED ROCK CANYON NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • GILA BOX RIPARIAN NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • LAKE MEREDITH NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • AMISTAD NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • ED JENKINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA AND COOSA BALD NATIONAL SCENIC AREA
    • SPRING MOUNTAINS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • MORLEY NELSON SNAKE RIVER BIRDS OF PREY NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • JEMEZ NATIONAL RECREATIONAL AREA
    • BOSTON HARBOR ISLANDS NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • LAND BETWEEN THE LAKES PROTECTION
      • Establishment, Administration, and Jurisdiction
      • Management Provisions
      • Transfer Provisions
      • Funding
    • McINNIS CANYONS NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • STEENS MOUNTAIN COOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION AREA
      • Steens Mountain Cooperative Management and Protection Area
        • designation and purposes
        • management of federal lands
        • cooperative management
        • advisory council
      • Steens Mountain Wilderness Area
      • Wild and Scenic Rivers and Trout Reserve
      • Mineral Withdrawal Area
      • Establishment of Wildlands Juniper Management Area
      • Land Exchanges
      • Funding Authorities
    • LAS CIENEGAS NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • BLACK ROCK DESERT-HIGH ROCK CANYON EMIGRANT TRAILS NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • SLOAN CANYON NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • RIO GRANDE NATURAL AREA
    • COW MOUNTAIN RECREATION AREA
    • MOOSALAMOO NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • MOUNT HOOD NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
    • BRIDGEPORT WINTER RECREATION AREA
    • RED CLIFFS NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • BEAVER DAM WASH NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • FORT STANTON-SNOWY RIVER CAVE NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
    • DOMINGUEZ-ESCALANTE NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA
  • HISTORIC SITES, BUILDINGS, OBJECTS, AND ANTIQUITIES
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • NATIONAL HISTORIC PRESERVATION
      • Programs
      • Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
      • General and Miscellaneous
      • National Center for Preservation Technology and Training
  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES PROTECTION
  • PALEONTOLOGICAL RESOURCES PRESERVATION
  • NATIONAL FORESTS
    • ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION
    • SCENIC AREAS
  • FORESTS; FOREST SERVICE; REFORESTATION; MANAGEMENT
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • INVESTIGATIONS, EXPERIMENTS, AND TESTS AFFECTING REFORESTATION AND FOREST PRODUCTS
    • RESEARCH PROGRAMS
    • SUSTAINED-YIELD FOREST MANAGEMENT
    • FOREST FOUNDATION
  • UNEMPLOYMENT RELIEF THROUGH PERFORMANCE OF USEFUL PUBLIC WORK
    • CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS
    • EMERGENCY CONSERVATION WORK
  • SOIL CONSERVATION
  • WATER CONSERVATION
    • FACILITIES FOR WATER STORAGE AND UTILIZATION
    • CONSERVATION AND UTILIZATION PROJECTS
  • PROTECTION OF TIMBER, AND DEPREDATIONS
  • PROTECTION OF FUR SEALS AND OTHER FUR-BEARING ANIMALS
  • PROTECTION AND CONSERVATION OF WILDLIFE
    • GAME, FUR-BEARING ANIMALS, AND FISH
    • PROTECTION OF BALD AND GOLDEN EAGLES
    • ENDANGERED SPECIES OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
  • WILDLIFE RESTORATION
  • CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ON GOVERNMENT LANDS
    • CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS
    • CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ON PUBLIC LANDS
  • GAME AND BIRD PRESERVES; PROTECTION
  • PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS
    • GENERALLY
    • MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY
    • MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION
    • HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX
    • JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM
  • UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER NATIONAL WILDLIFE AND FISH REFUGE
  • FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
  • PRESERVATION OF FISHERY RESOURCES
  • NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY SYSTEM ENHANCEMENT
  • NORTHERN PACIFIC HALIBUT FISHING
    • NORTHERN PACIFIC HALIBUT ACT OF 1924
    • NORTHERN PACIFIC HALIBUT ACT OF 1932
    • NORTHERN PACIFIC HALIBUT ACT OF 1937
    • NORTHERN PACIFIC HALIBUT ACT OF 1982
  • SOCKEYE OR PINK SALMON FISHING
  • FISH RESTORATION AND MANAGEMENT PROJECTS
  • FISH RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTATION PROGRAM
  • STATE COMMERCIAL FISHERIES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
  • REGULATION OF LANDING, CURING, AND SALE OF SPONGES TAKEN FROM GULF OF MEXICO AND STRAITS OF FLORIDA
  • FEDERAL REGULATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF POWER
    • REGULATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF WATER POWER AND RESOURCES
    • REGULATION OF ELECTRIC UTILITY COMPANIES ENGAGED IN INTERSTATE COMMERCE
    • LICENSEES AND PUBLIC UTILITIES; PROCEDURAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
    • STATE AND MUNICIPAL WATER CONSERVATION FACILITIES
  • TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY
  • BONNEVILLE PROJECT
  • FORT PECK PROJECT
  • COLUMBIA BASIN PROJECT
  • NIAGARA POWER PROJECT
  • PACIFIC NORTHWEST CONSUMER POWER PREFERENCE; RECIPROCAL PRIORITY IN OTHER REGIONS
  • PACIFIC NORTHWEST FEDERAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
  • PACIFIC NORTHWEST ELECTRIC POWER PLANNING AND CONSERVATION
  • REGULATION OF TRANSPORTATION IN INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN COMMERCE OF BLACK BASS AND OTHER FISH
  • REGULATION OF WHALING
    • WHALING TREATY ACT
    • WHALING CONVENTION ACT
  • WHALE CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION
  • PREDATORY SEA LAMPREYS IN THE GREAT LAKES
  • GREAT LAKES FISHERIES
  • GREAT LAKES FISH AND WILDLIFE RESTORATION
  • GREAT LAKES FISH AND WILDLIFE TISSUE BANK
  • TUNA CONVENTIONS
  • ATLANTIC TUNAS CONVENTION
  • EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING
  • SOUTH PACIFIC TUNA FISHING
  • NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES
  • WATERSHED PROTECTION AND FLOOD PREVENTION
  • COOPERATIVE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
  • NORTH PACIFIC FISHERIES
  • NATIONAL FISHERIES CENTER AND AQUARIUM
  • PROHIBITION OF FOREIGN FISHING VESSELS IN THE TERRITORIAL WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES
  • FISHERIES ZONE CONTIGUOUS TO TERRITORIAL SEA OF THE UNITED STATES
  • PROHIBITION OF CERTAIN FOREIGN FISHING VESSELS IN UNITED STATES FISHERIES
  • OFFSHORE SHRIMP FISHERIES
  • INTERNATIONAL PARKS
  • NATIONAL WILDERNESS PRESERVATION SYSTEM
  • CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION OF NORTH PACIFIC FUR SEALS
    • FUR SEAL MANAGEMENT
    • ADMINISTRATION OF PRIBILOF ISLANDS
    • ENFORCEMENT
  • JELLYFISH OR SEA NETTLES, OTHER SUCH PESTS, AND SEAWEED IN COASTAL WATERS: CONTROL OR ELIMINATION
  • CROWN OF THORNS STARFISH
  • REEFS FOR MARINE LIFE CONSERVATION
  • ESTUARINE AREAS
  • NATIONAL TRAILS SYSTEM
  • NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS FUND
  • WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS
  • WATER BANK PROGRAM FOR WETLANDS PRESERVATION
  • WILD HORSES AND BURROS: PROTECTION, MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL
  • MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION
    • GENERALLY
    • CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION OF MARINE MAMMALS
    • MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION
    • INTERNATIONAL DOLPHIN CONSERVATION PROGRAM
    • MARINE MAMMAL HEALTH AND STRANDING RESPONSE
    • POLAR BEARS
  • MARINE SANCTUARIES
  • REGIONAL MARINE RESEARCH PROGRAMS
  • COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
  • RURAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM
  • ENDANGERED SPECIES
  • FOREST AND RANGELAND RENEWABLE RESOURCES PLANNING
    • PLANNING
    • RESEARCH
    • EXTENSION PROGRAMS
    • WOOD RESIDUE UTILIZATION
  • YOUTH CONSERVATION CORPS AND PUBLIC LANDS CORPS
    • YOUTH CONSERVATION CORPS
    • PUBLIC LANDS CORPS
  • FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT
    • GENERALLY
    • UNITED STATES RIGHTS AND AUTHORITY REGARDING FISH AND FISHERY RESOURCES
    • FOREIGN FISHING AND INTERNATIONAL FISHERY AGREEMENTS
    • NATIONAL FISHERY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
    • FISHERY MONITORING AND RESEARCH
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • MINING ACTIVITY WITHIN NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM AREAS
  • SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION
  • COOPERATIVE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE
  • EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM
  • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS FOR NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM AREAS
  • ANTARCTIC CONSERVATION
  • ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES CONVENTION
  • ANTARCTIC MINERAL RESOURCES PROTECTION
  • URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY PROGRAM
  • PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATORY POLICIES
    • RETAIL REGULATORY POLICIES FOR ELECTRIC UTILITIES
    • STANDARDS FOR ELECTRIC UTILITIES
    • INTERVENTION AND JUDICIAL REVIEW
    • ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
  • SMALL HYDROELECTRIC POWER PROJECTS
  • NATIONAL AQUACULTURE POLICY, PLANNING, AND DEVELOPMENT
  • FISH AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
  • CHESAPEAKE BAY RESEARCH COORDINATION
  • ALASKA NATIONAL INTEREST LANDS CONSERVATION
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT AND USE
    • FEDERAL NORTH SLOPE LANDS STUDIES, OIL AND GAS LEASING PROGRAM AND MINERAL ASSESSMENTS
    • TRANSPORTATION AND UTILITY SYSTEMS IN AND ACROSS, AND ACCESS INTO, CONSERVATION SYSTEM UNITS
    • FEDERAL-STATE COOPERATION
    • ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
    • NATIONAL NEED MINERAL ACTIVITY RECOMMENDATION PROCESS
  • SALMON AND STEELHEAD CONSERVATION AND ENHANCEMENT
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • COORDINATED MANAGEMENT OF SALMON AND STEELHEAD
    • RESOURCE ENHANCEMENT
    • COMMERCIAL FISHING FLEET ADJUSTMENT
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • CONTROL OF ILLEGALLY TAKEN FISH AND WILDLIFE
  • RESOURCE CONSERVATION
    • SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION
    • SPECIAL AREAS CONSERVATION PROGRAM
    • MATCHING GRANTS FOR CONSERVATION ACTIVITIES
    • RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION REDUCTION PROGRAM
    • RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  • COASTAL BARRIER RESOURCES
  • NORTH ATLANTIC SALMON FISHING
  • PACIFIC SALMON FISHING
  • NATIONAL FISH AND WILDLIFE FOUNDATION
  • PARTNERSHIPS FOR WILDLIFE
  • PARTNERS FOR FISH AND WILDLIFE
  • ERODIBLE LAND AND WETLAND CONSERVATION AND RESERVE PROGRAM
    • DEFINITIONS
    • HIGHLY ERODIBLE LAND CONSERVATION
    • WETLAND CONSERVATION
    • AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION PROGRAM
      • Comprehensive Conservation Enhancement Program
        • general provisions
        • conservation reserve
        • wetlands reserve program
      • Conservation Security and Farmland Protection
        • conservation security program
        • conservation stewardship program
        • farmland protection program
        • grassland reserve program
      • Environmental Easement Program
      • Environmental Quality Incentives Program
      • Other Conservation Programs
    • FUNDING AND ADMINISTRATION
    • OTHER CONSERVATION PROGRAMS
    • STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES
  • WETLANDS RESOURCES
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • REVENUES FOR REFUGE OPERATIONS AND THE MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION FUND
    • STATE AND FEDERAL WETLANDS ACQUISITION
    • WETLANDS INVENTORY AND TREND ANALYSIS
  • WETLANDS
  • FISH AND SEAFOOD PROMOTION
  • INTERJURISDICTIONAL FISHERIES
  • AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION
    • AFRICAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE
    • MORATORIA AND PROHIBITED ACTS
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • ASIAN ELEPHANT CONSERVATION
  • FEDERAL CAVE RESOURCES PROTECTION
  • NORTH AMERICAN WETLANDS CONSERVATION
  • INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY COOPERATION
  • TAKE PRIDE IN AMERICA PROGRAM
  • AQUATIC NUISANCE PREVENTION AND CONTROL
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • PREVENTION OF UNINTENTIONAL INTRODUCTIONS OF NONINDIGENOUS AQUATIC SPECIES
    • PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF AQUATIC NUISANCE SPECIES DISPERSAL
    • AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
    • COOPERATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSES
  • PACIFIC YEW CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT
  • WILD EXOTIC BIRD CONSERVATION
  • NORTH PACIFIC ANADROMOUS STOCKS CONVENTION
  • ATLANTIC COASTAL FISHERIES COOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT
  • ATLANTIC STRIPED BASS CONSERVATION
  • RECREATIONAL HUNTING SAFETY
  • RHINOCEROS AND TIGER CONSERVATION
  • NATIONAL MARITIME HERITAGE
  • HIGH SEAS FISHING COMPLIANCE
  • NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES CONVENTION
  • YUKON RIVER SALMON
    • IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERIM AGREEMENT
    • CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT
  • NATIONAL NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION FOUNDATION
  • NATIONAL PARK SERVICE MANAGEMENT
    • NATIONAL PARK SERVICE CAREER DEVELOPMENT, TRAINING, AND MANAGEMENT
    • NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM RESOURCE INVENTORY AND MANAGEMENT
    • NATIONAL PARK SERVICE CONCESSIONS MANAGEMENT
    • FEES FOR USE OF NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM
    • NATIONAL PARK PASSPORT PROGRAM
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  • NEOTROPICAL MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION
  • USER FEES UNDER FOREST SYSTEM RECREATION RESIDENCE PROGRAM
  • NATIONAL FOREST ORGANIZATIONAL CAMP FEE IMPROVEMENT
  • GREAT APE CONSERVATION
  • CORAL REEF CONSERVATION
  • HEALTHY FOREST RESTORATION
    • HAZARDOUS FUEL REDUCTION ON FEDERAL LAND
    • BIOMASS
    • WATERSHED FORESTRY ASSISTANCE
    • INSECT INFESTATIONS AND RELATED DISEASES
    • HEALTHY FORESTS RESERVE PROGRAM
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • MARINE TURTLE CONSERVATION
  • SOUTHWEST FOREST HEALTH AND WILDFIRE PREVENTION
  • FEDERAL LANDS RECREATION ENHANCEMENT
  • WESTERN AND CENTRAL PACIFIC FISHERIES CONVENTION
  • PACIFIC WHITING
  • SECURE RURAL SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITY SELF-DETERMINATION
    • SECURE PAYMENTS FOR STATES AND COUNTIES CONTAINING FEDERAL LAND
    • SPECIAL PROJECTS ON FEDERAL LAND
    • COUNTY FUNDS
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  • NATIONAL LANDSCAPE CONSERVATION SYSTEM
  • FOREST LANDSCAPE RESTORATION
  • Version 2010-02-01

CHAPTER 1

NATIONAL PARKS, MILITARY PARKS, MONUMENTS, AND SEASHORES

1 - SUBCHAPTER I

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

Service created; director; other employees

There is created in the Department of the Interior a service to be called the National Park Service, which shall be under the charge of a director who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Director shall have substantial experience and demonstrated competence in land management and natural or cultural resource conservation. The Director shall select two Deputy Directors. The first Deputy Director shall have responsibility for National Park Service operations, and the second Deputy Director shall have responsibility for other programs assigned to the National Park Service. There shall also be in said service such subordinate officers, clerks, and employees as may be appropriated for by Congress. The service thus established shall promote and regulate the use of the Federal areas known as national parks, monuments, and reservations hereinafter specified, except such as are under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Army, as provided by law, by such means and measures as conform to the fundamental purpose of the said parks, monuments, and reservations, which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.



Repealed

Section, act June 28, 1938, ch. 778, § 1, 52 Stat. 1213, related to residence of United States Commissioners [now magistrate judges].





National Park System: administration; declaration of findings and purpose

Congress declares that the national park system, which began with establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872, has since grown to include superlative natural, historic, and recreation areas in every major region of the United States, its territories and island possessions; that these areas, though distinct in character, are united through their inter-related purposes and resources into one national park system as cumulative expressions of a single national heritage; that, individually and collectively, these areas derive increased national dignity and recognition of their superb environmental quality through their inclusion jointly with each other in one national park system preserved and managed for the benefit and inspiration of all the people of the United States; and that it is the purpose of this Act to include all such areas in the System and to clarify the authorities applicable to the system. Congress further reaffirms, declares, and directs that the promotion and regulation of the various areas of the National Park System, as defined in section 1c of this title, shall be consistent with and founded in the purpose established by section 1 of this title, to the common benefit of all the people of the United States. The authorization of activities shall be construed and the protection, management, and administration of these areas shall be conducted in light of the high public value and integrity of the National Park System and shall not be exercised in derogation of the values and purposes for which these various areas have been established, except as may have been or shall be directly and specifically provided by Congress.



Secretary of the Interior's authorization of activities

In order to facilitate the administration of the national park system, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized, under such terms and conditions as he may deem advisable, to carry out the following activities:

(a) Transportation Provide transportation of employees located at isolated areas of the national park system and to members of their families, where

  • (1) such areas are not adequately served by commercial transportation, and

  • (2) such transportation is incidental to official transportation services.

(b) Recreation Provide recreation facilities, equipment, and services for use by employees and their families located at isolated areas of the national park system.

(c) Advisory committees; compensation and travel expenses Appoint and establish such advisory committees in regard to the functions of the National Park Service as he may deem advisable, members of which shall receive no compensation for their services as such but who shall be allowed necessary travel expenses as authorized by section 5703 of title 5.

(d) Park equipment purchases Purchase field and special purpose equipment required by employees for the performance of assigned functions which shall be regarded and listed as park equipment.

(e) Services, resources, or water contracts Enter into contracts which provide for the sale or lease to persons, States, or their political subdivisions, of services, resources, or water available within an area of the national park system, as long as such activity does not jeopardize or unduly interfere with the primary natural or historic resource of the area involved, if such person, State, or its political subdivision—

  • (1) provides public accommodations or services within the immediate vicinity of an area of the national park system to persons visiting the area; and

  • (2) has demonstrated to the Secretary that there are no reasonable alternatives by which to acquire or perform the necessary services, resources, or water.

(f) Vehicular air-conditioning Acquire, and have installed, air-conditioning units for any Government-owned passenger motor vehicles used by the National Park Service, where assigned duties necessitate long periods in automobiles or in regions of the United States where high temperatures and humidity are common and prolonged.

(g) Exhibits and demonstrations; sale of products and services; contracts and cooperative arrangements; credits to appropriation Sell at fair market value without regard to the requirements of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, products and services produced in the conduct of living exhibits and interpretive demonstrations in areas of the national park system, to enter into contracts including cooperative arrangements with respect to such living exhibits and interpretive demonstrations, and to credit the proceeds therefrom to the appropriation bearing the cost of such exhibits and demonstrations. Sixty percent of the fees paid by permittees for the privilege of entering into Glacier Bay for the period beginning on the first full fiscal year following November 12, 1996, shall be deposited into a special account and that such funds shall be available—

  • (1) to the extent determined necessary, to acquire and preposition necessary and adequate emergency response equipment to prevent harm or the threat of harm to aquatic park resources from permittees; and

  • (2) to conduct investigations to quantify any effect of permittees' activity on wildlife and other natural resource values of Glacier Bay National Park. The investigations provided for in this subsection shall be designed to provide information of value to the Secretary, in determining any appropriate limitations on permittees' activity in Glacier Bay. The Secretary may not impose any additional permittee operating conditions in the areas of air, water, and oil pollution beyond those determined and enforced by other appropriate agencies. When competitively awarding permits to enter Glacier Bay, the Secretary may take into account the relative impact particular permittees will have on park values and resources, provided that no operating conditions or limitations relating to noise abatement shall be imposed unless the Secretary determines, based on the weight of the evidence from all available studies including verifiable scientific information from the investigations provided for in this subsection, that such limitations or conditions are necessary to protect park values and resources. Fees paid by certain permittees for the privilege of entering into Glacier Bay shall not exceed $5 per passenger. For the purposes of this subsection, "certain permittee" shall mean a permittee which provides overnight accommodations for at least 500 passengers for an itinerary of at least 3 nights, and "permittee" shall mean a concessionaire providing visitor services within Glacier Bay. Nothing in this subsection authorizes the Secretary to require additional categories of permits in, or otherwise increase the number of permits to enter Glacier Bay National Park.

(h) Regulations; promulgation and enforcement Promulgate and enforce regulations concerning boating and other activities on or relating to waters located within areas of the National Park System, including waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States: Provided, That any regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection shall be complementary to, and not in derogation of, the authority of the United States Coast Guard to regulate the use of waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(i) United States Park Police and other National Park Service employees; meals and lodging Provide meals and lodging, as the Secretary deems appropriate, for members of the United States Park Police and other employees of the National Park Service, as he may designate, serving temporarily on extended special duty in areas of the National Park System, and for this purpose he is authorized to use funds appropriated for the expenses of the Department of the Interior.

(j) Cooperative research and training programs Enter into cooperative agreements with public or private educational institutions, States, and their political subdivisions, for the purpose of developing adequate, coordinated, cooperative research and training programs concerning the resources of the National Park System, and, pursuant to any such agreements, to accept from and make available to the cooperator such technical and support staff, financial assistance for mutually agreed upon research projects, supplies and equipment, facilities, and administrative services relating to cooperative research units as the Secretary deems appropriate; except that this paragraph shall not waive any requirements for research projects that are subject to the Federal procurement regulations.

(k) Leases
  • (1) In general Except as provided in paragraph (2) and subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary may enter into a lease with any person or governmental entity for the use of buildings and associated property administered by the Secretary as part of the National Park System.

  • (2) Prohibited activities The Secretary may not use a lease under paragraph (1) to authorize the lessee to engage in activities that are subject to authorization by the Secretary through a concessions contract, commercial use authorization, or similar instrument.

  • (3) Use Buildings and associated property leased under paragraph (1)—

    • (A) shall be used for an activity that is consistent with the purposes established by law for the unit in which the building is located;

    • (B) shall not result in degradation of the purposes and values of the unit; and

    • (C) shall be compatible with National Park Service programs.

  • (4) Rental amounts
    • (A) In general With respect to a lease under paragraph (1)—
      • (i) payment of fair market value rental shall be required; and

      • (ii) section 1302 of title 40 shall not apply.

    • (B) Adjustment The Secretary may adjust the rental amount as appropriate to take into account any amounts to be expended by the lessee for preservation, maintenance, restoration, improvement, or repair and related expenses.

    • (C) Regulation The Secretary shall promulgate regulations implementing this subsection that includes provisions to encourage and facilitate competition in the leasing process and provide for timely and adequate public comment.

  • (5) Special account
    • (A) Deposits Rental payments under a lease under paragraph (1) shall be deposited in a special account in the Treasury of the United States.

    • (B) Availability Amounts in the special account shall be available until expended, without further appropriation, for infrastructure needs at units of the National Park System, including—
      • (i) facility refurbishment;

      • (ii) repair and replacement;

      • (iii) infrastructure projects associated with park resource protection; and

      • (iv) direct maintenance of the leased buildings and associated properties.

    • (C) Accountability and results The Secretary shall develop procedures for the use of the special account that ensure accountability and demonstrated results consistent with this Act.

(l) Cooperative management agreements
  • (1) In general Where a unit of the National Park System is located adjacent to or near a State or local park area, and cooperative management between the National Park Service and a State or local government agency of a portion of either park will allow for more effective and efficient management of the parks, the Secretary may enter into an agreement with a State or local government agency to provide for the cooperative management of the Federal and State or local park areas. The Secretary may not transfer administration responsibilities for any unit of the National Park System under this paragraph.

  • (2) Provision of goods and services Under a cooperative management agreement, the Secretary may acquire from and provide to a State or local government agency goods and services to be used by the Secretary and the State or local governmental agency in the cooperative management of land.

  • (3) Assignment An assignment arranged by the Secretary under section 3372 of title 5 of a Federal, State, or local employee for work in any Federal, State, or local land or an extension of such an assignment may be for any period of time determined by the Secretary and the State or local agency to be mutually beneficial.





    Legislative jurisdiction; relinquishment by Secretary; submittal of proposed agreement to Congressional committees; concurrent legislative jurisdiction

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior may relinquish to a State, or to a Commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States, part of the legislative jurisdiction of the United States over National Park System lands or interests therein in that State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession: Provided, That prior to consummating any such relinquishment, the Secretary shall submit the proposed agreement to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives, and shall not finalize such agreement until sixty calendar days after such submission shall have elapsed. Relinquishment of legislative jurisdiction under this section may be accomplished

    (1) by filing with the Governor (or, if none exists, with the chief executive officer) of the State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession concerned a notice of relinquishment to take effect upon acceptance thereof, or

    (2) as the laws of the State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession may otherwise provide. The Secretary shall diligently pursue the consummation of arrangements with each State, Commonwealth, territory, or possession within which a unit of the National Park System is located to the end that insofar as practicable the United States shall exercise concurrent legislative jurisdiction within units of the National Park System.



    Uniform allowance

    Notwithstanding section 5901 (a) of title 5, the uniform allowance for uniformed employees of the National Park Service may be up to $400 annually.



    Additional areas for National Park System

    (a) General authority The Secretary of the Interior is directed to investigate, study, and continually monitor the welfare of areas whose resources exhibit qualities of national significance and which may have potential for inclusion in the National Park System. Accompanying the annual listing of areas shall be a synopsis, for each report previously submitted, of the current and changed condition of the resource integrity of the area and other relevant factors, compiled as a result of continual periodic monitoring and embracing the period since the previous such submission or initial report submission one year earlier. The Secretary is also directed to transmit annually to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the President of the Senate, at the beginning of each fiscal year, a complete and current list of all areas included on the Registry of Natural Landmarks and those areas of national significance listed on the National Register of Historic places which areas exhibit known or anticipated damage or threats to the integrity of their resources, along with notations as to the nature and severity of such damage or threats. Each report and annual listing shall be printed as a House document: Provided, That should adequate supplies of previously printed identical reports remain available, newly submitted identical reports shall be omitted from printing upon the receipt by the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives of a joint letter from the chairman of the Committee on Natural Resources of the United States House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate indicating such to be the case.

    (b) Studies of areas for potential addition
    • (1) At the beginning of each calendar year, along with the annual budget submission, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate a list of areas recommended for study for potential inclusion in the National Park System.

    • (2) In developing the list to be submitted under this subsection, the Secretary shall consider—
      • (A) those areas that have the greatest potential to meet the established criteria of national significance, suitability, and feasibility;

      • (B) themes, sites, and resources not already adequately represented in the National Park System; and

      • (C) public petition and Congressional resolutions.

    • (3) No study of the potential of an area for inclusion in the National Park System may be initiated after November 13, 1998, except as provided by specific authorization of an Act of Congress.

    • (4) Nothing in this Act shall limit the authority of the National Park Service to conduct preliminary resource assessments, gather data on potential study areas, provide technical and planning assistance, prepare or process nominations for administrative designations, update previous studies, or complete reconnaissance surveys of individual areas requiring a total expenditure of less than $25,000.

    • (5) Nothing in this section shall be construed to apply to or to affect or alter the study of any river segment for potential addition to the national wild and scenic rivers system or to apply to or to affect or alter the study of any trail for potential addition to the national trails system.

    (c) Report
    • (1) The Secretary shall complete the study for each area for potential inclusion in the National Park System within 3 complete fiscal years following the date on which funds are first made available for such purposes. Each study under this section shall be prepared with appropriate opportunity for public involvement, including at least one public meeting in the vicinity of the area under study, and after reasonable efforts to notify potentially affected landowners and State and local governments.

    • (2) In conducting the study, the Secretary shall consider whether the area under study—
      • (A) possesses nationally significant natural or cultural resources and represents one of the most important examples of a particular resource type in the country; and

      • (B) is a suitable and feasible addition to the system.

    • (3) Each study—
      • (A) shall consider the following factors with regard to the area being studied—
        • (i) the rarity and integrity of the resources;

        • (ii) the threats to those resources;

        • (iii) similar resources are already protected in the National Park System or in other public or private ownership;

        • (iv) the public use potential;

        • (v) the interpretive and educational potential;

        • (vi) costs associated with acquisition, development and operation;

        • (vii) the socioeconomic impacts of any designation;

        • (viii) the level of local and general public support; and

        • (ix) whether the area is of appropriate configuration to ensure long-term resource protection and visitor use;

      • (B) shall consider whether direct National Park Service management or alternative protection by other public agencies or the private sector is appropriate for the area;

      • (C) shall identify what alternative or combination of alternatives would in the professional judgment of the Director of the National Park Service be most effective and efficient in protecting significant resources and providing for public enjoyment; and

      • (D) may include any other information which the Secretary deems to be relevant.

    • (4) Each study shall be completed in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 [42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.].

    • (5) The letter transmitting each completed study to Congress shall contain a recommendation regarding the Secretary's preferred management option for the area.

    (d) New area study office The Secretary shall designate a single office to be assigned to prepare all new area studies and to implement other functions of this section.

    (e) List of areas At the beginning of each calendar year, along with the annual budget submission, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a list of areas which have been previously studied which contain primarily historical resources, and a list of areas which have been previously studied which contain primarily natural resources, in numerical order of priority for addition to the National Park System. In developing the lists, the Secretary should consider threats to resource values, cost escalation factors, and other factors listed in subsection (c) of this section. The Secretary should only include on the lists areas for which the supporting data is current and accurate.

    (f) Authorization of appropriations For the purposes of carrying out the studies for potential new Park System units and for monitoring the welfare of those resources, there are authorized to be appropriated annually not to exceed $1,000,000. For the purposes of monitoring the welfare and integrity of the national landmarks, there are authorized to be appropriated annually not to exceed $1,500,000. For carrying out subsections (b) through (d) of this section there are authorized to be appropriated $2,000,000 for each fiscal year.



    Law enforcement personnel within National Park System

    (a) Omitted

    (b) Designation authority of Secretary; powers and duties of designees In addition to any other authority conferred by law, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to designate, pursuant to standards prescribed in regulations by the Secretary, certain officers or employees of the Department of the Interior who shall maintain law and order and protect persons and property within areas of the National Park System. In the performance of such duties, the officers or employees, so designated, may—

    • (1) carry firearms and make arrests without warrant for any offense against the United States committed in his presence, or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if he has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony, provided such arrests occur within that system or the person to be arrested is fleeing therefrom to avoid arrest;

    • (2) execute any warrant or other process issued by a court or officer of competent jurisdiction for the enforcement of the provisions of any Federal law or regulation issued pursuant to law arising out of an offense committed in that system or, where the person subject to the warrant or process is in that system, in connection with any Federal offense; and

    • (3) conduct investigations of offenses against the United States committed in that system in the absence of investigation thereof by any other Federal law enforcement agency having investigative jurisdiction over the offense committed or with the concurrence of such other agency.

    (c) Supplemental special policemen; designation authority of Secretary; cooperation with State officials in enforcement of State law; reimbursement to State; concurrent jurisdiction; delegation of enforcement responsibilities The Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to—

    • (1) designate officers and employees of any other Federal agency or law enforcement personnel of any State or political subdivision thereof, when deemed economical and in the public interest and with the concurrence of that agency or that State or subdivision, to act as special policemen in areas of the National Park System when supplemental law enforcement personnel may be needed, and to exercise the powers and authority provided by paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (b) of this section;

    • (2) cooperate, within the National Park System, with any State or political subdivision thereof in the enforcement of supervision of the laws or ordinances of that State or subdivision;

    • (3) mutually waive, in any agreement pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection or pursuant to subsection (b)(1) of this section with any State or political subdivision thereof where State law requires such waiver and indemnification, any and all civil claims against all the other parties thereto and, subject to available appropriations, indemnify and save harmless the other parties to such agreement from all claims by third parties for property damage or personal injury, which may arise out of the parties' activities outside their respective jurisdictions under such agreement; and

    • (4) provide limited reimbursement, to a State or its political subdivisions, in accordance with such regulations as he may prescribe, where the State has ceded concurrent legislative jurisdiction over the affected area of the system, for expenditures incurred in connection with its activities within that system which were rendered pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection.

      The authorities provided by this subsection shall supplement the law enforcement responsibilities of the National Park Service, and shall not authorize the delegation of law enforcement responsibilities of the agency to State and local governments.

    (d) Special policemen not deemed Federal employees; exceptions
    • (1) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a law enforcement officer of any State or political subdivision thereof designated to act as a special policeman under subsection (c) of this section shall not be deemed a Federal employee and shall not be subject to the provisions of law relating to Federal employment, including, but not limited to, those relating to hours of work, rates of compensation, leave, unemployment compensation, and Federal benefits.

    • (2) For purposes of the tort claim provisions of title 28, a law enforcement officer of any State or political subdivision thereof shall, when acting as a special policeman under subsection (c) of this section, be considered a Federal employee.

    • (3) For purposes of subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5, relating to compensation to Federal employees for work injuries, a law enforcement officer of any State or political subdivision thereof shall, when acting as a special policeman under subsection (c) of this section be deemed a civil service employee of the United States within the meaning of the term "employee" as defined in section 8101 of title 5, and the provisions of that subchapter shall apply.

    (e) Federal investigative jurisdiction and State civil and criminal jurisdiction not preempted within National Park System Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed or applied to limit or restrict the investigative jurisdiction of any Federal law enforcement agency other than the National Park Service, and nothing shall be construed or applied to affect any right of a State or a political subdivision thereof to exercise civil and criminal jurisdiction within the National Park System.



    National Park System development program

    (a) Omitted

    (b) General management plans; preparation and revision by Director of National Park Service; list to Congress; contents General management plans for the preservation and use of each unit of the National Park System, including areas within the national capital area, shall be prepared and revised in a timely manner by the Director of the National Park Service. On January 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a list indicating the current status of completion or revision of general management plans for each unit of the National Park System. General management plans for each unit shall include, but not be limited to:

    • (1) measures for the preservation of the area's resources;

    • (2) indications of types and general intensities of development (including visitor circulation and transportation patterns, systems and modes) associated with public enjoyment and use of the area, including general locations, timing of implementation, and anticipated costs;

    • (3) identification of and implementation commitments for visitor carrying capacities for all areas of the unit; and

    • (4) indications of potential modifications to the external boundaries of the unit, and the reasons therefor.





      National Park System crime prevention assistance

      (a) Availability of funds There are authorized to be appropriated out of the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, not to exceed $10,000,000, for the Secretary of the Interior to take all necessary actions to seek to reduce the incidence of violent crime in the National Park System.

      (b) Recommendations for improvement The Secretary shall direct the chief official responsible for law enforcement within the National Park Service to—

      • (1) compile a list of areas within the National Park System with the highest rates of violent crime;

      • (2) make recommendations concerning capital improvements, and other measures, needed within the National Park System to reduce the rates of violent crime, including the rate of sexual assault; and

      • (3) publish the information required by paragraphs (1) and (2) in the Federal Register.

      (c) Distribution of funds Based on the recommendations and list issued pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary shall distribute the funds authorized by subsection (a) of this section throughout the National Park System. Priority shall be given to those areas with the highest rates of sexual assault.

      (d) Use of funds Funds provided under this section may be used—

      • (1) to increase lighting within or adjacent to National Park System units;

      • (2) to provide emergency phone lines to contact law enforcement or security personnel in areas within or adjacent to National Park System units;

      • (3) to increase security or law enforcement personnel within or adjacent to National Park System units; or

      • (4) for any other project intended to increase the security and safety of National Park System units.





        Protecting Americans from violent crime

        (a) Congressional findings Congress finds the following:

        • (1) The Second Amendment to the Constitution provides that "the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed".

        • (2) Section 2.4(a)(1) of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations, provides that "except as otherwise provided in this section and parts 7 (special regulations) and 13 (Alaska regulations), the following are prohibited:
          • (i) Possessing a weapon, trap or net

            • (ii) Carrying a weapon, trap or net

              • (iii) Using a weapon, trap or net".

              • (3) Section 27.42 of title 50, Code of Federal Regulations, provides that, except in special circumstances, citizens of the United States may not "possess, use, or transport firearms on national wildlife refuges" of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

              • (4) The regulations described in paragraphs (2) and (3) prevent individuals complying with Federal and State laws from exercising the second amendment rights of the individuals while at units of—
                • (A) the National Park System; and

                • (B) the National Wildlife Refuge System.

              • (5) The existence of different laws relating to the transportation and possession of firearms at different units of the National Park System and the National Wildlife Refuge System entrapped law-abiding gun owners while at units of the National Park System and the National Wildlife Refuge System.

              • (6) Although the Bush administration issued new regulations relating to the Second Amendment rights of law-abiding citizens in units of the National Park System and National Wildlife Refuge System that went into effect on January 9, 2009—
                • (A) on March 19, 2009, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia granted a preliminary injunction with respect to the implementation and enforcement of the new regulations; and

                • (B) the new regulations—
                  • (i) are under review by the administration; and

                  • (ii) may be altered.

              • (7) Congress needs to weigh in on the new regulations to ensure that unelected bureaucrats and judges cannot again override the Second Amendment rights of law-abiding citizens on 83,600,000 acres of National Park System land and 90,790,000 acres of land under the jurisdiction of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

              • (8) The Federal laws should make it clear that the second amendment rights of an individual at a unit of the National Park System or the National Wildlife Refuge System should not be infringed.

              (b) Protecting the right of individuals to bear arms in units of the National Park System and the National Wildlife Refuge System The Secretary of the Interior shall not promulgate or enforce any regulation that prohibits an individual from possessing a firearm including an assembled or functional firearm in any unit of the National Park System or the National Wildlife Refuge System if—

              • (1) the individual is not otherwise prohibited by law from possessing the firearm; and

              • (2) the possession of the firearm is in compliance with the law of the State in which the unit of the National Park System or the National Wildlife Refuge System is located.





                Maintenance management system

                (a) Implementation and elements Beginning in fiscal year 1985, the National Park Service shall implement a maintenance management system into the maintenance and operations programs of the National Park System. For purposes of this section the term "maintenance management system" means a system that contains but is not limited to the following elements:

                • (1) a work load inventory of assets including detailed information that quantifies for all assets (including but not limited to buildings, roads, utility systems, and grounds that must be maintained) the characteristics affecting the type of maintenance work performed;

                • (2) a set of maintenance tasks that describe the maintenance work in each unit of the National Park System;

                • (3) a description of work standards including frequency of maintenance, measurable quality standard to which assets should be maintained, methods for accomplishing work, required labor, equipment and material resources, and expected worker production for each maintenance task;

                • (4) a work program and performance budget which develops an annual work plan identifying maintenance needs and financial resources to be devoted to each maintenance task;

                • (5) a work schedule which identifies and prioritizes tasks to be done in a specific time period and specifies required labor resources;

                • (6) work orders specifying job authorizations and a record of work accomplished which can be used to record actual labor and material costs; and

                • (7) reports and special analyses which compare planned versus actual accomplishments and costs and can be used to evaluate maintenance operations.

                (b) Repealed. Pub. L. 104-333, div. I, title VIII, § 814(d)(1)(F), Nov. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 4196



                Periodic review of National Park System

                The Secretary of the Interior (hereafter in sections 1a-9 to 1a-13 of this title referred to as the "Secretary") is authorized and directed to conduct a systematic and comprehensive review of certain aspects of the National Park System and to submit on a periodic basis but not later than every 3 years a report to the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on Appropriations of the United States House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee on Appropriations of the United States Senate on the findings of such review, together with such recommendations as the Secretary determines necessary. The first report shall be submitted no later than 3 years after November 28, 1990.