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U.S. CODE
TITLE 46
SHIPPING

Version 2011-01-07

Last update 2011-12-19


  • General
    • DEFINITIONS
    • FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION
    • OTHER GENERAL PROVISIONS
  • Vessels and Seamen
    • General Provisions
      • GENERAL
      • OPERATION OF VESSELS GENERALLY
    • Inspection and Regulation of Vessels
      • GENERAL
      • MANAGEMENT OF VESSELS
      • INSPECTION GENERALLY
      • CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS
      • CARRIAGE OF LIQUID BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES
      • REPEALED
      • UNINSPECTED VESSELS GENERALLY
      • RECREATIONAL VESSELS
      • UNINSPECTED COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY VESSELS
      • ABANDONMENT OF BARGES
    • Load Lines of Vessels
      • LOAD LINES
    • Marine Casualties
      • REPORTING MARINE CASUALTIES
      • INVESTIGATING MARINE CASUALTIES
    • Merchant Seamen Licenses, Certificates, and Documents
      • LICENSES AND CERTIFICATES OF REGISTRY
      • MERCHANT MARINERS DOCUMENTS
      • GENERAL PROCEDURES FOR LICENSING, CERTIFICATION, AND DOCUMENTATION
      • SUSPENSION AND REVOCATION
    • Manning of Vessels
      • GENERAL
      • MASTERS AND OFFICERS
      • PILOTS
      • UNLICENSED PERSONNEL
      • SMALL VESSEL MANNING
      • TANK VESSEL MANNING STANDARDS
      • GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE
    • Merchant Seamen Protection and Relief
      • GENERAL
      • FOREIGN AND INTERCOASTAL VOYAGES
      • COASTWISE VOYAGES
      • FISHING VOYAGES
      • EFFECTS OF DECEASED SEAMEN
      • PROCEEDINGS ON UNSEAWORTHINESS
      • PROTECTION AND RELIEF
      • MERCHANT MARINER BENEFITS
      • OFFICIAL LOGBOOKS
      • OFFENSES AND PENALTIES
    • Identification of Vessels
      • DOCUMENTATION OF VESSELS
        • GENERAL
        • ENDORSEMENTS AND SPECIAL DOCUMENTATION
        • MISCELLANEOUS
        • PENALTIES
      • NUMBERING UNDOCUMENTED VESSELS
      • VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
    • State Boating Safety Programs
      • RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY
    • Measurement of Vessels
      • GENERAL
      • CONVENTION MEASUREMENT
      • REGULATORY MEASUREMENT
        • GENERAL
        • FORMAL SYSTEMS
        • SIMPLIFIED SYSTEM
      • PENALTIES
  • Maritime Liability
    • GENERAL LIABILITY PROVISIONS
    • DEATH ON THE HIGH SEAS
    • EXONERATION AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
    • LIABILITY OF WATER CARRIERS
    • SUITS IN ADMIRALTY AGAINST THE UNITED STATES
    • SUITS INVOLVING PUBLIC VESSELS
    • COMMERCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND MARITIME LIENS
      • GENERAL
      • COMMERCIAL INSTRUMENTS
      • MARITIME LIENS
  • Regulation of Ocean Shipping
    • Ocean Shipping
      • GENERAL
      • AGREEMENTS
      • TARIFFS, SERVICE CONTRACTS, REFUNDS, AND WAIVERS
      • CONTROLLED CARRIERS
      • OCEAN TRANSPORTATION INTERMEDIARIES
      • PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES
      • ENFORCEMENT
    • Actions To Address Foreign Practices
      • REGULATIONS AFFECTING SHIPPING IN FOREIGN TRADE
      • FOREIGN SHIPPING PRACTICES
    • Miscellaneous
      • EVIDENCE OF FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION
  • Merchant Marine
    • General
      • POLICY, STUDIES, AND REPORTS
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
      • OTHER GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • Merchant Marine Service
      • GENERAL
      • UNITED STATES MERCHANT MARINE ACADEMY
      • STATE MARITIME ACADEMY SUPPORT PROGRAM
      • OTHER SUPPORT FOR MERCHANT MARINE TRAINING
      • MERCHANT MARINE AWARDS
      • MISCELLANEOUS
    • Financial Assistance Programs
      • MARITIME SECURITY FLEET
      • CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUNDS
      • CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION FUNDS
      • LOANS AND GUARANTEES
        • GENERAL
        • DEFAULT PROVISIONS
        • PARTICULAR PROJECTS
      • WAR RISK INSURANCE
      • MISCELLANEOUS
    • Promotional Programs
      • COASTWISE TRADE
      • PASSENGER AND CARGO PREFERENCES
        • GENERAL
        • EXPORT TRANSPORTATION OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES
        • AMERICAN GREAT LAKES VESSELS
      • MISCELLANEOUS
      • SHORT SEA TRANSPORTATION
    • Control of Merchant Marine Capabilities
      • RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFERS
      • EMERGENCY ACQUISITION OF VESSELS
      • ESSENTIAL VESSELS AFFECTED BY NEUTRALITY ACT
    • Government-Owned Merchant Vessels
      • GENERAL AUTHORITY
      • VESSEL TRADE-IN PROGRAM
      • CONSTRUCTION, CHARTER, AND SALE OF VESSELS
        • GENERAL
        • CHARTERS
        • MISCELLANEOUS
    • Restrictions and Penalties
      • RESTRICTIONS AND PENALTIES
  • Clearance, Tonnage Taxes, and Duties
    • ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE REQUIREMENTS
    • TONNAGE TAXES AND LIGHT MONEY
    • DISCRIMINATING DUTIES AND RECIPROCAL PRIVILEGES
  • Security and Drug Enforcement
    • PORT SECURITY
    • MARITIME SECURITY
    • MARITIME DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT
  • Miscellaneous
    • WRECKS AND SALVAGE
    • ICE AND DERELICTS
    • SAFE CONTAINERS FOR INTERNATIONAL CARGO

Subtitle I

General

I - CHAPTER 1

DEFINITIONS

Agency

In this title, the term "agency" means a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government.



Barge

In this title, the term "barge" means a non-self-propelled vessel.



Boundary Line

In this title, the term "Boundary Line" means a line established under section 2(b) of the Act of February 19, 1895 (33 U.S.C. 151).

Citizen of the United States

In this title, the term "citizen of the United States", when used in reference to a natural person, means an individual who is a national of the United States as defined in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(22)).



Consular officer

In this title, the term "consular officer" means an officer or employee of the United States Government designated under regulations to issue visas.



Documented vessel

In this title, the term "documented vessel" means a vessel for which a certificate of documentation has been issued under chapter 121 of this title.



Exclusive economic zone

In this title, the term "exclusive economic zone" means the zone established by Presidential Proclamation 5030 of March 10, 1983 (16 U.S.C. 1453 note ).



Fisheries

In this title, the term "fisheries" includes processing, storing, transporting (except in foreign commerce), planting, cultivating, catching, taking, or harvesting fish, shellfish, marine animals, pearls, shells, or marine vegetation in the navigable waters of the United States or in the exclusive economic zone.



Foreign commerce or trade

(a) In General.— In this title, the terms "foreign commerce" and "foreign trade" mean commerce or trade between a place in the United States and a place in a foreign country.

(b) Capital Construction Funds and Construction-Differential Subsidies.— In the context of capital construction funds under chapter 535 of this title, and in the context of construction-differential subsidies under title V of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, the terms "foreign commerce" and "foreign trade" also include, in the case of liquid and dry bulk cargo carrying services, trading between foreign ports in accordance with normal commercial bulk shipping practices in a manner that will permit bulk vessels of the United States to compete freely with foreign bulk vessels in their operation or competition for charters, subject to regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation.



Foreign vessel

In this title, the term "foreign vessel" means a vessel of foreign registry or operated under the authority of a foreign country.



Numbered vessel

In this title, the term "numbered vessel" means a vessel for which a number has been issued under chapter 123 of this title.



State

In this title, the term "State" means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States.



Undocumented

In this title, the term "undocumented" means not having and not required to have a certificate of documentation issued under chapter 121 of this title.