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U.S. CODE
TITLE 31
MONEY AND FINANCE

Version 2010-02-01

Last update 2011-11-19


  • GENERAL
    • DEFINITIONS
    • DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
      • ORGANIZATION
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
    • OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET
      • ORGANIZATION
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
    • GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE
      • DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL ORGANIZATION
      • GENERAL DUTIES AND POWERS
      • PERSONNEL
      • PERSONNEL APPEALS BOARD
      • ANNUITIES
      • PROPERTY MANAGEMENT
    • AGENCY CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICERS
  • THE BUDGET PROCESS
    • THE BUDGET AND FISCAL, BUDGET, AND PROGRAM INFORMATION
    • APPROPRIATIONS
      • GENERAL
      • TRUST FUNDS AND REFUNDS
      • LIMITATIONS, EXCEPTIONS, AND PENALTIES
    • APPROPRIATION ACCOUNTING
      • GENERAL
      • APPORTIONMENT
      • TRANSFERS AND REIMBURSEMENTS
      • CLOSING ACCOUNTS
  • FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
    • PUBLIC DEBT
      • BORROWING AUTHORITY
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
    • DEPOSITING, KEEPING, AND PAYING MONEY
      • DEPOSITS AND DEPOSITARIES
      • PAYMENTS
      • MISCELLANEOUS
    • ACCOUNTING AND COLLECTION
      • GENERAL
      • ACCOUNTING REQUIREMENTS, SYSTEMS, AND INFORMATION
      • AUDITING AND SETTLING ACCOUNTS
      • COLLECTION
      • PROCUREMENT PROTEST SYSTEM
      • RECOVERY AUDITS
    • CLAIMS
      • GENERAL
      • CLAIMS OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
      • CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
    • ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FALSE CLAIMS AND STATEMENTS
    • PROMPT PAYMENT
  • MONEY
    • COINS AND CURRENCY
      • MONETARY SYSTEM
      • GENERAL AUTHORITY
      • UNITED STATES MINT
      • BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING
      • MISCELLANEOUS
    • MONETARY TRANSACTIONS
      • CREDIT AND MONETARY EXPANSION
      • RECORDS AND REPORTS ON MONETARY INSTRUMENTS TRANSACTIONS
      • MONEY LAUNDERING AND RELATED FINANCIAL CRIMES
        • National Money Laundering and Related Financial Crimes Strategy
        • Financial Crime-Free Communities Support Program
      • PROHIBITION ON FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING
  • GENERAL ASSISTANCE ADMINISTRATION
    • PROGRAM INFORMATION
    • CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL FUNDS REPORT
    • USING PROCUREMENT CONTRACTS AND GRANT AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
    • INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION
    • FEDERAL PAYMENTS
    • PAYMENT FOR ENTITLEMENT LAND
    • JOINT FUNDING SIMPLIFICATION
    • ADMINISTERING BLOCK GRANTS
    • REQUIREMENTS FOR SINGLE AUDITS
    • ACCESS TO INFORMATION FOR DEBT COLLECTION
  • MISCELLANEOUS
    • GOVERNMENT CORPORATIONS
    • SURETIES AND SURETY BONDS
    • GOVERNMENT PENSION PLAN PROTECTION
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • Version 2010-02-01

SUBTITLE I

GENERAL

I - CHAPTER 1

DEFINITIONS

Agency

In this title, "agency" means a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government.



Executive agency

In this title, "executive agency" means a department, agency, or instrumentality in the executive branch of the United States Government.



United States

In this title, "United States", when used in a geographic sense, means the States of the United States and the District of Columbia.



I - CHAPTER 3

DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

I.3 - SUBCHAPTER I

ORGANIZATION

Department of the Treasury

(a) The Department of the Treasury is an executive department of the United States Government at the seat of the Government.

(b) The head of the Department is the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

(c) The Department has a Deputy Secretary of the Treasury appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Deputy Secretary shall carry out—
  • (1) duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary; and

  • (2) the duties and powers of the Secretary when the Secretary is absent or unable to serve or when the office of Secretary is vacant.

(d) The Department has 2 Under Secretaries, an Under Secretary for Enforcement, 2 Deputy Under Secretaries, and a Treasurer of the United States, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Department also has a Fiscal Assistant Secretary appointed by the Secretary. They shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary. The President may designate one Under Secretary as Counselor. When appointing each Deputy Under Secretary, the President may designate the Deputy Under Secretary as an Assistant Secretary.

(e) The Department has 10 Assistant Secretaries appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Assistant Secretaries shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary. The Assistant Secretaries appointed under this subsection are in addition to the Assistant Secretaries appointed under subsection (d) of this section.

(f)
  • (1) The Department has a General Counsel appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The General Counsel is the chief law officer of the Department. Without regard to those provisions of title 5 governing appointment in the competitive service, the Secretary may appoint not more than 5 Assistant General Counsels. The Secretary may designate one of the Assistant General Counsels to act as the General Counsel when the General Counsel is absent or unable to serve or when the office of General Counsel is vacant. The General Counsel and Assistant General Counsels shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

  • (2) The President may appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, an Assistant General Counsel who shall be the Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service. The Chief Counsel is the chief law officer for the Service and shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

(g) The Department shall have a seal.



Treasury of the United States

The United States Government has a Treasury of the United States. The Treasury is in the Department of the Treasury.



Bureau of Engraving and Printing

(a) The Bureau of Engraving and Printing is a bureau in the Department of the Treasury.

(b) The head of the Bureau is the Director of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Director—
  • (1) shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary; and

  • (2) reports directly to the Secretary.





    United States Mint

    (a) The United States Mint is a bureau in the Department of the Treasury.

    (b)
    • (1) The head of the Mint is the Director of the Mint. The Director is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The term of the Director is 5 years. The President may remove the Director from office. On removal, the President shall send a message to the Senate giving the reasons for removal.

    • (2) The Director shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.





      Federal Financing Bank

      The Federal Financing Bank, established under section 4 of the Federal Financing Bank Act of 1973 (12 U.S.C. 2283), is subject to the direction and supervision of the Secretary of the Treasury.



      Fiscal Service

      (a) The Fiscal Service is a service in the Department of the Treasury.

      (b) The head of the Fiscal Service is the Fiscal Assistant Secretary appointed under section 301 (d) of this title.

      (c) The Fiscal Service has a—
      • (1) Bureau of Government Financial Operations, having as its head a Commissioner of Government Financial Operations; and

      • (2) Bureau of the Public Debt, having as its head a Commissioner of the Public Debt.

      (d) The Secretary of the Treasury may designate another officer or employee of the Department to act as the Fiscal Assistant Secretary when the Fiscal Assistant Secretary is absent or unable to serve or when the office of Fiscal Assistant Secretary is vacant.



      Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

      The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, established under section 324 of the Revised Statutes (12 U.S.C. 1), is an office in the Department of the Treasury.



      United States Customs Service

      The United States Customs Service, established under section 1 of the Act of March 3, 1927 (19 U.S.C. 2071), is a service in the Department of the Treasury.