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U.S. CODE
TITLE 30
MINERAL LANDS AND MINING

Version 2010-02-011

Last update 2011-11-19


  • UNITED STATES BUREAU OF MINES
  • MINERAL LANDS AND REGULATIONS IN GENERAL
  • LANDS CONTAINING COAL, OIL, GAS, SALTS, ASPHALTIC MATERIALS, SODIUM, SULPHUR, AND BUILDING STONE
    • COAL LAND ENTRIES IN GENERAL
    • COAL LAND ENTRIES UNDER NONMINERAL LAND LAWS WITH RESERVATION OF COAL TO UNITED STATES
    • PETROLEUM, OTHER MINERAL OIL, OR GAS LAND ENTRIES UNDER MINING LAWS
    • HOMESTEAD ENTRY OF LANDS IN UTAH, WITHDRAWN OR CLASSIFIED AS OIL LANDS
    • AGRICULTURAL ENTRY OF LANDS WITHDRAWN OR CLASSIFIED AS CONTAINING PHOSPHATE, NITRATE, POTASH, OIL, GAS, ASPHALTIC MINERALS, SODIUM, OR SULPHUR
    • LOCATION OF PHOSPHATE ROCK LANDS UNDER PLACER-MINING LAWS
    • PERMITS TO PROSPECT FOR CHLORIDES, SULPHATES, CARBONATES, BORATES, SILICATES, OR NITRATES OF POTASSIUM
    • BUILDING STONE OR SALINE LAND ENTRIES UNDER PLACER-MINING LAWS
    • DISPOSAL OF ALABAMA LANDS AS AGRICULTURAL LANDS
  • LEASES AND PROSPECTING PERMITS
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • COAL
    • PHOSPHATES
    • OIL AND GAS
    • OIL SHALE
    • ALASKA OIL PROVISO
    • SODIUM
    • SULPHUR
    • POTASH
  • LEASE OF GOLD, SILVER, OR QUICKSILVER DEPOSITS WHEN TITLE CONFIRMED BY COURT OF PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS
  • LEASE OF OIL AND GAS DEPOSITS IN OR UNDER RAILROADS AND OTHER RIGHTS-OF-WAY
  • SYNTHETIC LIQUID FUEL DEMONSTRATION PLANTS
  • LEASE OF MINERAL DEPOSITS WITHIN ACQUIRED LANDS
  • DEVELOPMENT OF LIGNITE COAL RESOURCES
  • RARE AND PRECIOUS METALS EXPERIMENT STATION
  • COAL MINE SAFETY
  • MINING CLAIMS ON LANDS SUBJECT TO MINERAL LEASING LAWS
  • MULTIPLE MINERAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SAME TRACTS
  • ENTRY AND LOCATION ON COAL LANDS ON DISCOVERY OF SOURCE MATERIAL
  • CONTROL OF COAL-MINE FIRES
  • ANTHRACITE MINE DRAINAGE AND FLOOD CONTROL
  • SURFACE RESOURCES
    • DISPOSAL OF MATERIALS ON PUBLIC LANDS
    • MINING LOCATIONS
  • MINERAL DEVELOPMENT OF LANDS WITHDRAWN FOR POWER DEVELOPMENT
  • EXPLORATION PROGRAM FOR DISCOVERY OF MINERALS
  • COAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
  • LEAD AND ZINC STABILIZATION PROGRAM
  • CONVEYANCES TO OCCUPANTS OF UNPATENTED MINING CLAIMS
  • METAL AND NONMETALLIC MINE SAFETY
  • MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH
    • GENERAL
    • INTERIM MANDATORY HEALTH STANDARDS
    • INTERIM MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS FOR UNDERGROUND COAL MINES
    • BLACK LUNG BENEFITS
      • General Provisions
      • Claims for Benefits Filed on or Before December 31, 1973
      • Claims for Benefits After December 31, 1973
    • ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
  • GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES
  • GEOTHERMAL ENERGY RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION
    • GEOTHERMAL ENERGY COORDINATION AND MANAGEMENT PROJECT
    • LOAN GUARANTIES
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
  • SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
    • STATEMENT OF FINDINGS AND POLICY
    • OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
    • STATE MINING AND MINERAL RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTES
    • ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATIONS
    • CONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING
    • DESIGNATION OF LANDS UNSUITABLE FOR NONCOAL MINING
    • ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
    • ENERGY RESOURCE GRADUATE FELLOWSHIPS
  • DEEP SEABED HARD MINERAL RESOURCES
    • REGULATION OF EXPLORATION AND COMMERCIAL RECOVERY BY UNITED STATES CITIZENS
    • TRANSITION TO INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT
    • ENFORCEMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
  • GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
    • PROJECT LOANS
    • STUDY, ESTABLISHMENT, AND IMPLEMENTATION OF INSURANCE PROGRAM
    • ESTABLISHMENT OF ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
    • FEDERAL FACILITIES
  • MATERIALS AND MINERALS POLICY, RESEARCH, AND DEVELOPMENT
  • OIL AND GAS ROYALTY MANAGEMENT
    • FEDERAL ROYALTY MANAGEMENT AND ENFORCEMENT
    • STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
  • NATIONAL CRITICAL MATERIALS COUNCIL
  • MARINE MINERAL RESOURCES RESEARCH
  • METHANE HYDRATE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
  • Version 2010-02-01

CHAPTER 1

UNITED STATES BUREAU OF MINES

United States Bureau of Mines; establishment; director; experts and other employees

There is hereby established in the Department of the Interior a bureau of mining, metallurgy, and mineral technology, to be designated the United States Bureau of Mines, and there shall be a director of said bureau, who shall be thoroughly equipped for the duties of said office by technical education and experience and who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and there shall also be in the said bureau such experts and other employees, to be appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, as may be required to carry out the purposes of sections 1, 3, and 5 to 7 of this title in accordance with the appropriations made from time to time by Congress for such purposes.



Transfer of activities, employees, records, etc., from Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce to the United States Bureau of Mines

There is hereby transferred from the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, to the Department of the Interior, United States Bureau of Mines, all those activities of the Minerals Division of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce concerned with economic and statistical analyses of mineral commodities, domestic and foreign, together with all employees, records, files, equipment, publications, and funds pertaining thereto, effective immediately.



Performance of duties in absence of director

On and after July 1, 1916, in the absence of the Director of the United States Bureau of Mines the assistant director of said bureau shall perform the duties of the director during the latter's absence, and in the absence of the Director and of the Assistant Director of the United States Bureau of Mines the Secretary of the Interior may designate some officer of said bureau to perform the duties of the director during his absence.



Duties of United States Bureau of Mines

It shall be the province and duty of the United States Bureau of Mines, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, to conduct inquiries and scientific and technologic investigations concerning mining, and the preparation, treatment, and utilization of mineral substances with a view to improving health conditions, and increasing safety, efficiency, economic development, and conserving resources through the prevention of waste in the mining, quarrying, metallurgical, and other mineral industries; to inquire into the economic conditions affecting these industries; to investigate explosives and peat; and on behalf of the Government to investigate the mineral fuels and unfinished mineral products belonging to, or for the use of, the United States, with a view to their most efficient mining, preparation, treatment, and use; and to disseminate information concerning these subjects in such manner as will best carry out the purposes of the provisions of sections 1, 3, and 5 to 7 of this title.



Investigation of lignite coal and peat

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and directed to make experiments and investigations, through the United States Bureau of Mines, of lignite coals and peat, to determine the commercial and economic practicability of their utilization in producing fuel oil, gasoline substitutes, ammonia, tar, solid fuels, gas for power, and other purposes. The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and directed subject to applicable regulations under the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, to sell or otherwise dispose of any property, plant, or machinery purchased or acquired under the provisions of this section, as soon as the experiments and investigations authorized have been concluded, and report the results of such experiments and investigations to Congress.

Omitted





Cooperation with individuals, municipalities, etc.; contracts with owners; agreements as to prices

The Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce jointly are hereby authorized, within their discretion, to cooperate under formal agreement with individuals, associations, corporations, States, and municipalities, educational institutions, or other bodies, for the purposes of this section: Provided, That before undertaking drilling operations upon any tract or tracts of land, the mineral deposits of which are not the property of the United States, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce jointly shall enter into a contract or contracts with the owners or lessees, or both, of the mineral rights therein, and the aforesaid contract or contracts shall provide, among other things, that, if deposits of potash minerals or oil shall be discovered in pursuance of operations under said contract or contracts and if and when said mineral deposits shall be mined and sold, the owners or lessees, or both, of said mineral rights shall pay to the Government and its cooperators a royalty of not less than 21/2 per centum of the sale value of any potash minerals and oil therefrom, said payments to continue until such time as the total amount derived from said royalty is equal to not more than the cost of the exploration, as may be determined by the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce jointly: Provided further, That all Federal claims for reimbursement under this section shall automatically expire twenty years from the date of approval of the contracts entered into, in accordance with the provisions thereof, unless sooner terminated by agreement between the owners or lessees of the potash mineral rights and oil and the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce jointly: Provided further, That said contract or contracts shall not restrict the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce jointly in the choice of drilling locations within the property or in the conduct of the exploratory operations, so long as such selection or conduct do not interfere unreasonably with the surface of the land or with the improvements thereof, and said contract or contracts shall provide that the United States shall not be liable for damages on account of such reasonable use of the surface as may be necessary in the proper conduct of the work.



Investigation of sub-bituminous and lignite coal

The United States Bureau of Mines, under the general direction of the Secretary of the Interior, is authorized to conduct investigations, studies, and experiments on its own initiative and in cooperation with individuals, State institutions, laboratories, and other organizations, with a view to

(1) the development of a commercially practicable carbonization method of processing sub-bituminous and lignite coal so as to convert such coal into an all-purpose fuel, to provide fertilizers, and obtain such other byproducts thereof as may be commercially valuable;

(2) the development of efficient methods, equipment, and devices for burning lignite or char therefrom; and

(3) determining and developing methods for more efficient utilization of such sub-bituminous and lignite coal for purposes of generating electric power.



Plants, machinery, and equipment

The United States Bureau of Mines is further authorized, under the general direction of the Secretary of the Interior, to erect such plants, construct and purchase such machinery and equipment, and to take such other steps as it may deem necessary and proper to effectuate the purposes of section 4c of this title.



Omitted





Transferred





Reports of investigations

The Director of the United States Bureau of Mines shall prepare and publish, subject to the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, under the appropriations made from time to time by Congress, reports of inquiries and investigations, with appropriate recommendations of the bureau, concerning the nature, causes, and prevention of accidents, and the improvement of conditions, methods, and equipment, with special reference to health, safety, and prevention of waste in the mining, quarrying, metallurgical, and other mineral industries; the use of explosives and electricity, safety methods and appliances, and rescue and first-aid work in said industries; the causes and prevention of mine fires; and other subjects included under the provisions of sections 1, 3, and 5 to 7 of this title.



Personal interest of director and members of Bureau in mines

In conducting inquiries and investigations authorized under sections 1, 3, and 5 to 7 of this title neither the director nor any member of the United States Bureau of Mines shall have any personal or private interest in any mine or the products of any mine under investigation, or shall accept employment from any private party for services in the examination of any mine or private mineral property, or issue any report as to the valuation or the management of any mine or other private mineral property. Nothing herein shall be construed as preventing the temporary employment by the United States Bureau of Mines, at a compensation not to exceed $10 per day, in a consulting capacity or in the investigation of special subjects, of any engineer or other expert whose principal professional practice is outside of such employment by said bureau.



Fees for tests or investigations

For tests or investigations authorized by the Secretary of the Interior under the provisions of sections 1, 3, and 5 to 7 of this title, except those performed for the Government of the United States or State governments within the United States, a fee sufficient in each case to compensate the United States Bureau of Mines for the entire cost of the services rendered shall be charged, according to a schedule prepared by the Director of the United States Bureau of Mines and approved by the Secretary of the Interior, who shall prescribe rules and regulations under which such tests and investigations may be made. All moneys received from such sources shall be paid into the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous receipts.