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U.S. CODE
TITLE 49
TRANSPORTATION

Version 2011-01-07

Last update 2011-12-19


  • DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
    • ORGANIZATION
    • GENERAL DUTIES AND POWERS
      • DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
      • MISCELLANEOUS
    • SPECIAL AUTHORITY
      • POWERS
      • PENALTIES
    • SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD
      • ESTABLISHMENT
      • ADMINISTRATIVE
  • OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
    • NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD
      • GENERAL
      • ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATIVE
      • AUTHORITY
      • ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES
  • GENERAL AND INTERMODAL PROGRAMS
    • TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
    • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
    • INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION
      • GENERAL
      • TERMINALS
    • SANITARY FOOD TRANSPORTATION
    • INTERMODAL SAFE CONTAINER TRANSPORTATION
    • ONE-CALL NOTIFICATION PROGRAMS
  • INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION
    • RAIL
      • GENERAL PROVISIONS
      • JURISDICTION
      • RATES
        • GENERAL AUTHORITY
        • SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
        • LIMITATIONS
      • LICENSING
      • OPERATIONS
        • GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
        • CAR SERVICE
        • REPORTS AND RECORDS
        • RAILROAD COST ACCOUNTING
      • FINANCE
        • EQUIPMENT TRUSTS AND SECURITY INTERESTS
        • COMBINATIONS
      • FEDERAL-STATE RELATIONS
      • ENFORCEMENT: INVESTIGATIONS, RIGHTS, AND REMEDIES
      • CIVIL AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES
    • MOTOR CARRIERS, WATER CARRIERS, BROKERS, AND FREIGHT FORWARDERS
      • GENERAL PROVISIONS
      • ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
      • JURISDICTION
        • MOTOR CARRIER TRANSPORTATION
        • WATER CARRIER TRANSPORTATION
        • FREIGHT FORWARDER SERVICE
        • AUTHORITY TO EXEMPT
      • RATES AND THROUGH ROUTES
      • REGISTRATION
      • OPERATIONS OF CARRIERS
        • GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
        • REPORTS AND RECORDS
      • FINANCE
      • FEDERAL-STATE RELATIONS
      • ENFORCEMENT; INVESTIGATIONS; RIGHTS; REMEDIES
      • CIVIL AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES
    • PIPELINE CARRIERS
      • GENERAL PROVISIONS
      • JURISDICTION
      • RATES
      • OPERATIONS OF CARRIERS
        • GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
        • OPERATIONS OF CARRIERS
      • ENFORCEMENT: INVESTIGATIONS, RIGHTS, AND REMEDIES
      • CIVIL AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES
  • RAIL PROGRAMS
    • SAFETY
      • GENERAL
        • GENERAL
        • PARTICULAR ASPECTS OF SAFETY
      • SAFETY APPLIANCES
      • SIGNAL SYSTEMS
      • LOCOMOTIVES
      • ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS
      • HOURS OF SERVICE
      • PENALTIES
        • CIVIL PENALTIES
        • CRIMINAL PENALTIES
    • ASSISTANCE
      • LOCAL RAIL FREIGHT ASSISTANCE
      • CAPITAL GRANTS FOR CLASS II AND CLASS III RAILROADS
      • FEDERAL GRANTS TO STATES FOR HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSING SAFETY
      • STATE RAIL PLANS
    • PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION
      • GENERAL
      • AMTRAK
      • INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL SERVICE CORRIDOR CAPITAL ASSISTANCE
      • REPEALED
      • AMTRAK ROUTE SYSTEM
      • NORTHEAST CORRIDOR IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM
    • HIGH-SPEED RAIL
      • HIGH-SPEED RAIL ASSISTANCE
    • MISCELLANEOUS
      • LAW ENFORCEMENT
      • STANDARD WORK DAY
      • COMMUTER RAIL MEDIATION
  • MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
    • GENERAL
      • MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
        • GENERAL
        • STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE
        • IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT
        • ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE
      • NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER
      • NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM
    • COMMERCIAL
      • COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
        • GENERAL AUTHORITY AND STATE GRANTS
        • LENGTH AND WIDTH LIMITATIONS
        • SAFETY REGULATION
        • MISCELLANEOUS
      • COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATORS
      • MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY
      • PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION PLAN AND INTERNATIONAL FUEL TAX AGREEMENT
    • INFORMATION, STANDARDS, AND REQUIREMENTS
      • GENERAL
      • CONSUMER INFORMATION
      • BUMPER STANDARDS
      • ODOMETERS
      • AUTOMOBILE FUEL ECONOMY
      • THEFT PREVENTION
  • AVIATION PROGRAMS
    • AIR COMMERCE AND SAFETY
      • general
        • GENERAL PROVISIONS
      • economic regulation
        • AIR CARRIER CERTIFICATES
        • FOREIGN AIR TRANSPORTATION
        • PRICING
        • OPERATIONS OF CARRIERS
          • REQUIREMENTS
          • SMALL COMMUNITY AIR SERVICE
          • REGIONAL AIR SERVICE INCENTIVE PROGRAM
        • TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL
        • LABOR-MANAGEMENT PROVISIONS
          • REPEALED
          • MUTUAL AID AGREEMENTS AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS OF AIR CARRIERS
          • WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTION PROGRAM
      • safety
        • REGISTRATION AND RECORDATION OF AIRCRAFT
        • INSURANCE
        • FACILITIES, PERSONNEL, AND RESEARCH
        • SAFETY REGULATION
        • SECURITY
          • REQUIREMENTS
          • ADMINISTRATION AND PERSONNEL
        • ALCOHOL AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES TESTING
        • FEES
      • enforcement and penalties
        • INVESTIGATIONS AND PROCEEDINGS
        • PENALTIES
        • SPECIAL AIRCRAFT JURISDICTION OF THE UNITED STATES
    • AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT AND NOISE
      • AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT
        • AIRPORT IMPROVEMENT
        • SURPLUS PROPERTY FOR PUBLIC AIRPORTS
        • AVIATION DEVELOPMENT STREAMLINING
      • INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT FACILITIES
      • NOISE
        • NOISE ABATEMENT
        • NATIONAL AVIATION NOISE POLICY
    • FINANCING
      • AIRPORT AND AIRWAY TRUST FUND AUTHORIZATIONS
      • ADVANCE APPROPRIATIONS FOR AIRPORT AND AIRWAY TRUST FACILITIES
      • AVIATION SECURITY FUNDING
    • PUBLIC AIRPORTS
      • METROPOLITAN WASHINGTON AIRPORTS
    • MISCELLANEOUS
      • BUY-AMERICAN PREFERENCES
  • PIPELINES
    • SAFETY
    • USER FEES
    • INTERSTATE COMMERCE REGULATION
  • COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION
    • COMMERCIAL SPACE LAUNCH ACTIVITIES
    • SPACE TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE MATCHING GRANTS
  • MISCELLANEOUS
    • BILLS OF LADING
    • CONTRABAND
    • MISCELLANEOUS
  • Version 2011-01-07

SUBTITLE I

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

I - CHAPTER 1

ORGANIZATION

Purpose

(a) The national objectives of general welfare, economic growth and stability, and security of the United States require the development of transportation policies and programs that contribute to providing fast, safe, efficient, and convenient transportation at the lowest cost consistent with those and other national objectives, including the efficient use and conservation of the resources of the United States.

(b) A Department of Transportation is necessary in the public interest and to—
  • (1) ensure the coordinated and effective administration of the transportation programs of the United States Government;

  • (2) make easier the development and improvement of coordinated transportation service to be provided by private enterprise to the greatest extent feasible;

  • (3) encourage cooperation of Federal, State, and local governments, carriers, labor, and other interested persons to achieve transportation objectives;

  • (4) stimulate technological advances in transportation, through research and development or otherwise;

  • (5) provide general leadership in identifying and solving transportation problems; and

  • (6) develop and recommend to the President and Congress transportation policies and programs to achieve transportation objectives considering the needs of the public, users, carriers, industry, labor, and national defense.





    Department of Transportation

    (a) The Department of Transportation is an executive department of the United States Government at the seat of Government.

    (b) The head of the Department is the Secretary of Transportation. The Secretary is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

    (c) The Department has a Deputy Secretary of Transportation appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Deputy Secretary—
    • (1) shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary; and

    • (2) acts for the Secretary when the Secretary is absent or unable to serve or when the office of Secretary is vacant.

    (d) The Department has an Under Secretary of Transportation for Policy appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Under Secretary shall provide leadership in the development of policy for the Department, supervise the policy activities of Assistant Secretaries with primary responsibility for aviation, international, and other transportation policy development and carry out other powers and duties prescribed by the Secretary. The Under Secretary acts for the Secretary when the Secretary and the Deputy Secretary are absent or unable to serve, or when the offices of Secretary and Deputy Secretary are vacant.

    (e) The Department has 4 Assistant Secretaries and a General Counsel appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Department also has an Assistant Secretary of Transportation for Administration appointed in the competitive service by the Secretary, with the approval of the President. They shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary. An Assistant Secretary or the General Counsel, in the order prescribed by the Secretary, acts for the Secretary when the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, and Under Secretary of Transportation for Policy are absent or unable to serve, or when the offices of the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, and Under Secretary of Transportation for Policy are vacant.

    (f) Deputy Assistant Secretary for Tribal Government Affairs.—
    • (1) Establishment.— In accordance with Federal policies promoting Indian self determination, the Department of Transportation shall have, within the office of the Secretary, a Deputy Assistant Secretary for Tribal Government Affairs appointed by the President to plan, coordinate, and implement the Department of Transportation policy and programs serving Indian tribes and tribal organizations and to coordinate tribal transportation programs and activities in all offices and administrations of the Department and to be a participant in any negotiated rulemaking relating to, or having an impact on, projects, programs, or funding associated with the tribal transportation program.

    • (2) Reservation of trust obligations.—
      • (A) Responsibility of secretary.— In carrying out this title, the Secretary shall be responsible to exercise the trust obligations of the United States to Indians and Indian tribes to ensure that the rights of a tribe or individual Indian are protected.

      • (B) Preservation of united states responsibility.— Nothing in this title shall absolve the United States from any responsibility to Indians and Indian tribes, including responsibilities derived from the trust relationship and any treaty, executive order, or agreement between the United States and an Indian tribe.

    (g) Office of Climate Change and Environment.—
    • (1) Establishment.— There is established in the Department an Office of Climate Change and Environment to plan, coordinate, and implement—
      • (A) department-wide research, strategies, and actions under the Department's statutory authority to reduce transportation-related energy use and mitigate the effects of climate change; and

      • (B) department-wide research strategies and actions to address the impacts of climate change on transportation systems and infrastructure.

    • (2) Clearinghouse.— The Office shall establish a clearinghouse of solutions, including cost-effective congestion reduction approaches, to reduce air pollution and transportation-related energy use and mitigate the effects of climate change.

    (h) The Department shall have a seal that shall be judicially recognized.



    Federal Railroad Administration

    (a) In General.— The Federal Railroad Administration is an administration in the Department of Transportation.

    (b) Safety.— To carry out all railroad safety laws of the United States, the Administration is divided on a geographical basis into at least 8 safety offices. The Secretary of Transportation is responsible for all acts taken under those laws and for ensuring that the laws are uniformly administered and enforced among the safety offices.

    (c) Safety as Highest Priority.— In carrying out its duties, the Administration shall consider the assignment and maintenance of safety as the highest priority, recognizing the clear intent, encouragement, and dedication of Congress to the furtherance of the highest degree of safety in railroad transportation.

    (d) Administrator.— The head of the Administration shall be the Administrator who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be an individual with professional experience in railroad safety, hazardous materials safety, or other transportation safety. The Administrator shall report directly to the Secretary of Transportation.

    (e) Deputy Administrator.— The Administration shall have a Deputy Administrator who shall be appointed by the Secretary. The Deputy Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

    (f) Chief Safety Officer.— The Administration shall have an Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety appointed in the career service by the Secretary. The Associate Administrator shall be the Chief Safety Officer of the Administration. The Associate Administrator shall carry out the duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

    (g) Duties and Powers of the Administrator.— The Administrator shall carry out—
    • (1) duties and powers related to railroad safety vested in the Secretary by section 20134 (c) and chapters 203 through 211 of this title, and by chapter 213 of this title for carrying out chapters 203 through 211;

    • (2) the duties and powers related to railroad policy and development under subsection (j); and

    • (3) other duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

    (h) Limitation.— A duty or power specified in subsection (g)(1) may be transferred to another part of the Department of Transportation or another Federal Government entity only when specifically provided by law. A decision of the Administrator in carrying out the duties or powers of the Administration and involving notice and hearing required by law is administratively final.

    (i) Authorities.— Subject to the provisions of subtitle I of title 40 and title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.), the Secretary of Transportation may make, enter into, and perform such contracts, grants, leases, cooperative agreements, and other similar transactions with Federal or other public agencies (including State and local governments) and private organizations and persons, and make such payments, by way of advance or reimbursement, as the Secretary may determine to be necessary or appropriate to carry out functions at the Administration. The authority of the Secretary granted by this subsection shall be carried out by the Administrator. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, no authority to enter into contracts or to make payments under this subsection shall be effective, except as provided for in appropriations Acts.

    (j) Additional Duties of the Administrator.— The Administrator shall—
    • (1) provide assistance to States in developing State rail plans prepared under chapter 227 and review all State rail plans submitted under that section;

    • (2) develop a long-range national rail plan that is consistent with approved State rail plans and the rail needs of the Nation, as determined by the Secretary in order to promote an integrated, cohesive, efficient, and optimized national rail system for the movement of goods and people;

    • (3) develop a preliminary national rail plan within a year after the date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008;

    • (4) develop and enhance partnerships with the freight and passenger railroad industry, States, and the public concerning rail development;

    • (5) support rail intermodal development and high-speed rail development, including high speed rail planning;

    • (6) ensure that programs and initiatives developed under this section benefit the public and work toward achieving regional and national transportation goals; and

    • (7) facilitate and coordinate efforts to assist freight and passenger rail carriers, transit agencies and authorities, municipalities, and States in passenger-freight service integration on shared rights of way by providing neutral assistance at the joint request of affected rail service providers and infrastructure owners relating to operations and capacity analysis, capital requirements, operating costs, and other research and planning related to corridors shared by passenger or commuter rail service and freight rail operations.

    (k) Performance Goals and Reports.—
    • (1) Performance goals.— In conjunction with the objectives established and activities undertaken under subsection (j) of this section, the Administrator shall develop a schedule for achieving specific, measurable performance goals.

    • (2) Resource needs.— The strategy and annual plans shall include estimates of the funds and staff resources needed to accomplish each goal and the additional duties required under subsection (j).

    • (3) Submission with president's budget.— Beginning with fiscal year 2010 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, at the same time as the President's budget submission, the Administration's performance goals and schedule developed under paragraph (1), including an assessment of the progress of the Administration toward achieving its performance goals.

      Federal Highway Administration

      (a) The Federal Highway Administration is an administration in the Department of Transportation.

      (b)
      • (1) The head of the Administration is the Administrator who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Administrator reports directly to the Secretary of Transportation.

      • (2) The Administration has a Deputy Federal Highway Administrator who is appointed by the Secretary, with the approval of the President. The Deputy Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

      • (3) The Administration has an Assistant Federal Highway Administrator appointed in the competitive service by the Secretary, with the approval of the President. The Assistant Administrator is the chief engineer of the Administration. The Assistant Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

      (c) The Administrator shall carry out—
      • (1) duties and powers vested in the Secretary by chapter 4 of title 23 for highway safety programs, research, and development related to highway design, construction and maintenance, traffic control devices, identification and surveillance of accident locations, and highway-related aspects of pedestrian safety; and

      • (2) additional duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 101 (d) and 144 of title 23, highway bridges determined to be unreasonable obstructions to navigation under the Truman-Hobbs Act may be funded from amounts set aside from the discretionary bridge program. The Secretary shall transfer these allocations and the responsibility for administration of these funds to the United States Coast Guard.



      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      (a) The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is an administration in the Department of Transportation.

      (b) The head of the Administration is the Administrator who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Administration has a Deputy Administrator who is appointed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the approval of the President.

      (c) The Administrator shall carry out—
      • (1) duties and powers vested in the Secretary by chapter 4 of title 23, except those related to highway design, construction and maintenance, traffic control devices, identification and surveillance of accident locations, and highway-related aspects of pedestrian safety; and

      • (2) additional duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

      (d) The Secretary may carry out chapter 301 of this title through the Administrator.

      (e) The Administrator shall consult with the Federal Highway Administrator on all matters related to the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of highways.



      Federal Aviation Administration

      (a) The Federal Aviation Administration is an administration in the Department of Transportation.

      (b) The head of the Administration is the Administrator. The Administration has a Deputy Administrator. They are appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. When making an appointment, the President shall consider the fitness of the individual to carry out efficiently the duties and powers of the office. Except as provided in subsection (f) or in other provisions of law, the Administrator reports directly to the Secretary of Transportation. The term of office for any individual appointed as Administrator after August 23, 1994, shall be 5 years.

      (c) The Administrator must—
      • (1) be a citizen of the United States;

      • (2) be a civilian; and

      • (3) have experience in a field directly related to aviation.

      (d)
      • (1) The Deputy Administrator must be a citizen of the United States and have experience in a field directly related to aviation. An officer on active duty in an armed force may be appointed as Deputy Administrator. However, if the Administrator is a former regular officer of an armed force, the Deputy Administrator may not be an officer on active duty in an armed force, a retired regular officer of an armed force, or a former regular officer of an armed force.

      • (2) The annual rate of basic pay of the Deputy Administrator shall be set by the Secretary but shall not exceed the annual rate of basic pay payable to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.

      • (3) An officer on active duty or a retired officer serving as Deputy Administrator is entitled to hold a rank and grade not lower than that held when appointed as Deputy Administrator. The Deputy Administrator may elect to receive
        • (A) the pay provided by law for the Deputy Administrator, or

        • (B) the pay and allowances or the retired pay of the military grade held. If the Deputy Administrator elects to receive the military pay and allowances or retired pay, the Administration shall reimburse the appropriate military department from funds available for the expenses of the Administration.

      • (4) The appointment and service of a member of the armed forces as a Deputy Administrator does not affect the status, office, rank, or grade held by that member, or a right or benefit arising from the status, office, rank, or grade. The Secretary of a military department does not control the member when the member is carrying out duties and powers of the Deputy Administrator.

      (e) The Administrator and the Deputy Administrator may not have a pecuniary interest in, or own stock in or bonds of, an aeronautical enterprise, or engage in another business, vocation, or employment.

      (f) Authority of the Secretary and the Administrator.—
      • (1) Authority of the secretary.— Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Transportation shall carry out the duties and powers, and controls the personnel and activities, of the Administration. Neither the Secretary nor the Administrator may submit decisions for the approval of, or be bound by the decisions or recommendations of, a committee, board, or organization established by executive order.

      • (2) Authority of the administrator.— The Administrator—
        • (A) is the final authority for carrying out all functions, powers, and duties of the Administration relating to—
          • (i) the appointment and employment of all officers and employees of the Administration (other than Presidential and political appointees);

          • (ii) the acquisition and maintenance of property, services, and equipment of the Administration;

          • (iii) except as otherwise provided in paragraph (3), the promulgation of regulations, rules, orders, circulars, bulletins, and other official publications of the Administration; and

          • (iv) any obligation imposed on the Administrator, or power conferred on the Administrator, by the Air Traffic Management System Performance Improvement Act of 1996 (or any amendment made by that Act);

        • (B) shall offer advice and counsel to the President with respect to the appointment and qualifications of any officer or employee of the Administration to be appointed by the President or as a political appointee;

        • (C) may delegate, and authorize successive redelegations of, to an officer or employee of the Administration any function, power, or duty conferred upon the Administrator, unless such delegation is prohibited by law; and

        • (D) except as otherwise provided for in this title, and notwithstanding any other provision of law, shall not be required to coordinate, submit for approval or concurrence, or seek the advice or views of the Secretary or any other officer or employee of the Department of Transportation on any matter with respect to which the Administrator is the final authority.

      • (3) Regulations.—
        • (A) In general.— In the performance of the functions of the Administrator and the Administration, the Administrator is authorized to issue, rescind, and revise such regulations as are necessary to carry out those functions. The issuance of such regulations shall be governed by the provisions of chapter 5 of title 5. The Administrator shall act upon all petitions for rulemaking no later than 6 months after the date such petitions are filed by dismissing such petitions, by informing the petitioner of an intention to dismiss, or by issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking or advanced notice of proposed rulemaking. The Administrator shall issue a final regulation, or take other final action, not later than 16 months after the last day of the public comment period for the regulations or, in the case of an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking, if issued, not later than 24 months after the date of publication in the Federal Register of notice of the proposed rulemaking. On February 1 and August 1 of each year the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a letter listing each deadline the Administrator missed under this subparagraph during the 6-month period ending on such date, including an explanation for missing the deadline and a projected date on which the action that was subject to the deadline will be taken.

        • (B) Approval of secretary of transportation.—
          • (i) The Administrator may not issue a proposed regulation or final regulation that is likely to result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $250,000,000 or more (adjusted annually for inflation beginning with the year following the date of the enactment of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century) in any year, or any regulation which is significant, unless the Secretary of Transportation approves the issuance of the regulation in advance. For purposes of this paragraph, a regulation is significant if the Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary (as appropriate), determines that the regulation is likely to—
            • (I) have an annual effect on the economy of $250,000,000 or more or adversely affect in a substantial and material way the economy, a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or communities; or

            • (II) raise novel or significant legal or policy issues arising out of legal mandates that may substantially and materially affect other transportation modes.

          • (ii) In an emergency, the Administrator may issue a regulation described in clause (i) without prior approval by the Secretary, but any such emergency regulation is subject to ratification by the Secretary after it is issued and shall be rescinded by the Administrator within 5 days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal public holidays) after issuance if the Secretary fails to ratify its issuance.

          • (iii) Any regulation that does not meet the criteria of clause (i), and any regulation or other action that is a routine or frequent action or a procedural action, may be issued by the Administrator without review or approval by the Secretary.

          • (iv) The Administrator shall submit a copy of any regulation requiring approval by the Secretary under clause (i) to the Secretary, who shall either approve it or return it to the Administrator with comments within 45 days after receiving it.

        • (C) Periodic review.—
          • (i) Beginning on the date which is 3 years after the date of the enactment of the Air Traffic Management System Performance Improvement Act of 1996, the Administrator shall review any unusually burdensome regulation issued by the Administrator after such date of enactment beginning not later than 3 years after the effective date of the regulation to determine if the cost assumptions were accurate, the benefit of the regulations, and the need to continue such regulations in force in their present form.

          • (ii) The Administrator may identify for review under the criteria set forth in clause (i) unusually burdensome regulations that were issued before the date of the enactment of the Air Traffic Management System Performance Improvement Act of 1996 and that have been in force for more than 3 years.

          • (iii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term "unusually burdensome regulation" means any regulation that results in the annual expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $25,000,000 or more (adjusted annually for inflation beginning with the year following the date of the enactment of the Air Traffic Management System Performance Act of 1996) in any year.

          • (iv) The periodic review of regulations may be performed by advisory committees and the Management Advisory Council established under subsection (p).

      • (4) Definition of political appointee.— For purposes of this subsection, the term "political appointee" means any individual who—
        • (A) is employed in a position listed in sections 5312 through 5316 of title 5 (relating to the Executive Schedule);

        • (B) is a limited term appointee, limited emergency appointee, or noncareer appointee in the Senior Executive Service, as defined under paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), respectively, of section 3132 (a) of title 5; or

        • (C) is employed in a position in the executive branch of the Government of a confidential or policy-determining character under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 5 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

      (g) Duties and Powers of Administrator.—
      • (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, the Administrator shall carry out—
        • (A) duties and powers of the Secretary of Transportation under subsection (f) of this section related to aviation safety (except those related to transportation, packaging, marking, or description of hazardous material) and stated in sections 308 (b), 1132 (c) and (d), 40101 (c), 40103 (b), 40106 (a), 40108, 40109 (b), 40113 (a), 40113 (c), 40113 (d), 40113 (e), 40114 (a), and 40119, chapter 445sections 308 (b), 1132 (c) and (d), 40101 (c), 40103 (b), 40106 (a), 40108, 40109 (b), 40113 (a), 40113 (c), 40113 (d), 40113 (e), 40114 (a), and 40119, chapter 445 (except sections 44501 (b), 44502 (a)(2), 44502 (a)(3), 44502 (a)(4), 44503, 44506, 44509, 44510, 44514, and 44515), chapter 447 (except sections 44717, 44718 (a), 44718 (b), 44719, 44720, 44721 (b), 44722, and 44723), chapter 449 (except sections 44903 (d), 44904, 44905, 44907-44911, 44913, 44915, and 44931-44934), chapter 451, chapter 453, sections 46104, 46301 (d) and (h)(2), 46303 (c), 46304-46308, 46310, 46311, and 46313-46316, chapter 465sections 46104, 46301 (d) and (h)(2), 46303 (c), 46304-46308, 46310, 46311, and 46313-46316, chapter 465, and sections 47504 (b) (related to flight procedures), 47508(a), and 48107 of this title; and

        • (B) additional duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation.

      • (2) In carrying out sections 40119, 44901, 44903 (a)-(c) and (e), 44906, 44912, 44935-44937, 44938(a) and (b), and 48107 of this title, paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection does not apply to duties and powers vested in the Director of Intelligence and Security by section 44931 of this title.

      (h) Section 40101 (d) of this title applies to duties and powers specified in subsection (g)(1) of this section. Any of those duties and powers may be transferred to another part of the Department only when specifically provided by law or a reorganization plan submitted under chapter 9 of title 5. A decision of the Administrator in carrying out those duties or powers is administratively final.

      (i) The Deputy Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator. The Deputy Administrator acts for the Administrator when the Administrator is absent or unable to serve, or when the office of the Administrator is vacant.

      (j) There is established within the Federal Aviation Administration an institute to conduct civil aeromedical research under section 44507 of this title. Such institute shall be known as the "Civil Aeromedical Institute". Research conducted by the institute should take appropriate advantage of capabilities of other government agencies, universities, or the private sector.

      (k) Authorization of Appropriations for Operations.—
      • (1) Salaries, operations, and maintenance.— There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation for salaries, operations, and maintenance of the Administration—
        • (A) $7,591,000,000 for fiscal year 2004;

        • (B) $7,732,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;

        • (C) $7,889,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;

        • (D) $8,064,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;

        • (E) $9,042,467,000 for fiscal year 2009; and

        • (F) $4,676,574,750 for the 6-month period beginning on October 1, 2009.

          Such sums shall remain available until expended.

      • (2) Authorized expenditures.— Out of amounts appropriated under paragraph (1), the following expenditures are authorized:
        • (A) Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 to support infrastructure systems development for both general aviation and the vertical flight industry.

        • (B) Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 to establish helicopter approach procedures using current technologies (such as the Global Positioning System) to support all-weather, emergency medical service for trauma patients.

        • (C) Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 to revise existing terminal and en route procedures and instrument flight rules to facilitate the takeoff, flight, and landing of tiltrotor aircraft and to improve the national airspace system by separating such aircraft from congested flight paths of fixed-wing aircraft.

        • (D) Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 for the Center for Management Development of the Federal Aviation Administration to operate training courses and to support associated student travel for both residential and field courses.

        • (E) Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 to carry out and expand the Air Traffic Control Collegiate Training Initiative.

        • (F) Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 for the completion of the Alaska aviation safety project with respect to the 3 dimensional mapping of Alaska's main aviation corridors.

        • (G) Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 to carry out the Aviation Safety Reporting System.

      (l) Personnel and Services.—
      • (1) Officers and employees.— Except as provided in subsections (a) and (g) of section 40122, the Administrator is authorized, in the performance of the functions of the Administrator, to appoint, transfer, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees, including attorneys, as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Administrator and the Administration. In fixing compensation and benefits of officers and employees, the Administrator shall not engage in any type of bargaining, except to the extent provided for in section 40122 (a), nor shall the Administrator be bound by any requirement to establish such compensation or benefits at particular levels.

      • (2) Experts and consultants.— The Administrator is authorized to obtain the services of experts and consultants in accordance with section 3109 of title 5.

      • (3) Transportation and per diem expenses.— The Administrator is authorized to pay transportation expenses, and per diem in lieu of subsistence expenses, in accordance with chapter 57 of title 5.

      • (4) Use of personnel from other agencies.— The Administrator is authorized to utilize the services of personnel of any other Federal agency (as such term is defined under section 551 (1) of title 5).

      • (5) Voluntary services.—
        • (A) General rule.— In exercising the authority to accept gifts and voluntary services under section 326 of this title, and without regard to section 1342 of title 31, the Administrator may not accept voluntary and uncompensated services if such services are used to displace Federal employees employed on a full-time, part-time, or seasonal basis.

        • (B) Incidental expenses.— The Administrator is authorized to provide for incidental expenses, including transportation, lodging, and subsistence, for volunteers who provide voluntary services under this subsection.

        • (C) Limited treatment as federal employees.— An individual who provides voluntary services under this subsection shall not be considered a Federal employee for any purpose other than for purposes of chapter 81 of title 5, relating to compensation for work injuries, and chapter 171 of title 28, relating to tort claims.

      • (6) Contracts.— The Administrator is authorized to enter into and perform such contracts, leases, cooperative agreements, or other transactions as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Administrator and the Administration. The Administrator may enter into such contracts, leases, cooperative agreements, and other transactions with any Federal agency (as such term is defined in section 551 (1) of title 5) or any instrumentality of the United States, any State, territory, or possession, or political subdivision thereof, any other governmental entity, or any person, firm, association, corporation, or educational institution, on such terms and conditions as the Administrator may consider appropriate.

      (m) Cooperation by Administrator.— With the consent of appropriate officials, the Administrator may, with or without reimbursement, use or accept the services, equipment, personnel, and facilities of any other Federal agency (as such term is defined in section 551 (1) of title 5) and any other public or private entity. The Administrator may also cooperate with appropriate officials of other public and private agencies and instrumentalities concerning the use of services, equipment, personnel, and facilities. The head of each Federal agency shall cooperate with the Administrator in making the services, equipment, personnel, and facilities of the Federal agency available to the Administrator. The head of a Federal agency is authorized, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to transfer to or to receive from the Administration, without reimbursement, supplies, personnel, services, and equipment other than administrative supplies or equipment.

      (n) Acquisition.—
      • (1) In general.— The Administrator is authorized—
        • (A) to acquire (by purchase, lease, condemnation, or otherwise), construct, improve, repair, operate, and maintain—
          • (i) air traffic control facilities and equipment;

          • (ii) research and testing sites and facilities; and

          • (iii) such other real and personal property (including office space and patents), or any interest therein, within and outside the continental United States as the Administrator considers necessary;

        • (B) to lease to others such real and personal property; and

        • (C) to provide by contract or otherwise for eating facilities and other necessary facilities for the welfare of employees of the Administration at the installations of the Administration, and to acquire, operate, and maintain equipment for these facilities.

      • (2) Title.— Title to any property or interest therein acquired pursuant to this subsection shall be held by the Government of the United States.

      (o) Transfers of Funds.— The Administrator is authorized to accept transfers of unobligated balances and unexpended balances of funds appropriated to other Federal agencies (as such term is defined in section 551 (1) of title 5) to carry out functions transferred by law to the Administrator or functions transferred pursuant to law to the Administrator on or after the date of the enactment of the Air Traffic Management System Performance Improvement Act of 1996.

      (p) Management Advisory Council and Air Traffic Services Board.—
      • (1) Establishment.— Within 3 months after the date of the enactment of the Air Traffic Management System Performance Improvement Act of 1996, the Administrator shall establish an advisory council which shall be known as the Federal Aviation Management Advisory Council (in this subsection referred to as the "Council"). With respect to Administration management, policy, spending, funding, and regulatory matters affecting the aviation industry, the Council may submit comments, recommended modifications, and dissenting views to the Administrator. The Administrator shall include in any submission to Congress, the Secretary, or the general public, and in any submission for publication in the Federal Register, a description of the comments, recommended modifications, and dissenting views received from the Council, together with the reasons for any differences between the views of the Council and the views or actions of the Administrator.

      • (2) Membership.— The Council shall consist of 13 members, who shall consist of—
        • (A) a designee of the Secretary of Transportation;

        • (B) a designee of the Secretary of Defense;

        • (C) 10 members representing aviation interests, appointed by—
          • (i) in the case of initial appointments to the Council, the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, except that initial appointments made after May 1, 2003, shall be made by the Secretary of Transportation; and

          • (ii) in the case of subsequent appointments to the Council, the Secretary of Transportation; and

        • (D) 1 member appointed, from among individuals who are the leaders of their respective unions of air traffic control system employees, by the Secretary of Transportation.

      • (3) Qualifications.— No officer or employee of the United States Government may be appointed to the Council under paragraph (2)(C) or to the Air Traffic Services Committee.

      • (4) Functions.—
        • (A) In general.—
          • (i) The Council shall provide advice and counsel to the Administrator on issues which affect or are affected by the operations of the Administrator. The Council shall function as an oversight resource for management, policy, spending, and regulatory matters under the jurisdiction of the Administration.

          • (ii) The Council shall review the rulemaking cost-benefit analysis process and develop recommendations to improve the analysis and ensure that the public interest is fully protected.

          • (iii) The Council shall review the process through which the Administration determines to use advisory circulars and service bulletins.

        • (B) Meetings.— The Council shall meet on a regular and periodic basis or at the call of the chairman or of the Administrator.

        • (C) Access to documents and staff.— The Administration may give the Council or Air Traffic Services Committee appropriate access to relevant documents and personnel of the Administration, and the Administrator shall make available, consistent with the authority to withhold commercial and other proprietary information under section 552 of title 5 (commonly known as the "Freedom of Information Act"), cost data associated with the acquisition and operation of air traffic service systems. Any member of the Council or Air Traffic Services Committee who receives commercial or other proprietary data from the Administrator shall be subject to the provisions of section 1905 of title 18, pertaining to unauthorized disclosure of such information.

      • (5) Federal advisory committee act not to apply.— The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) does not apply to the Council, the Air Traffic Services Committee, or such aviation rulemaking committees as the Administrator shall designate.

      • (6) Administrative matters.—
        • (A) Terms of members appointed under paragraph (2)(c).—Members of the Council appointed under paragraph (2)(C) shall be appointed for a term of 3 years. Of the members first appointed by the President under paragraph (2)(C)—
          • (i) 3 shall be appointed for terms of 1 year;

          • (ii) 4 shall be appointed for terms of 2 years; and

          • (iii) 3 shall be appointed for terms of 3 years.

        • (B) Term for air traffic control representative.— The member appointed under paragraph (2)(D) shall be appointed for a term of 3 years, except that the term of such individual shall end whenever the individual no longer meets the requirements of paragraph (2)(D).

        • (C) Terms for air traffic services committee members.— The members appointed to the Air Traffic Services Committee shall be appointed for a term of 5 years, except that the first members of the Committee shall be the members of the Air Traffic Services Subcommittee of the Council on the day before the date of enactment of the Vision 100—Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act who shall serve in an advisory capacity until such time as the President appoints the members of the Committee under paragraph (7).

        • (D) Reappointment.— An individual may not be appointed to the Committee to more than two 5-year terms.

        • (E) Vacancy.— Any vacancy on the Council or Committee shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment, except that any vacancy caused by a member appointed by the President under paragraph (2)(C)(i) shall be filled by the Secretary in accordance with paragraph (2)(C)(ii). Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which the member's predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of that term.

        • (F) Continuation in office.— A member of the Council or Committee whose term expires shall continue to serve until the date on which the member's successor takes office.

        • (G) Removal.— Any member of the Council appointed under paragraph (2)(D) may be removed for cause by the President or Secretary whoever makes the appointment. Any member of the Committee may be removed for cause by the Secretary.

        • (H) Claims against members of committee.—
          • (i) In general.— A member appointed to the Committee shall have no personal liability under Federal law with respect to any claim arising out of or resulting from an act or omission by such member within the scope of service as a member of the Committee.

          • (ii) Effect on other law.— This subparagraph shall not be construed—
            • (I) to affect any other immunity or protection that may be available to a member of the Subcommittee under applicable law with respect to such transactions;

            • (II) to affect any other right or remedy against the United States under applicable law; or

            • (III) to limit or alter in any way the immunities that are available under applicable law for Federal officers and employees.

        • (I) Ethical considerations.—
          • (i) Financial disclosure.— During the entire period that an individual is serving as a member of the Committee, such individual shall be treated as serving as an officer or employee referred to in section 101(f) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 for purposes of title I of such Act; except that section 101(d) of such Act shall apply without regard to the number of days of service in the position.

          • (ii) Restrictions on post-employment.— For purposes of section 207 (c) of title 18, an individual who is a member of the Committee shall be treated as an employee referred to in section 207(c)(2)(A)(i) of such title during the entire period the individual is a member of the Committee; except that subsections (c)(2)(B) and (f) of section 207 of such title shall not apply.

        • (J) Chairman; vice chairman.— The Council shall elect a chair and a vice chair from among the members appointed under paragraph (2)(C), each of whom shall serve for a term of 1 year. The vice chair shall perform the duties of the chairman in the absence of the chairman.

        • (K) Travel and per diem.— Each member of the Council or Committee shall be paid actual travel expenses, and per diem in lieu of subsistence expenses when away from his or her usual place of residence, in accordance with section 5703 of title 5.

        • (L) Detail of personnel from the administration.— The Administrator shall make available to the Council or Committee such staff, information, and administrative services and assistance as may reasonably be required to enable the Council or Committee to carry out its responsibilities under this subsection.

      • (7) Air traffic services committee.—
        • (A) Establishment.— The Administrator shall establish a committee that is independent of the Council by converting the Air Traffic Services Subcommittee of the Council, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Vision 100—Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act, into such committee. The committee shall be known as the Air Traffic Services Committee (in this subsection referred to as the "Committee").

        • (B) Membership and qualifications.— Subject to paragraph (6)(C), the Committee shall consist of five members, one of whom shall be the Administrator and shall serve as chairperson. The remaining members shall be appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate and—
          • (i) shall have a fiduciary responsibility to represent the public interest;

          • (ii) shall be citizens of the United States; and

          • (iii) shall be appointed without regard to political affiliation and solely on the basis of their professional experience and expertise in one or more of the following areas and, in the aggregate, should collectively bring to bear expertise in all of the following areas:
            • (I) Management of large service organizations.

            • (II) Customer service.

            • (III) Management of large procurements.

            • (IV) Information and communications technology.

            • (V) Organizational development.

            • (VI) Labor relations.

        • (C) Prohibitions on members of committee.— No member of the Committee may—
          • (i) have a pecuniary interest in, or own stock in or bonds of, an aviation or aeronautical enterprise, except an interest in a diversified mutual fund or an interest that is exempt from the application of section 208 of title 18;

          • (ii) engage in another business related to aviation or aeronautics; or

          • (iii) be a member of any organization that engages, as a substantial part of its activities, in activities to influence aviation-related legislation.

        • (D) General responsibilities.—
          • (i) Oversight.— The Committee shall oversee the administration, management, conduct, direction, and supervision of the air traffic control system.

          • (ii) Confidentiality.— The Committee shall ensure that appropriate confidentiality is maintained in the exercise of its duties.

        • (E) Specific responsibilities.— The Committee shall have the following specific responsibilities:
          • (i) Strategic plans.— To review, approve, and monitor the strategic plan for the air traffic control system, including the establishment of—
            • (I) a mission and objectives;

            • (II) standards of performance relative to such mission and objectives, including safety, efficiency, and productivity; and

            • (III) annual and long-range strategic plans.

          • (ii) Modernization and improvement.— To review and approve—
            • (I) methods to accelerate air traffic control modernization and improvements in aviation safety related to air traffic control; and

            • (II) procurements of air traffic control equipment in excess of $100,000,000.

          • (iii) Operational plans.— To review the operational functions of the air traffic control system, including—
            • (I) plans for modernization of the air traffic control system;

            • (II) plans for increasing productivity or implementing cost-saving measures; and

            • (III) plans for training and education.

          • (iv) Management.— To—
            • (I) review and approve the Administrator's appointment of a Chief Operating Officer under section 106 (r);

            • (II) review the Administrator's selection, evaluation, and compensation of senior executives of the Administration who have program management responsibility over significant functions of the air traffic control system;

            • (III) review and approve the Administrator's plans for any major reorganization of the Administration that would impact on the management of the air traffic control system;

            • (IV) review and approve the Administrator's cost accounting and financial management structure and technologies to help ensure efficient and cost-effective air traffic control operation; and

            • (V) review the performance and compensation of managers responsible for major acquisition projects, including the ability of the managers to meet schedule and budget targets.

          • (v) Budget.— To—
            • (I) review and make recommendations on the budget request of the Administration related to the air traffic control system prepared by the Administrator;

            • (II) submit such budget recommendations to the Secretary; and

            • (III) base such budget recommendations on the annual and long-range strategic plans.

        • (F) Committee personnel matters and expenses.—
          • (i) Personnel matters.— The Committee may appoint and terminate for purposes of employment by the Committee any personnel that may be necessary to enable the Committee to perform its duties, and may procure temporary and intermittent services under section 40122.

          • (ii) Travel expenses.— Each member of the Committee shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with applicable provisions under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code.

        • (G) Administrative matters.—
          • (i) Powers of chair.— Except as otherwise provided by a majority vote of the Committee, the powers of the chairperson shall include—
            • (I) establishing committees;

            • (II) setting meeting places and times;

            • (III) establishing meeting agendas; and

            • (IV) developing rules for the conduct of business.

          • (ii) Meetings.— The Committee shall meet at least quarterly and at such other times as the chairperson determines appropriate.

          • (iii) Quorum.— Three members of the Committee shall constitute a quorum. A majority of members present and voting shall be required for the Committee to take action.

        • (H) Reports.—
          • (i) Annual.— The Committee shall each year report with respect to the conduct of its responsibilities under this title to the Secretary, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

          • (ii) Additional report.— If a determination by the Committee under subparagraph (D)(i) that the organization and operation of the air traffic control system are not allowing the Administration to carry out its mission, the Committee shall report such determination to the Secretary, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

          • (iii) Action of administrator on report.— Not later than 60 days after the date of a report of the Committee under this subparagraph, the Administrator shall take action with respect to such report. If the Administrator overturns a recommendation of the Committee, the Administrator shall report such action to the President, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

          • (iv) Comptroller general's report.— Not later than April 30, 2003, the Comptroller General of the United States shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report on the success of the Committee in improving the performance of the air traffic control system.

        • (I) Authorization.— There are authorized to be appropriated to the Committee such sums as may be necessary for the Committee to carry out its activities.

      • (8) Air traffic control system defined.— In this section, the term "air traffic control system" has the meaning such term has under section 40102 (a).

      (q) Aircraft Noise Ombudsman.—
      • (1) Establishment.— There shall be in the Administration an Aircraft Noise Ombudsman.

      • (2) General duties and responsibilities.— The Ombudsman shall—
        • (A) be appointed by the Administrator;

        • (B) serve as a liaison with the public on issues regarding aircraft noise; and

        • (C) be consulted when the Administration proposes changes in aircraft routes so as to minimize any increases in aircraft noise over populated areas.

      • (3) Number of full-time equivalent employees.— The appointment of an Ombudsman under this subsection shall not result in an increase in the number of full-time equivalent employees in the Administration.

      (r) Chief Operating Officer.—
      • (1) In general.—
        • (A) Appointment.— There shall be a Chief Operating Officer for the air traffic control system to be appointed by the Administrator, with the approval of the Air Traffic Services Committee. The Chief Operating Officer shall report directly to the Administrator and shall be subject to the authority of the Administrator.

        • (B) Qualifications.— The Chief Operating Officer shall have a demonstrated ability in management and knowledge of or experience in aviation.

        • (C) Term.— The Chief Operating Officer shall be appointed for a term of 5 years.

        • (D) Removal.— The Chief Operating Officer shall serve at the pleasure of the Administrator, except that the Administrator shall make every effort to ensure stability and continuity in the leadership of the air traffic control system.

        • (E) Vacancy.— Any individual appointed to fill a vacancy in the position of Chief Operating Officer occurring before the expiration of the term for which the individual's predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of that term.

      • (2) Compensation.—
        • (A) In general.— The Chief Operating Officer shall be paid at an annual rate of basic pay to be determined by the Administrator, with the approval of the Air Traffic Services Committee. The annual rate may not exceed the annual compensation paid under section 102 of title 3. The Chief Operating Officer shall be subject to the post-employment provisions of section 207 of title 18 as if the position of Chief Operating Officer were described in section 207(c)(2)(A)(i) of that title.

        • (B) Bonus.— In addition to the annual rate of basic pay authorized by subparagraph (A), the Chief Operating Officer may receive a bonus for any calendar year not to exceed 30 percent of the annual rate of basic pay, based upon the Administrator's evaluation of the Chief Operating Officer's performance in relation to the performance goals set forth in the performance agreement described in paragraph (3).

      • (3) Annual performance agreement.— The Administrator and the Chief Operating Officer, in consultation with the Air Traffic Services Committee, shall enter into an annual performance agreement that sets forth measurable organization and individual goals for the Chief Operating Officer in key operational areas. The agreement shall be subject to review and renegotiation on an annual basis.

      • (4) Annual performance report.— The Chief Operating Officer shall prepare and transmit to the Secretary of Transportation, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate an annual management report containing such information as may be prescribed by the Secretary.

      • (5) Responsibilities.— The Administrator may delegate to the Chief Operating Officer, or any other authority within the Administration responsibilities, including the following:
        • (A) Strategic plans.— To implement the strategic plan of the Administration for the air traffic control system in order to further—
          • (i) a mission and objectives;

          • (ii) standards of performance relative to such mission and objectives, including safety, efficiency, and productivity;

          • (iii) annual and long-range strategic plans; and

          • (iv) methods of the Administration to accelerate air traffic control modernization and improvements in aviation safety related to air traffic control.

        • (B) Operations.— To oversee the day-to-day operational functions of the Administration for air traffic control, including—
          • (i) modernization of the air traffic control system;

          • (ii) increasing productivity or implementing cost-saving measures;

          • (iii) training and education; and

          • (iv) the management of cost-reimbursable contracts.

        • (C) Budget.— To—
          • (i) develop a budget request of the Administration related to the air traffic control system;

          • (ii) submit such budget request to the Administrator and the Committee; and

          • (iii) ensure that the budget request supports the agency's annual and long-range strategic plans for air traffic control services.



            Federal Transit Administration

            (a) The Federal Transit Administration is an administration in the Department of Transportation.

            (b) The head of the Administration is the Administrator who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Administrator reports directly to the Secretary of Transportation.

            (c) The Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.



            Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

            (a) In General.— The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration shall be an administration in the Department of Transportation.

            (b) Safety as Highest Priority.— In carrying out its duties, the Administration shall consider the assignment and maintenance of safety as the highest priority, recognizing the clear intent, encouragement, and dedication of Congress to the furtherance of the highest degree of safety in pipeline transportation and hazardous materials transportation.

            (c) Administrator.— The head of the Administration shall be the Administrator who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be an individual with professional experience in pipeline safety, hazardous materials safety, or other transportation safety. The Administrator shall report directly to the Secretary of Transportation.

            (d) Deputy Administrator.— The Administration shall have a Deputy Administrator who shall be appointed by the Secretary. The Deputy Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

            (e) Chief Safety Officer.— The Administration shall have an Assistant Administrator for Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety appointed in the competitive service by the Secretary. The Assistant Administrator shall be the Chief Safety Officer of the Administration. The Assistant Administrator shall carry out the duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

            (f) Duties and Powers of the Administrator.— The Administrator shall carry out—
            • (1) duties and powers related to pipeline and hazardous materials transportation and safety vested in the Secretary by chapters 51, 57, 61, 601, and 603; and

            • (2) other duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

            (g) Limitation.— A duty or power specified in subsection (f)(1) may be transferred to another part of the Department of Transportation or another government entity only if specifically provided by law.



            Maritime Administration

            (a) Organization.— The Maritime Administration is an administration in the Department of Transportation.

            (b) Maritime Administrator.— The head of the Maritime Administration is the Maritime Administrator, who is appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Administrator shall report directly to the Secretary of Transportation and carry out the duties prescribed by the Secretary.

            (c) Deputy Maritime Administrator.— The Maritime Administration shall have a Deputy Maritime Administrator, who is appointed in the competitive service by the Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator. The Deputy Administrator shall carry out the duties prescribed by the Administrator. The Deputy Administrator shall be Acting Administrator during the absence or disability of the Administrator and, unless the Secretary designates another individual, during a vacancy in the office of Administrator.

            (d) Duties and Powers Vested in Secretary.— All duties and powers of the Maritime Administration are vested in the Secretary.

            (e) Regional Offices.— The Maritime Administration shall have regional offices for the Atlantic, Gulf, Great Lakes, and Pacific port ranges, and may have other regional offices as necessary. The Secretary shall appoint a qualified individual as Director of each regional office. The Secretary shall carry out appropriate activities and programs of the Maritime Administration through the regional offices.

            (f) Interagency and Industry Relations.— The Secretary shall establish and maintain liaison with other agencies, and with representative trade organizations throughout the United States, concerned with the transportation of commodities by water in the export and import foreign commerce of the United States, for the purpose of securing preference to vessels of the United States for the transportation of those commodities.

            (g) Detailing Officers From Armed Forces.— To assist the Secretary in carrying out duties and powers relating to the Maritime Administration, not more than five officers of the armed forces may be detailed to the Secretary at any one time, in addition to details authorized by any other law. During the period of a detail, the Secretary shall pay the officer an amount that, when added to the officer's pay and allowances as an officer in the armed forces, makes the officer's total pay and allowances equal to the amount that would be paid to an individual performing work the Secretary considers to be of similar importance, difficulty, and responsibility as that performed by the officer during the detail.

            (h) Contracts, Cooperative Agreements, and Audits.—
            • (1) Contracts and cooperative agreements.— In the same manner that a private corporation may make a contract within the scope of its authority under its charter, the Secretary may make contracts and cooperative agreements for the United States Government and disburse amounts to—
              • (A) carry out the Secretary's duties and powers under this section, subtitle V of title 46, and all other Maritime Administration programs; and

              • (B) protect, preserve, and improve collateral held by the Secretary to secure indebtedness.

            • (2) Audits.— The financial transactions of the Secretary under paragraph (1) shall be audited by the Comptroller General. The Comptroller General shall allow credit for an expenditure shown to be necessary because of the nature of the business activities authorized by this section or subtitle V of title 46. At least once a year, the Comptroller General shall report to Congress any departure by the Secretary from this section or subtitle V of title 46.

            (i) Grant Administrative Expenses.— Except as otherwise provided by law, the administrative and related expenses for the administration of any grant programs by the Maritime Administrator may not exceed 3 percent.

            (j) Authorization of Appropriations.—
            • (1) In general.— Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, there are authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the duties and powers of the Secretary relating to the Maritime Administration.

            • (2) Limitations.— Only those amounts specifically authorized by law may be appropriated for the use of the Maritime Administration for—
              • (A) acquisition, construction, or reconstruction of vessels;

              • (B) construction-differential subsidies incident to the construction, reconstruction, or reconditioning of vessels;

              • (C) costs of national defense features;

              • (D) payments of obligations incurred for operating-differential subsidies;

              • (E) expenses necessary for research and development activities, including reimbursement of the Vessel Operations Revolving Fund for losses resulting from expenses of experimental vessel operations;

              • (F) the Vessel Operations Revolving Fund;

              • (G) National Defense Reserve Fleet expenses;

              • (H) expenses necessary to carry out part B of subtitle V of title 46; and

              • (I) other operations and training expenses related to the development of waterborne transportation systems, the use of waterborne transportation systems, and general administration.

            • (3) Training Vessels.— Amounts may not be appropriated for the purchase or construction of training vessels for State maritime academies unless the Secretary has approved a plan for sharing training vessels between State maritime academies.





              Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation

              (a) The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation established under section 1 of the Act of May 13, 1954 (33 U.S.C. 981), is subject to the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Transportation.

              (b) The Administrator of the Corporation appointed under section 2 of the Act of May 13, 1954 (33 U.S.C. 982), reports directly to the Secretary.



              Bureau of Transportation Statistics

              (a) Establishment.— There is established in the Research and Innovative Technology Administration a Bureau of Transportation Statistics.

              (b) Director.—
              • (1) Appointment.— The Bureau shall be headed by a Director who shall be appointed in the competitive service by the Secretary of Transportation.

              • (2) Qualifications.— The Director shall be appointed from among individuals who are qualified to serve as the Director by virtue of their training and experience in the collection, analysis, and use of transportation statistics.

              (c) Responsibilities.— The Director of the Bureau shall serve as the Secretary's senior advisor on data and statistics and shall be responsible for carrying out the following duties:
              • (1) Providing data, statistics, and analysis to transportation decisionmakers.— Ensuring that the statistics compiled under paragraph (5) are designed to support transportation decisionmaking by the Federal Government, State and local governments, metropolitan planning organizations, transportation-related associations, the private sector (including the freight community), and the public.

              • (2) Coordinating collection of information.— Working with the operating administrations of the Department to establish and implement the Bureau's data programs and to improve the coordination of information collection efforts with other Federal agencies.

              • (3) Data modernization.— Continually improving surveys and data collection methods to improve the accuracy and utility of transportation statistics.

              • (4) Encouraging data standardization.— Encouraging the standardization of data, data collection methods, and data management and storage technologies for data collected by the Bureau, the operating administrations of the Department of Transportation, States, local governments, metropolitan planning organizations, and private sector entities.

              • (5) Transportation statistics.— Collecting, compiling, analyzing, and publishing a comprehensive set of transportation statistics on the performance and impacts of the national transportation system, including statistics on—
                • (A) productivity in various parts of the transportation sector;

                • (B) traffic flows for all modes of transportation;

                • (C) other elements of the intermodal transportation database established under subsection (e);

                • (D) travel times and measures of congestion;

                • (E) vehicle weights and other vehicle characteristics;

                • (F) demographic, economic, and other variables influencing traveling behavior, including choice of transportation mode and goods movement;

                • (G) transportation costs for passenger travel and goods movement;

                • (H) availability and use of mass transit (including the number of passengers served by each mass transit authority) and other forms of for-hire passenger travel;

                • (I) frequency of vehicle and transportation facility repairs and other interruptions of transportation service;

                • (J) safety and security for travelers, vehicles, and transportation systems;

                • (K) consequences of transportation for the human and natural environment;

                • (L) the extent, connectivity, and condition of the transportation system, building on the national transportation atlas database developed under subsection (g); and

                • (M) transportation-related variables that influence the domestic economy and global competitiveness.

              • (6) National spatial data infrastructure.— Building and disseminating the transportation layer of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure developed under Executive Order No. 12906, including coordinating the development of transportation geospatial data standards, compiling intermodal geospatial data, and collecting geospatial data that is not being collected by others.

              • (7) Issuing guidelines.— Issuing guidelines for the collection of information by the Department required for statistics to be compiled under paragraph (5) in order to ensure that such information is accurate, reliable, relevant, and in a form that permits systematic analysis.

              • (8) Review sources and reliability of statistics.— Reviewing and reporting to the Secretary on the sources and reliability of the statistics proposed by the heads of the operating administrations of the Department to measure outputs and outcomes as required by the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (Public Law 103-62; 107 Stat. 285), and the amendments made by such Act, and carrying out such other reviews of the sources and reliability of other data collected or statistical information published by the heads of the operating administrations of the Department as shall be requested by the Secretary.

              • (9) Making statistics accessible.— Making the statistics published under this subsection readily accessible to the public.

              (d) Information Needs Assessment.—
              • (1) In general.— Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of the SAFETEA-LU, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the National Research Council to develop and publish a National transportation information needs assessment (referred to in this subsection as the "assessment"). The assessment shall be submitted to the Secretary and the appropriate committees of Congress not later than 24 months after such agreement is entered into.

              • (2) Content.— The assessment shall—
                • (A) identify, in order of priority, the transportation data that is not being collected by the Bureau, operating administrations of the Department, or other Federal, State, or local entities, but is needed to improve transportation decisionmaking at the Federal, State, and local levels and to fulfill the requirements of subsection (c)(5);

                • (B) recommend whether the data identified in subparagraph (A) should be collected by the Bureau, other parts of the Department, or by other Federal, State, or local entities, and whether any data is of a higher priority than data currently being collected;

                • (C) identify any data the Bureau or other Federal, State, or local entity is collecting that is not needed;

                • (D) describe new data collection methods (including changes in surveys) and other changes the Bureau or other Federal, State, or local entity should implement to improve the standardization, accuracy, and utility of transportation data and statistics; and

                • (E) estimate the cost of implementing any recommendations.

              • (3) Consultation.— In developing the assessment, the National Research Council shall consult with the Department's Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics and a representative cross-section of transportation community stakeholders as well as other Federal agencies, including the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Energy, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

              • (4) Report to congress.— Not later than 180 days after the date on which the National Research Council submits the assessment under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress that describes—
                • (A) how the Department plans to fill the data gaps identified under paragraph (2)(A);

                • (B) how the Department plans to stop collecting data identified under paragraph (2)(C);

                • (C) how the Department plans to implement improved data collection methods and other changes identified under paragraph (2)(D);

                • (D) the expected costs of implementing subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of this paragraph;

                • (E) any findings of the assessment under paragraph (1) with which the Secretary disagrees, and why; and

                • (F) any proposed statutory changes needed to implement the findings of the assessment under paragraph (1).

              (e) Intermodal Transportation Database.—
              • (1) In general.— In consultation with the Under Secretary for Policy, the Assistant Secretaries, and the heads of the operating administrations of the Department, the Director shall establish and maintain a transportation database for all modes of transportation.

              • (2) Use.— The database shall be suitable for analyses carried out by the Federal Government, the States, and metropolitan planning organizations.

              • (3) Contents.— The database shall include—
                • (A) information on the volumes and patterns of movement of goods, including local, interregional, and international movement, by all modes of transportation and intermodal combinations and by relevant classification;

                • (B) information on the volumes and patterns of movement of people, including local, interregional, and international movements, by all modes of transportation (including bicycle and pedestrian modes) and intermodal combinations and by relevant classification;

                • (C) information on the location and connectivity of transportation facilities and services; and

                • (D) a national accounting of expenditures and capital stocks on each mode of transportation and intermodal combination.

              (f) National Transportation Library.—
              • (1) In general.— The Director shall establish and maintain a National Transportation Library, which shall contain a collection of statistical and other information needed for transportation decisionmaking at the Federal, State, and local levels.

              • (2) Access.— The Director shall facilitate and promote access to the Library, with the goal of improving the ability of the transportation community to share information and the ability of the Director to make statistics readily accessible under subsection (c)(9).

              • (3) Coordination.— The Director shall work with other transportation libraries and transportation information providers, both public and private, to achieve the goal specified in paragraph (2).

              (g) National Transportation Atlas Database.—
              • (1) In general.— The Director shall develop and maintain a national transportation atlas database that is comprised of geospatial databases that depict—
                • (A) transportation networks;

                • (B) flows of people, goods, vehicles, and craft over the networks; and

                • (C) social, economic, and environmental conditions that affect or are affected by the networks.

              • (2) Intermodal network analysis.— The databases shall be able to support intermodal network analysis.

              (h) Mandatory Response Authority for Freight Data Collection.— Whoever, being the owner, official, agent, person in charge, or assistant to the person in charge of any freight corporation, company, business, institution, establishment, or organization of any nature whatsoever, neglects or refuses, when requested by the Director or other authorized officer, employee, or contractor of the Bureau, to answer completely and correctly to the best of the individual's knowledge all questions relating to the corporation, company, business, institution, establishment, or other organization, or to make available records or statistics in the individual's official custody, contained in a data collection request prepared and submitted under the authority of subsection (c)(1), shall be fined not more than $500; but if the individual willfully gives a false answer to such a question, the individual shall be fined not more than $10,000.

              (i) Research and Development Grants.— The Secretary may make grants to, or enter into cooperative agreements or contracts with, public and nonprofit private entities (including State transportation departments, metropolitan planning organizations, and institutions of higher education) for—
              • (1) investigation of the subjects specified in subsection (c)(5) and research and development of new methods of data collection, standardization, management, integration, dissemination, interpretation, and analysis;

              • (2) demonstration programs by States, local governments, and metropolitan planning organizations to coordinate data collection, reporting, management, storage, and archiving to simplify data comparisons across jurisdictions;

              • (3) development of electronic clearinghouses of transportation data and related information, as part of the National Transportation Library under subsection (f); and

              • (4) development and improvement of methods for sharing geographic data, in support of the database under subsection (g) and the National Spatial Data Infrastructure.

              (j) Limitations on Statutory Construction.— Nothing in this section shall be construed—
              • (1) to authorize the Bureau to require any other department or agency to collect data; or

              • (2) to reduce the authority of any other officer of the Department to collect and disseminate data independently.

              (k) Prohibition on Certain Disclosures.—
              • (1) In general.— An officer, employee, or contractor of the Bureau may not—
                • (A) make any disclosure in which the data provided by an individual or organization under subsection (c) can be identified;

                • (B) use the information provided under subsection (c) for a nonstatistical purpose; or

                • (C) permit anyone other than an individual authorized by the Director to examine any individual report provided under subsection (c).

              • (2) Copies of reports.—
                • (A) In general.— No department, bureau, agency, officer, or employee of the United States (except the Director in carrying out this section) may require, for any reason, a copy of any report that has been filed under subsection (c) with the Bureau or retained by an individual respondent.

                • (B) Limitation on judicial proceedings.— A copy of a report described in subparagraph (A) that has been retained by an individual respondent or filed with the Bureau or any of its employees, contractors, or agents—
                  • (i) shall be immune from legal process; and

                  • (ii) shall not, without the consent of the individual concerned, be admitted as evidence or used for any purpose in any action, suit, or other judicial or administrative proceedings.

                • (C) Applicability.— This paragraph shall apply only to reports that permit information concerning an individual or organization to be reasonably determined by direct or indirect means.

              • (3) Informing respondent of use of data.— In a case in which the Bureau is authorized by statute to collect data or information for a nonstatistical purpose, the Director shall clearly distinguish the collection of the data or information, by rule and on the collection instrument, so as to inform a respondent who is requested or required to supply the data or information of the nonstatistical purpose.

              (l) Transportation Statistics Annual Report.— The Director shall submit to the President and Congress a transportation statistics annual report which shall include information on items referred to in subsection (c)(5), documentation of methods used to obtain and ensure the quality of the statistics presented in the report, and recommendations for improving transportation statistical information.

              (m) Data Access.— The Director shall have access to transportation and transportation-related information in the possession of any Federal agency, except information—
              • (1) the disclosure of which to another Federal agency is expressly prohibited by law; or

              • (2) the disclosure of which the agency possessing the information determines would significantly impair the discharge of authorities and responsibilities which have been delegated to, or vested by law, in such agency.

              (n) Proceeds of Data Product Sales.— Notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, funds received by the Bureau from the sale of data products, for necessary expenses incurred, may be credited to the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for the purpose of reimbursing the Bureau for the expenses.

              (o) Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics.—
              • (1) Establishment.— The Director shall establish an advisory council on transportation statistics.

              • (2) Function.— The function of the advisory council established under this subsection is to—
                • (A) advise the Director on the quality, reliability, consistency, objectivity, and relevance of transportation statistics and analyses collected, supported, or disseminated by the Bureau and the Department;

                • (B) provide input to and review the report to Congress under subsection (d)(4); and

                • (C) advise the Director on methods to encourage cooperation and interoperability of transportation data collected by the Bureau, the operating administrations of the Department, States, local governments, metropolitan planning organizations, and private sector entities.

              • (3) Membership.— The advisory council established under this subsection shall be composed of not fewer than 9 and not more than 11 members appointed by the Director, who are not officers or employees of the United States. Each member shall have expertise in transportation data collection or analysis or application; except that 1 member shall have expertise in economics, 1 member shall have expertise in statistics, and 1 member shall have experience in transportation safety. At least 1 member shall be a senior official of a State department of transportation. Members shall include representation of a cross-section of transportation community stakeholders.

              • (4) Terms of appointment.—
                • (A) In general.— Except as provided in subparagraph (B), members of the advisory council shall be appointed to staggered terms not to exceed 3 years. A member may be renominated for 1 additional 3-year term.

                • (B) Current members.— Members serving on the Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics as of the date of enactment of the SAFETEA-LU shall serve until the end of their appointed terms.

              • (5) Applicability of federal advisory committee act.— The Federal Advisory Committee Act shall apply to the advisory council established under this subsection, except that section 14 of such Act shall not apply.

                Research and Innovative Technology Administration

                (a) Establishment.— The Research and Innovative Technology Administration shall be an administration in the Department of Transportation.

                (b) Administrator.—
                • (1) Appointment.— The Administration shall be headed by an Administrator who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

                • (2) Reporting.— The Administrator shall report directly to the Secretary.

                (c) Deputy Administrator.— The Administration shall have a Deputy Administrator who shall be appointed by the Secretary of Transportation. The Deputy Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

                (d) Powers and Duties of the Administrator.— The Administrator shall carry out—
                • (1) powers and duties prescribed by the Secretary for—
                  • (A) coordination, facilitation, and review of the Department's research and development programs and activities;

                  • (B) advancement, and research and development, of innovative technologies, including intelligent transportation systems;

                  • (C) comprehensive transportation statistics research, analysis, and reporting;

                  • (D) education and training in transportation and transportation-related fields; and

                  • (E) activities of the Volpe National Transportation Center; and

                • (2) other powers and duties prescribed by the Secretary.

                (e) Administrative Authorities.— The Administrator may enter into grants and cooperative agreements with Federal agencies, State and local government agencies, other public entities, private organizations, and other persons—
                • (1) to conduct research into transportation service and infrastructure assurance; and

                • (2) to carry out other research activities of the Administration.





                  Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

                  (a) In General.— The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall be an administration of the Department of Transportation.

                  (b) Safety as Highest Priority.— In carrying out its duties, the Administration shall consider the assignment and maintenance of safety as the highest priority, recognizing the clear intent, encouragement, and dedication of Congress to the furtherance of the highest degree of safety in motor carrier transportation.

                  (c) Administrator.— The head of the Administration shall be the Administrator who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be an individual with professional experience in motor carrier safety. The Administrator shall report directly to the Secretary of Transportation.

                  (d) Deputy Administrator.— The Administration shall have a Deputy Administrator appointed by the Secretary, with the approval of the President. The Deputy Administrator shall carry out duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

                  (e) Chief Safety Officer.— The Administration shall have an Assistant Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administrator appointed in the competitive service by the Secretary, with the approval of the President. The Assistant Administrator shall be the Chief Safety Officer of the Administration. The Assistant Administrator shall carry out the duties and powers prescribed by the Administrator.

                  (f) Powers and Duties.— The Administrator shall carry out—
                  • (1) duties and powers related to motor carriers or motor carrier safety vested in the Secretary by chapters 5, 51, 55, 57, 59, 133 through 149, 311, 313, 315, and 317 and by section 18 of the Noise Control Act of 1972 (42 U.S.C. 4917; 86 Stat. 1249-1250); except as otherwise delegated by the Secretary to any agency of the Department of Transportation other than the Federal Highway Administration, as of October 8, 1999; and

                  • (2) additional duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

                  (g) Limitation on Transfer of Powers and Duties.— A duty or power specified in subsection (f)(1) may only be transferred to another part of the Department when specifically provided by law.

                  (h) Effect of Certain Decisions.— A decision of the Administrator involving a duty or power specified in subsection (f)(1) and involving notice and hearing required by law is administratively final.

                  (i) Consultation.— The Administrator shall consult with the Federal Highway Administrator and with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrator on matters related to highway and motor carrier safety.