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U.S. CODE
TITLE 25
INDIANS

Version 2010-02-01

Last update 2011-11-18


  • BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
  • OFFICERS OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
  • INDIAN CLAIMS COMMISSION
  • AGREEMENTS WITH INDIANS
    • TREATIES
    • CONTRACTS WITH INDIANS
  • PERFORMANCE BY UNITED STATES OF OBLIGATIONS TO INDIANS
    • PURCHASE OF SUPPLIES
    • DISBURSEMENT OF MONEYS AND SUPPLIES
    • DEPOSIT, CARE, AND INVESTMENT OF INDIAN MONEYS
  • PROTECTION OF INDIANS
  • GOVERNMENT OF INDIAN COUNTRY AND RESERVATIONS
    • GENERALLY
    • TRAFFIC IN INTOXICATING LIQUORS
    • TRADERS WITH INDIANS
  • EDUCATION OF INDIANS
  • PROMOTION OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC WELFARE
  • RIGHTS-OF-WAY THROUGH INDIAN LANDS
  • ALLOTMENT OF INDIAN LANDS
  • DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION; HEIRS OF ALLOTTEE
  • IRRIGATION OF ALLOTTED LANDS
  • LEASE, SALE, OR SURRENDER OF ALLOTTED OR UNALLOTTED LANDS
  • CEDED INDIAN LANDS
  • MISCELLANEOUS
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE
      • Indian Self-Determination
      • Contracts With States
      • Indian Education Assistance
      • Tribal Self-GovernanceDepartment of the Interior
      • Tribal Self-GovernanceIndian Health Service
      • National Fund for Excellence in American Indian Education
    • CONVEYANCE OF SUBMARGINAL LAND
    • PROTECTION OF INDIANS AND CONSERVATION OF RESOURCES
    • INDIANS OF ALASKA
    • REINDEER INDUSTRY
    • INDIANS IN OKLAHOMA: PROMOTION OF WELFARE
    • KLAMATH TRIBE: CAPITAL RESERVE FUND
    • KLAMATH TRIBE: DISPOSITION OF CERTAIN TRIBAL FUNDS
    • KLAMATH TRIBE: PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF ALLOTMENTS; INHERITANCE OF RESTRICTED PROPERTY
    • KLAMATH TRIBE: FEES AND CHARGES
    • KLAMATH TRIBE: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • KLAMATH TRIBE: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • KLAMATH TRIBE: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • SHOSHONE TRIBE: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • CHIPPEWA TRIBE OF MINNESOTA
    • YAKIMA TRIBES
    • SWINOMISH TRIBE
    • SHOSHONE AND ARAPAHO TRIBES OF WYOMING
    • PUEBLO AND CANONCITO NAVAJO INDIANS
    • NAVAJO AND HOPI TRIBES: REHABILITATION
    • NAVAJO AND HOPI TRIBES: SETTLEMENT OF RIGHTS AND INTERESTS
    • HOPI TRIBE: INDUSTRIAL PARK
    • HUALAPAI TRIBE
    • INDIANS OF CALIFORNIA
    • SOUTHERN UTE INDIAN TRIBE OF COLORADO
    • UTE INDIANS OF UTAH
    • UTE INDIANS OF UTAH: DISTRIBUTION OF ASSETS BETWEEN MIXED-BLOOD AND FULL-BLOOD MEMBERS; TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION OVER PROPERTY OF MIXED-BLOOD MEMBERS
    • RED LAKE BAND OF CHIPPEWA INDIANS OF MINNESOTA
    • WESTERN OREGON INDIANS: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • SILETZ INDIAN TRIBE: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • COW CREEK BAND OF UMPQUA TRIBE OF OREGON
    • CONFEDERATED TRIBES OF THE GRAND RONDE COMMUNITY OF OREGON
    • CONFEDERATED TRIBES OF COOS, LOWER UMPQUA, AND SIUSLAW INDIANS: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • COQUILLE INDIAN TRIBE OF OREGON: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • ALABAMA AND COUSHATTA INDIANS OF TEXAS: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • ALABAMA AND COUSHATTA INDIAN TRIBES OF TEXAS: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • PAIUTE INDIANS OF UTAH: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • PAIUTE INDIANS OF UTAH: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • INDIAN TRIBES OF OREGON
    • CREEK NATION OF INDIANS
    • WYANDOTTE TRIBE OF OKLAHOMA: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • PEORIA TRIBE OF OKLAHOMA: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • OTTAWA TRIBE OF OKLAHOMA: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • WYANDOTTE, PEORIA, OTTAWA, AND MODOC TRIBES OF OKLAHOMA: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • OTOE AND MISSOURIA INDIANS
    • INDIANS OF OKLAHOMA
    • MENOMINEE TRIBE OF WISCONSIN: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • MENOMINEE TRIBE OF WISCONSIN: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • QUAPAW TRIBE: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • CATAWBA TRIBE OF SOUTH CAROLINA: DIVISION OF ASSETS
    • CATAWBA INDIAN TRIBE OF SOUTH CAROLINA; RESTORATION OF FEDERAL TRUST RELATIONSHIP
    • AGUA CALIENTE RESERVATION OF CALIFORNIA: EQUALIZATION OF ALLOTMENTS
    • OMAHA TRIBE: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • PONCA TRIBE OF NEBRASKA: TERMINATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • PONCA TRIBE OF NEBRASKA: RESTORATION OF RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES
    • CHEROKEE NATION: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • SNAKE OR PAIUTE INDIANS OF OREGON: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • SHAWNEE TRIBE OR NATION: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • SHAWNEE TRIBE STATUS
    • TILLAMOOK AND NEHALEM BANDS OF THE TILLAMOOK INDIANS: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • CONFEDERATED TRIBES OF THE COLVILLE RESERVATION: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • QUILEUTE AND HOH TRIBES OF WASHINGTON: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • NOOKSACK TRIBE OF WASHINGTON: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • MIAMI INDIANS OF INDIANA AND OKLAHOMA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • DUWAMISH TRIBE OF WASHINGTON: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • EMIGRANT NEW YORK INDIANS: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • UPPER AND LOWER CHEHALIS TRIBES: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • CHEYENNE-ARAPAHO INDIANS OF OKLAHOMA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • IOWA TRIBES OF KANSAS AND NEBRASKA AND OF OKLAHOMA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • DELAWARE NATION OF INDIANS
    • CONFEDERATED
    • SIOUX TRIBE OF MONTANA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • TLINGIT AND HAIDA INDIANS OF ALASKA
    • CONFEDERATED TRIBES OF WEAS, PIANKASHAWS, PEORIAS, AND KASKASKIAS: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • CHEMEHUEVI TRIBE: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • PEMBINA BAND OF CHIPPEWA INDIANS: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • CONFEDERATED SALISH AND KOOTENAI TRIBES OF THE FLATHEAD RESERVATION, MONTANA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • BLACKFEET AND GROS VENTRE TRIBES: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • JICARILLA APACHE TRIBE: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • HAVASUPAI TRIBE OF ARIZONA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • DELAWARE TRIBE AND ABSENTEE DELAWARE TRIBE OF WESTERN OKLAHOMA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • YAVAPAI APACHE TRIBE OF ARIZONA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • KICKAPOO INDIANS OF KANSAS AND OKLAHOMA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • TEXAS BAND OF KICKAPOO INDIANS
    • YANKTON SIOUX TRIBE: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • MISSISSIPPI SIOUX TRIBES: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
      • 1972 Distribution Authority
      • 1998 Distribution Authority
    • ASSINIBOINE TRIBES OF MONTANA: DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUND
    • PASCUA YAQUI TRIBE
    • YSLETA DEL SUR PUEBLO: RESTORATION OF FEDERAL SUPERVISION
    • LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS
    • HOOPA-YUROK SETTLEMENT
    • POKAGON BAND OF POTAWATOMI INDIANS
    • LITTLE TRAVERSE BAY BANDS OF ODAWA INDIANS; LITTLE RIVER BAND OF OTTAWA INDIANS
    • AUBURN INDIAN RESTORATION
    • PASKENTA BAND OF NOMLAKI INDIANS OF CALIFORNIA
    • GRATON RANCHERIA RESTORATION
  • CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF INDIANS
    • GENERALLY
    • MODEL CODE GOVERNING COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES
    • JURISDICTION OVER CRIMINAL AND CIVIL ACTIONS
    • EMPLOYMENT OF LEGAL COUNSEL
    • MATERIALS AND PUBLICATIONS
  • DISTRIBUTION OF JUDGMENT FUNDS
  • FINANCING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF INDIANS AND INDIAN ORGANIZATIONS
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • INDIAN REVOLVING LOAN FUND
    • LOAN GUARANTY AND INSURANCE
    • INTEREST SUBSIDIES AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
    • INDIAN BUSINESS GRANTS
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  • INDIAN HEALTH CARE
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • INDIAN HEALTH PROFESSIONAL PERSONNEL
    • HEALTH SERVICES
    • HEALTH FACILITIES
    • ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES
    • HEALTH SERVICES FOR URBAN INDIANS
    • ORGANIZATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS
    • SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • INDIAN LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENTS
    • RHODE ISLAND INDIAN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
      • General Provisions
      • Tax Treatment
    • MAINE INDIAN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • FLORIDA INDIAN LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
      • Florida Indian Land Claims Settlement Act of 1982
      • Miccosukee Settlement
    • CONNECTICUT INDIAN LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • MASSACHUSETTS INDIAN LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • FLORIDA INDIAN LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • WASHINGTON INDIAN LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • SENECA NATION LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • MOHEGAN NATION LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • CROW LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • SANTO DOMINGO PUEBLO LAND CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • TORRES-MARTINEZ DESERT CAHUILLA INDIANS CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • CHEROKEE, CHOCTAW, AND CHICKASAW NATIONS CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
    • PUEBLO DE SAN ILDEFONSO CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
  • TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES ASSISTANCE
    • TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COLLEGES OR UNIVERSITIES GRANT PROGRAM
    • TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENT PROGRAM
    • TRIBAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
    • TRIBALLY CONTROLLED POSTSECONDARY CAREER AND TECHNICAL INSTITUTIONS
  • INDIAN CHILD WELFARE
    • CHILD CUSTODY PROCEEDINGS
    • INDIAN CHILD AND FAMILY PROGRAMS
    • RECORDKEEPING, INFORMATION AVAILABILITY, AND TIMETABLES
    • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  • BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS PROGRAMS
  • DEVELOPMENT OF TRIBAL MINERAL RESOURCES
  • INDIAN LAND CONSOLIDATION
  • OLD AGE ASSISTANCE CLAIMS SETTLEMENT
  • INDIAN ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • COORDINATION OF RESOURCES AND PROGRAMS
    • INDIAN YOUTH PROGRAMS
    • LAW ENFORCEMENT AND JUDICIAL SERVICES
    • BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS LAW ENFORCEMENT
    • INDIAN ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION
  • TRIBALLY CONTROLLED SCHOOL GRANTS
  • INDIAN EDUCATION PROGRAM
    • FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES FOR THE EDUCATION OF INDIAN CHILDREN
    • SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS TO IMPROVE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN CHILDREN
    • SPECIAL PROGRAMS RELATING TO ADULT EDUCATION FOR INDIANS
    • PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • INDIAN GAMING REGULATION
  • INDIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT REFORM
  • NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGES
  • NATIVE AMERICAN GRAVES PROTECTION AND REPATRIATION
  • CULTURAL AND HERITAGE COOPERATION AUTHORITY
  • NATIONAL INDIAN FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
  • INDIAN CHILD PROTECTION AND FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION
  • INDIAN HIGHER EDUCATION PROGRAMS
    • HIGHER EDUCATION TRIBAL GRANT AUTHORIZATION
    • CRITICAL NEEDS FOR TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT
    • TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT STUDENT ASSISTANCE REVOLVING LOAN PROGRAM
    • AMERICAN INDIAN POST-SECONDARY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SCHOLARSHIP
    • AMERICAN INDIAN TEACHER TRAINING
  • INDIAN EMPLOYMENT, TRAINING AND RELATED SERVICES
  • INDIAN ENERGY
  • INDIAN TRIBAL JUSTICE SUPPORT
    • TRIBAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS
    • AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS
    • DISCLAIMERS
  • INDIAN TRIBAL JUSTICE TECHNICAL AND LEGAL ASSISTANCE
    • TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, CIVIL AND CRIMINAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS
    • INDIAN TRIBAL COURTS
  • AMERICAN INDIAN AGRICULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
    • RANGELAND AND FARMLAND ENHANCEMENT
    • EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURE MANAGEMENT
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
  • INDIAN DAMS SAFETY
  • INDIAN LANDS OPEN DUMP CLEANUP
  • AMERICAN INDIAN TRUST FUND MANAGEMENT REFORM
    • RECOGNITION OF TRUST RESPONSIBILITY
    • INDIAN TRUST FUND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
    • SPECIAL TRUSTEE FOR AMERICAN INDIANS
    • AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
  • NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ASSISTANCE AND SELF-DETERMINATION
    • BLOCK GRANTS AND GRANT REQUIREMENTS
    • AFFORDABLE HOUSING ACTIVITIES
      • General Block Grant Program
      • Self-Determined Housing Activities for Tribal Communities
    • ALLOCATION OF GRANT AMOUNTS
    • COMPLIANCE, AUDITS, AND REPORTS
    • TERMINATION OF ASSISTANCE FOR INDIAN TRIBES UNDER INCORPORATED PROGRAMS
    • FEDERAL GUARANTEES FOR FINANCING FOR TRIBAL HOUSING ACTIVITIES
    • OTHER HOUSING ASSISTANCE FOR NATIVE AMERICANS
    • HOUSING ASSISTANCE FOR NATIVE HAWAIIANS
  • NATIVE AMERICAN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT, TRADE PROMOTION, AND TOURISM
  • Version 2010-02-01

CHAPTER 1

BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS

Commissioner of Indian Affairs

There shall be in the Department of the Interior a Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.



Delegation of powers and duties by Secretary of the Interior and Commissioner of Indian Affairs

For the purpose of facilitating and simplifying the administration of the laws governing Indian affairs, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to delegate, from time to time, and to the extent and under such regulations as he deems proper, his powers and duties under said laws to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, insofar as such powers and duties relate to action in individual cases arising under general regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to law. Subject to the supervision and direction of the Secretary, the Commissioner is authorized to delegate, in like manner, any powers and duties so delegated to him by the Secretary, or vested in him by law, to the assistant commissioners, or the officer in charge of any branch, division, office, or agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, insofar as such powers and duties relate to action in individual cases arising under general regulations promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior or the Commissioner of Indian Affairs pursuant to law. Such delegated powers shall be exercised subject to appeal to the Secretary, under regulations to be prescribed by him, or, as from time to time determined by him, to the Deputy Secretary or to an Assistant Secretary of the Department of the Interior, or to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. The Secretary or the Commissioner, as the case may be, may at any time revoke the whole or any part of a delegation made pursuant to this section, but no such revocation shall be given retroactive effect. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to abrogate or curtail any authority to make delegations conferred by any other provision of law, nor shall anything in this section be deemed to convey authority to delegate any power to issue regulations.



Duties of Commissioner

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, and agreeably to such regulations as the President may prescribe, have the management of all Indian affairs and of all matters arising out of Indian relations.



Assistant or deputy commissioners; appointment; powers and duties

Assistant or deputy commissioners of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, in the Department of the Interior, shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, subject to the civil-service laws and chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5. Appointments to these positions shall be considered as made under the authority of section 3101 of title 5. Assistant and deputy commissioners so appointed shall be authorized to sign such letters, papers, and documents and to perform such other duties as may be directed by the commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Secretary may designate for the Bureau of Indian Affairs an assistant or deputy commissioner, who shall be authorized to perform the duties of the commissioner in case of the death, resignation, absence, or sickness of the commissioner.



Compilation of statutes regulating duties of Indian agents and inspectors

It shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to cause to be compiled and printed for the use of Indian agents and inspectors the provisions of the statutes regulating the performance of their respective duties, and also to furnish said officers from time to time information of new enactments upon the same subject.



Defective record of deeds and papers legalized

The recording of all deeds and papers prior to July 26, 1892, in the office of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs is confirmed, approved, and legalized; and said record theretofore made shall be deemed, taken, and held to be good and valid and shall have all the force and effect and be entitled to the same credit as if it had been made in pursuance of and in conformity to law. But shall have no effect whatever upon the validity or invalidity of the deed or paper so recorded, and shall be no evidence of constructive notice to any persons not actually knowing the contents.



Record of deeds by Indians requiring approval

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs is hereby empowered and directed to continue to make and keep a record of every deed executed by any Indian, his heirs, representatives, or assigns, which may require the approval of the President of the United States or of the Secretary of the Interior, whenever such approval shall have been given, and the deed so approved returned to said office.



Seal; authenticated and certified documents; evidence

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs shall cause a seal to be made and provided for the said office, with such device as the President of the United States shall approve, and copies of any public documents, records, books, maps, or papers belonging to or on the files of said office, authenticated by the seal and certified by the Commissioner thereof, or by such officer as may, for the time being, be acting as or for such Commissioner, shall be evidence equally with the originals thereof.



Fees for furnishing certified copies of records

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs shall have the custody of said seal, and shall furnish certified copies of any such records, books, maps, or papers belonging to or on the files of said office, to any person applying therefor who shall comply with the requirements of said office, upon the payment by such parties at the rate of 10 cents per hundred words, and $1 for copies of maps or plats, and the additional sum of 25 cents for the Commissioner's certificate of verification, with the seal of said office; and one of the employees of said office shall be designated by the Commissioner as the receiving clerk, and the amounts so received shall, under the direction of the Commissioner, be paid into the Treasury of the United States; but fees shall not be demanded for such authenticated copies as may be required by the officers of any branch of the Government or by any Indian who shall satisfy the Commissioner by satisfactory legal evidence that he or she is not able, by reason of poverty, to pay such fees, nor for such unverified copies as the Commissioner in his discretion may deem proper to furnish.



Accounts for claims and disbursements

All accounts and vouchers for claims and disbursements connected with Indian affairs shall be transmitted to the Commissioner for administrative examination, and by him passed to the Government Accountability Office for settlement.



Regulations by President

The President may prescribe such regulations as he may think fit for carrying into effect the various provisions of any act relating to Indian affairs, and for the settlement of the accounts of Indian affairs.



Employee to sign letters

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, may designate an employee of the Indian Office to sign letters of that office requiring the signature of the commissioner or assistant commissioner, and all signatures of such employee while acting under such designation shall have the same force and effect as if made by said commissioner or assistant commissioner.



Employee or employees to sign approval of tribal deeds

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to designate an employee or employees of the Department of the Interior to sign, under the direction of the Secretary, in his name and for him, his approval of tribal deeds to allottees, to purchasers of town lots, to purchasers of unallotted lands, to persons, corporations, or organizations for lands reserved to them under the law for their use and benefit, and to any tribal deeds made and executed according to law for any of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians in Oklahoma.



Agent to negotiate commutation of annuities

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs is authorized to send a special Indian Agent, or other representative of his office, to visit any Indian tribe for the purpose of negotiating and entering into a written agreement with such tribe for the commutation of the perpetual annuities due under treaty stipulations, to be subject to the approval of Congress; and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs shall transmit to Congress said agreements with such recommendations as he may deem proper.