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U.S. CODE
TITLE 19
CUSTOMS DUTIES

Version 2010-02-01


  • COLLECTION DISTRICTS, PORTS, AND OFFICERS
  • FOREIGN TRADE ZONES
  • THE TARIFF COMMISSION
  • THE TARIFF AND RELATED PROVISIONS
    • DUTIABLE LIST
    • FREE LIST
    • SPECIAL PROVISIONS
      • Cuba and Canal Zone
      • Countervailing and Discriminating Duty
      • Country of Origin
      • Medicinal Preparations
      • Importations Prohibited
      • Special Provisions for Admission or Withdrawal From Bonded Warehouse Without Payment of Duty
      • Bonded Warehouses
      • Drawbacks
      • Reimporting Exported Articles
      • Equalizing Production Costs
      • Antidumping
      • Additional Definitions
      • Rules and Regulations
      • Unfair Methods of Competition and Importation Unlawful
      • Imports From Countries Making Discriminations
      • Special Provisions
      • Payment of Duty
    • CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION
      • Administrative Provisions
        • definitions
        • report, entry, and unlading of vessels and vehicles
        • ascertainment, collection, and recovery of duties
        • transportation in bond and warehousing of merchandise
        • enforcement provisions
        • general provisions
  • TARIFF ACT OF 1930
    • HARMONIZED TARIFF SCHEDULE OF THE UNITED STATES
    • SPECIAL PROVISIONS
      • Miscellaneous
      • United States International Trade Commission
      • Promotion of Foreign Trade
    • ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
      • Definitions and National Customs Automation Program
        • definitions
        • national customs automation program
      • Report, Entry, and Unlading of Vessels and Vehicles
      • Ascertainment, Collection, and Recovery of Duties
      • Transportation in Bond and Warehousing of Merchandise
      • Enforcement Provisions
      • Miscellaneous Provisions
    • COUNTERVAILING AND ANTIDUMPING DUTIES
      • Imposition of Countervailing Duties
      • Imposition of Antidumping Duties
      • Reviews; Other Actions Regarding Agreements
        • review of amount of duty and agreements other than quantitative restriction agreements
        • consultations and determinations regarding quantitative restriction agreements
      • General Provisions
    • REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO IMPORTS OF CERTAIN CIGARETTES AND SMOKELESS TOBACCO PRODUCTS
    • SOFTWOOD LUMBER
  • SMUGGLING
  • TRADE FAIR PROGRAM
  • TRADE EXPANSION PROGRAM
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • TRADE AGREEMENTS
      • General Authority
      • European Economic Community
      • Requirements Concerning Negotiations
      • National Security
      • Administrative Provisions
      • General Provisions
    • TARIFF ADJUSTMENT AND OTHER ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE
      • Eligibility for Assistance
      • Adjustment Assistance to Firms
      • Adjustment Assistance to Workers
        • trade readjustment allowances
        • training
        • relocation allowances
        • general provisions
      • Tariff Adjustment
      • Advisory Board
  • AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS
    • STATEMENT OF PURPOSES
    • BASIC AUTHORITIES
    • TARIFF ADJUSTMENT AND OTHER ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
  • VISUAL AND AUDITORY MATERIALS OF EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND CULTURAL CHARACTER
  • CUSTOMS SERVICE
  • IMPORTATION OF PRE-COLUMBIAN MONUMENTAL OR ARCHITECTURAL SCULPTURE OR MURALS
  • TRADE ACT OF 1974
    • NEGOTIATING AND OTHER AUTHORITY
      • Rates of Duty and Other Trade Barriers
      • Other Authority
      • Hearings and Advice Concerning Negotiations
      • Office of the United States Trade Representative
      • Congressional Procedures With Respect to Presidential Actions
      • Congressional Liaison and Reports
      • United States International Trade Commission
      • Identification of Market Barriers and Certain Unfair Trade Actions
    • RELIEF FROM INJURY CAUSED BY IMPORT COMPETITION
      • Positive Adjustment by Industries Injured by Imports
      • Adjustment Assistance for Workers
        • petitions and determinations
        • Trade Readjustment Allowances
        • Training, Other Employment Services, and Allowances
        • general provisions
        • nafta transitional adjustment assistance program
      • Adjustment Assistance for Firms
      • Trade Adjustment Assistance for Communities
        • trade adjustment assistance for communities
        • community college and career training grant program
        • industry or sector partnership grant program for communities impacted by trade
        • general provisions
      • Miscellaneous Provisions
      • Adjustment Assistance for Farmers
    • ENFORCEMENT OF UNITED STATES RIGHTS UNDER TRADE AGREEMENTS AND RESPONSE TO CERTAIN FOREIGN TRADE PRACTICES
    • TRADE RELATIONS WITH COUNTRIES NOT RECEIVING NONDISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT
      • Trade Relations With Certain Countries
      • Relief From Market Disruption to Industries and Diversion of Trade to the United States Market
    • GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • TARIFF TREATMENT OF PRODUCTS OF, AND OTHER SANCTIONS AGAINST, UNCOOPERATIVE MAJOR DRUG PRODUCING OR DRUG-TRANSIT COUNTRIES
    • SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE
  • TRADE AGREEMENTS ACT OF 1979
    • GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT
    • TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE
      • Obligations of the United States
      • Functions of Federal Agencies
      • Administrative and Judicial Proceedings Regarding Standards-Related Activities
        • representations alleging united states violations of obligations
        • other proceedings regarding certain standards-related activities
      • Definitions and Miscellaneous Provisions
      • Standards and Measures Under the North American Free Trade Agreement
        • sanitary and phytosanitary measures
        • standards-related measures
        • part definitions
      • International Standard-Setting Activities
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  • CONVENTION ON CULTURAL PROPERTY
  • CARIBBEAN BASIN ECONOMIC RECOVERY
  • WINE TRADE
  • NEGOTIATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF TRADE AGREEMENTS
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF HARMONIZED TARIFF SCHEDULE
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS TRADE
  • ANDEAN TRADE PREFERENCE
  • NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE
    • APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT
    • CUSTOMS PROVISIONS
    • APPLICATION OF AGREEMENT TO SECTORS AND SERVICES
      • Safeguards
        • relief from imports benefiting from agreement
        • relief from imports from all countries
        • general provisions
      • Agriculture
      • Temporary Entry of Business Persons
      • Standards
        • standards and measures
        • agricultural standards
    • DISPUTE SETTLEMENT IN ANTIDUMPING AND COUNTERVAILING DUTY CASES
      • Organizational, Administrative, and Procedural Provisions Regarding Implementation of Chapter 19 of Agreement
      • General Provisions
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
      • Provisions Relating to Performance Under Agreement
      • Implementation of NAFTA Supplemental Agreements
  • URUGUAY ROUND TRADE AGREEMENTS
    • APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENTS
      • Approval of Agreements and Related Provisions
      • Tariff Modifications
      • Uruguay Round Implementation and Dispute Settlement
      • Related Provisions
    • ENFORCEMENT OF UNITED STATES RIGHTS UNDER SUBSIDIES AGREEMENT
    • ADDITIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF AGREEMENTS
      • Foreign Trade Barriers and Unfair Trade Practices
      • Textiles
    • AGRICULTURE-RELATED PROVISIONS
      • Market Access
      • Exports
      • Other Provisions
  • EXTENSION OF CERTAIN TRADE BENEFITS TO SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
    • TRADE POLICY FOR SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
    • TRADE BENEFITS
    • ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RELATED ISSUES
  • BIPARTISAN TRADE PROMOTION AUTHORITY
  • CLEAN DIAMOND TRADE
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC-CENTRAL AMERICA FREE TRADE
    • APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, THE AGREEMENT
    • CUSTOMS PROVISIONS
    • RELIEF FROM IMPORTS
      • Relief From Imports Benefiting From the Agreement
      • Textile and Apparel Safeguard Measures
      • Cases Under Title II of the Trade Act of 1974
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • Version 2010-02-01

CHAPTER 1

COLLECTION DISTRICTS, PORTS, AND OFFICERS

Organization of customs service

Except as hereinafter provided the reorganization of the customs service made by the President and communicated to Congress under date of March 3, 1913, shall, until otherwise provided by Congress, constitute the permanent organization of the customs service.



Rearrangement and limitation of districts; changing locations

The President is authorized from time to time, as the exigencies of the service may require, to rearrange, by consolidation or otherwise, the several customs-collection districts and to discontinue ports of entry by abolishing the same or establishing others in their stead. The President is authorized from time to time to change the location of the headquarters in any customs-collection district as the needs of the service may require.



Superintendence of collection of import duties

The Secretary of the Treasury shall direct the superintendence of the collection of the duties on imports as he shall judge best.



Omitted





Repealed

Section 5, R.S. § 2613, act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 523, 42 Stat. 974, provided that collectors, comptrollers, and surveyors be appointed for four year terms.

Section 5a, act July 5, 1932, ch. 430, title I, 47 Stat. 584, abolished, except at the Port of New York, the offices of surveyor and appraiser, and those of their assistants and deputies, and transferred the duties of such officers to such persons as designated by the Secretary of the Treasury.



Designation of customs officers for foreign service; status; rejection of designated customs officer; applicability of civil service laws

Any officer of the customs service designated by the Secretary of the Treasury for foreign service, shall, through the Department of State, be regularly and officially attached to the diplomatic missions of the United States in the countries in which they are to be stationed, and when such officers are assigned to countries in which there are no diplomatic missions of the United States, appropriate recognition and standing with full facilities for discharging their official duties shall be arranged by the Department of State. The Secretary of State may reject the name of any such officer whose assignment to the foreign post for which he has been designated would, in his judgment, be prejudicial to the public policy of the United States. The appointment of such customs officers shall be made pursuant to the civil service laws and regulations upon the nomination of the principal officer in charge of the office to which such appointments are to be made.



Repealed

Sections, act May 29, 1928, ch. 865, §§ 1-4, 45 Stat. 955, related to compensation. See sections 5101 et seq. and 5301 et seq. of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Act Dec. 12, 1930, ch. 10, 46 Stat. 1026, formerly set out as a credit to these sections, was repealed by Pub. L. 89-554, § 8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 648.





Overtime compensation based on standard or daylight saving time

On and after June 30, 1949, overtime compensation of customs officers and employees, as authorized by law, shall be based either on standard or daylight saving time, whichever is observed where overtime services are performed.



Repealed

Section 7, act Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 251, § 3, 42 Stat. 1453, authorized collectors, comptrollers, surveyors, and appraisers to appoint assistants, and collector at New York to appoint a solicitor to collector, all such appointments subject to approval of Secretary of the Treasury.

Section 8, R.S. § 2629; acts Mar. 3, 1905, ch. 1413, § 1, 33 Stat. 983; Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 251, § 4, 42 Stat. 1453, set forth procedure for filling a vacancy in office of a collector, comptroller, surveyor, or appraiser.

Section 9, R.S. § 2625, act Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 251, § 3, 42 Stat. 1453, provided for performance of collector's duties in case of his disability.

Section 10, R.S. § 2630; acts Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 251, §§ 2, 3, 42 Stat. 1453; Jan. 13, 1925, ch. 76, 43 Stat. 748, provided that in cases of occasional and necessary absence, or of sickness, any collector could exercise his powers and perform his duties by deputy.

Section 11, R.S. § 2632; act June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title IV, § 523, 46 Stat. 740, provided that in cases of occasional and necessary absence, or of sickness, every comptroller and surveyor could, respectively, exercise and perform his functions, powers, and duties by deputy.



Repealed

Sections 12 to 15 provided for appointment by Secretary of the Treasury of 30 special agents for purposes of checking the accounts of collectors and other customs officers for prevention of frauds, authorized regulations for the limitations on their number and compensation and authorized appointment of special agents to reside in foreign territory. Customs agents who perform functions formerly exercised by special agents are covered generally by section 2072 of this title.

Section 12 was based on R.S. § 2649.

Section 13 was based on acts Mar. 4, 1911, ch. 285, 36 Stat. 1393; Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 251, §§ 1, 2, 5, 7, 42 Stat. 1453, 1454; Mar. 3, 1927, ch. 348, § 3, 44 Stat. 1382.

Section 14 was based on R.S. § 2651.

Section 15 was based on R.S. § 2999.

Section 16, R.S. 2940; acts Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 251, § 2, 42 Stat. 1453; Jan. 13, 1925, ch. 76, 43 Stat. 748, prescribed qualifications and special oath for customs appraiser at New York.

Section 17, R.S. § 2941, prohibited only employees in office of appraiser at New York from engaging or being employed in any commercial activity.

Section 18, R.S. § 2942, related to duties of appraiser and assistant appraiser at New York.





Repealed

Section 19, act Feb. 9, 1925, ch. 167, 43 Stat. 819, related to appraiser of merchandise at Baltimore.

Section 20, act Feb. 21, 1925, ch. 278, § 1, 43 Stat. 957, related to office of appraiser of merchandise at Portland, Oregon.





Repealed

Sections 21 to 23 prescribed oath of office for customs officers and assistant appraisers.

Section 24 related to designation of persons to administer oath of office.

Section 21 was based on R.S. § 2616.

Section 22 was based on R.S. § 2614; act July 5, 1932, ch. 430, title 1, 47 Stat. 584.

Section 23 was based on R.S. § 2615; July 5, 1932, ch. 430, title 1, 47 Stat. 584.

Section 24 was based on R.S. § 2617; act Feb. 8, 1875, ch. 36, § 11, 18 Stat. 309.





Repealed

Section 26, R.S. § 2611; act Feb. 8, 1875, ch. 36, § 11, 18 Stat. 309, related to oath by special examiners of drugs. Functions formerly exercised by the special examiner of drugs are covered by section 381 of Title 21, Food and Drugs.

Section 27, acts Feb. 8, 1875, ch. 36, § 11, 18 Stat. 309; Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, § 5, 28 Stat. 807, related to oaths by subordinate customs officers.

Section 28, act Sept. 24, 1914, ch. 309, 38 Stat. 716, provided that headquarters of customs district of Florida should be at Tampa. Section 2 of this title vests authority in the President to change from time to time the location of headquarters of customs collection district and such authority was delegated to the Secretary of the Treasury by section 1 (a) of Executive Order 10289 of September 17, 1951, set out as a note under section 301 of Title 3, The President.





Repealed

Section, act Mar. 15, 1898, ch. 68, § 1, 30 Stat. 286, as supplemented by acts Jan. 28, 1915, ch. 20, § 1, 38 Stat. 800; Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 251, § 3, 42 Stat. 1453, related to administration of oaths by collectors and assistants.

Act Aug. 4, 1949, ch. 393, § 20, 63 Stat. 561, also repealed act Jan. 28, 1915, ch. 20, § 1, 38 Stat. 800, formerly credited to this section.