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U.S. CODE
TITLE 40
PUBLIC BUILDINGS, PROPERTY, AND WORKS

Version 2010-02-01

Last update 2011-11-19


  • FEDERAL PROPERTY AND ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
    • GENERAL
      • PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS
      • SCOPE
      • ADMINISTRATIVE AND GENERAL
    • ORGANIZATION OF GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION
      • GENERAL
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
      • FUNDS
    • PROPERTY MANAGEMENT
      • PROCUREMENT AND WAREHOUSING
      • USE OF PROPERTY
      • DISPOSING OF PROPERTY
      • PROCEEDS FROM SALE OR TRANSFER
      • OPERATION OF BUILDINGS AND RELATED ACTIVITIES
      • MOTOR VEHICLE POOLS AND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
    • FOREIGN EXCESS PROPERTY
    • URBAN LAND USE
    • SELECTION OF ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS
    • PUBLIC PROPERTY
  • PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND WORKS
    • GENERAL
      • GENERAL
        • OVERSIGHT AND REGULATION OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS
        • ACQUIRING LAND
        • BONDS
        • WAGE RATE REQUIREMENTS
        • VOLUNTEER SERVICES
        • MISCELLANEOUS
      • ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, AND ALTERATION
      • NON-FEDERAL PUBLIC WORKS
      • CONTRACT WORK HOURS AND SAFETY STANDARDS
    • UNITED STATES CAPITOL
      • UNITED STATES CAPITOL BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS
    • FEDERAL BUILDING COMPLEXES
      • UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT BUILDING AND GROUNDS
        • GENERAL
        • BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS
        • POLICING AUTHORITY
        • PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES
      • SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART, AND JOHN F. KENNEDY CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS
      • THURGOOD MARSHALL FEDERAL JUDICIARY BUILDING
      • PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT
        • TRANSFER AND ASSIGNMENT OF RIGHTS, AUTHORITIES, TITLE, AND INTERESTS
        • PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT
        • FEDERAL TRIANGLE DEVELOPMENT
      • UNION STATION REDEVELOPMENT
        • UNION STATION COMPLEX
        • NATIONAL VISITOR FACILITIES ADVISORY COMMISSION
    • PUBLIC BUILDINGS, GROUNDS, AND PARKS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
        • GENERAL
        • JURISDICTION
        • SERVICES FOR FACILITIES
        • MISCELLANEOUS
      • WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN REGION DEVELOPMENT
      • NATIONAL CAPITAL SERVICE AREA AND DIRECTOR
      • PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION
        • GENERAL
        • PLANNING AGENCIES
        • PLANNING PROCESS
        • ACQUIRING AND DISPOSING OF LAND
      • NATIONAL CAPITAL MEMORIALS AND COMMEMORATIVE WORKS
      • COMMISSION OF FINE ARTS
      • THEODORE ROOSEVELT ISLAND
      • WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT AND OTHER PUBLIC WORKS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
  • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT
    • GENERAL
    • RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACQUISITIONS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
      • DIRECTOR OF OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET
      • EXECUTIVE AGENCIES
      • OTHER RESPONSIBILITIES
    • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION PILOT PROGRAM
      • CONDUCT OF PILOT PROGRAM
      • SPECIFIC PILOT PROGRAM
    • ADDITIONAL INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT MATTERS
  • APPALACHIAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • APPALACHIAN REGIONAL COMMISSION
      • ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
      • FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE
    • SPECIAL APPALACHIAN PROGRAMS
      • PROGRAMS
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • REGIONAL ECONOMIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
    • GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • REGIONAL COMMISSIONS
    • FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE
    • ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
      • GENERAL PROVISIONS
      • DESIGNATION OF REGIONS
      • AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
  • MISCELLANEOUS
    • SAFETY STANDARDS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES
    • GOVERNMENT LOSSES IN SHIPMENT
    • FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE EXPENDITURE CONTROL
    • ALASKA COMMUNICATIONS DISPOSAL
    • ALASKA FEDERAL-CIVILIAN ENERGY EFFICIENCY SWAP
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACCESSIBILITY FOR HEARING-IMPAIRED AND SPEECH-IMPAIRED INDIVIDUALS
    • NATIONAL CAPITAL AREA INTEREST ARBITRATION STANDARDS
  • Version 2010-02-01

SUBTITLE I

FEDERAL PROPERTY AND ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES

I - CHAPTER 1

GENERAL

I.1 - SUBCHAPTER I

PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS

Purpose

The purpose of this subtitle is to provide the Federal Government with an economical and efficient system for the following activities:

(1) Procuring and supplying property and nonpersonal services, and performing related functions including contracting, inspection, storage, issue, setting specifications, identification and classification, transportation and traffic management, establishment of pools or systems for transportation of Government personnel and property by motor vehicle within specific areas, management of public utility services, repairing and converting, establishment of inventory levels, establishment of forms and procedures, and representation before federal and state regulatory bodies.

(2) Using available property.

(3) Disposing of surplus property.

(4) Records management.



Definitions

The following definitions apply in chapters 1 through 7 of this title and in title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.):

(1) Care and handling.— The term "care and handling" includes—
  • (A) completing, repairing, converting, rehabilitating, operating, preserving, protecting, insuring, packing, storing, handling, conserving, and transporting excess and surplus property; and

  • (B) rendering innocuous, or destroying, property that is dangerous to public health or safety.

(2) Contractor inventory.— The term "contractor inventory" means—
  • (A) property, in excess of amounts needed to complete full performance, that is acquired by and in possession of a contractor or subcontractor under a contract pursuant to which title is vested in the Federal Government; and

  • (B) property that the Government is obligated or has the option to take over, under any type of contract, as a result of changes in specifications or plans under the contract, or as a result of termination of the contract (or a subcontract), prior to completion of the work, for the convenience or at the option of the Government.

(3) Excess property.— The term "excess property" means property under the control of a federal agency that the head of the agency determines is not required to meet the agency's needs or responsibilities.

(4) Executive agency.— The term "executive agency" means—
  • (A) an executive department or independent establishment in the executive branch of the Government; and

  • (B) a wholly owned Government corporation.

(5) Federal agency.— The term "federal agency" means an executive agency or an establishment in the legislative or judicial branch of the Government (except the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol, and any activities under the direction of the Architect of the Capitol).

(6) Foreign excess property.— The term "foreign excess property" means excess property that is not located in the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Palau, and the Virgin Islands.

(7) Motor vehicle.— The term "motor vehicle" means any vehicle, self-propelled or drawn by mechanical power, designed and operated principally for highway transportation of property or passengers, excluding—
  • (A) a vehicle designed or used for military field training, combat, or tactical purposes, or used principally within the confines of a regularly established military post, camp, or depot; and

  • (B) a vehicle regularly used by an agency to perform investigative, law enforcement, or intelligence duties, if the head of the agency determines that exclusive control of the vehicle is essential for effective performance of duties.

(8) Nonpersonal services.— The term "nonpersonal services" means contractual services designated by the Administrator of General Services, other than personal and professional services.

(9) Property.— The term "property" means any interest in property except—
  • (A)
    • (i) the public domain;

    • (ii) land reserved or dedicated for national forest or national park purposes;

    • (iii) minerals in land or portions of land withdrawn or reserved from the public domain which the Secretary of the Interior determines are suitable for disposition under the public land mining and mineral leasing laws; and

    • (iv) land withdrawn or reserved from the public domain except land or portions of land so withdrawn or reserved which the Secretary, with the concurrence of the Administrator, determines are not suitable for return to the public domain for disposition under the general public land laws because the lands are substantially changed in character by improvements or otherwise;

  • (B) naval vessels that are battleships, cruisers, aircraft carriers, destroyers, or submarines; and

  • (C) records of the Government.

(10) Surplus property.— The term "surplus property" means excess property that the Administrator determines is not required to meet the needs or responsibilities of all federal agencies.



I.1 - SUBCHAPTER II

SCOPE

Application to Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949

In the following provisions, the words "this subtitle" are deemed to refer also to title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.):

(1) Section 101 of this title.

(2) Section 112 (a) of this title.

(3) Section 113 of this title.

(4) Section 121 (a) of this title.

(5) Section 121 (c)(1) of this title.

(6) Section 121 (c)(2) of this title.

(7) Section 121 (d)(1) and (2) of this title.

(8) Section 121 (e)(1) of this title.

(9) Section 121 (f) of this title.

(10) Section 121 (g) of this title.

(11) Section 122 (a) of this title.

(12) Section 123 (a) of this title.

(13) Section 123 (c) of this title.

(14) Section 124 of this title.

(15) Section 126 of this title.

(16) Section 311 (c) of this title.

(17) Section 313 (a) of this title.

(18) Section 528 of this title.

(19) Section 541 of this title.

(20) Section 549 (e)(3)(H)(i)(II) of this title.

(21) Section 557 of this title.

(22) Section 558 (a) of this title.

(23) Section 559 (f) of this title.

(24) Section 571 (b) of this title.

(25) Section 572 (a)(2)(A) of this title.

(26) Section 572 (b)(4) of this title.



Applicability of certain policies, procedures, and directives in effect on July 1, 1949

(a) In General.— A policy, procedure, or directive described in subsection (b) remains in effect until superseded or amended under this subtitle or other appropriate authority.

(b) Description.— A policy, procedure, or directive referred to in subsection (a) is one that was in effect on July 1, 1949, and that was prescribed by—
  • (1) the Director of the Bureau of Federal Supply or the Secretary of the Treasury and that related to a function transferred to or vested in the Administrator of General Services on June 30, 1949, by the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949;

  • (2) an officer of the Federal Government under authority of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 (ch. 479, 58 Stat. 765) or other authority related to surplus property or foreign excess property;

  • (3) the Federal Works Administrator or the head of a constituent agency of the Federal Works Agency; or

  • (4) the Archivist of the United States or another officer or body whose functions were transferred on June 30, 1949, by title I of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949.





    Limitations

    (a) In General.— Except as otherwise provided in this section, the authority conferred by this subtitle is in addition to any other authority conferred by law and is not subject to any inconsistent provision of law.

    (b) Limitation Regarding the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act.— The authority conferred by this subtitle is subject to the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 401 et seq.).

    (c) Limitation Regarding Certain Government Corporations and Agencies.— Sections 121 (b) and 506 (c) of this title do not apply to a Government corporation or agency that is subject to chapter 91 of title 31.

    (d) Limitation Regarding Congress.— This subtitle does not apply to the Senate or the House of Representatives (including the Architect of the Capitol and any building, activity, or function under the direction of the Architect). However, services and facilities authorized by this subtitle shall, as far as practicable, be made available to the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol on their request. If payment would be required for providing a similar service or facility to an executive agency, payment shall be made by the recipient, on presentation of proper vouchers, in advance or by reimbursement (as may be agreed upon by the Administrator of General Services and the officer or body making the request). The payment may be credited to the applicable appropriation of the executive agency receiving the payment.

    (e) Other Limitations.— Nothing in this subtitle impairs or affects the authority of—
    • (1) the President under the Philippine Property Act of 1946 (22 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.);

    • (2) an executive agency, with respect to any program conducted for purposes of resale, price support, grants to farmers, stabilization, transfer to foreign governments, or foreign aid, relief, or rehabilitation, but the agency carrying out the program shall, to the maximum extent practicable, consistent with the purposes of the program and the effective, efficient conduct of agency business, coordinate its operations with the requirements of this subtitle and with policies and regulations prescribed under this subtitle;

    • (3) an executive agency named in chapter 137 of title 10, and the head of the agency, with respect to the administration of that chapter;

    • (4) the Secretary of Defense with respect to property required for or located in occupied territories;

    • (5) the Secretary of Defense with respect to the administration of section 2535 of title 10;

    • (6) the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force with respect to the administration of the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98 et seq.);

    • (7) the Secretary of State under the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 292 et seq.);

    • (8) the Secretary of Agriculture under—
      • (A) the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);

      • (B) the Farmers Home Administration Act of 1946 (ch. 964, 60 Stat. 1062);

      • (C) section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 612c), with respect to the exportation and domestic consumption of agricultural products;

      • (D) section 201 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1291); or

      • (E) section 203(j) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1622 (j));

    • (9) an official or entity under the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2001 et seq.), with respect to the acquisition or disposal of property;

    • (10) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (or an officer of the Corporation) with respect to the disposal of—
      • (A) residential property; or

      • (B) other property—
        • (i) acquired or held as part of, or in connection with, residential property; or

        • (ii) held in connection with the insurance of mortgages, loans, or savings association accounts under the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1811 et seq.), or any other law;

    • (11) the Tennessee Valley Authority with respect to nonpersonal services, with respect to section 501 (c) of this title, and with respect to property acquired in connection with a program of processing, manufacture, production, or force account construction, but the Authority shall, to the maximum extent it considers practicable, consistent with the purposes of its program and the effective, efficient conduct of its business, coordinate its operations with the requirements of this subtitle and with policies and regulations prescribed under this subtitle;

    • (12) the Secretary of Energy with respect to atomic energy;

    • (13) the Secretary of Transportation or the Secretary of Commerce with respect to the disposal of airport property and airway property (as those terms are defined in section 47301 of title 49) for use as such property;

    • (14) the United States Postal Service;

    • (15) the Maritime Administration with respect to the acquisition, procurement, operation, maintenance, preservation, sale, lease, charter, construction, reconstruction, or reconditioning (including outfitting and equipping incidental to construction, reconstruction, or reconditioning) of a merchant vessel or shipyard, ship site, terminal, pier, dock, warehouse, or other installation necessary or appropriate for carrying out a program of the Administration authorized by law or nonadministrative activities incidental to a program of the Administration authorized by law, but the Administration shall, to the maximum extent it considers practicable, consistent with the purposes of its programs and the effective, efficient conduct of its activities, coordinate its operations with the requirements of this subtitle and with policies and regulations prescribed under this subtitle;

    • (16) the Central Intelligence Agency;

    • (17) the Joint Committee on Printing, under title 44 or any other law;

    • (18) the Secretary of the Interior with respect to procurement for program operations under the Bonneville Project Act of 1937 (16 U.S.C. 832 et seq.);

    • (19) the Secretary of State with respect to the furnishing of facilities in foreign countries and reception centers within the United States; or

    • (20) the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.





      I.1 - SUBCHAPTER III

      ADMINISTRATIVE AND GENERAL

      Administrative

      (a) Policies Prescribed by the President.— The President may prescribe policies and directives that the President considers necessary to carry out this subtitle. The policies must be consistent with this subtitle.

      (b) Accounting Principles and Standards.—
      • (1) Prescription.— The Comptroller General, after considering the needs and requirements of executive agencies, shall prescribe principles and standards of accounting for property.

      • (2) Property accounting systems.— The Comptroller General shall cooperate with the Administrator of General Services and with executive agencies in the development of property accounting systems and approve the systems when they are adequate and in conformity with prescribed principles and standards.

      • (3) Compliance review.— From time to time the Comptroller General shall examine the property accounting systems established by executive agencies to determine the extent of compliance with prescribed principles and standards and approved systems. The Comptroller General shall report to Congress any failure to comply with the principles and standards or to adequately account for property.

      (c) Regulations by Administrator.—
      • (1) General authority.— The Administrator may prescribe regulations to carry out this subtitle.

      • (2) Required regulations and orders.— The Administrator shall prescribe regulations that the Administrator considers necessary to carry out the Administrator's functions under this subtitle and the head of each executive agency shall issue orders and directives that the agency head considers necessary to carry out the regulations.

      (d) Delegation of Authority by Administrator.—
      • (1) In general.— Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Administrator may delegate authority conferred on the Administrator by this subtitle to an official in the General Services Administration or to the head of another federal agency. The Administrator may authorize successive redelegation of authority conferred by this subtitle.

      • (2) Exceptions.— The Administrator may not delegate—
        • (A) the authority to prescribe regulations on matters of policy applying to executive agencies;

        • (B) the authority to transfer functions and related allocated amounts from one component of the Administration to another under paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(A) of subsection (e); or

        • (C) other authority for which delegation is prohibited by this subtitle.

      • (3) Retention and use of rental payments.— A department or agency to which the Administrator has delegated authority to operate, maintain or repair a building or facility under this subsection shall retain the portion of the rental payment that the Administrator determines is available to operate, maintain or repair the building or facility. The department or agency shall directly expend the retained amounts to operate, maintain, or repair the building or facility. Any amounts retained under this paragraph shall remain available until expended for these purposes.

      (e) Assignment of Functions by Administrator.—
      • (1) In general.— The Administrator may provide for the performance of a function assigned under this subtitle by any of the following methods:
        • (A) The Administrator may direct the Administration to perform the function.

        • (B) The Administrator may designate or establish a component of the Administration and direct the component to perform the function.

        • (C) The Administrator may transfer the function from one component of the Administration to another.

        • (D) The Administrator may direct an executive agency to perform the function for itself, with the consent of the agency or by direction of the President.

        • (E) The Administrator may direct one executive agency to perform the function for another executive agency, with the consent of the agencies concerned or by direction of the President.

        • (F) The Administrator may provide for performance of a function by a combination of the methods described in this paragraph.

      • (2) Transfer of resources.—
        • (A) Within administration.— If the Administrator transfers a function from one component of the Administration to another, the Administrator may also provide for the transfer of appropriate allocated amounts from the component that previously carried out the function to the component being directed to carry out the function. A transfer under this subparagraph must be reported to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

        • (B) Between agencies.— If the Administrator transfers a function from one executive agency to another (including a transfer to or from the Administration), the Administrator may also provide for the transfer of appropriate personnel, records, property, and allocated amounts from the executive agency that previously carried out the function to the executive agency being directed to carry out the function. A transfer under this subparagraph is subject to approval by the Director.

      (f) Advisory Committees.— The Administrator may establish advisory committees to provide advice on any function of the Administrator under this subtitle. Members of the advisory committees shall serve without compensation but are entitled to transportation and not more than $25 a day instead of expenses under section 5703 of title 5.

      (g) Consultation With Federal Agencies.— The Administrator shall advise and consult with interested federal agencies and seek their advice and assistance to accomplish the purposes of this subtitle.

      (h) Administering Oaths.— In carrying out investigative duties, an officer or employee of the Administration, if authorized by the Administrator, may administer an oath to an individual.



      Prohibition on sex discrimination

      (a) Prohibition.— With respect to a program or activity carried on or receiving federal assistance under this subtitle, an individual may not be excluded from participation, denied benefits, or otherwise discriminated against based on sex.

      (b) Enforcement.— Subsection (a) shall be enforced through agency provisions and rules similar to those already established with respect to racial and other discrimination under title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.). However, this remedy is not exclusive and does not prejudice or remove any other legal remedies available to an individual alleging discrimination.



      Civil remedies for fraud

      (a) In General.— In connection with the procurement, transfer or disposition of property under this subtitle, a person that uses or causes to be used, or enters into an agreement, combination, or conspiracy to use or cause to be used, a fraudulent trick, scheme, or device for the purpose of obtaining or aiding to obtain, for any person, money, property, or other benefit from the Federal Government—
      • (1) shall pay to the Government an amount equal to the sum of—
        • (A) $2,000 for each act;

        • (B) two times the amount of damages sustained by the Government because of each act; and

        • (C) the cost of suit;

      • (2) if the Government elects, shall pay to the Government, as liquidated damages, an amount equal to two times the consideration that the Government agreed to give to the person, or that the person agreed to give to the Government; or

      • (3) if the Government elects, shall restore to the Government the money or property fraudulently obtained, with the Government retaining as liquidated damages, the money, property, or other consideration given to the Government.

      (b) Additional Remedies and Criminal Penalties.— The civil remedies provided in this section are in addition to all other civil remedies and criminal penalties provided by law.

      (c) Immunity of Government Officials.— An officer or employee of the Government is not liable (except for an individual's own fraud) or accountable for collection of a purchase price that is determined to be uncollectible by the federal agency responsible for property if the property is transferred or disposed of in accordance with this subtitle and with regulations prescribed under this subtitle.

      (d) Jurisdiction and Venue.—
      • (1) Definition.— In this subsection, the term "district court" means a district court of the United States or a district court of a territory or possession of the United States.

      • (2) In general.— A district court has original jurisdiction of an action arising under this section, and venue is proper, if at least one defendant resides or may be found in the court's judicial district. Jurisdiction and venue are determined without regard to the place where acts were committed.

      • (3) Additional defendant outside judicial district.— A defendant that does not reside and may not be found in the court's judicial district may be brought in by order of the court, to be served personally, by publication, or in another reasonable manner directed by the court.





        Agency use of amounts for property management

        Amounts appropriated, allocated, or available to a federal agency for purposes similar to the purposes in section 121 of this title or subchapter I (except section 506), II, or III of chapter 5 of this title may be used by the agency for the disposition of property under this subtitle, and for the care and handling of property pending the disposition, if the Director of the Office of Management and Budget authorizes the use.



        Library memberships

        Amounts appropriated may be used, when authorized by the Administrator of General Services, for payment in advance for library memberships in societies whose publications are available to members only, or to members at a lower price than that charged to the general public.